The integration tag has no wiki summary.

**8**

votes

**2**answers

585 views

### An identity involving an infinite integral with a sinh in the denominator

I recently encountered the rather appealing looking integral, which appears in the theory of random matrices :
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{p-1}(j^{2}+z^{2})\frac{zdz}{\mathrm{sinh}(2\pi z)} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### A Bessel integral

Today I came across the integral
$\int_a^\infty e^{-bx} I_n(x) dx$
where $I_n$ is the modified Bessel function of the first kind. There is a solution for $a=0$, provided in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

889 views

### Definite Integral ∫_{0}^{∞} dx exp(−x^2−a exp(b x^2))

I've been trying without success to do $$\int_0^\infty dx\; \exp(-x^2) \exp(-a\exp(bx^2)).$$
It's not in my integral tables. Wolfram online integrator won't do it. It doesn't seem to be amenable to a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

162 views

### Integrating with sub-level sets

This is a simple question, and I'm sure it was a homework assignment at some point (assuming it's true) but it's one that I'm puzzled over. Suppose I have a compact domain $D \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

249 views

### Gauge integral of the derivative of a function except on a set of measure 0.

For the entire question, the interval I am integrating over is $[0,1]$.
Background: In order to exhibit an isometry from $L^2[0,1]$ into $l^2$, I need to either assume absolute continuity over some ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Average values of <OR> integrating over nonincreasing simplex

Hi,
I am trying to compute a distribution by integrating over all non-increasing categorical distributions of a given size $n$.
For instance, for $n=2$, each categorical distribution must follow ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

439 views

### High dimensional beta integral (a typo in Stein's book “singular integrals”)

Hello,
When I read Stein's book of Singular Integrals, at p. 118, there is an obvious mistake:
$$
\int_{R^n} |x-y|^{-n+\alpha} ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

586 views

### does equi-integrability implies uniform convergence?

A collection $\{f_n\}$ of real valued functions is said to be HK-equi-integrable on $I=[a,b]$, if there exists a gauge $\delta$ on $I$ such that for every $\epsilon>0$, there exists a $\delta$-fine ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

721 views

### Can distribution theory be developed Riemann-free?

I imagine most people who frequent MO have been indoctrinated into the point of view that the Riemann integral can be safely discarded once one has taken the time to develop the Lebesgue integral. ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

306 views

### do numerical integration with fixed abscissas

Can I do an integral, possibly using gaussian quadrature, when the abscissas are fixed (for reasons that I don't want to get into right now), i.e. is it possible to calculate the weights for fixed ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

215 views

### More multinomial type integrals over the hypercube

The question is related to my previous question about integrating the multinomial over the hypercube and the motivation for this question is the same, but the integral is a bit different. Here it is,
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Is there a corresponding Hahn decomposition theorem for the real-valued Radon measures?

Hello,
As we know that a signed measure $\mu$ on $R$ can be decomposed to the positive part $\mu_+$ and negative one $\mu_-$ by the Hahn decomposition theorem.
My question is whether each ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

992 views

### Best Numerical Method for Evaluating a Hilbert transform

I have to evaluate a Hilbert transform for some $\mathcal{L}^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C})$-function ($1\leq p<\infty$). I know there are a number of algorithms out there to do it, but I don't have a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### ($n$-dimensional) Inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\| \mathbf{\omega} \|^{2\alpha}}$

Note: I first posted question on math.stackexchange and I got one reply, which was a bit helpful (I'm still trying to understand it fully), but did not explore the two solution cases that I mentioned. ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

942 views

### Integration by parts for a general negative-definite self-adjoint operator.

I suspect I am asking a very stupid question.
Suppose you have self-adjoint negative-definite operator $L$ densely defined on a space $L^2(\pi)$, with $Lf = \nabla \cdot ( A(x)\nabla f)$, for some ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### linear versus non-linear integral equations

I'm having trouble solving an integral equation. It appears to me to be a homogenous fredholm equation of the second kind. However, I'm being told that this can't be a fredholm equation, because it ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Rationale for Hadamard's finite part of a divergent integral

(Note: I asked this question a few days ago on math.stackexchange but didn't get any responses. I've therefore decided to post it here instead.)
I have a problem justifying throwing away the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

724 views

### The easiest symbolic integration method to try implementing.

Hello! I wonder how hard is it to implement more or less general symbolic integration algorithm (number of lines in a certain language)? Maybe someone here did this or knows some good blog posts ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

307 views

### Can you dispense with the use of the existence of Positive integrable function in Henstock theory especially in Fubini theorem.

In Henstock-Kurzweil integral in the proof of Fubini theorem you need a strictly positive integrable function for rectangles of infinite volume. How to deal with such situation in general setting . ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

355 views

### Is an integrable map from a measure space to a Banach space always measurable?

Is every integrable mapping defined in a general measure space to a Banach space measurable?
The answer is yes if it is function (real valued). The answer is yes if it is a mapping into a ...

**80**

votes

**5**answers

6k views

### Source and context of $\frac{22}{7} - \pi = \int_0^1 (x-x^2)^4 dx/(1+x^2)$?

Possibly the most striking proof of Archimedes's inequality $\pi < 22/7$ is an integral formula for the difference:
$$
\frac{22}{7} - \pi = \int_0^1 (x-x^2)^4 \frac{dx}{1+x^2},
$$
where the ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Generalized Gauss-Green theorem

I am looking for a generalized version of the Gauss-Green theorem also known as the divergence theorem:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divergence_theorem
A quick search on MathSciNet suggests that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### integrating a character of a non-archimedean local field

By way of motivation, this computation comes from a proof in Bump's book Automorphic Forms and Representations where he shows that the Weil index of the reduced norm of a four-dimensional central ...

**74**

votes

**17**answers

15k views

### Why is differentiating mechanics and integration art?

It is often said that "Differentiation is mechanics, integration is art." We have more or less simple rules in one direction but not in the other (e.g. product rule/simple <-> integration by ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

953 views

### A mass spring model for hair simulation

A strand of hair is represented by a set of particles connected by springs.
The velocity for a particular particle is calculated implicitly using the following formula:
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Integrating the multinomial over a hypercube

I have come across an integral of the form
$$\int_{b}^{a}\cdots\int_{b}^{a} \left( \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_i\right)^mdx_1d x_2\dots dx_n.$$
I have a solution that makes use of the partition function, but I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Multiple ergodic averages with varying number of terms

Hi. I've been stuck on the following question for some time.
Consider a sequence of functions $\left( f_n \right)$ from an ergodic space $\left( \mathsf{X}, \mathsf{S}, \mu \right)$ to $\left[ 0,1 ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

821 views

### Universally measurable sets and weak topology

After I posted this question, a couple of months ago, and got from MO-users several
good hints, I think i'm ready, after some study, to ask another related question (or rather, to focus on the main ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

2k views

### How do you calculate the solid angle of a rectangular, axis aligned section of a surface defined by a two dimensional function?

I have $f(x,y) = \frac{1}{2} (1 - x^2 - y^2)$, which is a paraboloid centered around the origin (plot).
Now I want to calculate the solid angle (with the origin as the viewpoint) of the surface area ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

724 views

### integration of a laplacian

Hi,
I solved for a Poisson equation with finite elements, using piecewise linear basis functions on 2d triangles.
Now, I want to evaluate the following expressions:
$$ \int_\Omega \Delta u ~dx$$
and
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

240 views

### Integrate kˆ(n-1) / prod_{i=1…n} (kˆ(2)+x_iˆ{2}) dk between 0 and infinity, with x_i constants and n>=1? [closed]

[some formatting tweaked, and the question copied from the title to the main body, by YC]
Hi,
I've been struggling a lot to calculate this integral.
$$ \int_0^\infty \frac{k^{n-1}}{\prod_{i=1}^n ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

492 views

### Undefined gamma function problem

Hello,
I'm trying to solve the following integral :
$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{t^{d/2}}(e^{-\gamma t} - e^{-\delta t})dt$.
I know it equals
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

721 views

### measurability of integrated functions

Hello everybody,
DISCLAIMER: I'm not a mathematician, but a computer scientist, so I hope the question is not trivial (or perhaps I hope so, in order to get a definitive answer). Anyway it's not a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Time-integral of a smooth, vector-valued function of a planar Brownian bridge

I'm looking for information on how to compute the distribution of the random vector
$$Z = \int_0^t f(B_s) ds$$
where $t>0$ is fixed, $B_s$ is a 2D Brownian bridge with $B_0 = 0$, $B_t=b \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

480 views

### Integration of exponentials of quadratic forms (general Gaussian itegrals) over semi-finite domains

Hi
I'm interested in evaluating the integral of $e^{-s^T A s + b s}$ over a semi-infinite domain. $A$ is $\binom{N}{2}$x$\binom{N}{2}$ and has $N-1$ eigenvalues equal to $N$, and the rest 0. In ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Is the 2d gauge integral equivalent to the Lebesgue integral for nonnegative functions?

Let $f$ be a function from $[0,1]\times [0,1]$ to $\mathbb{R}$.
Definition:
2dgauge$\displaystyle\int f \; = \; I$
$\Leftrightarrow$
For all neighborhoods $U$ of $I$, there exists a function ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

455 views

### Integral and limit

During my research this integral has shown up
$ \frac{1}{2T} \int_{-T}^T \left( 1 - \frac{|\tau|}{T}\right)e^{-\alpha\tau^2}\cos(2\pi f_0 \tau) d\tau$
I tried to solved by taking the real part of a ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is there a systematic method for differentiating under the integral sign?

This MO question by Tim Gowers reminded me of a question I've wondered about for some time. In the delightful book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!, Feynman praises the technique of differentiating ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

486 views

### limit of definite integral as $N \to \infty$

I'm interested in $\theta(N):=\int_0^1 (1-x)^{N-1} e^{xN} dx$. I'd like to show that $\theta(N)\sim c/\sqrt{N}$ as $N\to\infty$ and determine $c$. Any ideas?

**16**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Weak and Strong Integration of vector-valued functions

This is probably an elementary question, but outside my area of expertise, and I was unable to find any suitable reference:
Suppose $f:X\to E$ is a continuous function from a compact spaces (endowed ...

**17**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Why not evaluate integrals using ODE-solvers?

Hello!
I have a question about the relationship between numerical integration and the solution of ordinary differential equations (ODE). Suppose I want to evaluate the integral
$I(x) = \int_{0}^{x} ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A tricky integral

Let $\alpha>0$ and $\beta\in\mathbb{R}$. I am looking for an explicit formula for the integral
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} (1+x^2)^{-1/2}e^{-\alpha x^2}e^{-i \beta x}dx.$$
I tried several changes ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

910 views

### Time scale calculus vs Lebesgue–Stieltjes calculus

About the same time, it seems, as I asked this question, a new post appeared on the wikipedia discussion page for Time scale calculus which suggests the Time scale derivative (aka Hilger derivative ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

2k views

### “Riemann–Stieltjes derivative”?

Can you define a "derivative" operator such that its antiderivative F(x) of f(x) can be used in the sense of F(b)-F(a) to calculate the Riemann–Stieltjes integral of f(x)?
Perhaps it would be related ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

480 views

### Integrating the product of two functions one of which has a positive non-integer power

I'm looking to integrate several functions having the form
$\int_0^T \frac{ sin(\omega \tau) }{\omega} \tau^{2H} d\tau$
where $2H \ge 0$ but may not be an integer. I'd like to know if the machinery ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Linear Mapping and integration

I have been reading the paper - "Introduction to Quantum Fisher Information".
In section 1.2 the author talks about the linear map $\mathbb{J}_D$, which he defines as follows:
Let $D \in M_n$ be a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### How to do integration using MCMC?

I want to evaluate $I = \int_V f(\vec{x}) d\vec{x}$. The classical Monte Carlo method is to sample uniformly from within the integration volume $V$, and then compute $I \approx V \frac{1}{N} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

213 views

### evaluating an integral related to the volume of Hessenberg orthogonal matrices

Consider the following integral,
$$
{1 \over 4\pi^{2}}\int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi}
\sqrt{\, 9 -\sin^{2}\left(\theta_{1} \over 2\right)
\sin^{2}\left(\theta_{2} \over 2\right)\,}
\,{\rm ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Integrals from a non-analytic point of view

I've mentioned before that I'm using this forum to expand my knowledge on things I know very little about. I've learnt integrals like everyone else: there is the Riemann integral, then the Lebesgue ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

746 views

### Expectation of a simple function of multivariate gaussians iid rvs

I would like to compute analytically the following expected value:
$$ E\left( \frac{X_i^2}{\sum_j \lambda_j^2 X_j^2}\right) $$
where the $X_i \approx N(0,1)$ are iid.
It seems to be an elementary ...