Invariant theory deals with an algebraic, geometric or analytic structure X , submited to the action of an (algebraic) group G . It studies G-invariant elements of X as well as the set of G-orbits.

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different and discriminant for finite invariants

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. Let $B$ a $k$-algebra of finite type, normal and Cohen-macaulay. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $B$. We assume that the order of $G$ is prime to the ...
5
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1answer
496 views

quotient by finite group actions that are smooth

Let $X$ an affine normal scheme of finite type over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $X$ and $Y=X/G=Spec(K[X]^{G})$. We assume that $Y=\mathbb{A}^{n}=k[f_{1},\dots,...
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152 views

determine if a toric variety is Gorenstein

Let $G$ a simply connected group over $k$ and $car(k)=0$. Let $T_{+}=(T\times T)/Z_{G}$ we consider the closure $\overline{T}_{+}$ of the torus $T_{+}$ in $\prod End(V_{\omega_{i}})\times\prod\...
9
votes
2answers
407 views

Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...
4
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1answer
443 views

Where does the name “Reynolds operator” come from?

I always found it strange that, in the context of invariant and representation theory, averaging over the group is called the "Reynolds operator". As far as I know the work of Reynolds was in fluid ...
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1answer
113 views

Jacobian of primary invariants

Let $G$ be a finite group and consider $R=K[V]^G$ be the invariant ring of the group G over the field K of char 0. Let $f_1,\ldots f_n$ be a set of primary invariants. Is there a nice geometric ...
2
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305 views

How to determine there exists a unique invariant subspace for a set of matrices

Hi everyone, Ive been looking at the following problem, but its not entirely in my area and some potential solutions seem to rely on algebraic geometry. Maybe thats just a complicated way to solve ...
2
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1answer
838 views

What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...
4
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3answers
192 views

Generate a higher degree symmetric polynomial from an existing one

Suppose $p(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_n)$ is a symmetric polynomial. Given any univariate polynomial $u$, we can define a new polynomial $q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1})$ as $q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1}) = u(...
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votes
1answer
118 views

Ideal membership (concerning polynomial invariants of orthogonal groups)

Let $\mathbb F _q$ be finite field of odd characteristic and consider the polynomials $$ \xi_i = x_1^{q^i+1} - x_2^{q^i+1} + x_3^{q^i+1} - x_4^{q^i+1} \in \mathbb F_q[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4].$$ I'm ...
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1answer
134 views

Can one pick generators for the ring of invariants of binary n-ic forms which have rational coefficients?

The problem of determining a set of generators of the ring of invariants of the group $\textrm{SL}_2$ acting on the complex $n+1$-dimensional vector space of binary $n$-ic forms is known to be very ...
4
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2answers
417 views

Cyclically symmetric functions

Where can I learn about the invariant theory associated with actions of cyclic groups (as opposed to symmetric groups)? E.g., do the functions $x+y+z$, $xy+yz+zx$, and $x^2y+y^2z+z^2x$ generate the ...
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0answers
73 views

An almost permutation G-lattice

I've been trying to determine the rationality of certain fields of invariants coming from G-lattices. More precisely, letting $G$ be a finite group, $L=\mathbb{Z}^n$ a free abelian group with a $G$ ...
4
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2answers
405 views

Quotient of affine space by cyclic permutation

The quotient of the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$ by the symmetric group $Sym_n$ is again an affine space of the same dimension, and invariants are given by elementary symmetric polynomials. What ...
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0answers
87 views

A slightly odd (integral of Whittaker functions / sum of characters of $GL_n(\mathbb C)$ / sum of Schur functions)

Let $W$ be the normalized spherical Whittaker function attached to a spherical representation $\pi$ on $GL_n(k)$, where $k$ is a $p$-adic field and $n\ge 3$. I'm faced with the slightly-odd integral $...
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155 views

algebra of endomorphisms over the diagonal invariants

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0 (say $\mathbb{C}$). Consider the ring of polynomials $R = k[X_1,...,X_n]$ and its subring of invariant polynomials $S = R^{S_n}$. It is known that the ...
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1answer
255 views

Invariants of a set of real unit vectors in 3d space, under SO(3)

I have a set of $n$ real unit vectors, in 3-dimensional space. (It is a follow up of Sets of vectors related by a rotation.) Is there a construction providing a complete set of independent*) ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Modules of invariants?

Let $G \subset SL(V, \mathbb{C})$ be a finite group and $R=(\operatorname{Sym}\[V\])^G$ is the ring of polynomial invariants, $W$ some irreducible complex representation of $G$. I want to know is ...
1
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1answer
243 views

What does this particular geometric quotient locally look like?

Let $k$ be a field and consider the algebraic group $GL_n$ over $Spec(k)$. It has as a closed (but not normal) algebraic subgroup the group $M$ of monomial matrices, i.e. matrices having exactly one ...
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2answers
244 views

Intersection theory for $G$-varieties - an action on the chow ring?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group. Let $X$ be a $G$-variety and consider any closed subvariety $Z$ of $X$. Since any $g\in G$ acts as an automorphism, we know that $g.Z$ is again a closed ...
2
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1answer
150 views

Invariance group of Morse charts

Suppose I have a smooth function $\varphi$ that vanishes at $p$ and has a positive definite Hessian at that point (suppose that we are on a smooth manifold of dimension $M$). Then the Morse lemma ...
12
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1answer
554 views

A question on invariant theory of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$.

Let $\rho$ denote the irreducible algebraic representation of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ with the highest weight $(2,2,\underset{n-2}{\underbrace{0,\dots,0}})$. Let $k\leq n/2$ be a non-negative integer. ...
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2answers
279 views

About the map $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * )^G\rightarrow S(\mathfrak{h}^ * )^H$ for $H < G$

Let $G$ be a compact connected semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ be its complexified Lie algebra and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ its complex dual space. We can form the symmetric algebra $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * ) $...
6
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3answers
347 views

Invariants of group action: SL_n acts simultaneously on m symmetric matrices

Let $\rm{SL}_n$ be the special linear group and let $\rm{Sym}_n$ be the set of all symmetric matrices of size n. $\rm{SL}_n$ acts on $(\rm{Sym}_n)^m$ by $g(A_1, \ldots , A_m)=(gA_1 g^{\rm T}, \ldots , ...
5
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1answer
758 views

Is $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$.

May assume field $k=\mathbb{C}$. Let $X$ be an affine variety and $G$ be a reductive group (may assume connected). Is the ring of invariants $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$? The claim may not ...
2
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1answer
223 views

When the affine quotient is faithfully flat?

It may be easy for the expert. Consider the map from $n$ by $m$ matrices (over $\mathbb{C}$ )to the $n$ by $n$ symmetric matrices $\phi\colon A\mapsto A A^T$. My question is when this map is ...
4
votes
0answers
278 views

Group action on Grassmannian: Intersection of two special invariant rings

Let $K$ be a field with characteristic $0$. Let $G:=G(d,nd)$ the Grassmannian of all $d-$dimensional subspaces of $K^{nd}$ and let $H:=O_d(K)^n$ the n-fold direct product of the orthogonal group. $H$ ...
16
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2answers
1k views

Invariants for the exceptional complex simple Lie algebra $F_4$

This is an edited version of the original question taking into account the comments below by Bruce. The original formulation was imprecise. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ denote a complex simple Lie algebra of ...
12
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2answers
441 views

Explicit generators for matrix invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V$ be the space of $n$ by $n$ complex matrices with the conjugate action of the symmetric group $G=S_n$. Is any explicit set of generators for the invariant ring $C[V]^G$ known?
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3answers
536 views

Why can I divide an affine variety by the action of the general linear group?

Let $G\subseteq\mathrm{Gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$ be a subgroup of the general linear group and assume that $\rho:G\to\mathrm{Gl}(V)$ is a representation. Understand the complex vector space $V$ as an affine ...
5
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0answers
310 views

FFT like theorems for tensor product

The fundamental theorem of symmetric functions states that $\mathbb C[V]^{S_n}$ is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials, where $V$ is the natural representation of $S_n$. Then a theorem ...
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1answer
184 views

Surjectivity of Invariants

Suppose $V, W, U$ are $Z_p$ module over a field $F$ of characteristic $p$ and $V=W \oplus U$. Is there a degree preserving surjective map from $F[V]^{Z_p}$ to $F[W]^{Z_p}$ ? In non-modular case the ...
6
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2answers
352 views

Alternating multilinear invariants of GL(n) on End (k^n)

Introduction. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $V=k^n$. The group $\mathrm{GL}_n\left(k\right)=\mathrm{GL} V$ acts on $\mathrm{End} V$ by conjugation, and thus ...
6
votes
2answers
843 views

Diagonal invariants of the symmetric group on $k[X_1,X_2,…,X_n,Y_1,Y_2,…,Y_n]$

This sounds like something that must have been answered long ago, but for some reason I can find nothing on it in the internet. (There has been lots of recent activity in diagonal covariants, related ...
5
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4answers
499 views

Structure of $[S(\mathfrak{g})\otimes S(\mathfrak{g})]^G$ for semisimple $\mathfrak{g}$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. $S(\mathfrak{g})^G$ is a polynomial algebra with rank $\mathfrak{g}$ generators. Call them $c_i(x)$, where $x\in \mathfrak{g}$ and $i=...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

presentations for complex involutory reflection groups

It's a well-known result due to J.Tits that a finite-dimensional real reflection group has a faithful presentation, given by its Coxeter diagram (i.e. the linear group in question is isomorphic to the ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

area of triangle from coefficients of its cubic?

Three points $z_1$, $z_2$, $z_3$ on the complex plane are given by the coefficients $a_k$'s of the cubic polynomial $f(z)=(z-z_1)(z-z_2)(z-z_3)=\sum_{k=0}^3 a_k z^k$. How does one express the (signed)...
7
votes
1answer
336 views

When two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$ are the same?

Let us consider two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$, where $G$ and $G'$ are finite subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ acting linearly. It is easy too see, that a different ...
5
votes
1answer
312 views

Invariants of co-diagonalizability in real symmetric matrices

This question has been mentionned to me by U. Frisch. He wanders whether it has ever been considered by algebraists. In the vector space ${\bf Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, two elements commutte to each ...
3
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1answer
303 views

Invariant forms of a binary quintic

Does anyone have a reference for the invariant binary forms of a quintic? That is, what are the $SL_2(C)$ invariant polynomial functions on the space of binary quintics.
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1answer
176 views

Dimension of spaces of invariants/tableaux functions

The Hook lenght formula gives the number of standard Young tableaux on a given diagram. A variant gives the number of semistandard tableuax. Does there exist a formula for counting "weighted ...
3
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1answer
318 views

GL(n+1)- vs. GL(n)-orbits

Let $f,g \in \mathbf {C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]\subseteq \mathbf {C}[x_1, \ldots, x_{n+1}]$ be two polynomials with complex coefficients and suppose that there exists $h_1 \in \mathop{GL}_{n+1}(\mathbf C)$ ...
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0answers
483 views

Can one give a “nice” expression for this determinant?

I am asking this question on behalf of a senior faculty member who is sometimes intimidated by computers. It is motivated by a problem in invariant theory. Unfortunately the question is a bit vague. ...
2
votes
0answers
536 views

Equivalence classes induced on binary strings by set of permutations

Let $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ be the set of binary strings of length $n$ and let $f: \mathbb{F}_2^{n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function from the set of binary strings of length $n$ to the reals. Let's ...
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0answers
170 views

Invariant Polynomes under group action - given the invariants looking for the group. algorithmic solution?

I have given a finite set $S$ of polynomes in the ring $R = C[x_1,\dots,x_n]$. I need to know the minimal group $G$ wich acts on $R$ such that $C[S]$ is the ring of invariants of $R$ under the action ...
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3answers
536 views

What is the ring of invariants of GL acting on quaternary cubic forms?

Suppose I am looking at $GL(4,K)$ acting on a cubic form in say four variables $x,y,z,w$ over $K$ via the usual induced action on a polynomial. Does anyone know what is/where I can find how to compute ...
9
votes
2answers
631 views

On the field of invariants of a finite group

So let $G$ be a finite group and let $\iota:G\rightarrow S_n$ be an embedding of $G$ in a symmetric group of degree $n$ for some fixed integer $n$. Let $K$ be a fixed field of characteristic $0$. The ...
13
votes
2answers
475 views

Invariants and orbits of $n$-tensors

My question may be absolutely elementary and is probably answered in 19th century. A reference or a short clear argument would be highly appreciated. Let $V_1, \ldots V_n$ be finite dimensional ...
5
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0answers
204 views

Modular reduction of exceptional complex reflection groups

I am interested in reducing reflection representations of complex reflection groups modulo a prime $p$. For the infinite family $G(m,r,n)$, it is straightforward to get "good reduction" provided that $...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Monotonicity of complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials

The complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials are defined as $$ h_k (x_1, \dots,x_n) = \sum_{1 \leq i_1 \leq i_2 \leq \cdots \leq i_k \leq n} x_{i_1} x_{i_2} \cdots x_{i_k}. $$ For example, $$ h_3(...