Invariant theory deals with an algebraic, geometric or analytic structure X , submited to the action of an (algebraic) group G . It studies G-invariant elements of X as well as the set of G-orbits.

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What are the E7(7) invariants in the adjoint representation?

Take a real vector space $R$ transforming in the adjoint representation of the ${\rm E}_7(7)$ Lie group as $R \rightarrow G R G^{-1}$. One can define invariants using traces of products of $R$ as ${\...
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Does the functor of taking invariants commute with tensor products? [closed]

Suppose that $G$ is a group acting on a commutative ring $R$, inducing an action on each $R$-module. For any $R$-module $M$, let $M^G$ denote the collection of elements of $M$ invariant under the $G$-...
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162 views

Invariant polynomials with respect to group actions on matrices

Let $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{R})$ be the Lie algebra of matrices with real entries and $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ its associated Lie group. Recall that a linear subgroup $G \subseteq GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ acts by ...
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161 views

Algebraically independent matrix invariants

Let $V$ be the space of pairs of $n \times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $G$ be the space of $n \times n$ permutation matrices which acts on $(A,B) \in V$ by simultaneous conjugation. It is ...
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244 views

Invariants of the maximal unipotent subgroup of GL(n) acting on the space of n by n matrices

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ and let $U\subset G$ be a maximal unipotent subgroup. (For example,assume that U is the set of upper triangular matrices with ones in the diagonal.) Now let $X=M_{n}(\mathbb{C}...
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Is there a topological Chevalley-Shephard-Todd Theorem?

Is the following true: For a representation of a finite group $G$ on $\mathbb{C}^n$, the quotient $\mathbb{C}^n/G$ is a topological manifold if and only if $G$ is generated by pseudo-reflections. ( ...
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31 views

Terminology for research on distributions of inner products

Consider a set of vectors $M$ from an inner product space $V$. The ordered set of inner products of all pairs of elements in $M$ uniquely characterizes $M$ up to isomorphism. Suppose now that $V$ is ...
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145 views

Classification of 3-forms in dimension 7

I'm looking for a classification of $3$-forms over a real vector space of dimension $7$ as for the $3$-forms in dimension $6$. References on the latter case are R. Bryant On the geometry of almost ...
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126 views

A vector version of the Segre embedding: what is the kernel of the ring map?

TL;DR version. Given a commutative ring $\mathbf{k}$ and $n+m$ "generic" vectors $\mathbf{x}_1, \mathbf{x}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n, \mathbf{y}_1, \mathbf{y}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{y}_m$ in $\mathbf{k}^k$ ...
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420 views

Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$. Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...
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49 views

Invariant subalgebra and dual torus for symmetric group

Given permutation module with three generators and corresponding Galois action of symmetric group $\mathfrak S_3$ I am interested in computing corresponding dual torus $T$ (which should be of ...
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272 views

Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...
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386 views

Is the ring of invariants Noetherian?

Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring whose residue field is perfect. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $R$ by ring automorphisms in such a way that the induced action on the residue field is ...
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166 views

Explicit generators of $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field. By Harish-Chandra, the center of its universal enveloping algebra $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$ is a polynomial ring and the ...
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672 views

How to make the Capelli's identity less mysterious?

The formulation of the Capelli's identity is very elementary; it has important applications in invariant theory and representation theory, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capelli%27s_identity To ...
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193 views

Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...
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232 views

Universal property of categorical quotients

I'm approaching the arguments in Mumford's book Geometric Invariant Theory and i have a question which i hope is not too naive.. I've read that, given a group scheme $G/S$ acting on $X/S$, we say ...
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278 views

Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...
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256 views

Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$. Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...
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271 views

A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...
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67 views

Bound the degree of the generator of polynomial ring

Suppose we are given two polynomial rings $R_1$ and $R_2$ by presenting their generators, $S_1$ and $S_2$, where $S_i$ are finite set of $m_i$ variables, $i.e.$, $S_i\subset P[x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_{m_i}]$....
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304 views

Smooth and $GL(n)$-equivariant implies algebraic?

Context: Let $B_n$ be the space of symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_n\subset B_n$ be the subset of non-degenerate forms of Lorentzian signature $(-,+,\ldots,+)$. Let $T$ be a finite ...
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The action of Steenrod squares on the indeterminate in Bullett-Macdonald identities

The Bullet-Macdonald identity (c.f. On the Adem relations)is the following: $$P(s^2+st)P(t^2)=P(t^2+st)P(s^2).$$ where we have $P(s)=\Sigma _s s^iSq^i$. This is known to be equivalent to the Adem ...
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95 views

Action of the (special) orthogonal group on differential forms

I was told that the following facts are true. I am looking for a reference to them. 1) The action of $O(n,\mathbb{C})$ on $\wedge^l\mathbb{C}^n$ is irreducible for any $l$. 2) The action of $SO(n,\...
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Quotients by the additive group $\mathbb G_a$

Geometric invariant theory doesn't work so well for non-reductive groups, since invariant rings are not generally finitely generated. However, in many cases the action of a non-reductive group has a ...
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260 views

Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...
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Invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V_\lambda$ be an irreducible representation of the symmetric group $S_n$ as usual labeled by parition $\lambda$ of $n.$ Question. Is there any general information about the algebra of ...
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445 views

Equivalent binary forms

Two binary forms $f, g \in k[x, y]$ are equivalent when there exists an $M \in GL_2 (k)$ such that $f^M = g$. For simplicity we take $k$ such that $char (k) =0$ and $k=\bar k$. The equivalence ...
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290 views

Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY: For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...
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Arithmetic Cohen-Macaulayness of curves/surfaces defined by weighted power sums in 3 variables

Pick $p,q,r$ complex numbers (I am most interested in the case when they are positive integers). Define the function $P_i = px^i + qy^i + rz^i$ where $x,y,z$ are coordinates. I have a few related ...
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201 views

Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
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446 views

Reference for an algebraic group preserving a cubic form

Let $R=k[u,v,w]$ and $p\in R$ be a cubic form. Let $G$ be the group of graded automorphisms of $R$ which preserve $p$, i.e., $G$ is the subgroup of $GL_3(k)$ consisting of elements $g$ such that $g(p) ...
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$SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows $$ (A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) \...
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Are SL(n) Invariants of this wedge product isomorphic to a symmetric product?

In the course of investigating a conjecture about a "strange duality" for sections of line bundles on various models of moduli of sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$, another student and I reduced one special ...
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Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$. What can be said - in ...
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Representations of $SL(2)$ in characteristic 2

In characteristic zero one can use the Clebsch-Gordan rule to decompose tensor products of SL(2)-modules. In characteristic $p$ things are more complicated. I am interested in the special case $S^dV\...
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252 views

Schur-Weyl duality for arbitrary tensor products of simple finite-dimensional $GL_n$-modules

Let $M$ and $N$ be two simple finite dimensional $GL_n$ modules. Is there a way of expressing the heighest weight vectors of the simple submodules of $M\otimes N$ in terms of the heighest weight ...
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Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...
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First Fundamental Theorem for Alternating Group

I know it fails but is there an answer? More precisely, let $V$ be the standard complex $n$-dimensional representation of the alternating group $A_n$, $kV$ the direct sum of its $k$ copies, $S(kV)$ ...
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160 views

Invariants of the Determinant Form

Consider a form of degree $r$ in $n$, that is, a homogeneous polynomial $$f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)=\sum_{i_1+\ldots i_n=r}\alpha_{i_1 ... i_n}x_1^{i_1} ... x_n^{i_n} $$ After the linear change of ...
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The transfer map $H_*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H_*(BO(2))$: reference request

All cohomology and homology will be $Z/2$ coefficient. The restriction map $H^*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H^*(BO(2))$ is well-known to be the inclusion of the Dickson invariant $Z/2[w_2,w_3]$ into the ...
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Galois correspondence for action of general linear group on purely transcendental extension

For a fixed positive integer $n$, the group $G=GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ acts on the field $K=\mathbb{C}(t_1,\ldots,t_n)$ by linear change of variables. I would like to know if there is something like a ...
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275 views

The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...
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509 views

Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...
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157 views

Specht polynomials for dihedral groups

The representation theory of the symmetric group is best understood via the Specht polynomials. In wonder how this works for other finite reflection groups, such as dihedral groups. Are the similarly ...
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Weyl group invariants of the representation ring of a split torus

Let $G$ be a semisimple split algebraic group, $T$ its split maximal torus and $W$ corresponding Weyl group. Let $T^*$ denote the character lattice of $T$ and $\Lambda$ denote the weight lattice, so $...
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224 views

Chevalley restriction theorem for exterior algebras

Suppose $G$ is semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ is its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{h}$ is a Cartan subalgebra of $\mathfrak{g}$, and $W$ is the correspondent Weyl group. Chevalley restriction theorem ...
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Equivariant normalization?

Let $G=\mathrm{Gl}_n\mathbb C$ and let $X$ be an affine $G$-variety. Let $\phi:\tilde X\to X$ be the normalization of $X$, i.e. the spectrum of the integral closure of $\mathbb C[X]$ in its fraction ...
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209 views

Decomposition of $G$-harmonic polynomials

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $H_G$ denote the $G$-harmonic polynomials. What is the structure of $H_G$ as a $G$-module? Is it isomorphic to the regular representation?
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different and discriminant for finite invariants

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. Let $B$ a $k$-algebra of finite type, normal and Cohen-macaulay. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $B$. We assume that the order of $G$ is prime to the ...