Invariant theory deals with an algebraic, geometric or analytic structure X , submited to the action of an (algebraic) group G . It studies G-invariant elements of X as well as the set of G-orbits.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-1
votes
0answers
60 views

Finite dimensional invariant subspaces of $C^\infty(S^2)$ under rotations [closed]

Characterize all smooth functions on $S^2$ for which the space generated by their rotations are finite dimensional
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Terminology for research on distributions of inner products

Consider a set of vectors $M$ from an inner product space $V$. The ordered set of inner products of all pairs of elements in $M$ uniquely characterizes $M$ up to isomorphism. Suppose now that $V$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Classification of 3-forms in dimension 7

I'm looking for a classification of $3$-forms over a real vector space of dimension $7$ as for the $3$-forms in dimension $6$. References on the latter case are R. Bryant On the geometry of almost ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

A vector version of the Segre embedding: what is the kernel of the ring map?

TL;DR version. Given a commutative ring $\mathbf{k}$ and $n+m$ "generic" vectors $\mathbf{x}_1, \mathbf{x}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n, \mathbf{y}_1, \mathbf{y}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{y}_m$ in $\mathbf{k}^k$ ...
11
votes
0answers
227 views

Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$. Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Invariant subalgebra and dual torus for symmetric group

Given permutation module with three generators and corresponding Galois action of symmetric group $\mathfrak S_3$ I am interested in computing corresponding dual torus $T$ (which should be of ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

Is the ring of invariants Noetherian?

Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring whose residue field is perfect. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $R$ by ring automorphisms in such a way that the induced action on the residue field is ...
6
votes
0answers
161 views

Automorphisms of a quotient variety

Let $X$ be a variety, and $G\subset Aut(X)$ a subgroup of the automorphism group of $X$. Assume that the quotient $Y = X/G$ is a variety. Does there exist some simple relation between $Aut(X)$, $G$ ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Explicit generators of $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field. By Harish-Chandra, the center of its universal enveloping algebra $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$ is a polynomial ring and the ...
19
votes
1answer
475 views

How to make the Capelli's identity less mysterious?

The formulation of the Capelli's identity is very elementary; it has important applications in invariant theory and representation theory, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capelli%27s_identity To ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Universal property of categorical quotients

I'm approaching the arguments in Mumford's book Geometric Invariant Theory and i have a question which i hope is not too naive.. I've read that, given a group scheme $G/S$ acting on $X/S$, we say ...
7
votes
3answers
252 views

Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Bound the degree of the generator of polynomial ring

Suppose we are given two polynomial rings $R_1$ and $R_2$ by presenting their generators, $S_1$ and $S_2$, where $S_i$ are finite set of $m_i$ variables, $i.e.$, $S_i\subset ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Smooth and $GL(n)$-equivariant implies algebraic?

Context: Let $B_n$ be the space of symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_n\subset B_n$ be the subset of non-degenerate forms of Lorentzian signature $(-,+,\ldots,+)$. Let $T$ be a finite ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

The action of Steenrod squares on the indeterminate in Bullett-Macdonald identities

The Bullet-Macdonald identity (c.f. On the Adem relations)is the following: $$P(s^2+st)P(t^2)=P(t^2+st)P(s^2).$$ where we have $P(s)=\Sigma _s s^iSq^i$. This is known to be equivalent to the Adem ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Action of the (special) orthogonal group on differential forms

I was told that the following facts are true. I am looking for a reference to them. 1) The action of $O(n,\mathbb{C})$ on $\wedge^l\mathbb{C}^n$ is irreducible for any $l$. 2) The action of ...
7
votes
2answers
402 views

Quotients by the additive group $\mathbb G_a$

Geometric invariant theory doesn't work so well for non-reductive groups, since invariant rings are not generally finitely generated. However, in many cases the action of a non-reductive group has a ...
4
votes
1answer
239 views

Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...
3
votes
0answers
156 views

Invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V_\lambda$ be an irreducible representation of the symmetric group $S_n$ as usual labeled by parition $\lambda$ of $n.$ Question. Is there any general information about the algebra of ...
2
votes
4answers
409 views

Equivalent binary forms

Two binary forms $f, g \in k[x, y]$ are equivalent when there exists an $M \in GL_2 (k)$ such that $f^M = g$. For simplicity we take $k$ such that $char (k) =0$ and $k=\bar k$. The equivalence ...
5
votes
0answers
193 views

Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY: For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...
7
votes
2answers
320 views

Arithmetic Cohen-Macaulayness of curves/surfaces defined by weighted power sums in 3 variables

Pick $p,q,r$ complex numbers (I am most interested in the case when they are positive integers). Define the function $P_i = px^i + qy^i + rz^i$ where $x,y,z$ are coordinates. I have a few related ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
3
votes
4answers
400 views

Reference for an algebraic group preserving a cubic form

Let $R=k[u,v,w]$ and $p\in R$ be a cubic form. Let $G$ be the group of graded automorphisms of $R$ which preserve $p$, i.e., $G$ is the subgroup of $GL_3(k)$ consisting of elements $g$ such that $g(p) ...
6
votes
3answers
442 views

$SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows $$ (A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Are SL(n) Invariants of this wedge product isomorphic to a symmetric product?

In the course of investigating a conjecture about a "strange duality" for sections of line bundles on various models of moduli of sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$, another student and I reduced one special ...
7
votes
0answers
86 views

Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$. What can be said - in ...
8
votes
2answers
582 views

Representations of $SL(2)$ in characteristic 2

In characteristic zero one can use the Clebsch-Gordan rule to decompose tensor products of SL(2)-modules. In characteristic $p$ things are more complicated. I am interested in the special case ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Schur-Weyl duality for arbitrary tensor products of simple finite-dimensional $GL_n$-modules

Let $M$ and $N$ be two simple finite dimensional $GL_n$ modules. Is there a way of expressing the heighest weight vectors of the simple submodules of $M\otimes N$ in terms of the heighest weight ...
8
votes
0answers
220 views

Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

First Fundamental Theorem for Alternating Group

I know it fails but is there an answer? More precisely, let $V$ be the standard complex $n$-dimensional representation of the alternating group $A_n$, $kV$ the direct sum of its $k$ copies, $S(kV)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Invariants of the Determinant Form

Consider a form of degree $r$ in $n$, that is, a homogeneous polynomial $$f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)=\sum_{i_1+\ldots i_n=r}\alpha_{i_1 ... i_n}x_1^{i_1} ... x_n^{i_n} $$ After the linear change of ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

The transfer map $H_*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H_*(BO(2))$: reference request

All cohomology and homology will be $Z/2$ coefficient. The restriction map $H^*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H^*(BO(2))$ is well-known to be the inclusion of the Dickson invariant $Z/2[w_2,w_3]$ into the ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Galois correspondence for action of general linear group on purely transcendental extension

For a fixed positive integer $n$, the group $G=GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ acts on the field $K=\mathbb{C}(t_1,\ldots,t_n)$ by linear change of variables. I would like to know if there is something like a ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...
4
votes
1answer
338 views

Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Specht polynomials for dihedral groups

The representation theory of the symmetric group is best understood via the Specht polynomials. In wonder how this works for other finite reflection groups, such as dihedral groups. Are the similarly ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Weyl group invariants of the representation ring of a split torus

Let $G$ be a semisimple split algebraic group, $T$ its split maximal torus and $W$ corresponding Weyl group. Let $T^*$ denote the character lattice of $T$ and $\Lambda$ denote the weight lattice, so ...
7
votes
1answer
204 views

Chevalley restriction theorem for exterior algebras

Suppose $G$ is semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ is its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{h}$ is a Cartan subalgebra of $\mathfrak{g}$, and $W$ is the correspondent Weyl group. Chevalley restriction theorem ...
7
votes
2answers
412 views

Equivariant normalization?

Let $G=\mathrm{Gl}_n\mathbb C$ and let $X$ be an affine $G$-variety. Let $\phi:\tilde X\to X$ be the normalization of $X$, i.e. the spectrum of the integral closure of $\mathbb C[X]$ in its fraction ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Decomposition of $G$-harmonic polynomials

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $H_G$ denote the $G$-harmonic polynomials. What is the structure of $H_G$ as a $G$-module? Is it isomorphic to the regular representation?
2
votes
0answers
58 views

different and discriminant for finite invariants

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. Let $B$ a $k$-algebra of finite type, normal and Cohen-macaulay. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $B$. We assume that the order of $G$ is prime to the ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

quotient by finite group actions that are smooth

Let $X$ an affine normal scheme of finite type over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $X$ and $Y=X/G=Spec(K[X]^{G})$. We assume that ...
3
votes
0answers
142 views

determine if a toric variety is Gorenstein

Let $G$ a simply connected group over $k$ and $car(k)=0$. Let $T_{+}=(T\times T)/Z_{G}$ we consider the closure $\overline{T}_{+}$ of the torus $T_{+}$ in $\prod ...
9
votes
2answers
346 views

Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...
4
votes
1answer
398 views

Where does the name “Reynolds operator” come from?

I always found it strange that, in the context of invariant and representation theory, averaging over the group is called the "Reynolds operator". As far as I know the work of Reynolds was in fluid ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Jacobian of primary invariants

Let $G$ be a finite group and consider $R=K[V]^G$ be the invariant ring of the group G over the field K of char 0. Let $f_1,\ldots f_n$ be a set of primary invariants. Is there a nice geometric ...