The involutions tag has no wiki summary.

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### Why are all involutions conjugate in the special linear group of degree 2?

It appears to be standard that the set of non-identity involutions in $SL(2, 2^n) = PSL(2, 2^n)$ forms a single conjugacy class. What is the best reference for this?
I note that
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### On generating an explicit formula for an involution

I apologize for the very specific question I am asking. Define the relative entropy $D:[0,1]\times[0,1]\mapsto[0,\infty]$ by
$$D(x,y) = x\log_e\frac{x}{y}+(1-x)\log_e\frac{1-x}{1-y}.$$
Note ...

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### A function composed with itself produces the identity

Let $B$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb R^3$ and $f: B\to B$ continuous, such that $f\circ f$ is the identity (i.e., $f\circ f=\mathbb 1_B$) and $f$ restricted on $\partial B$ is also the identity ...

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### Involution centralizers in simple groups

I often see lower bounds on the size of centralizers of involutions
in finite (nonabelian) simple groups, but is there a general upper bound
for the size of an involution centralizer in such a ...

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### Hermitian forms over quaternion algebra

Notations: Let $Q=(a,b)$ be a quaternion algebra over a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, i.e. $i^2=a, j^2=b, k=ij, ij=-ji$. Consider $K=k(t)(\alpha)$, where $\alpha=\sqrt{at^2+b}$. Let ...

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### A question on an involution of $E_8$ lattice

There exits an involution $\iota$ of the $E_8$ lattice such that $(E_8)^{\pm} \cong D_4$, where $(E_8)^{\pm}$ denotes the $\pm$ eigen-lattice of the involution $\iota$. Could someone kindly give me an ...

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### $T^2$-fibered K3 surface with involution

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ a $T^2$-fibration (not necessarily holomorphic, I have a special Langrangian fibration in mind). Assume there is a $k$-section, then a fiber ...

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### Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are ...

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### Heisenberg-type groups over rings with involution

Hello everyone!
In a paper "Coverings of twisted Chevalley groups over commutative rings" Eiichi Abe intoroduced the following construction:
Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $x\mapsto\overline{x}$ ...

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### Complete De Morgan algebra

Recall that an algebra $(A,\sim)$ is a De Morgan algebra if $A$ is a bounded distributive lattice and $\sim$ is a unary operation which satisfies:
${\sim} (x\vee y)={\sim} x\wedge {\sim} y$ and ...

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### (Non-)existence of skew fields satisfying a SGPI (=skew generalized polynomial identity)

Let $K$ be a skew-field, infinite dimensional over its center $F$.
From Kaplansky's PI-theorem it then follows that $K$ cannot satisfy a polynomial identity (the theorem says that primitive ...

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### Does a fixed-point free “homotopy involution” imply that a manifold bounds?

Let $M^n$ be a closed (compact, connected, without boundary) smooth manifold. It is known that if there exists a fixed point free involution $\tau:M \rightarrow M$, then M bounds. That is, there ...

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### Algebraic axiomatization for AB+BA^T operation on matrices

Let us consider a matrix algebra $Mat_{n\times n}(K)$, where $K$ is a field, $char K \neq 2.$
It is well-known that the axiomatization of commutator operation $[A,B]=AB-BA$ on matrix algebra leads us ...

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### Find elements $\rho_i$ such that $H < B : [\langle H, \rho_i \rangle : H ] = 2$

Let $\Gamma (G;(G_i)_{i \in I})$ be a coset geometry (in the sense of Buekenhout) firm, residually connected and flag transitive with Borel subgroup $B$. Consider $H$ any subgroup of $B$. I want to ...

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### Infinite dimensional division algebras with finite center, and their involutions

Let $q$ be a prime power, and $D$ a non-commutative division algebra (skew field) over $\mathbb{F}_q$ (the finite field with $q$ elements) such that the center $C(D)$ equals $\mathbb{F}_q$.
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### What is the subgroup generated by involutions?

I was recently taking some notes on the Cartan-Dieudonné theorem: if $(V,q)$ is a nondegenerate quadratic space of finite dimension $n$ over a field of characteristic not $2$, then every element of ...