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8
votes
1answer
428 views

Certain compact subset of $L_1$

Let $(\Omega,\Sigma, \mu)$ be a probability measure and $X$ a Banach space. I am interested in subsets $F\subseteq L_\infty (\mu,X)$ that satisfy these two compactness conditions: $F$ is a ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Is $x \, \tan(x)$ integrable in elementary functions?

I'm teaching Calculus and my students asked me to calculate the integral of $x \, \tan(x)$. I spent quite a lot of effort to do this, but I'm now even not sure if the integral could be presented in ...
1
vote
2answers
325 views

Gauss Legendre Method for Implicit Integration

Methods that are usually adopted for time integration in transport phenomena problems are either: Euler (explicit, first-order accurate) $\frac{dY}{dt}=f(t,Y)$ $Y^{n+1}=Y^n+\Delta t f(t,Y^n)$ ...
0
votes
2answers
208 views

Integrating a product

By trying to find a marginal distribution I came accross integration of the product series. For the sake of generality, lets assume the integral is of following form: $$\int \prod_{k=1}^{n}\left ( ...
9
votes
2answers
695 views

Borel sets preserved under open maps?

Given open map f: $R^n$ to $R^n$ such that each open set $U\in R^n$, $f(U)$ is also open. Are Borel sets in $R^n$ preserved under f? Motivation: Pre-image of Borel sets under continuous map is a ...
3
votes
2answers
334 views

Integration in several variables and elementary applications

This fall I'm teaching the "second half" of the standard entry-level undergraduate multivariable calculus course: the focus is on double and triple integrals, path integrals, Green's theorem, Stokes' ...
2
votes
3answers
371 views

Defining the integral of a function using the product measure

Imagine that we're trying to define the expression $$\int_U f(x)dx$$ in a rigorous way. Assume that $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0}$ where $(X,\mu)$ is a measure space, and suppose that $U$ is a ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Counterexamples to differentiation under integral sign?

I'm exploring differentiation under the integral sign (I want to be much faster and more assured in doing this common task). So one thing I'm interested in is good counterexamples, where both ...
3
votes
3answers
294 views

Asymptotic behaviour/upper bound for $\int_0^{\infty} \exp(-c x^a+K x^b)dx$ for $a>b>0$ as $K\rightarrow \infty$?

What is the asymptotic behaviour or an upper bound for $\int_0^{\infty} \exp(-c x^a+K x^b) \, dx$, for $a>b>0,$ as $K\rightarrow \infty$? Or any good reference for tools to tackle this question? ...
0
votes
0answers
121 views

Boundedness of Riemann-like sums on unbounded interval

Hi I am trying to find suitable conditions (integrability, growth...) on a function $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ such that: \begin{equation} \sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}f(kh)h= \mathcal{O}(1),\qquad h\to ...
8
votes
2answers
482 views

Rain droplets falling on a table

Suppose you have a circular table of radius $R$. This table has been left outside, and it begins to rain at a constant rate of one droplet per second. The drops, which can be considered points as they ...
4
votes
1answer
544 views

Integration on high dimensional sphere

Hi, I need to integrate a function on an n-dimensional sphere surface. One way is to use the triangle function like: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N-sphere#Spherical_volume_element, however, it is too ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

convergence of multiple integral

I am searching for some theorems and books about convergence of multiple integrals of the form: $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\;f(x,y)\;\mathrm{d}x\,\mathrm{d}y. $$ In particular, ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Integration of the product of pdf & cdf of normal distribution [closed]

Denote the pdf of normal distribution as $\phi(x)$ and cdf as $\Phi(x)$. Does anyone know how to calculate $\int \phi(x) \Phi(\frac{x -b}{a}) dx$? Notice that when $a = 1$ and $b = 0$ the answer is ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Variation of a Function

Let $g$ be a function of finite $q$ Variation and $f$ be a function of finite $p$ Variation, and $\frac{1}{q}+\frac{1}{p}>1$. What can be said about the variation of $H$ with ...
0
votes
1answer
281 views

Fourier coefficients of a rational function

Any ideas how to compute or to approximate integral $$\int_{0}^{1}\frac{(x+a)^{2q}(x+b)^{2q}}{(x-1)^{4q}+x^{4q}}\exp({-2\pi i x y})dx$$ where $q \in \mathbb{N}$ and $a,b =-2,-1,0,1$, $y \in (0,1)$
0
votes
0answers
186 views

Evaluating the integral $\int_{a}^{+\infty} \frac{\exp(-bx)}{x+c} Ei(x) dx$

I'm trying to evaluate or simplify this integral: $$I_{a,b,c} = \int_{a}^{+\infty} \frac{\exp(-bx)}{x+c} Ei(x) dx $$ with $a,b,c \in \mathbb{R}_+^*$. and $ Ei(x) =\int_{-\infty}^{x} ...
1
vote
0answers
309 views

Question about Riemann integral and total variation [closed]

Let $g$ be Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$, $f(x)=\int_a^xg(t)dt$ for $x∈[a,b]$. How to show that the total variation of $f$ is equal to $∫_a^b|g(x)|dx$?
2
votes
2answers
282 views

Is there a good comparative study of the Banach integral?

The Banach integral is elegant in its definition, and I am intrigued as to why it is so rarely seen. Is it in practice difficult to calculate from the definition? And are there any other problems with ...
3
votes
2answers
381 views

One-sided Cauchy principal value

What is the notion of a principal value of an integral when the singularity appears at one endpoint? Namely, $ PV \int_a^b f(t) dt = ? $, where the integral is convergent in the upper limit, but ...
3
votes
1answer
538 views

Action Integral

In the theory of action-angle variables, you wind up having to solve integrals with a characteristic square-root behavior near the endpoints to express the action in terms of the orbital quantities. ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Is $C_c(\mathbb{R}^2,\mathbb{R}^2)$ dense in the irrotational square integrable functions?

Let $L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n$ be the set of square integrable functions which are the weak derivative of a locally square integrable function. That is $$L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n=\{Du\colon u\in ...
12
votes
1answer
647 views

Integration in the surreal numbers

In the appendix to ONAG (2nd edition), Conway points that the definition of integration (using Riemann sums as left and right options) gives the "wrong" answer : $\int_0^\omega \exp(t)\thinspace ...
2
votes
2answers
291 views

Questions on calculating volume using n-1 forms

Is there an n-1 form on $R^n$ which calculates the volume of n-manifolds? Similarly, is there such a 1 form on $S^2$, and $RP^2$? I thought this has something to do with the orientation, is that ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Semi implicit DAE integration using an implicit Runge Kutta scheme

I'm looking for some references regarding integration of DAEs in the form $M(t) \frac{dy}{dt} + G(y(t),t) + f(t) = 0, \quad y \in R^n, M(t) \in R^{nxn}$ using a high order implicit Runge Kutta ...
1
vote
2answers
357 views

Lebesgue integral with respect to vector measures?

Good evening, I'm reading some papers of Jim Agler and Nicholas Young, in which they prove a formula of integral representation with respect to a vector measure, but the integration is in the sense ...
5
votes
3answers
667 views

What is the Dunford Integral and why is it useful?

Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pettis_integral defines the Pettis Integral for Banach space valued functions wrt to some measure space by duality. It calls the Pettis & Bochner integral ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

derivative of a special function in integral form

What is the derivative of $Q_m\left(\frac{\alpha}{x^a},\frac{\beta}{x^b}\right)$ with respect to $x$, i.e, $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x}Q_m\left(\frac{\alpha}{x^a},\frac{\beta}{x^b}\right), \quad ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

On explicit eigenfunctions

Given an algebraic surface $S$ defined by an algebraic equation such as $x^{4}+2y^{4}+3z^{4}=1$, how would one find the third smallest eigenvalue $\mu_{3}$ for the differential equation $\Delta ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do I need densities in order to integrate on a non-orientable manifold?

Integration on an orientable differentiable n-manifold is defined using a partition of unity and a global nowhere vanishing n-form called volume form. If the manifold is not orientable, no such form ...
1
vote
2answers
194 views

Does integral of A^T(t)*A(t) converge if det(A(t)) does not converge to 0?

Suppose you have an nxn parametric square matrix A(t). I am wondering if I can prove this: $(lim\_{t\rightarrow\infty}det(A(t)) \ne 0) \Rightarrow (\int^{\infty}A^T(t)A(t)dt$ Does not Converge $)$
5
votes
1answer
447 views

Contour Integral with Gamma functions and 2F1

Given the following contour integral $$\frac{1}{2\pi j}\int^{c+j\infty}_{c-j\infty} \frac{\Gamma(-1+a+s)\Gamma(b+s)}{\Gamma(3+a-s)}\cos(-1+a+s)\, {}_2F_1\Big(-1-a+s,-1+a+s;\frac{1}{2};z\Big) y^s\: ...
10
votes
1answer
591 views

Is the pairing between contours and functions perfect (modulo the kernel given by Stokes' theorem)?

Let $s: \mathbb C^n \to \mathbb C$ be a homogeneous degree-$d$ polynomial which is nonsingular (in the sense that the hypersurface it defines in $\mathbb{CP}^{n-1}$ is smooth; equivalently the ...
2
votes
1answer
479 views

On two-dimensional Gaussian integrals

Fix $\epsilon, 0\leq \epsilon\leq 1/2.$ Let $Z_1,Z_2$ be zero mean, unit variance Gaussian random variables which are jointly Gaussian with $\mathbb{E}Z_1Z_2=-(1-2\epsilon)\leq 0.$ Then, ...
1
vote
0answers
183 views

Integrating gamma products and quotients over a vertical line

The Wolfram functions collection contains a small number of integrals of products and quotients of terms $\Gamma(a_i\pm t)$ over a vertical line, all of which can be evaluated in terms of only gamma ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Products of trigonometric functions with increasing frequencies

I am looking at weighted $L_2$ norms of a class of Littlewood polynomials, related to Walsh and Rademacher functions which made me look for pseudo-closed forms or computationally efficient expressions ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to do integrals involving two Bessel functions and another function?

I often encounter the integrals in the following form: $\int_0^\infty{\rm Bessel}(ax)\cdot{\rm Bessel}(bx)\cdot f(cx)dx$, where Bessel can be $J$, $N$, $H^{(1)}$, $H^{(2)}$, $I$, or $K$; and $f(x)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
279 views

Residue Cancellation

I am trying to understand how to apply the residue theorem to solve $\frac{1}{2\pi j}\int^{\gamma+j\infty}_{\gamma-j\infty}\Gamma(n-s)\Gamma(s)\Gamma(1-s) {}_1F_1(s;b;c) ...
4
votes
1answer
516 views

Integral with confluent hypergeometric function

Can we get a closed form for the following contour integral?. Let us assume that n is a non-negative integer, $\frac{1}{2\pi ...
1
vote
0answers
400 views

Integral with modified bessel function and exponentials

I am trying to solve the following equations $\int^\infty_0 \exp\left(-\frac{\alpha}{x+1}\right)\exp(-c x) x^{\frac{n-1}{2}} I_{n-1}\left(\sqrt{\beta x}\right)\ \mathrm{d}x $ and $\int^\infty_0 ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

An isoperimetric inequality for “order” polytopes

I am looking for an isoperimetric inequality for order-like polytopes. An order polytope $K\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is defined by a set of linear inequaities: $$ \forall i \; 0\leq x_i \leq 1 $$ and $ ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

About the surface area vs. volume of polytopes

Given a convex body $K\in\mathbb{R}^n$, represented by a set of linear inequalities (intersection of halfspaces), I am interested in understanding how much of its volume can be close to its perimeter ...
8
votes
2answers
583 views

An identity involving an infinite integral with a sinh in the denominator

I recently encountered the rather appealing looking integral, which appears in the theory of random matrices : $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{p-1}(j^{2}+z^{2})\frac{zdz}{\mathrm{sinh}(2\pi z)} ...
2
votes
1answer
333 views

A Bessel integral

Today I came across the integral $\int_a^\infty e^{-bx} I_n(x) dx$ where $I_n$ is the modified Bessel function of the first kind. There is a solution for $a=0$, provided in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik, ...
2
votes
2answers
884 views

Definite Integral ∫_{0}^{∞} dx exp(−x^2−a exp(b x^2))

I've been trying without success to do $$\int_0^\infty dx\; \exp(-x^2) \exp(-a\exp(bx^2)).$$ It's not in my integral tables. Wolfram online integrator won't do it. It doesn't seem to be amenable to a ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Integrating with sub-level sets

This is a simple question, and I'm sure it was a homework assignment at some point (assuming it's true) but it's one that I'm puzzled over. Suppose I have a compact domain $D \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ ...
1
vote
0answers
245 views

Gauge integral of the derivative of a function except on a set of measure 0.

For the entire question, the interval I am integrating over is $[0,1]$. Background: In order to exhibit an isometry from $L^2[0,1]$ into $l^2$, I need to either assume absolute continuity over some ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Average values of <OR> integrating over nonincreasing simplex

Hi, I am trying to compute a distribution by integrating over all non-increasing categorical distributions of a given size $n$. For instance, for $n=2$, each categorical distribution must follow ...
1
vote
2answers
437 views

High dimensional beta integral (a typo in Stein's book “singular integrals”)

Hello, When I read Stein's book of Singular Integrals, at p. 118, there is an obvious mistake: $$ \int_{R^n} |x-y|^{-n+\alpha} ...
-1
votes
1answer
582 views

does equi-integrability implies uniform convergence?

A collection $\{f_n\}$ of real valued functions is said to be HK-equi-integrable on $I=[a,b]$, if there exists a gauge $\delta$ on $I$ such that for every $\epsilon>0$, there exists a $\delta$-fine ...