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2
votes
1answer
141 views

Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by $$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\underset{\varepsilon>0}{\sup}\;\left|\int_{|x-t|\geq\varepsilon}\dfrac{f(t)}{x-t}dt\right|,\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Kernel of the Radon transform

Consider the following generalized version of the Radon transform. Let $X,Y,Z$ be compact smooth manifolds. Let $p\colon Z\to X$, $q\colon Z\to Y$ be smooth maps. Let $m$ be a fixed smooth density ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Asymptotics of Fresnel integrals

It is known that $I(p) = \sqrt { \frac {4 \mathrm{i} p} {\pi}}\int \limits _{-\infty} ^{\infty} \mathrm{e}^{- \mathrm{i} p x^2} \varphi (x) \mathrm{d}x$ is a bounded smooth function on $(0,\infty)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Is the Mellin transform of a measure nongrowing at imaginary infinity everywhere, or just on the fundamental strip?

Let $\mu$ be a measure on the positive real numbers. Its Mellin transform is a complex function defined by $$ M_\mu (s) =\int x^{s-1} d \mu(x) $$ on the set $S_\mu$ of $s \in \mathbb{C}$ where $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

A fundamental lemma involving a certain exponential kernel

Let $h \in L^1(\mathbb R^n, \mathbb R)$ be a scalar field and let $\Psi_t: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be smooth mappings, parameterized by $t \in \mathbb R$. Suppose that we are given data $$D(v,t) = ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Motivating the Bessel translation operator

In a paper I am reading on the Hankel transform (this paper to be exact), I've come across a somewhat peculiar definition for a generalized translation operator. The operator is designed with a ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions: For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...
6
votes
1answer
528 views

Can elliptic integral singular values generate cubic polynomials with integer coefficients?

For the elliptic integral of first kind, $K(m)=\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{d\theta}{\sqrt{1-m^2sin^2\theta}} $, it is well-known that $K(m)$ can be expressed in what Chowla and Selberg call "finite terms" ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Selecting Rays for Simulated Radon Transform

I have the task of determining approximations of a 2D function $f: (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ from integrals along lines, i.e. from its Radon transform $R(\phi,\tau)[f(x,y)]$ and, because ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Integral Transform with associated Legendre Function of second kind as kernel

In my research the following equation appeared: $$\frac{1}{4\pi}\int_{0}^{1}\frac{t^{s-1}(1-t)^{s-1}}{(\rho-t)^s}dt=\int_0^{\infty} f(a) Q^{i\sqrt{a}}_{s-1}(2\rho-1) da,$$ where $\rho,s>1$, ...
19
votes
1answer
550 views

Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups. Below is a proposition for ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is it possible to get an equation with two exponentials and a bessel function in closed form?

Is it possible to get the equation below into closed form? I have tried using integration tables but I haven't found anything that matches. Are there any other methods to achieve a closed form ...
0
votes
0answers
288 views

What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function $$ f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du. $$ It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Reason for the Choice of Line Parameters in the Radon Transform

Why are the lines, over which the integrals in a Radon Transform are calculated, apparently always parameterized as $L(t,\phi,\alpha) := ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Multiple integral of the resolvent kernel

I am trying to implent Volterra equations using resolvent kernel.To do this, the iterative kernel $$K_i(x,y) = \int\limits_x^y K_1(y,t)K_{i-1}(t, x)dt. $$ should be calculated. However, it is not ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Integral representation formula for convex

For $u \in \mathbb{S}^{d-1} \subset \mathbb{R}^d$, it is easy to show that: \begin{equation} u=c_d \int_{\mathbb{S^{d-1}}} \xi \mathbb{1}_{\left\{x \cdot u >0 \right\}}(\xi) \ ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Approximate $F(\theta)=\sin(\theta)\int_{-l}^{l} e^{-ikz\cos \theta} h(z)\,dz$

$$F(\theta)=\sin(\theta)\int_{-l}^{l} e^{-ikz\cos \theta} h(z)\,dz$$ We know that $F(\theta)$ is defined on $0\le \theta \le \pi$ and $h(z)$ is defined on $|z|\le l$ and $z$ is real in this case, but ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

General Radon-type inverse problem

Let $f : \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be a density which is sufficiently smooth and can also be restricted to have compact support for now. Let $t \ge 0$ and $F_t : \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$, i.e. ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the inverse Laplace transform of the square root exist?

Does the inverse Laplace transform, defined by the integral, \begin{equation} F(t) = \mathscr L_s^{-1}\left[\sqrt s\right](t) = \int_{c - i\infty}^{c + i\infty} \sqrt s ~e^{-st} ds \end{equation} ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Central-Slice-Theorem Analogue for Wavelet Transforms?

The 2D Radon transform and the 2D Fourier transform are related by the so-called Central Slice Theorem (cf e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projection-slice_theorem) and I would like to know, whether ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

How to evaluate the following integral related to exponential distribution

I would like to evaluate the following integral related to the exponential distribution. Let $\delta>1$, and $0<p<1$ and $0<\epsilon<1/\delta$ be reals. We have that $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Estimating singular values of integral operators

I would like to estimate the singular values of certain trace class integral operators. For the sake of concreteness, consider on $L^2({\mathbb R},dx)$ the integral operator $$(Tf)(x)=\int_{\mathbb ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Discrete versus Continuous Hilbert Transform

Let me define the Fourier transform of a function $u$, say in the Schwartz space $\mathscr S(\mathbb R)$ as $ \hat u(\xi)=\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2iπ x\cdot \xi} u(x) dx. $ The Hilbert transform ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What function is “$U_{\nu}(\cdot, \cdot)$”?

I was searching in the Prudnikov (vol. 2) how to solve an integral and I finally found it. However, I didn't recognized a function that appears in the answer. Integral 1.8.2.4: $$ \int_0^x x^{\nu+1} ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Integral involving exponential and Marcum-Q function

Do you have any suggestions to solve the following integral: $\int\limits_0^\infty {{e^{ - a{x^2}}}{Q_1}\left( {bx,cx} \right)dx}$ Thank you very much.
3
votes
0answers
172 views

What is the inverse kernel of this integral transform?

I am looking for the associated inverse kernel to the integral transform $T$ defined by $(Tf)(u) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} K(u,t)f(t) \ dt,\ \ u \in \mathbb{R^+}$ whose kernel is $K(u,t) = ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

When I can safely assume that a function is a Laplace transform of other function?

If I have a function and I want to represent it as being the Laplace transform of another, that is, I want to be sure that there is $\hat{f}(s)$ such that my function $f(x)$ can be written as: $f(x) ...
3
votes
3answers
159 views

Basic Questions about Radon Transforms

I am currently working on a problem that may be interpreted as recovering an unknown function from its Radon transform. Unfortunately I don't have any background in Radon transform, but need to ...
4
votes
2answers
175 views

Reconstructing set of points from one-dimensional images

Consider a set of $N$ points in $n$-dimensional space, i.e. \begin{align*} \{x_1, \dots, x_N\} \subset \mathbb R^n. \end{align*} Let us be given a finite family of non-injective matrices ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Laplace transform of : $t^{\gamma-1} F(\alpha,\beta,\delta,t)$, where $F$ is the Gauss' hypergeometric function

What is the Laplace transform of : $t^{\gamma-1} F(\alpha,\beta,\delta,t)$, where $\gamma >0 $ and $F$ is the Gauss' hypergeometric function. Thanks!
3
votes
0answers
137 views

Bounding an integral transform ouside a circle (or inside a strip)

Let $g$ be a symmetric unimodal probability distribution and $H$ be the right half plane. We call $$f(z) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{z-i t}g(t)dt$$ the dispersion function of $g$. Now, one can ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Mellin transform of time-shifted function

The Mellin transform of a function $f(x)$ can be written as $$ \mathcal M[f(x);z]=\int_0^\infty f(x)x^{z-1} dx $$ Is there a simple expression for the Mellin transform of the function $f(x-x_0)$? ...
6
votes
0answers
158 views

Trace class norms of special integral operators

Let $\mu$ be a finite compactly supported Borel measure on the real line. On the space $L^2(\mu)$ consider the integral operators $$ (K_a f)(x)=\int k_a(x, y)f(y)d\mu(y) $$ with $$ k_a(x, ...
2
votes
2answers
868 views

Techniques to solve equations involving a definite integral [closed]

Are there any well known techniques to solve a problem of the following form: $$\int_a^b f(x,\alpha) dx = g(\alpha),$$ where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$ are fixed, $f$ and $g$ are known functions, ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

double integral and Hadamard finite part

Given the divergent integral $$ \int _{0}^{\infty}dx \int_{0}^{\infty}dy \frac{x^{2}y+1}{1+x+y} $$ how can I apply Hadamard's finite part to give a finite meaning to it ? It is just made by ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Integral operator defined on $two$ distinct dense subspaces

I have decided to edit my post a bit heavily for clarity. I was trying to be fairly general but it's hard to see what I'm asking so I've decided to limit myself to a specific example which will ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

“Limited angle” in n-dimensional Radon transform?

The Radon transform in two-dimensions is well studied. It maps a sufficiently nice function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R$ to its line integral along a certain line $L$, i.e. \begin{align*} ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Partial recovery from Radon transform

Let $f : \mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R$ be an integrable function. Let $\eta$ be a one-dimensional subspace of $\mathbb R^3$. We denote $p+\eta$ the affine subspace (a line) which is obtained by ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

tranforms that lowers the number of variables of a function

Is there any linear map that lowers the number of variables of functions, namely a map that maps a function of several variables to functions of one variable and at the same time the original ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Interpretation of the integral “with respect to a plane wave” in terms of Radon transform

This question might have a formulation in higher dimensions, but for now let's deal with the 2 dimensional Radon transform: $\newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}}$ $$ Rf(\varphi,s)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty ...
7
votes
1answer
360 views

Inversion of Radon transform by incomplete data: specific case

Let $R[f](p,t)$ denote the Radon transform of smooth function $f(x) \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support in $\mathbb{R}^n_+$: $$ R[f](p,t) = \int\limits_{x \cdot p = t} f(x) dx. ...
10
votes
3answers
585 views

MacWilliams Identity for Asymptotic Weight Spectrum of a Code

Introduction Let $C$ be a code of block length $n$ having $A_i^C$ words of Hamming weight $i$, for $i\in [n]$, where $[n]:=\{0,\ldots,n\}$. Then, the sequence $\{ A_i^C \}_{i \in [n]} $ is called the ...
3
votes
2answers
386 views

How to integrate an exponential function of an exponential function?

Does any one know how to calculate the following integration? $$ \int_{\mathbb{R}} \left(\exp(z \: e^{-y^2})-1\right)^2 dy=?,\quad z>0. $$ This post is related to my previous question here , ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

How is the deconvolution of a fat gaussian from a polynomial derived?

We have a 2D order-2 polynomial, a Gaussian and a 'box' indicator function. Let: $\begin{eqnarray} p(x,y) &=& c_0+c_1x+c_2y+c_3xy+c_4x^2+c_5y^2+c_6xy^2 \\ G(x,y) &=& ...
6
votes
0answers
122 views

Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function $$ F(v) := ...
4
votes
0answers
134 views

Solving a Fredholm equation with a piecewise kernel : Karhunen-Loeve of a stopped Brownian motion

Is there a way to solve analytically the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind $$ \int_0^{100} K(s, t) f(s) ds = \lambda f(t) $$ where the kernel has the piecewise 'linear' form \begin{align} ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Does this kind of integral equations have unique solution?

Suppose $f_1$ and $f_2$ are two probability density functions on support $[0,1]$ (i.e. $f_1(x)=f_2(x)=0$ for any $x\not\in[0,1]$). Let $\varphi(x)$ denote a known probability density function on ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Character of continuous series representation of GL(2)

It is wellknown that the character of an irreducible, unitary representation of $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ uniquely determines the isomorphism classes. I fail to construct a function for $GL(2, \mathbb{C})$, ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Generalized Radon transform (Relaxed sufficient condition for invertibility)

The generalized Radon transform maps a function $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, usually interpreted as a density of an object, to its integral value over an $(n-1)$-dimensional affine subspace. To be more ...
0
votes
2answers
219 views

Indefinite integration of multiplication of two Bessel function

I am trying to calculate this integral. I know it has an analytic expression when $a = 0$. But, is there any analytic expression for this case? $$\int_{a}^{\infty}J_2(bx)J_1(cx)\,dx$$ Thanks in ...