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34
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3answers
3k views

What do higher Chow groups mean?

Let $z^i(X, m)$ be the free abelian group generated by all codimension $i$ subvarieties on $X \times \Delta^m$ which intersect all faces $X \times \Delta^j$ properly for all j < m. Then, for each i,...
29
votes
1answer
632 views

$8$-ary operation $(\mathbb{P}^2)^8 \text{ }-\to \mathbb{P}^2$, can we say anything about what this formula would look like?

My friend, who is currently taking an algebraic geometry course from an unnamed prolific poster on MO, told me about the following bonus question on one of his problem sets a few weeks ago. ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Survey article on Intersection Theory

Does anybody knows about good overview on intersection theory. The book of Fulton has very hard language. Does there exist simple overview on this topic with many examples?
15
votes
0answers
541 views

Is there a functor of points approach to algebraic cycles and intersection theory?

Motivation Most of the algebraic geometry I have done so far was concerned with group schemes (e.g., abelian schemes, tori, unipotent groups). In that part of the field the "functor of points POV" is ...
14
votes
2answers
460 views

What does taking the graded algebra do to the Grothendieck group, and its relation to the Chow ring?

Let $X$ be a nonsingular variety. (Perhaps some/all of this works over more general smooth schemes, but let's stick to the simple case.) In, e.g., Fulton's Intersection Theory chapter 15, and Soule's ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Geometric examples of the Serre intersection formula

The Serre intersection formula, as an alternating sum of contributions from Tor-groups, is something that combines a lot of ingredients that I'm interested in, but I've never really felt that I have a ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Deformation to the normal cone

Deformation to the normal cone appears in several places including Intersection theory and Verdier specialisation of construtible sheaves or D-modules. I'd like to understand what happens when we ...
14
votes
1answer
652 views

Link: Serre's intersection formula <-> Bloch-Quillen Thm / When only intersecting divisors, is there 'shorter' approach of proof known?

In very short: When proving the equivalence of intersection theory constructed through (Milnor) K-sheaves and their product vs. defining the product via Serre's local multiplicity formula + moving, I ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Curves with negative self intersection in the product of two curves

I wonder if the following is known: Are there two compact curves C1 and C2 of genus>1 defined over complex numbers, such that their product contains infinite number of irreducible curves of negative ...
13
votes
1answer
880 views

Bezout's Theorem for weighted homogeneous polynomials

Bezout's Theorem states that for two homogeneous polynomials $f(x,y,z), g(x,y,z)$ over an algebraically closed field of degrees $m,n$ respectively, such that the two polynomials do not share a common ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a Serre Tor formula for nonproper intersections?

Background: Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective algebraic variety, and let $V$ and $W$ be closed subvarieties. For simplicity, let's assume that $\dim V+\dim W=\dim X$. Now Serre's famous Tor ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

A nontrivial surface on which any two curves intersect

One interesting property of the projective plane is that any two plane curves intersect. (More generally, if $V$ and $W$ are subvarieties of any projective space, and codim $V$ + codim $W \geq 0$, ...
12
votes
1answer
635 views

Are Chow groups generated by local complete intersections?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field. The Chow group $\mathbb Q\mathrm{CH}^d(X)$ is $\mathbb Q$--linearly generated by irreducible subvarieties $Z \subseteq X$ of ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Context for intersection theory

This is a pretty basic question. Hartshorne defines "intersection multiplicity" for any two divisors on a surface. Fulton has an impressive framework of generalizing this in his book (my understanding ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Can a curve intersect a given curve only at given points?

Clearly the question in the title has a positive answer for analytic (or smooth, or continuous ...) curves, but what about the algebraic category? More specifically, given an irreducible polynomial ...
11
votes
1answer
391 views

Intersection of subvarieties versus ranks of Chow groups modulo numerical equivalences

A nice property of $\mathbb P^n$ is: Property 1: Two subvarieties $U,V$ such that $\operatorname{dim} U +\operatorname{dim} V \geq n$ always intersect. (for example, any 2 curves in $\mathbb P^2$...
10
votes
0answers
211 views

Smooth, complete varieties on which “zero is effective”

I will say zero is effective on a complete, smooth variety $X$ if some positive linear combination of irreducible varieties is rationally equivalent to zero. In other words, zero is effective if there ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Chern classes of a blow-up at a point

Let $X$ be a nonsingular projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\widetilde{X}$ be the blow-up of X at a point $p\in X$. What relationships exist between the degrees of the Chern classes of $X$...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Question on Kähler/ample cone, cone of curves…

Assume $X$ is smooth "simply connected" complex projective variety and $Y\subset X$ a smooth hyperplane section. ( $Y= X\cap H$, $H\subset \mathbb{P}^n$). Let's $NE(X)$ be the cone of effective 1-...
8
votes
1answer
351 views

Commutativity of the Chow ring in positive characteristic

I was looking in Ravi Vakil's notes on Intersection Theory, Class 20, where he introduces the bivariant intersection theory, in particular the Chow ring $A^\ast (X)$. On p. 2, he writes the following ...
8
votes
1answer
376 views

Schemes with no nonconstant maps to lower dimensional schemes

Fix an algebraically closed field $k$ (arbitrary characteristic), all schemes will be of finite type over $k$. (Property *): I'm interested in (classes of) examples of schemes $X$ (irreducible, of ...
8
votes
2answers
967 views

Examples of excess intersection theory?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $m$ and $\pi:E\rightarrow M$ a vector bundle of rank $e$. Given a section $s$ of the bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow M$, we expect that the zero locus $Z(s)$ of $s$ ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Self-intersection and the normal bundle

Let $X/k$ be a surface nonsingular and proper over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $C \subset X$ be a nonsingular curve. Then it is clear that the self-intersection $(C \cdot C)_X$ is $\textrm{...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

Smooth quadric hypersurface, Hilbert scheme is blowup of Grassmannian?

Let $Q \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth quadric hypersurface. Where can I find a proof of/can anyone supply a proof of$$\text{Hilb}_{2m + 1}(Q) \cong \text{Bl}_{OG(3, n+1)}G(3, n+1)?$$Can we conclude ...
7
votes
1answer
905 views

Reference for the Hodge Bundle

For the purposes of this question, let the Hodge bundle $\lambda$ be the bundle on a fibration of abelian varieties $X\to B$ with fiber over $b\in B$ the space of 1-forms on $X_b$, or the pullback to $...
7
votes
0answers
153 views

Chow ring of extended tropicalizations

In Allermann-Rau '09, the authors define the Chow groups of an arbitrary abstract tropical cycle. In particular, one may take the tropical cycle to be the tropicalization of a subvariety of a torus. ...
6
votes
2answers
187 views

Action of an isomorphism in cohomology as the intersection with the class of the graph

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex manifolds of dimension 2 and let $\varphi:X\rightarrow Y$ be an isomorphism. I have read that the action of $\varphi^*:H^2(Y,\mathbb{Z})\rightarrow H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ ...
6
votes
1answer
789 views

What is the relation between Lefschetz fixed point theorem and Poincare-Hopf theorem on vector fields?

In Dubrovin/Fomenko/Novikov Modern geometry--Methods and applications, Part II, the (Poincare-)Hopf theorem is treated in section 15.2 (see theorem 15.2.7 on page 129), while the Lefschetz theorem on ...
6
votes
1answer
718 views

Simple description of a Chow ring of blow-ups.

Is there a simple description of a Chow ring of a blow-up of a point on a smooth projective variety? Or at least of successive blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^n$? Maybe something like $A(\tilde{X})=f^*(A(...
6
votes
1answer
600 views

Calculating chern numbers yields a contradiction, why?

I am really stuck on this one. Let $Y=\mathbb{P}^n$ be the complex projective space and let $\tilde Y$ be the blow-up of $Y$ along a linear subvariety $X$ of codimension $d$. We get the following blow-...
6
votes
1answer
715 views

Chow Ring of Moduli Space of Abelian Varieties

Is there a good reference for the structure of the Chow ring of $\mathcal{A}_g$, the moduli space of complex principally polarized abelian varieties? More generally, references for the intersection ...
6
votes
0answers
179 views

Semi-continuity of intersection numbers

I always trusted the following quite vague statement: If you have a family of effective divisors $D_1(t),\dots , D_k(t)$ on a $k$-dimensional projective variety $X_t$, where $t$ is a paramater say ...
6
votes
0answers
286 views

A question on infinitesimal deformation (related to intersection theory)

Let $X$ be a connected projective scheme in $\mathbb{P}^n$. Assume, $2 \le \dim X \le n-2$. Let $H$ be a general hyperplane in $\mathbb{P}^n$. Denote by $Z:=X.H$ and $Z'=X.H^m$ for $m \gg 0$. Then ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

Divisibility of all entries in an intersection form

What are situations where one can conclude that all entries of an intersection form are divisible by a fixed integer? More precisely: $F \subset S$ is a proper connected (usually reducible) half-...
6
votes
0answers
279 views

Flat morphisms whose fibers are affine spaces

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat morphism, such that each fiber is isomorphic to the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$. Then is is true that $f$ is a Zariski affine bundle? If not, is it at least an ètale affine ...
6
votes
0answers
369 views

intersection theory on proper algebraic spaces

I have a question about the second example in Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry, Appendix B, section 3 (given by Hironaka?). It is an example of a compact complex Moishezon 3-fold $X$ which is not an ...
5
votes
2answers
467 views

Top chern class under finite, unramified, dominant morphism

Situation: Let $\Bbbk$ be an algebraically closed field. Assume that $\pi:Y\to X$ is an finite, dominant, unramified morphism between nonsingular varieties of dimensions $n$. Let $d=\deg(\pi)$. What ...
5
votes
1answer
728 views

Example of cone of numerically effective curves which is not polyhedral

I think I have seen more than one reference in which the cone of numerically effective curves can be 'not polyhedral', i.e. with an infinite number of extremal rays I cannot remember where I read ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Does $h^1(D)=0$ imply numerical connectedness on K3 surfaces?

Let $X$ be a complex K3 surface and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$. We shall say: $D$ is connected if its support is connected. $D$ is numerically connected if for any non-trivial effective ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

Axiomatic intersection theory

Is there an axiomatic intersection theory? What I expect is something like: An intersection theory is a functor from the category of schemes(or other spaces) to the category of algebras, with well-...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Positivity question on K3 surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex K3 surface and $L, D$ two effective divisors, $L^2\geq0$ and $D^2\geq0$. (Q1). do we have $L\cdot D\geq0$ ? If either one has positive self-intersection, the ...
5
votes
0answers
201 views

Cycle classes that are killed by pushing forward from normalization

Let $X$ be a non-normal algebraic variety and $f \colon X' \to X$ its normalization. Is there a general description $\mathrm{ker}\left(\mathrm{CH}_k(X') \to \mathrm{CH}_k(X)\right)$? Are there ...
5
votes
0answers
282 views

Relationship between virtual cohomological dimension and tautological rings for moduli spaces of curves

Here's the short version of the question. For $M_{g,n}$, $M_{g,n}^{rt}$, $M_{g,n}^{ct}$ and $\overline M_{g,n}$ it seems that the virtual cohomological dimension is given by the complex dimension plus ...
5
votes
0answers
719 views

Riemann-Roch and Grothendieck duality: general case of Fulton's example 18.3.19

Fulton's "Intersection theory" book contains the following fact (example 18.3.19): Let $X$ be a Cohen-Macaulay scheme over a field. Assume $X$ can be imbedded in a smooth scheme (so it has a ...
4
votes
1answer
638 views

Is there a section disjoint from 0, 1 and infinity on the projective line

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. Is there a section of $\mathbf{P}^1_{O_K}$ over $O_K$ whose image is disjoint from $0$, $1$ and $\infty$? If $K=\mathbf{Q}$ this is not possible ...
4
votes
3answers
846 views

(Second) Chern class of projective space, blown up in a linear subvariety

I already asked the same question at stack exchange but got no response for quite a while, so I thought I'd ask here. I also know that this has a certain resemblance to this question, but I cannot ...
4
votes
2answers
560 views

Vanishing associated to a resolution of singularities

Let $\pi: V\to W$ be a resolution of singularities, let $E \subset V$ be the exceptional divisor, and let $F$ be a coherent sheaf such that $R^i\pi_*F=0$ for $i>0$. Can we conclude that $R^i\...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

Intersections of complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$

This is an exercise from Gromov's Partial differential relations. (page 5) Let $V$ and $V'$ be two closed complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$ of complimentory dimension. Prove that $V$ and $V'$ ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How many points determine a line?

Consider the affine space $\mathbb C^n$ and then, because of reasons, compactify it to obtain the projective space $\mathbb P^n$. One of the most basic axioms or propositions of geometry is that ...
4
votes
2answers
482 views

Graphs as cycles and intersection theory

I'm guessing that the answer to this question is well-known, but I'm struggling to find anything to help me. Let $X,Y$ be compact manifolds of dimension $n,m$ respectively. Let $f:X \to Y$ be a ...