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3
votes
1answer
57 views

Selecting Rays for Simulated Radon Transform

I have the task of determining approximations of a 2D function $f: (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ from integrals along lines, i.e. from its Radon transform $R(\phi,\tau)[f(x,y)]$ and, because ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions: For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...
16
votes
0answers
408 views

Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups. Below is a proposition for ...
6
votes
0answers
151 views

Trace class norms of special integral operators

Let $\mu$ be a finite compactly supported Borel measure on the real line. On the space $L^2(\mu)$ consider the integral operators $$ (K_a f)(x)=\int k_a(x, y)f(y)d\mu(y) $$ with $$ k_a(x, ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function $$ F(v) := ...
6
votes
0answers
267 views

Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} ...
6
votes
0answers
197 views

Regularity class of certain diffeomorphisms of the real line.

I care about the following class of homeomorphisms of $\mathbb R$, which I'll call $\mathcal C^?$. For simplicity, let us restrict attention to compactly supported homeomorphisms (a homeomorphism ...
4
votes
0answers
121 views

Solving a Fredholm equation with a piecewise kernel : Karhunen-Loeve of a stopped Brownian motion

Is there a way to solve analytically the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind $$ \int_0^{100} K(s, t) f(s) ds = \lambda f(t) $$ where the kernel has the piecewise 'linear' form \begin{align} ...
4
votes
0answers
229 views

Symmetric matrices and Hilbert's fourth problem

From the analytic viewpoint, the Busemann-Pogorelov solution of Hilbert's fourth problem is summarized in the following result: Theorem. All straight lines are extremals of the variational problem $$ ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

On the multidimensional Mellin transform of measures

Consider an integral transform of Borel measures supported on $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ given by $$ f(z) =\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_+} x^{z}\frac{\mu(dx)}{x} $$ where $z = (z_1,...,z_n) \in \mathbb{C}^n$, ...
3
votes
0answers
152 views

What is the inverse kernel of this integral transform?

I am looking for the associated inverse kernel to the integral transform $T$ defined by $(Tf)(u) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} K(u,t)f(t) \ dt,\ \ u \in \mathbb{R^+}$ whose kernel is $K(u,t) = ...
3
votes
0answers
194 views

How is the deconvolution of a fat gaussian from a polynomial derived?

We have a 2D order-2 polynomial, a Gaussian and a 'box' indicator function. Let: $\begin{eqnarray} p(x,y) &=& c_0+c_1x+c_2y+c_3xy+c_4x^2+c_5y^2+c_6xy^2 \\ G(x,y) &=& ...
3
votes
0answers
102 views

Character of continuous series representation of GL(2)

It is wellknown that the character of an irreducible, unitary representation of $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ uniquely determines the isomorphism classes. I fail to construct a function for $GL(2, \mathbb{C})$, ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

Bounding an integral transform ouside a circle (or inside a strip)

Let $g$ be a symmetric unimodal probability distribution and $H$ be the right half plane. We call $$f(z) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{z-i t}g(t)dt$$ the dispersion function of $g$. Now, one can ...
3
votes
0answers
284 views

inverse Laplace transform of $\delta_1(\cdot)$

Let's try to find a function $\psi(x)$ such that for Laplace transform $\tilde{f}(p)=\int_0^{\infty} f(y) e^{-py} dy$ one has $f(x)=\int_0^{\infty} \tilde{f}(p)\psi(px)dp$ (here we do not specify ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Central-Slice-Theorem Analogue for Wavelet Transforms?

The 2D Radon transform and the 2D Fourier transform are related by the so-called Central Slice Theorem (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projection-slice_theorem) and I would like to know, whether ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Discrete versus Continuous Hilbert Transform

Let me define the Fourier transform of a function $u$, say in the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R)$ as $ \hat u(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx. $ The Hilbert transform ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Does this kind of integral equations have unique solution?

Suppose $f_1$ and $f_2$ are two probability density functions on support $[0,1]$ (i.e. $f_1(x)=f_2(x)=0$ for any $x\not\in[0,1]$). Let $\varphi(x)$ denote a known probability density function on ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

A Convolution Integral Equation

Is there any close-form solution for a function $f(t)$ satisfied the below equation: $f(t)=g(t)+\frac{1}{t^2}(h(t)*f(t))$. Operator $*$ is convolution integral, and $g(t)$ and $h(t)$ are known ...
2
votes
0answers
201 views

Coutour Integral of Gamma Functions

How do I solve the Integral $$ \frac{1}{2\pi j} \oint \frac{b^{ - s} \Gamma[2 + i - s] \Gamma[s] \Gamma[-1 - i + s]}{ (2 + i - s) \Gamma[3 + i - s]} \:\mathrm{d}s$$ This integral is an inverse ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question. Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose, ...
2
votes
0answers
182 views

Using the Mellin transform to invert ill-posed problems of harmonic transforms

I will try to explain the problem using just words. Let's see how far I get! I will use the harmonic transform of the Radon transform for 2 or more dimensions as an example, but there is a large ...
2
votes
0answers
216 views

Unitary Representations and Integral formulas

While reading the appendix to 4th chapter of Iwaniec and Kowalski's analytic number theory I came upon a remark relating unitary representations and some integral transforms involving J-Bessel ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

Solving a nonlinear integral equation

Consider the integral equation $$f=g^2+H[g]^2$$ where $f\colon\mathbf R\to \mathbf R$ is an even and integrable function, $g$ is the function to be solved for, and $H[g]$ is the Hilbert transform of ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Orthogonality of Pfaffian polynomials in $SO(2m)$

I've been struggling here to invert some integral equation involving Pfaffians, and it would be very nice if you could shed some light on the problem. Let's go to it. Let $V=\{-1,1\}^{m}$ and $S = ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Estimating singular values of integral operators

I would like to estimate the singular values of certain trace class integral operators. For the sake of concreteness, consider on $L^2({\mathbb R},dx)$ the integral operator $$(Tf)(x)=\int_{\mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

A fractional calculus eigenvalue problem

One set of eigenfunction for the following fractional integral operator is $f(z)=e^{-bz}$ for any constant Re$b>0$, with eigenvalue $\lambda=\frac{\Gamma(\alpha)}{b^\alpha}$, $$\int_z^\infty ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Fredholm Integral Equation of the first kind

I wish to solve the following integral equation, preferably analytically, and find $\int_{-l}^l f(x) dx$. If analytical solution is too complicated, any suggestion for the computational method? ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Integral representation of an arbitrary polynomial

Consider a smooth function $q \colon \mathbb R^2_+ \to \mathbb R_+$ such that $q(\lambda x) = \lambda q(x)$ for any $\lambda > 0$. Denote $x \circ y$ the elementwise product of $x,y \in \mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Delta function representation as an integral of Pfaffians over SO(2m)

Define $\mathcal S$ as the set of all $2^m$ skew-symmetric $2m \times 2m$ matrices with the form $\oplus_{j=1}^m\begin{pmatrix} 0&\pm 1 \\ \mp 1&0\end{pmatrix}$. Let $S_i, S_j \in ...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

On the generalisation of the Laplace transform

I consider a measure transform $A$ given by $$ A\mu(x) = \int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_{+}} e^{-g(x,y)} \mu(dy) $$ where $g(x,y)$ is some positive smooth function, $\mu$ is a Borel measure. Is it a ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Integral Transform Wanted

Hello! Imagine I have a function $f(r_1, r_2) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty g(|r_1 - r_3|) g(|r_1 - r_4|) g(|r_2 - r_3|) g(|r_2 - r_4|) g(|r_3 - r_4|) \; d r_3 d r_4$ Is there a way I could get rid of ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

How to evaluate the following integral related to exponential distribution

I would like to evaluate the following integral related to the exponential distribution. Let $\delta>1$, and $0<p<1$ and $0<\epsilon<1/\delta$ be reals. We have that $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Mellin transform of time-shifted function

The Mellin transform of a function $f(x)$ can be written as $$ \mathcal M[f(x);z]=\int_0^\infty f(x)x^{z-1} dx $$ Is there a simple expression for the Mellin transform of the function $f(x-x_0)$? ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

function invariants under integral transforms

Some integral transforms have various invariants (Fourier transform, etc.), while others don't, such as Hilbert transform. I am wondering if there is any general method to find the invariant functions ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How to solve a multidimensional integral equation of convolution type 2 with real coefficients?

Can someone suggest suitable reference for solving a 4*4 integral equation of convolution, and whether the following equation has a closed form solution? I really appreciate your help. where y, K, ...
0
votes
0answers
343 views

What kind of math is used to study this problem?

We have the following 'transform' of a real valued, piecewise continuous function $f(x)$ : $$T[f(x)]=1+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}}f\left(\frac{x}{\Lambda _{n}} \right ...
0
votes
0answers
935 views

An inverse Laplace transform involving Error function

Dear MOs, I need to calculate the inverse Laplace transform of the following function $$ g_a(z) = \frac{e^{a z}\: \text{erfc}(\sqrt{a z})}{\sqrt{z}-2},\quad a>0. $$ I have checked, among many ...