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2
votes
1answer
244 views

Closed form for Fourier transform-like Integral on $S^{n}$

Hello! It may be a stupid question, i'm trying to find a closed form for an integral similar to a Fourier transform on $S^{n}$ but i'm stuck... Let $\alpha>0$, the integral i can't solve is ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Reversibility vs geodesic reversibility for Finsler metrics on the two-sphere

Problem. To give a concrete example of a geodesically reversible Finsler metric on the two-sphere that is not just the sum of a reversible Finsler metric and an exact $1$-form. Some background may be ...
0
votes
2answers
407 views

Closed form for double integral?

I have the following double integral: $\int\limits_0^x {\int\limits_0^y {{e^{ - {K_1}(u + v)}}{I_0}\left( {2{K_1}\sqrt {uv} } \right)dudv} }$ where $K_1$ is a constant. Do you have any ideas of ...
3
votes
2answers
359 views

Elaborating Mercer's theorem (RKHS) on Cameron-Martin space $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$

Hi, I'm trying to employ Mercer's theorem on the kernel $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$. It is known (and easy to verify) that this is a nonnegative-definite kernel over $[0,T]$ for any $T>0$. Fix $T>0$. ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question. Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose, ...
5
votes
1answer
196 views

Forms satisfying the zero-energy condition on the projective plane

Theorem (Michel). A $1$-form on the projective plane is exact if and only if its integral over any projective line is equal to zero. Is there a simple proof of this result due, I think, to R. Michel ...
2
votes
1answer
310 views

Integral of Modified Bessel Function of the Second Type

Given the identity $$ \int^\infty_0 K_v\left(\alpha\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right) \frac{x^{2\mu+1}}{\left(\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right)^v}\:\mathrm{d}x = \frac{2^\mu \Gamma(\mu+1)}{\alpha^{\mu+1}z^{v-\mu-1}} ...
2
votes
0answers
179 views

Using the Mellin transform to invert ill-posed problems of harmonic transforms

I will try to explain the problem using just words. Let's see how far I get! I will use the harmonic transform of the Radon transform for 2 or more dimensions as an example, but there is a large ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Transformation problem involving 2 random variables

Any help in this problem? Suppose U and V are independent random variables with density f(u) and g(v) respectively. The domain of U is the interval (0, 1) and the domain of V is v > 0. After the ...
6
votes
0answers
266 views

Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} ...
7
votes
1answer
336 views

Inversion of Radon transform by incomplete data: specific case

Let $R[f](p,t)$ denote the Radon transform of smooth function $f(x) \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support in $\mathbb{R}^n_+$: $$ R[f](p,t) = \int\limits_{x \cdot p = t} f(x) dx. ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform

Question: Suppose $a(x,y)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ and suppose $$\sup_{\lambda>1} \bigg|\lambda\int_0^1 e^{\lambda x} a(x,1/\lambda)dx\bigg|<\infty.$$ Is $a(x,0)=0$, $\forall x\in[0,1]$? ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Expectation under a t-distribution

Given parameters $\lambda, \nu>0$, a covariance matrix $R$, a mean vector $\mu \in R^p$, the Arellano-Valle and Bolfarine's generalized $t$ distribution is given by (see, for example, the book by ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Integral representation of an arbitrary polynomial

Consider a smooth function $q \colon \mathbb R^2_+ \to \mathbb R_+$ such that $q(\lambda x) = \lambda q(x)$ for any $\lambda > 0$. Denote $x \circ y$ the elementwise product of $x,y \in \mathbb ...
2
votes
2answers
740 views

Techniques to solve equations involving a definite integral [closed]

Are there any well known techniques to solve a problem of the following form: $$\int_a^b f(x,\alpha) dx = g(\alpha),$$ where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$ are fixed, $f$ and $g$ are known functions, ...
1
vote
2answers
267 views

how to solve a singular integral equation involving the kernel $1/x$

Dear all, Suppose we know that $f(x)$ is nonnegative and Hölder continuous at zero with exponents $1/2$. We also know that $$ f(x) \le g(x) + \int_0^x \frac{f(y)}{y} d y,\quad\forall x>0, $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
341 views

What kind of math is used to study this problem?

We have the following 'transform' of a real valued, piecewise continuous function $f(x)$ : $$T[f(x)]=1+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}}f\left(\frac{x}{\Lambda _{n}} \right ...
2
votes
2answers
419 views

Resources for special functions, integral identities

In the past weeks, I have struggled with finding suitable tables for integral indentities for Beta functions, Chebyshev polynomials and their like. I would like to ask for online/offline resources ...
0
votes
0answers
868 views

An inverse Laplace transform involving Error function

Dear MOs, I need to calculate the inverse Laplace transform of the following function $$ g_a(z) = \frac{e^{a z}\: \text{erfc}(\sqrt{a z})}{\sqrt{z}-2},\quad a>0. $$ I have checked, among many ...
8
votes
1answer
704 views

Steinmetz, Laplace and Fourier Transforms

I am looking for references on Steinmetz Transform and its relation with Laplace and Fourier Transforms. There is an Italian Wikipedia page about this topic but with no references.
0
votes
1answer
188 views

About an integral transform or generalized Laurent series

We start with a little of context. I needed that a function from $\mathbb{R}^+$ to $\mathbb{R}$ could be represented in the following form, not necessarily uniquely: $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
381 views

One-sided Cauchy principal value

What is the notion of a principal value of an integral when the singularity appears at one endpoint? Namely, $ PV \int_a^b f(t) dt = ? $, where the integral is convergent in the upper limit, but ...
2
votes
0answers
216 views

Unitary Representations and Integral formulas

While reading the appendix to 4th chapter of Iwaniec and Kowalski's analytic number theory I came upon a remark relating unitary representations and some integral transforms involving J-Bessel ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

On the multidimensional Mellin transform of measures

Consider an integral transform of Borel measures supported on $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ given by $$ f(z) =\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_+} x^{z}\frac{\mu(dx)}{x} $$ where $z = (z_1,...,z_n) \in \mathbb{C}^n$, ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

Solving a nonlinear integral equation

Consider the integral equation $$f=g^2+H[g]^2$$ where $f\colon\mathbf R\to \mathbf R$ is an even and integrable function, $g$ is the function to be solved for, and $H[g]$ is the Hilbert transform of ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Delta function representation as an integral of Pfaffians over SO(2m)

Define $\mathcal S$ as the set of all $2^m$ skew-symmetric $2m \times 2m$ matrices with the form $\oplus_{j=1}^m\begin{pmatrix} 0&\pm 1 \\ \mp 1&0\end{pmatrix}$. Let $S_i, S_j \in ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Orthogonality of Pfaffian polynomials in $SO(2m)$

I've been struggling here to invert some integral equation involving Pfaffians, and it would be very nice if you could shed some light on the problem. Let's go to it. Let $V=\{-1,1\}^{m}$ and $S = ...
6
votes
1answer
456 views

Can elliptic integral singular values generate cubic polynomials with integer coefficients?

For the elliptic integral of first kind, $K(m)=\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{d\theta}{\sqrt{1-m^2sin^2\theta}} $, it is well-known that $K(m)$ can be expressed in what Chowla and Selberg call "finite terms" ...
3
votes
1answer
371 views

On the generalized Radon transform and currents

Given a family of hypersurfaces $H_{t,p} = $ {$x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid g(x,p) = t $} one defines a generalized Radon transform $R$ of a function $u \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ as $$ R[u] ...
1
vote
0answers
218 views

On the generalisation of the Laplace transform

I consider a measure transform $A$ given by $$ A\mu(x) = \int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_{+}} e^{-g(x,y)} \mu(dy) $$ where $g(x,y)$ is some positive smooth function, $\mu$ is a Borel measure. Is it a ...
3
votes
2answers
625 views

Inverse Hankel Transform

I was reading through Akhiezer's book Lectures on Integral Transforms and in chapter nine, he states that the Hankel transform is unitary for $\nu > -1$, so that for a suitable function, $f$, ...
6
votes
0answers
194 views

Regularity class of certain diffeomorphisms of the real line.

I care about the following class of homeomorphisms of $\mathbb R$, which I'll call $\mathcal C^?$. For simplicity, let us restrict attention to compactly supported homeomorphisms (a homeomorphism ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Intuitive understanding of the Stieltjes transform

I have been using random matrix theory in signal processing and have some trouble understanding what the Stieltjes transform does. The gist of my work is that I have an $N\times N$ true covariance ...
8
votes
2answers
584 views

An identity involving an infinite integral with a sinh in the denominator

I recently encountered the rather appealing looking integral, which appears in the theory of random matrices : $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{p-1}(j^{2}+z^{2})\frac{zdz}{\mathrm{sinh}(2\pi z)} ...
9
votes
1answer
401 views

Properties of a matrix-valued generalization of the $\Gamma$ function

I am interested in the following function (Mellin transform of matrix exponential): $$\int_0^{\infty} x^{s-1} e^{-A-Bx}d x$$ Where $x$ and $s$ are scalars, but $A$ and $B$ are matrices with $B\succ ...
1
vote
3answers
742 views

A definite integral

Hello, I am trying to find an explicit form of the following definite integral. I have tried Mathematica and it failed to give an answer. I am wondering whether anyone knows this integral. It might ...
5
votes
1answer
371 views

Numerically finding a Mercer expansion for a given covariance kernel

Let $c(r)$ be a nice, continuous function with compact support. For example, $c(r) = \tfrac 1 5 (1-r)^{11} \big( 5 + 55r + 239 r^2 + 429 r^3 \big)$ for $r \in [0,1]$, and $c(r) = 0$ otherwise. On ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Stieltjes Transform of $F^{*}PF$ as a function of the Stieltjes Transform of $P$ where $F$ is drawn from an $n \times n$ Gaussian-like random matrix distribution

I am trying to calculate the Stieltjes Transform of $F^{*}PF$ as a function of the Stieltjes Transform of $P$ where $F$ is drawn from an $n \times n$ Gaussian-like random matrix distribution. I am ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

When is an integral transfrom trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator $$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$ the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...
3
votes
2answers
972 views

Best Numerical Method for Evaluating a Hilbert transform

I have to evaluate a Hilbert transform for some $\mathcal{L}^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C})$-function ($1\leq p<\infty$). I know there are a number of algorithms out there to do it, but I don't have a ...
1
vote
1answer
606 views

Writing an integral equation as a partial differential equation

Hello, Can anyone help me see how one can get from the following integral $$\lambda\int_{\beta=0}^{y}\int_{\alpha=x}^{Q-\beta}e^{-\mu(\alpha-x)}f(\alpha,\beta)d\alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Floquet tranform of the derivative of a function $f(r)$

The derivative of the Floquet transform equals the Floquet tranform of the derivative. But can the Floquet tranform of the derivative of a function $f(r)$ can be expressed in terms of the Floquet ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

Integral Transform Wanted

Hello! Imagine I have a function $f(r_1, r_2) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty g(|r_1 - r_3|) g(|r_1 - r_4|) g(|r_2 - r_3|) g(|r_2 - r_4|) g(|r_3 - r_4|) \; d r_3 d r_4$ Is there a way I could get rid of ...
8
votes
2answers
357 views

The relationship between Crofton formula and Radon transform.

The famous Crofton formula says that the length of a curve can be calculated by integral of the `line crossing' over the space of all oriented lines. My question is, is there a way to treat this ...
3
votes
2answers
463 views

Fonction spéciale

Est-ce qu'il y a une fonction spéciale sous la forme suivante: $$\int e^{-st}e^{-(\alpha/(1+t))}t^{\beta-1}(1+t)^{-(\beta-1)-\gamma}dt$$ ou $$\int ...
15
votes
2answers
913 views

Complex structure on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ generalizing the Hilbert transform.

The Hilbert transform on the real Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb R)$ is the singular integral operator $$ \mathcal H(f)(x) := \frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{x-y} f(y) dy. $$ It satisfies ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

Integral kernel of form $e^{-<x,y>^2}$

Let $K(x,y): \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ given by $K(x,y) = e^{-< x,y>^2}$ where $<\cdot,\cdot>$ denote the canonical inner product. Define integral operator ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

When I can safely assume that a function is a Laplace transform of other function?

If I have a function and I want to represent it as being the Laplace transform of another, that is, I want to be sure that there is $\hat{f}(s)$ such that my function $f(x)$ can be written as: $f(x) ...
10
votes
3answers
579 views

MacWilliams Identity for Asymptotic Weight Spectrum of a Code

Introduction Let $C$ be a code of block length $n$ having $A_i^C$ words of Hamming weight $i$, for $i\in [n]$, where $[n]:=\{0,\ldots,n\}$. Then, the sequence $\{ A_i^C \}_{i \in [n]} $ is called the ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

From an integral equation to a differential equation

Hello, I am wondering whether it is possible to convert the following integral equation to a partial differential equation. where $J_0(t,x)$ is some given nonnegative function and $\nu>0$ is ...