The integral-transforms tag has no usage guidance.

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votes

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669 views

### Uncertainty principle for Mellin transform

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^+\to \mathbb{C}$. Let $Mf$ be its Mellin transform: $Mf(s) = \int_0^\infty f(x) x^{s-1} dx$.
(a) Some time ago, I convinced myself that
$f(t)$, $Mf(\sigma+it)$ and $Mf(\sigma-it)$ ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

748 views

### Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups.
Below is a proposition for ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Complex structure on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ generalizing the Hilbert transform.

The Hilbert transform on the real Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb R)$ is the singular integral operator
$$
\mathcal H(f)(x) := \frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{x-y} f(y) dy.
$$
It satisfies $\...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### When I can safely assume that a function is a Laplace transform of other function?

If I have a function and I want to represent it as being the Laplace transform of another, that is, I want to be sure that there is $\hat{f}(s)$ such that my function $f(x)$ can be written as:
$f(x) =...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### When is an integral transfrom trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator
$$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$
the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

629 views

### MacWilliams Identity for Asymptotic Weight Spectrum of a Code

Introduction
Let $C$ be a code of block length $n$ having $A_i^C$ words of Hamming weight $i$, for $i\in [n]$, where $[n]:=\{0,\ldots,n\}$. Then, the sequence $\{ A_i^C \}_{i \in [n]} $ is called the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

470 views

### Properties of a matrix-valued generalization of the $\Gamma$ function

I am interested in the following function (Mellin transform of matrix exponential):
$$\int_0^{\infty} x^{s-1} e^{-A-Bx}d x$$
Where $x$ and $s$ are scalars, but $A$ and $B$ are matrices with $B\succ 0$....

**9**

votes

**2**answers

656 views

### An identity involving an infinite integral with a sinh in the denominator

I recently encountered the rather appealing looking integral, which appears in the theory of random matrices :
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{p-1}(j^{2}+z^{2})\frac{zdz}{\mathrm{sinh}(2\pi z)} ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### The relationship between Crofton formula and Radon transform.

The famous Crofton formula says that the length of a curve can be calculated by integral of the `line crossing' over the space of all oriented lines. My question is, is there a way to treat this ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

514 views

### Rate of growth of an explicit integral

Let $$J_1=\int_0^1\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_2}}dt_2,$$
$$J_2=\int_0^1 \int_0^{t_2}\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_2}}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_3}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{t_2-t_3}})dt_3dt_2,$$
$J_3=\int_0^1 \int_0^{t_2}\int_0^{t_3}\...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

557 views

### $\mathrm{Bessel}^3$ Integral

I'm trying to calculate the following integral:
$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0,k_0r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_1,k_1r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0-l_1,kr] \cdot r\,dr$
($\mathrm{BesselJ}[n,x]$ is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Physical interpretation of the mellin transform variable?

I shall keep this to the point: Given a time domain signal say microphone recording of a conversation:
Laplace tranfrom of x is some function X(s) say defined in the complex plane. I like to think ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

999 views

### Steinmetz, Laplace and Fourier Transforms

I am looking for references on Steinmetz Transform and its relation with Laplace and Fourier Transforms. There is an Italian Wikipedia page about this topic but with no references.

**7**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Numerically computing $\int_0^1 \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^4}}dx$

In the book, "Pi and the AGM" by Borwein and Borwein, it is mentioned that Gauss computed the following integral to the eleventh decimal palce.
$\int_0^1 \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^4}}dx$
How did he do it? ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

387 views

### Inversion of Radon transform by incomplete data: specific case

Let $R[f](p,t)$ denote the Radon transform of smooth function $f(x) \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support in $\mathbb{R}^n_+$:
$$
R[f](p,t) = \int\limits_{x \cdot p = t} f(x) dx.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by
$$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} f(t,x)=\frac{f(t,...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

322 views

### Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by
$$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\sup_{\varepsilon>0} \left| \int_{|x-t|\geq\varepsilon} \frac{f(t)}{x-t} \, dt\right|, \quad x\in\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Intuitive understanding of the Stieltjes transform

I have been using random matrix theory in signal processing and have some trouble understanding what the Stieltjes transform does.
The gist of my work is that I have an $N\times N$ true covariance ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### Can elliptic integral singular values generate cubic polynomials with integer coefficients?

For the elliptic integral of first kind, $K(m)=\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{d\theta}{\sqrt{1-m^2sin^2\theta}} $, it is well-known that $K(m)$ can be expressed in what Chowla and Selberg call "finite terms" (i....

**6**

votes

**2**answers

265 views

### A system of non-linear equations that is decomposable as a product — uniqueness of solution?

I have a system of non-linear equations
$ a_1=f_0 g_1$
$a_2=f_1 g_1 + f_0 g_2$
$a_3=f_2 g_1 + f_6 g_2 + f_0 g_3 $
$a_4=f_3 g_1 + f_7 g_2 + f_6 g_3 + f_0 g_4 $
$a_5=f_4 g_1 + f_8 g_2 + f_7 g_3 + ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Asymptotic behaviour of an integral

For $k\in\mathbb{N}_{0}$ and $x\in\mathbb{R}$, define
$$I_{k}(x):=\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\cos(xg(\theta))\sin^{2k}\theta\,\mathrm{d}\theta$$
where
$$g(\theta)=\int_{\sin\theta}^{1}\frac{\mathrm{d}t}{\sqrt{(1-...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Radon transform between affine grassmannians

Let $\overline{GR}(n,k)$ be the manifold of all affine k-dimensional subspaces in $R^n$, and let
$R:C^{\infty}_c(\overline{GR}(n,k))\to C^{\infty}_c(\overline{GR}(n,l))$, $0\le k<l\le n-1$, be the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Trace class norms of special integral operators

Let $\mu$ be a finite compactly supported Borel measure on the real line. On the space $L^2(\mu)$ consider the integral operators
$$
(K_a f)(x)=\int k_a(x, y)f(y)d\mu(y)
$$
with
$$
k_a(x, y)=\frac{a\...

**6**

votes

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130 views

### Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function
$$
F(v) := \...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Regularity class of certain diffeomorphisms of the real line.

I care about the following class of homeomorphisms of $\mathbb R$, which I'll call $\mathcal C^?$.
For simplicity, let us restrict attention to compactly supported homeomorphisms
(a homeomorphism $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Forms satisfying the zero-energy condition on the projective plane

Theorem (Michel). A $1$-form on the projective plane is exact if and only if its integral over any projective line is equal to zero.
Is there a simple proof of this result due, I think, to R. Michel ?...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Asymptotics of Fresnel integrals

It is known that
\begin{equation*}
I(p) = \sqrt { \frac {4 \mathrm{i} p} {\pi}}\int \limits _{-\infty} ^{\infty} \mathrm{e}^{- \mathrm{i} p x^2} \varphi (x) \mathrm{d}x
\end{equation*}
is a bounded ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### Is this inverted integral transform valid?

I have the following transform:
$$F(y) = \int_{0}^{\infty} y\exp{\left[-\frac{1}{2}(y^2 + x^2)\right]} I_0\left(xy\right)f(x)\;\mathrm{d}x$$
with the following conditions:
$f(x)$ and $F(y)$ must ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### Numerically finding a Mercer expansion for a given covariance kernel

Let $c(r)$ be a nice, continuous function with compact support. For example, $c(r) = \tfrac 1 5 (1-r)^{11} \big( 5 + 55r + 239 r^2 + 429 r^3 \big)$ for $r \in [0,1]$, and $c(r) = 0$ otherwise.
On ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### On the multidimensional Mellin transform of measures

Consider an integral transform of Borel measures supported on $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ given by
$$
f(z) =\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_+} x^{z}\frac{\mu(dx)}{x}
$$
where $z = (z_1,...,z_n) \in \mathbb{C}^n$, $x^...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

483 views

### Elaborating Mercer's theorem (RKHS) on Cameron-Martin space $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$

Hi,
I'm trying to employ Mercer's theorem on the kernel $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$. It is known (and easy to verify) that this is a nonnegative-definite kernel over $[0,T]$ for any $T>0$.
Fix $T>0$. ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Does the inverse Laplace transform of the square root exist?

Does the inverse Laplace transform, defined by the integral,
\begin{equation}
F(t) = \mathscr L_s^{-1}\left[\sqrt s\right](t) = \int_{c - i\infty}^{c + i\infty} \sqrt s ~e^{-st} ds
\end{equation}
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Variations on the Mellin and Dirichlet transforms

There are a number of variations on the Laplace transform that turn up all over math. Some examples:
$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)e^{-st} dt$ - The Laplace transform
$\sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)z^{-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Continuity of integral

Assume that $f:[0,2\pi]\to [0,2\pi]$ is a continuous function such that $f(0)=f(2\pi)$ and define the function $$g(s)=\int_{-\pi}^\pi \frac{\sin f(t+s)-\sin f(s)}{\sin t/2} dt.$$ Is $g$ continuous or ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Injectivity of the Funk transform for nonsmooth functions

Let $S^{n-1}$ be the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^n$ and $\Gamma_n$ the collection of great circles on it.
Assume $n\geq3$.
The Funk transform of a function $f:S^{n-1}\to\mathbb R$ is a map $Ff:\Gamma_n\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Reconstructing set of points from one-dimensional images

Consider a set of $N$ points in $n$-dimensional space, i.e.
\begin{align*}
\{x_1, \dots, x_N\} \subset \mathbb R^n.
\end{align*}
Let us be given a finite family of non-injective matrices
\begin{...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions:
For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq f_1(x',y)...

**4**

votes

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281 views

### Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform

Question: Suppose $a(x,y)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ and suppose
$$\sup_{\lambda>1} \bigg|\lambda\int_0^1 e^{\lambda x} a(x,1/\lambda)dx\bigg|<\infty.$$
Is $a(x,0)=0$, $\forall x\in[0,1]$?
...

**4**

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141 views

### Calculate an integral

For $x\in \mathbb R_+$, let us define
$$
I_\lambda(x)=\frac2π\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{\sin t}{t\sqrt{1+t^2x^2}}\cos(\lambda \arctan (xt)) \,dt,\quad \lambda\in 1+2\mathbb N.
$$
We see that $I_\lambda(0)=...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Evaluating an integral of a periodic function. It's positive?

My purpose is to show that this integral
\begin{equation}
I_t(x)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{\cosh^2(u)}{2x}}\,e^{-\frac{u^2}{2 t}}\,\cos\left(\frac{\pi\,u}{2t }\right)\,\cosh(u)\,du\,\,,\,\,x,...

**4**

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116 views

### Estimating singular values of integral operators

I would like to estimate the singular values of certain trace class integral operators. For the sake of concreteness, consider on $L^2({\mathbb R},dx)$ the integral operator $$(Tf)(x)=\int_{\mathbb R}...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Solving a Fredholm equation with a piecewise kernel : Karhunen-Loeve of a stopped Brownian motion

Is there a way to solve analytically the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind
$$
\int_0^{100} K(s, t) f(s) ds = \lambda f(t)
$$
where the kernel has the piecewise 'linear' form
\begin{align}
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Symmetric matrices and Hilbert's fourth problem

From the analytic viewpoint, the Busemann-Pogorelov solution of Hilbert's fourth problem is summarized in the following result:
Theorem. All straight lines are extremals of the variational problem
$$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

319 views

### inverse Laplace transform of $\delta_1(\cdot)$

Let's try to find a function $\psi(x)$ such that for Laplace transform $\tilde{f}(p)=\int_0^{\infty} f(y) e^{-py} dy$ one has $f(x)=\int_0^{\infty} \tilde{f}(p)\psi(px)dp$ (here we do not specify ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

352 views

### Basic Questions about Radon Transforms

I am currently working on a problem that may be interpreted as recovering an unknown function from its Radon transform.
Unfortunately I don't have any background in Radon transform, but need to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### How to integrate an exponential function of an exponential function?

Does any one know how to calculate the following integration?
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}} \left(\exp(z \: e^{-y^2})-1\right)^2 dy=?,\quad z>0.
$$
This post is related to my previous question here , ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Best Numerical Method for Evaluating a Hilbert transform

I have to evaluate a Hilbert transform for some $\mathcal{L}^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C})$-function ($1\leq p<\infty$). I know there are a number of algorithms out there to do it, but I don't have a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

466 views

### One-sided Cauchy principal value

What is the notion of a principal value of an integral when the singularity appears at one endpoint? Namely,
$ PV \int_a^b f(t) dt = ? $,
where the integral is convergent in the upper limit, but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Is it possible to get an equation with two exponentials and a bessel function in closed form?

Is it possible to get the equation below into closed form? I have tried using integration tables but I haven't found anything that matches. Are there any other methods to achieve a closed form ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

662 views

### Integral of Modified Bessel Function of the Second Type

Given the identity
$$ \int^\infty_0 K_v\left(\alpha\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right) \frac{x^{2\mu+1}}{\left(\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right)^v}\:\mathrm{d}x = \frac{2^\mu \Gamma(\mu+1)}{\alpha^{\mu+1}z^{v-\mu-1}} K_{v-\mu-...