**3**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### A vector version of the Segre embedding: what is the kernel of the ring map?

TL;DR version.
Given a commutative ring $\mathbf{k}$ and $n+m$ "generic" vectors $\mathbf{x}_1, \mathbf{x}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n, \mathbf{y}_1, \mathbf{y}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{y}_m$ in $\mathbf{k}^k$ ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$.
Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Invariant subalgebra and dual torus for symmetric group

Given permutation module with three generators and corresponding Galois action of symmetric group $\mathfrak S_3$ I am interested in computing corresponding dual torus $T$ (which should be of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Is the ring of invariants Noetherian?

Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring whose residue field is perfect. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $R$ by ring automorphisms in such a way that the induced action on the residue field is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Automorphisms of a quotient variety

Let $X$ be a variety, and $G\subset Aut(X)$ a subgroup of the automorphism group of $X$. Assume that the quotient $Y = X/G$ is a variety. Does there exist some simple relation between $Aut(X)$, $G$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Explicit generators of $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field. By Harish-Chandra, the center of its universal enveloping algebra $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$ is a polynomial ring and the ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### How to make the Capelli's identity less mysterious?

The formulation of the Capelli's identity is very elementary; it has important applications in invariant theory and representation theory, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capelli%27s_identity
To ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Universal property of categorical quotients

I'm approaching the arguments in Mumford's book Geometric Invariant Theory and i have a question which i hope is not too naive..
I've read that, given a group scheme $G/S$ acting on $X/S$, we say ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

245 views

### Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

252 views

### A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Bound the degree of the generator of polynomial ring

Suppose we are given two polynomial rings $R_1$ and $R_2$ by presenting their generators, $S_1$ and $S_2$, where $S_i$ are finite set of $m_i$ variables, $i.e.$, $S_i\subset ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Smooth and $GL(n)$-equivariant implies algebraic?

Context: Let $B_n$ be the space of symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_n\subset B_n$ be the subset of non-degenerate forms of Lorentzian signature $(-,+,\ldots,+)$. Let $T$ be a finite ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### The action of Steenrod squares on the indeterminate in Bullett-Macdonald identities

The Bullet-Macdonald identity (c.f. On the Adem relations)is the following:
$$P(s^2+st)P(t^2)=P(t^2+st)P(s^2).$$
where we have $P(s)=\Sigma _s s^iSq^i$. This is known to be equivalent to the
Adem ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Action of the (special) orthogonal group on differential forms

I was told that the following facts are true. I am looking for a reference to them.
1) The action of $O(n,\mathbb{C})$ on $\wedge^l\mathbb{C}^n$ is irreducible for any $l$.
2) The action of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

392 views

### Quotients by the additive group $\mathbb G_a$

Geometric invariant theory doesn't work so well for non-reductive groups, since invariant rings are not generally finitely generated. However, in many cases the action of a non-reductive group has a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Invariants of the symmetric group

Let $V_\lambda$ be an irreducible representation of the symmetric group $S_n$ as usual labeled by parition $\lambda$ of $n.$
Question.
Is there any general information about the algebra of ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

407 views

### Equivalent binary forms

Two binary forms $f, g \in k[x, y]$ are equivalent when there exists an $M \in GL_2 (k)$ such that $f^M = g$. For simplicity we take $k$ such that $char (k) =0$ and $k=\bar k$.
The equivalence ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY:
For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

318 views

### Arithmetic Cohen-Macaulayness of curves/surfaces defined by weighted power sums in 3 variables

Pick $p,q,r$ complex numbers (I am most interested in the case when they are positive integers). Define the function
$P_i = px^i + qy^i + rz^i$
where $x,y,z$ are coordinates. I have a few related ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

389 views

### Reference for an algebraic group preserving a cubic form

Let $R=k[u,v,w]$ and $p\in R$ be a cubic form. Let $G$ be the group of graded automorphisms of $R$ which preserve $p$, i.e., $G$ is the subgroup
of $GL_3(k)$ consisting of elements $g$ such that $g(p) ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

427 views

### $SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows
$$
(A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Are SL(n) Invariants of this wedge product isomorphic to a symmetric product?

In the course of investigating a conjecture about a "strange duality" for sections of line bundles on various models of moduli of sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$, another student and I reduced one special ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$.
What can be said - in ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

570 views

### Representations of $SL(2)$ in characteristic 2

In characteristic zero one can use the Clebsch-Gordan rule to decompose tensor products of SL(2)-modules. In characteristic $p$ things are more complicated.
I am interested in the special case ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

217 views

### Schur-Weyl duality for arbitrary tensor products of simple finite-dimensional $GL_n$-modules

Let $M$ and $N$ be two simple finite dimensional $GL_n$ modules. Is there a way of expressing the heighest weight vectors of the simple submodules of $M\otimes N$ in terms of the heighest weight ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Earliest use of the term “linearly reductive”?

Recently a number of MO questions have referred to a "linearly reductive group", usually in a way that is out of focus. It's unclear to me why this terminology is so popular, since over a field of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### First Fundamental Theorem for Alternating Group

I know it fails but is there an answer?
More precisely, let $V$ be the standard complex $n$-dimensional representation of the alternating group $A_n$, $kV$ the direct sum of its $k$ copies, $S(kV)$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Invariants of the Determinant Form

Consider a form of degree $r$ in $n$, that is, a homogeneous polynomial
$$f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)=\sum_{i_1+\ldots i_n=r}\alpha_{i_1 ... i_n}x_1^{i_1} ... x_n^{i_n}
$$
After the linear change of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### The transfer map $H_*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H_*(BO(2))$: reference request

All cohomology and homology will be $Z/2$ coefficient. The restriction map
$H^*(BSO(3))\rightarrow H^*(BO(2))$ is well-known to be the inclusion of
the Dickson invariant $Z/2[w_2,w_3]$ into the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Galois correspondence for action of general linear group on purely transcendental extension

For a fixed positive integer $n$, the group $G=GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ acts on the field $K=\mathbb{C}(t_1,\ldots,t_n)$ by linear change of variables. I would like to know if there is something like a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Specht polynomials for dihedral groups

The representation theory of the symmetric group is best understood via the Specht polynomials. In wonder how this works for other finite reflection groups, such as dihedral groups. Are the similarly ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Weyl group invariants of the representation ring of a split torus

Let $G$ be a semisimple split algebraic group, $T$ its split maximal torus and $W$ corresponding Weyl group. Let $T^*$ denote the character lattice of $T$ and $\Lambda$ denote the weight lattice, so ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Chevalley restriction theorem for exterior algebras

Suppose $G$ is semisimple Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ is its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{h}$ is a Cartan subalgebra of $\mathfrak{g}$, and $W$ is the correspondent Weyl group.
Chevalley restriction theorem ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

399 views

### Equivariant normalization?

Let $G=\mathrm{Gl}_n\mathbb C$ and let $X$ be an affine $G$-variety. Let $\phi:\tilde X\to X$ be the normalization of $X$, i.e. the spectrum of the integral closure of $\mathbb C[X]$ in its fraction ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

152 views

### Decomposition of $G$-harmonic polynomials

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $H_G$ denote the $G$-harmonic polynomials. What is the structure of $H_G$ as a $G$-module? Is it isomorphic to the regular representation?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### different and discriminant for finite invariants

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field.
Let $B$ a $k$-algebra of finite type, normal and Cohen-macaulay. Let $G$ a finite group acting on $B$. We assume that the order of $G$ is prime to the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### quotient by finite group actions that are smooth

Let $X$ an affine normal scheme of finite type over a field $k$ of characteristic zero.
Let $G$ a finite group acting on $X$ and $Y=X/G=Spec(K[X]^{G})$.
We assume that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### determine if a toric variety is Gorenstein

Let $G$ a simply connected group over $k$ and $car(k)=0$.
Let $T_{+}=(T\times T)/Z_{G}$ we consider the closure $\overline{T}_{+}$ of the torus $T_{+}$ in $\prod ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Where does the name “Reynolds operator” come from?

I always found it strange that, in the context of invariant and representation theory,
averaging over the group is called the "Reynolds operator". As far as I know the work of Reynolds was in fluid ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Jacobian of primary invariants

Let $G$ be a finite group and consider $R=K[V]^G$ be the invariant ring of the group G over the field K of char 0. Let $f_1,\ldots f_n$ be a set of primary invariants. Is there a nice geometric ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### How to determine there exists a unique invariant subspace for a set of matrices

Hi everyone,
Ive been looking at the following problem, but its not entirely in my area and some potential solutions seem to rely on algebraic geometry. Maybe thats just a complicated way to solve ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

646 views

### What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

186 views

### Generate a higher degree symmetric polynomial from an existing one

Suppose $p(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_n)$ is a symmetric polynomial. Given any univariate polynomial $u$, we can define a new polynomial $q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1})$ as
$q(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_{n+1}) = ...