**42**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Geometric interpretation of characteristic polynomial

The coefficients of lowest and next-highest degree of a linear operator's characteristic polynomial are its determinant and trace. These have well-known geometric interpretations. But what about its ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Invariants for the exceptional complex simple Lie algebra $F_4$

This is an edited version of the original question taking into account the comments below by Bruce. The original formulation was imprecise.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ denote a complex simple Lie algebra of ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### Invariants and orbits of $n$-tensors

My question may be absolutely elementary and is probably answered in 19th century. A reference or a short clear argument would be highly appreciated.
Let $V_1, \ldots V_n$ be finite dimensional ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

926 views

### Noether's bound for anticommutative invariant theory (diff. forms instead of polynomials)?

EDIT: Now with a concrete request to CAS experts (see the end of the post).
Let $G$ be a finite group, and $V$ a finite-dimensional representation of $G$. The classical invariant theory of $G$ and ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### A question on invariant theory of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$.

Let $\rho$ denote the irreducible algebraic representation of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ with the highest weight $(2,2,\underset{n-2}{\underbrace{0,\dots,0}})$.
Let $k\leq n/2$ be a non-negative integer. ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

404 views

### Explicit generators for matrix invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V$ be the space of $n$ by $n$ complex matrices with the conjugate action of the symmetric group $G=S_n$. Is any explicit set of generators for the invariant ring $C[V]^G$ known?

**10**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Polynomial invariants of the exceptional Weyl groups

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple complex Lie algebra, and let $\mathfrak{h} \subset \mathfrak{g}$ be a fixed Cartan subalgebra. Let $W$ be the Weyl group associated to $\mathfrak{g}$. Let ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### area of triangle from coefficients of its cubic?

Three points $z_1$, $z_2$, $z_3$ on the complex plane are given by the coefficients $a_k$'s of the cubic polynomial $f(z)=(z-z_1)(z-z_2)(z-z_3)=\sum_{k=0}^3 a_k z^k$. How does one express the ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

876 views

### Chevalley–Shephard–Todd theorem

The wikipedia article claims that the theorem "was first proved by G. C. Shephard and J. A. Todd (1954) who gave a case-by-case proof. Claude Chevalley (1955) soon afterwards gave a uniform proof". I ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### When Are Quotients Complete Intersections?

Let $S_{n}$ denote the permutation group on $n$ letters and $G\subset S_{n}$ a transitive subgroup. The inclusion of $G$ in $S_{n}$ defines an action of $G$ on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. By finding a ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

540 views

### On the field of invariants of a finite group

So let $G$ be a finite group and let $\iota:G\rightarrow S_n$ be an embedding of $G$ in a symmetric group of degree $n$ for some fixed integer $n$. Let $K$ be a fixed field of characteristic $0$. The ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### “Why” is every polynomial representation of SL(2) selfdual?

Given a field $K$ of characteristic $0$. It seems to me that every finite-dimensional polynomial representation of $\mathrm{SL}_2\left(K\right)$ is self-dual (i. e., isomorphic to its dual). In fact, ...

**8**

votes

**8**answers

2k views

### Resources on Invariant Theory

Hi,
So my question is pretty much summed up by the summary - basically I've run into a need to teach myself some of the basics of invariant theory and was looking for a good place to start. I'd ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### Representations of $SL(2)$ in characteristic 2

In characteristic zero one can use the Clebsch-Gordan rule to decompose tensor products of SL(2)-modules. In characteristic $p$ things are more complicated.
I am interested in the special case ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

180 views

### Characteristic classes from moduli of alternating forms

Suppose, just for example, that you have a smooth manifold $M$ of dimension greater than $8$,and a cohomology class $q$ in $H^3(M,{\Bbb R})$. Suppose further that one can represent $q$ with a ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

483 views

### Why can I divide an affine variety by the action of the general linear group?

Let $G\subseteq\mathrm{Gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$ be a subgroup of the general linear group and assume that $\rho:G\to\mathrm{Gl}(V)$ is a representation. Understand the complex vector space $V$ as an affine ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Quotients by the additive group $\mathbb G_a$

Geometric invariant theory doesn't work so well for non-reductive groups, since invariant rings are not generally finitely generated. However, in many cases the action of a non-reductive group has a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### When two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$ are the same?

Let us consider two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$, where $G$ and $G'$ are finite subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ acting linearly.
It is easy too see, that a different ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### Equivariant normalization?

Let $G=\mathrm{Gl}_n\mathbb C$ and let $X$ be an affine $G$-variety. Let $\phi:\tilde X\to X$ be the normalization of $X$, i.e. the spectrum of the integral closure of $\mathbb C[X]$ in its fraction ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Chevalley restriction theorem for exterior algebras

Suppose $G$ is semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ is its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{h}$ is a Cartan subalgebra of $\mathfrak{g}$, and $W$ is the correspondent Weyl group.
Chevalley restriction theorem ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

461 views

### Can one give a “nice” expression for this determinant?

I am asking this question on behalf of a senior faculty member who is sometimes intimidated by computers. It is motivated by a problem in invariant theory. Unfortunately the question is a bit vague.
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

919 views

### Is $Sym^n (V^*) \cong Sym^n (V)^\ast$ naturally in positive characteristic?

Background/motivation
It is a classical fact that we have a natural isomorphism $Sym^n (V^*) \cong Sym^n (V) ^\ast$ for vector spaces $V$ over a field $k$ of characteristic 0. One way to see this is ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

834 views

### Explicit invariants (under change of basis) of maps $V \to V \otimes V$.

It is standard to construct numbers associated to a linear transformation $f: V \to V$ of a finite-dimensional vector space which are invariant under change of basis. The coefficients of the ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Quotient space of $\mathbb{C}^5$ under the action of $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$

One sees that given the $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ action on $\mathbb{C}^5$, thought of as the space of polynomials of the form,
$$a_0 x^4 + 4a_1 x^3 y + 6a_2x^2y^2 + 4a_3xy^3 + a_4 y^4$$
the ring of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

251 views

### About the map $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * )^G\rightarrow S(\mathfrak{h}^ * )^H$ for $H < G$

Let $G$ be a compact connected semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ be its complexified Lie algebra and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ its complex dual space. We can form the symmetric algebra $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * ) ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

750 views

### Diagonal invariants of the symmetric group on $k[X_1,X_2,…,X_n,Y_1,Y_2,…,Y_n]$

This sounds like something that must have been answered long ago, but for some reason I can find nothing on it in the internet. (There has been lots of recent activity in diagonal covariants, related ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

493 views

### What is the ring of invariants of GL acting on quaternary cubic forms?

Suppose I am looking at $GL(4,K)$ acting on a cubic form in say four variables $x,y,z,w$ over $K$ via the usual induced action on a polynomial. Does anyone know what is/where I can find how to compute ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

447 views

### Generalizing cosine rule to symmetric spaces

The sine and cosine rules for triangles in Euclidean, spherical and hyperbolic spaces can be understood as invariants for triples of lines. These invariants are given in terms of the distance (both ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

417 views

### $SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows
$$
(A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

310 views

### Invariants of group action: SL_n acts simultaneously on m symmetric matrices

Let $\rm{SL}_n$ be the special linear group and let $\rm{Sym}_n$ be the set of all symmetric matrices of size n. $\rm{SL}_n$ acts on $(\rm{Sym}_n)^m$ by $g(A_1, \ldots , A_m)=(gA_1 g^{\rm T}, \ldots , ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### Alternating multilinear invariants of GL(n) on End (k^n)

Introduction. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $V=k^n$. The group $\mathrm{GL}_n\left(k\right)=\mathrm{GL} V$ acts on $\mathrm{End} V$ by conjugation, and thus ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Orbits for homogenous complex polynomials under unitary rotation of variables

Let's have two complex homogeneous polynomials of degree $k$: $f(z_1,\cdots,z_n)$ and $g(z_1,\cdots,z_n)$. We consider rotations of variables in the form of $\vec{z}' = U \vec{z}$, where $U\in SU(n)$.
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

273 views

### Arithmetic Cohen-Macaulayness of curves/surfaces defined by weighted power sums in 3 variables

Pick $p,q,r$ complex numbers (I am most interested in the case when they are positive integers). Define the function
$P_i = px^i + qy^i + rz^i$
where $x,y,z$ are coordinates. I have a few related ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

649 views

### Is $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$.

May assume field $k=\mathbb{C}$.
Let $X$ be an affine variety and $G$ be a reductive group (may assume connected).
Is the ring of invariants $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$?
The claim may not ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Are SL(n) Invariants of this wedge product isomorphic to a symmetric product?

In the course of investigating a conjecture about a "strange duality" for sections of line bundles on various models of moduli of sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$, another student and I reduced one special ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Invariants of co-diagonalizability in real symmetric matrices

This question has been mentionned to me by U. Frisch. He wanders whether it has ever been considered by algebraists.
In the vector space ${\bf Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, two elements commutte to each ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### The action of Steenrod squares on the indeterminate in Bullett-Macdonald identities

The Bullet-Macdonald identity (c.f. On the Adem relations)is the following:
$$P(s^2+st)P(t^2)=P(t^2+st)P(s^2).$$
where we have $P(s)=\Sigma _s s^iSq^i$. This is known to be equivalent to the
Adem ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY:
For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$.
What can be said - in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### algebra of endomorphisms over the diagonal invariants

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0 (say $\mathbb{C}$).
Consider the ring of polynomials $R = k[X_1,...,X_n]$ and its subring of invariant polynomials $S = R^{S_n}$.
It is known that the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### FFT like theorems for tensor product

The fundamental theorem of symmetric functions states that $\mathbb C[V]^{S_n}$ is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials, where $V$ is the natural representation of $S_n$. Then a theorem ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Modular reduction of exceptional complex reflection groups

I am interested in reducing reflection representations of complex reflection groups modulo a prime $p$. For the infinite family $G(m,r,n)$, it is straightforward to get "good reduction" provided that ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

479 views

### Structure of $[S(\mathfrak{g})\otimes S(\mathfrak{g})]^G$ for semisimple $\mathfrak{g}$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. $S(\mathfrak{g})^G$ is a polynomial algebra with rank $\mathfrak{g}$ generators. Call them $c_i(x)$, where $x\in \mathfrak{g}$ and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Monotonicity of complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials

The complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials are defined as
$$
h_k (x_1, \dots,x_n) = \sum_{1 \leq i_1 \leq i_2 \leq \cdots \leq i_k \leq n} x_{i_1} x_{i_2} \cdots x_{i_k}.
$$
For example,
$$
...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

381 views

### Molien for modular representations?

Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $k$ be a field whose characteristic divides $\left|G\right|$. Let $\rho:G\to \mathrm{End} V$ be a (finite-dimensional) representation of $G$ over $k$. Prove or ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Adem-Wu relations from Bullett-Macdonald identities

Question. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $q$ be a power of $p$. Let $P^0$, $P^1$, $P^2$, ... be elements of some associative $\mathbb F_q$-algebra $A$. (Here, $P^i$ does not mean $P$ to the $i$-th power; ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

183 views

### Generate a higher degree symmetric polynomial from an existing one

Suppose $p(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_n)$ is a symmetric polynomial. Given any univariate polynomial $u$, we can define a new polynomial $q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1})$ as
$q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1}) = ...