Tagged Questions

Invariant theory deals with an algebraic, geometric or analytic structure X , submited to the action of an (algebraic) group G . It studies G-invariant elements of X as well as the set of G-orbits.

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1
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1answer
232 views

What does this particular geometric quotient locally look like?

Let $k$ be a field and consider the algebraic group $GL_n$ over $Spec(k)$. It has as a closed (but not normal) algebraic subgroup the group $M$ of monomial matrices, i.e. matrices having exactly one ...
3
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2answers
214 views

Intersection theory for $G$-varieties - an action on the chow ring?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group. Let $X$ be a $G$-variety and consider any closed subvariety $Z$ of $X$. Since any $g\in G$ acts as an automorphism, we know that $g.Z$ is again a closed ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Invariance group of Morse charts

Suppose I have a smooth function $\varphi$ that vanishes at $p$ and has a positive definite Hessian at that point (suppose that we are on a smooth manifold of dimension $M$). Then the Morse lemma ...
12
votes
1answer
461 views

A question on invariant theory of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$.

Let $\rho$ denote the irreducible algebraic representation of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ with the highest weight $(2,2,\underset{n-2}{\underbrace{0,\dots,0}})$. Let $k\leq n/2$ be a non-negative integer. ...
6
votes
2answers
250 views

About the map $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * )^G\rightarrow S(\mathfrak{h}^ * )^H$ for $H < G$

Let $G$ be a compact connected semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ be its complexified Lie algebra and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ its complex dual space. We can form the symmetric algebra $S(\mathfrak{g}^ * ) ...
6
votes
3answers
309 views

Invariants of group action: SL_n acts simultaneously on m symmetric matrices

Let $\rm{SL}_n$ be the special linear group and let $\rm{Sym}_n$ be the set of all symmetric matrices of size n. $\rm{SL}_n$ acts on $(\rm{Sym}_n)^m$ by $g(A_1, \ldots , A_m)=(gA_1 g^{\rm T}, \ldots , ...
5
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1answer
638 views

Is $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$.

May assume field $k=\mathbb{C}$. Let $X$ be an affine variety and $G$ be a reductive group (may assume connected). Is the ring of invariants $k[X]^G$ integral closed in $k[X]$? The claim may not ...
2
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1answer
195 views

When the affine quotient is faithfully flat?

It may be easy for the expert. Consider the map from $n$ by $m$ matrices (over $\mathbb{C}$ )to the $n$ by $n$ symmetric matrices $\phi\colon A\mapsto A A^T$. My question is when this map is ...
4
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0answers
241 views

Group action on Grassmannian: Intersection of two special invariant rings

Let $K$ be a field with characteristic $0$. Let $G:=G(d,nd)$ the Grassmannian of all $d-$dimensional subspaces of $K^{nd}$ and let $H:=O_d(K)^n$ the n-fold direct product of the orthogonal group. $H$ ...
15
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2answers
1k views

Invariants for the exceptional complex simple Lie algebra $F_4$

This is an edited version of the original question taking into account the comments below by Bruce. The original formulation was imprecise. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ denote a complex simple Lie algebra of ...
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2answers
401 views

Explicit generators for matrix invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V$ be the space of $n$ by $n$ complex matrices with the conjugate action of the symmetric group $G=S_n$. Is any explicit set of generators for the invariant ring $C[V]^G$ known?
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3answers
483 views

Why can I divide an affine variety by the action of the general linear group?

Let $G\subseteq\mathrm{Gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$ be a subgroup of the general linear group and assume that $\rho:G\to\mathrm{Gl}(V)$ is a representation. Understand the complex vector space $V$ as an affine ...
5
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0answers
265 views

FFT like theorems for tensor product

The fundamental theorem of symmetric functions states that $\mathbb C[V]^{S_n}$ is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials, where $V$ is the natural representation of $S_n$. Then a theorem ...
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1answer
172 views

Surjectivity of Invariants

Suppose $V, W, U$ are $Z_p$ module over a field $F$ of characteristic $p$ and $V=W \oplus U$. Is there a degree preserving surjective map from $F[V]^{Z_p}$ to $F[W]^{Z_p}$ ? In non-modular case the ...
6
votes
2answers
315 views

Alternating multilinear invariants of GL(n) on End (k^n)

Introduction. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $V=k^n$. The group $\mathrm{GL}_n\left(k\right)=\mathrm{GL} V$ acts on $\mathrm{End} V$ by conjugation, and thus ...
6
votes
2answers
747 views

Diagonal invariants of the symmetric group on $k[X_1,X_2,…,X_n,Y_1,Y_2,…,Y_n]$

This sounds like something that must have been answered long ago, but for some reason I can find nothing on it in the internet. (There has been lots of recent activity in diagonal covariants, related ...
4
votes
4answers
470 views

Structure of $[S(\mathfrak{g})\otimes S(\mathfrak{g})]^G$ for semisimple $\mathfrak{g}$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. $S(\mathfrak{g})^G$ is a polynomial algebra with rank $\mathfrak{g}$ generators. Call them $c_i(x)$, where $x\in \mathfrak{g}$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

presentations for complex involutory reflection groups

It's a well-known result due to J.Tits that a finite-dimensional real reflection group has a faithful presentation, given by its Coxeter diagram (i.e. the linear group in question is isomorphic to the ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

area of triangle from coefficients of its cubic?

Three points $z_1$, $z_2$, $z_3$ on the complex plane are given by the coefficients $a_k$'s of the cubic polynomial $f(z)=(z-z_1)(z-z_2)(z-z_3)=\sum_{k=0}^3 a_k z^k$. How does one express the ...
7
votes
1answer
317 views

When two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$ are the same?

Let us consider two singularities $\mathbb C^n/G$ and $\mathbb C^n/G'$, where $G$ and $G'$ are finite subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ acting linearly. It is easy too see, that a different ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Invariants of co-diagonalizability in real symmetric matrices

This question has been mentionned to me by U. Frisch. He wanders whether it has ever been considered by algebraists. In the vector space ${\bf Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, two elements commutte to each ...
3
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1answer
265 views

Invariant forms of a binary quintic

Does anyone have a reference for the invariant binary forms of a quintic? That is, what are the $SL_2(C)$ invariant polynomial functions on the space of binary quintics.
2
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1answer
168 views

Dimension of spaces of invariants/tableaux functions

The Hook lenght formula gives the number of standard Young tableaux on a given diagram. A variant gives the number of semistandard tableuax. Does there exist a formula for counting "weighted ...
3
votes
1answer
313 views

GL(n+1)- vs. GL(n)-orbits

Let $f,g \in \mathbf {C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]\subseteq \mathbf {C}[x_1, \ldots, x_{n+1}]$ be two polynomials with complex coefficients and suppose that there exists $h_1 \in \mathop{GL}_{n+1}(\mathbf C)$ ...
7
votes
0answers
461 views

Can one give a “nice” expression for this determinant?

I am asking this question on behalf of a senior faculty member who is sometimes intimidated by computers. It is motivated by a problem in invariant theory. Unfortunately the question is a bit vague. ...
1
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0answers
418 views

Equivalence classes induced on binary strings by set of permutations

Let $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ be the set of binary strings of length $n$ and let $f: \mathbb{F}_2^{n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function from the set of binary strings of length $n$ to the reals. Let's ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

Invariant Polynomes under group action - given the invariants looking for the group. algorithmic solution?

I have given a finite set $S$ of polynomes in the ring $R = C[x_1,\dots,x_n]$. I need to know the minimal group $G$ wich acts on $R$ such that $C[S]$ is the ring of invariants of $R$ under the action ...
6
votes
3answers
490 views

What is the ring of invariants of GL acting on quaternary cubic forms?

Suppose I am looking at $GL(4,K)$ acting on a cubic form in say four variables $x,y,z,w$ over $K$ via the usual induced action on a polynomial. Does anyone know what is/where I can find how to compute ...
9
votes
2answers
539 views

On the field of invariants of a finite group

So let $G$ be a finite group and let $\iota:G\rightarrow S_n$ be an embedding of $G$ in a symmetric group of degree $n$ for some fixed integer $n$. Let $K$ be a fixed field of characteristic $0$. The ...
13
votes
2answers
451 views

Invariants and orbits of $n$-tensors

My question may be absolutely elementary and is probably answered in 19th century. A reference or a short clear argument would be highly appreciated. Let $V_1, \ldots V_n$ be finite dimensional ...
5
votes
0answers
196 views

Modular reduction of exceptional complex reflection groups

I am interested in reducing reflection representations of complex reflection groups modulo a prime $p$. For the infinite family $G(m,r,n)$, it is straightforward to get "good reduction" provided that ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

Monotonicity of complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials

The complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials are defined as $$ h_k (x_1, \dots,x_n) = \sum_{1 \leq i_1 \leq i_2 \leq \cdots \leq i_k \leq n} x_{i_1} x_{i_2} \cdots x_{i_k}. $$ For example, $$ ...
4
votes
2answers
373 views

Adem-Wu relations from Bullett-Macdonald identities

Question. Let $p$ be a prime. Let $q$ be a power of $p$. Let $P^0$, $P^1$, $P^2$, ... be elements of some associative $\mathbb F_q$-algebra $A$. (Here, $P^i$ does not mean $P$ to the $i$-th power; ...
1
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2answers
191 views

Invariant space of lifted Chevalley automorphisms of the tensor algebra

Question. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$. Let $L$ be a $k$-vector space. Consider the subspace $S$ of $L\otimes L\otimes L\otimes L$ spanned by all tensors of the form $\left[a,\left\lbrace ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

The ring of SL_2 invariants in sums of conjugation and tautological modules

Rings of Invariants Consider $G=SL_2(\mathbb{C})$, and let $V$ be a finite-dimensional $G$-representation. Let $\mathbb{C}[V]$ denote the ring of polynomial functions on the space $V$; it is a free ...
3
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0answers
264 views

Ring of invariants of finite subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{C})$

In the paper 'FINITE LINEAR GROUPS WHOSE RING OF INVARIANTS IS A COMPLETE INTERSECTION' by VICTOR KAC AND KEI-ICHI WATANABE published in BULLETIN (New Series) OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY ...
6
votes
1answer
237 views

Orbits for homogenous complex polynomials under unitary rotation of variables

Let's have two complex homogeneous polynomials of degree $k$: $f(z_1,\cdots,z_n)$ and $g(z_1,\cdots,z_n)$. We consider rotations of variables in the form of $\vec{z}' = U \vec{z}$, where $U\in SU(n)$. ...
4
votes
3answers
381 views

Molien for modular representations?

Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $k$ be a field whose characteristic divides $\left|G\right|$. Let $\rho:G\to \mathrm{End} V$ be a (finite-dimensional) representation of $G$ over $k$. Prove or ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Characterization of the weight orbit in the projective space via second order Casimir.

This is the spin-off of the question I previously asked. First, let me remind you some notation from that question: $G_0$ - compact, simply connected Lie group giving rise (by complexification) ...
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0answers
180 views

Characteristic classes from moduli of alternating forms

Suppose, just for example, that you have a smooth manifold $M$ of dimension greater than $8$,and a cohomology class $q$ in $H^3(M,{\Bbb R})$. Suppose further that one can represent $q$ with a ...
2
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3answers
300 views

Is the space of polynomial functions on M_n a faithful U(gl_n)-module?

We are over some field $k$ of characteristic $0$. The general linear group $\mathrm{GL}_n$ canonically acts from the left and from the right on the space $\mathrm{M}_n$, and thus also acts from the ...
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votes
4answers
1k views

Quotient space of $\mathbb{C}^5$ under the action of $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$

One sees that given the $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ action on $\mathbb{C}^5$, thought of as the space of polynomials of the form, $$a_0 x^4 + 4a_1 x^3 y + 6a_2x^2y^2 + 4a_3xy^3 + a_4 y^4$$ the ring of ...
4
votes
1answer
635 views

Invariant theory

My question might be an easy or could be a bit complicate and classic. Actually I am trying to understand why the discriminant of a binary quadratic form is a "the fundamental invariant" under ...
3
votes
0answers
178 views

Invariant Subvarieties of Variety of Quiver Representations

I'd like to understand a special case of the following rather general algebraic geometry question: Given an algebraic group $G$ acting on a variety $V$, can we describe the $G$-invariant subvarieties ...
13
votes
3answers
926 views

Noether's bound for anticommutative invariant theory (diff. forms instead of polynomials)?

EDIT: Now with a concrete request to CAS experts (see the end of the post). Let $G$ be a finite group, and $V$ a finite-dimensional representation of $G$. The classical invariant theory of $G$ and ...
8
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4answers
1k views

“Why” is every polynomial representation of SL(2) selfdual?

Given a field $K$ of characteristic $0$. It seems to me that every finite-dimensional polynomial representation of $\mathrm{SL}_2\left(K\right)$ is self-dual (i. e., isomorphic to its dual). In fact, ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Is there an invariant theory explanation of the orbit structure of GL₂ acting on second-diagonal symmetric matrices by g∙X = gXJg^tJ ?

Statement of the Specific Result Let $J$ denote the matrices with ones on the "second diagonal", meaning the diagonal between the (1,n) and (n,1) entry, and zeros elsewhere. So in the case $n=2$, ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Polynomial invariants of the exceptional Weyl groups

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple complex Lie algebra, and let $\mathfrak{h} \subset \mathfrak{g}$ be a fixed Cartan subalgebra. Let $W$ be the Weyl group associated to $\mathfrak{g}$. Let ...
4
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0answers
315 views

A relative Noether number for invariants

EDIT: Wrong definition of $\beta\left(G,H\right)$ fixed. One of the results is open (i. e., I cannot prove it). In "Finite Groups and invariant theory" (a paper in Malliavin's LNM #1478 which can ...
4
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0answers
212 views

When is the ring of invariants of a finite group generated by symplectic reflections a complete intersection ring?

Let V be a finite dimensional symplectic vector space over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of the symplectic group $Sp(V),$ which is generated by symplectic reflections, i.e. by elements ...