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1
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1answer
106 views

Perfectness of the Jacobian of a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over a field $K$ of characteristic $0$ (but not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a line bundle on $C$ of degree $0$. Fix an integer ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Neron model: can number of components decrease after based change?

Suppose I have Neron model over some discrete valuation ring. Is there a result such that the number of components of the fiber over the closed point cannot decrease after some based change? In ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Computing Tamagawa numbers for jacobians of hyperelliptic curves

Do exist some computational approach to calculation of Tamagawa number for the jacobian of hyperelliptic curve at prime $p$? As followed from this question one can compute $\Phi(\overline{\mathbb ...
6
votes
1answer
340 views

Understanding of Tamagawa numbers of hyperelliptic curve

One's can find following definition of tamagawa numbers in Dino Lorenzini paper "Torsion and Tamagawa numbers": Let $K$ be any discrete valuation field with ring of integers $O_K$ , uniformizer ...
6
votes
2answers
295 views

Calculate reduction of Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

Suppose I have a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$ over $\mathbb Q$. I want to get information about its Jacobian reduction at prime $p$ (especially, in case $p=2$). Also I'm interesting in the group ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Units of Endomorphism Rings of Jacobian Varieties with Real Multiplication

Let $(A,a)$ be a principally polarised (with indecomposable polarisation) Abelian variety over $\mathbb C$. Assume that End(A) contains an order $R$ of a totally real number field of degree $>1$ ...
10
votes
1answer
219 views

What is our current knowledge on the structure of J_0(N)(Q) and J_1(N)(Q)

The question in the title naturally breaks up in two parts, namely the torsion part and the rank part. I already read about some results on both the torsion and the rank part. And I want to know ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

endomorphisms of the Jacobian of a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective curve over the complex numbers and let $J(C)$ be its Jacobian. The Torelli theorem relates the automorphisms of $C$ to the automorphisms of $J(C)$. Precisely, ...
1
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0answers
212 views

Inverse Transpose of Jacobian Matrix

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\mapsto\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bijective function. Fixed $a\in\mathbb{R}^n$. For any $x$ closes to $a$, using Taylor's series we can approximate $f(x)$ by \begin{equation} f(x)\approx ...
6
votes
2answers
325 views

Is there a largest prime p such that J_0(p) completely splits into elliptic curves

The question in the title is related to a more general question. Namely does there exist an integer $N$ such that for all curves $C/\mathbb C$ of genus $> N$ one has that not all simple isogeny ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

can all CM types be realized by Jacobians?

The question is kind of self contained, but let me develop a bit further. Assume K is a CM field of degree $2g$, that is, a quadratic imaginary extension of a totally real field. A CM type of $K$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Isogeny of abelian varieties

Suppose we have a curve $X$ (of genus $\geq 3$), and we know that $\{\phi_i : X \to E_i\ \textrm{ for } i = 1, ..., r\}$ are covers of degrees $d_i$ (with the $d_i$'s not necessarily all equal), ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

Could we construct the Jacobian variety of a smooth curve $C$ with genus $>2$ from its derived category $D(C)$?

Let's consider a smooth curve $C$ over $\mathbb{C}$. We know that the Jacobian variety $Jac(C)$ of $C$ is the moduli space of the degree $0$ line bundles on $C$. $Jac(C)$ is an abelian variety of ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

Is Taylor expansion related to Helmholtz decomposition?

The Taylor expansion of a vector field $f(x)$ to the order of one is $$f(x)=f(x_0)+Jf(x_0)\cdot\Delta x+o(\Delta x)$$ where $Jf$ is Jacobian of the vector field and $\Delta x=x-x_0$. Suppose we ...
13
votes
1answer
290 views

Curves which do not dominate other curves

Let $g>1$ be an integer. Does there exist a (smooth projective) genus g curve $X$ which doesn`t dominate a curve of positive genus and genus smaller than $g$? Surely such curves exist. Just take a ...
10
votes
0answers
174 views

Infinitely many curves with isogenous Jacobians

Let $g\geq 4$. Are there infinitely many compact genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with (mutually) isogenous Jacobians? Does the situation change in positive characteristic?
2
votes
0answers
187 views

Which curves cut the Hyperelliptic locus?

Consider the moduli space $\mathcal{A}_{g,n}$ of abelian varieties with some level $n \geq 3$ structure. For simplicity, we just denote it by $\mathcal{A}_{g}$ and drop $n$. Denote the locus of ...
1
vote
2answers
361 views

Equation for simple Jacobian of a genus two curve

Let $X$ be a curve of genus two over a field $k$ with a $k$-rational point. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$. Can we write down an explicit equation for the abelian surface $J$? I know $X$ can be ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Properties of subvarieties of a simple abelian variety

Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety over a field $k$. (For simplicity, we assume char $k =0$.) Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ of positive dimension. Suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Reference request: base point freeness of $2\Theta$

Let $J$ be a Jacobian variety defined over a field $k$ and let $\Theta$ be a symmetric theta-divisor on $J$. It's shown (for instance) in the book Complex Abelian Varieties by Lange and Birkenhake ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

What are the fixed points of the jacobian acting on the compactified jacobian ?

Let C be an integral projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$ and Jac(C) be its jacobian. Let $\overline{Jac(C)}$ be the compactified jacobian of C (the moduli space of rank 1 torsion free sheaves of degree ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$. Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$? Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Curve C of genus 2 whose equation satisfies equation in Igusa invariants, but where Jac(C) does not split

The background question is: Let $C$ be a curve of genus $2$ over a field $k$. When is there a degree $2$ morphism from $C$ to an elliptic curve (and therefore an isogeny from the Jacobian ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

Does a curve over a number field have a finite etale cover of given degree

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over a number field $K$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $d\geq 2$ be an integer. Does there exist a curve $Y$ over $K$ with a finite etale ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

What is the reduction of this hyperelliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve with equation $Y^2Z = X^3 +AXZ^2+BZ^3$ in $\mathbf{P}^2_K$, where $A,B\in K$. Let $S$ be non-empty finite set of finite places of $K$ and suppose ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

On the jacobian origin of CM abelian varieties

Let $K$ be a CM field of degree $2n$ over $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\Phi=(\phi_1,\ldots,\phi_n)$ be a CM type of K. Then it is known that complex torus ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Induced maps of an automorphism of a curve on the tangent ot its jacobian and on its differential forms

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ over a field $k$ and $J$ be its jacobian (defined over $k$). Let $\sigma: C \rightarrow C$ be a $k$-automorphsm of $C$. This automorphism $\sigma$ ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Maps of algebraic curves (and their Jacobian)

When people consider a map $\varphi: C \rightarrow C$ between algebraic curves and they mention the "associated map" on the Jacobian of $C$. Which map do they mean? Do they mean $\varphi^{\*}$ or ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

To compute minors of Jacobian of symmetric polynomials

For any $n$ tuple $f_1,f_2,\dots,f_n$ in the polynomial ring $\mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n]$ one has Jacobian, expressed by the $(n \times n)$-determinants: $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
390 views

Correspondences on curves and their induced maps on differentials?

How does a correspondence on an algebraic curve $C$ induce a map on $\Omega^1_C$? Apparently it passes through the Jacobian of $C$ but I don't quite understand it. More specifically, I was reading a ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

Reference for Jacobians in characteristic $p$

I am looking for a basic reference for Jacobians of algebraic curves in characteristic $p>0$. I just want basic facts about the relation between the curve and its Jacobian. I dont want to assume ...
2
votes
0answers
228 views

deRham cohomoloy of CM liftings of Jacobians

Let $k$ be field of characteristic $p>0$ and $W=W(k)$ the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. We call a smooth curve over $k$, ordinary, when the Jacobian of $J(X)$ of $X$ is an ordinary abelian variety. ...
5
votes
5answers
826 views

The use of embedding a curve into its Jacobian

I'm looking for as many examples/applications as possible of the use of embedding a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $X$ over a number field $k$ with $X(k)\neq \emptyset$ into its ...
8
votes
5answers
646 views

Schottky locus in genus 2

Let $\phi_g : \mathcal{M}_g \rightarrow \mathcal{A}_g$ be the period mapping from the open moduli space of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces to the moduli space of $g$-dimensional principally polarized ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Do divisors of degree g with this property exist in general

I have the following question. It's a long shot, but worth the try. Let X be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Does there exist an effective divisor $D$ on $X$ of degree $g$ ...
7
votes
2answers
640 views

Jacobian Conjecture for unit triangular matrices

This question is about the Jacobian conjecture for a special case. I will first explain the Jacobian conjecture (since it is something every mathematician should know about). Let $k$ be an ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

What is the mod l monodromy of a generic trigonal curve?

For a hyperelliptic curve H, the mod 2 monodromy is smaller than $GSp_{2g}(F_2)$ -- since the two torsion of the Jacobian H is generated by differences of Weierstrass point, the monodromy of a generic ...
4
votes
1answer
510 views

Cohomology of Theta divisor on Jacobian?

Let $C$ be a curve of genus $g \geq 1$ and let $J^d$ be its degree $d$ Jacobian. Inside of $J^{g-1}$ there is the Theta divisor $\Theta$, which can be defined in various ways; the quickest definition ...
6
votes
1answer
994 views

construction of the Jacobian of a curve

I am trying to understand the construction of the Jacobian of a curve following the notes of J. S. Milne The question is going to be about a particular step in the proof of Proposition 4.2b in ...
7
votes
0answers
323 views

Defining equations for hyperelliptic Jacobians in a neighbourhood of the identity

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g \ge 2$ over a field $k$ (of characteristic not 2, 3 or 5, if you like, but could be positive in general). Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$, thought of as ...
3
votes
0answers
205 views

Endomorphisms of Jacobians of Hyperelliptic Curves taking Exceptional Divisors to Exceptional Divisors

I am trying to find an hyperelliptic curve (say of genus 2) together with an endomorphism $\phi$ of its Jacobian with the property that it sends Mumford reduced divisors of the exceptional form ...
13
votes
1answer
788 views

Construction of the determinant line bundle on the degree $g-1$ Picard variety

Consider $J^{g-1}$, the variety of degree $g-1$ line bundles on a compact Riemann surface of genus $g$. Recall that $J^{g-1}$ is a torsor for the Jacobian, thus has dimension $g$. We can produce ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

Fano 3-fold of degree 4

Let $X$ be the intersection of two quadrics in $P^5$. It is well known that the intermediate Jacobian $J(X)$ is isomorphic to $J(C)$ for a genus 2 curve, related to the pencil of quadrics whose base ...
11
votes
2answers
574 views

Given a family of curves, when does there exist a fibered surface over Spec Z parametrizing them?

Let $X_p$ be a projective curve over the finite field $\mathbf{F}_p$ (i.e. a projective $\mathbf{F}_p$-scheme pure of dimension 1) for every prime number $p$. Let $X_\mathbf{Q}$ be a projective curve ...
2
votes
0answers
241 views

Why is the Eisenstein quotient a quotient of the new part of the Jacobian?

Dear MO Community, Let $X = X_0(N)_{/\mathbb{Q}}$, and $J$ its jacobian. Mazur defines the Eisenstein quotient of $J$, denoted $\widetilde{J}$, as \[ 0 \rightarrow \gamma_IJ \rightarrow J ...
1
vote
0answers
284 views

Abel-Jacobi map for regular fibered surfaces.

Let $f:C\to S$ be a regular fibered surface where $S=Spec(R)$, $R=dvr$. Assume $C$ has smooth geometrically integral generic fibre $C_K$. We also assume the existence of a section $x\in C(S)$. Let ...
4
votes
1answer
458 views

Is there a way to define Hecke operators “inherently” as certain endomorphisms of the Jacobian?

From the Eichler-Shimura relation, we have a formula for $T_p$ when we reduce $\textrm{End}(\textrm{Jac}(X))$ mod $p$. Explicity, $T_p=\textrm{Frob}_p+p\textrm{Frob}_p^{-1}$. Is there a way to define ...
3
votes
2answers
460 views

Polarizations on intermediate Jacobians

Let $X$ be a Kahler variety of dimension $n$. For each odd number $2k-1 \leq n$ one can consider the $k$-th intermediate Jacobian, that is, the complex torus $$J^{k}X := \frac{H^{2k+1}(X, ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Which curves can be found on Abelian varieties ?

We know tha each genus 2 curve is embedded into its degree 1 Jacobian. Under which conditions on $C$, $A$, $g$ and $n$ is it possible for a genus $g$ smooth curve $C$ to be embedded in an Abelian ...
3
votes
0answers
3k views

Jacobians - intuitive proof required for change of variable in integration

I understand the need for a factor to account for change of units of length/area/volume in multiple integration up to triple integration - & understand why the Jacobian is the appropriate factor, ...