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### Symmetric matrices and Hilbert's fourth problem

From the analytic viewpoint, the Busemann-Pogorelov solution of Hilbert's fourth problem is summarized in the following result:
Theorem. All straight lines are extremals of the variational problem
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Closed form for Fourier transform-like Integral on $S^{n}$

Hello!
It may be a stupid question, i'm trying to find a closed form for an integral similar to a Fourier transform on $S^{n}$ but i'm stuck...
Let $\alpha>0$, the integral i can't solve is
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Reversibility vs geodesic reversibility for Finsler metrics on the two-sphere

Problem. To give a concrete example of a geodesically reversible Finsler metric on the two-sphere that is not just the sum of a reversible Finsler metric and an exact $1$-form.
Some background may be ...

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votes

**2**answers

413 views

### Closed form for double integral?

I have the following double integral:
$\int\limits_0^x {\int\limits_0^y {{e^{ - {K_1}(u + v)}}{I_0}\left( {2{K_1}\sqrt {uv} } \right)dudv} }$
where $K_1$ is a constant. Do you have any ideas of ...

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365 views

### Elaborating Mercer's theorem (RKHS) on Cameron-Martin space $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$

Hi,
I'm trying to employ Mercer's theorem on the kernel $k(x,y)=\min(x,y)$. It is known (and easy to verify) that this is a nonnegative-definite kernel over $[0,T]$ for any $T>0$.
Fix $T>0$. ...

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**0**answers

59 views

### Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question.
Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose,
...

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**1**answer

196 views

### Forms satisfying the zero-energy condition on the projective plane

Theorem (Michel). A $1$-form on the projective plane is exact if and only if its integral over any projective line is equal to zero.
Is there a simple proof of this result due, I think, to R. Michel ...

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votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Integral of Modified Bessel Function of the Second Type

Given the identity
$$ \int^\infty_0 K_v\left(\alpha\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right) \frac{x^{2\mu+1}}{\left(\sqrt{x^2+z^2}\right)^v}\:\mathrm{d}x = \frac{2^\mu \Gamma(\mu+1)}{\alpha^{\mu+1}z^{v-\mu-1}} ...

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182 views

### Using the Mellin transform to invert ill-posed problems of harmonic transforms

I will try to explain the problem using just words. Let's see how far I get!
I will use the harmonic transform of the Radon transform for 2 or more dimensions as an example, but there is a large ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### Transformation problem involving 2 random variables

Any help in this problem?
Suppose U and V are independent random variables with density f(u) and g(v) respectively.
The domain of U is the interval (0, 1) and the domain of V is v > 0. After the ...

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266 views

### Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by
$$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} ...

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**1**answer

336 views

### Inversion of Radon transform by incomplete data: specific case

Let $R[f](p,t)$ denote the Radon transform of smooth function $f(x) \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support in $\mathbb{R}^n_+$:
$$
R[f](p,t) = \int\limits_{x \cdot p = t} f(x) dx.
...

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**2**answers

226 views

### Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform

Question: Suppose $a(x,y)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ and suppose
$$\sup_{\lambda>1} \bigg|\lambda\int_0^1 e^{\lambda x} a(x,1/\lambda)dx\bigg|<\infty.$$
Is $a(x,0)=0$, $\forall x\in[0,1]$?
...

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vote

**1**answer

154 views

### Expectation under a t-distribution

Given parameters $\lambda, \nu>0$, a covariance matrix $R$, a mean vector $\mu \in R^p$, the Arellano-Valle and Bolfarine's generalized $t$ distribution is given by (see, for example, the book by ...

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85 views

### Integral representation of an arbitrary polynomial

Consider a smooth function $q \colon \mathbb R^2_+ \to \mathbb R_+$ such that $q(\lambda x) = \lambda q(x)$ for any $\lambda > 0$. Denote $x \circ y$ the elementwise product of $x,y \in \mathbb ...

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743 views

### Techniques to solve equations involving a definite integral [closed]

Are there any well known techniques to solve a problem of the following form: $$\int_a^b f(x,\alpha) dx = g(\alpha),$$ where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$ are fixed, $f$ and $g$ are known functions, ...

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267 views

### how to solve a singular integral equation involving the kernel $1/x$

Dear all,
Suppose we know that $f(x)$ is nonnegative and Hölder continuous at zero with exponents $1/2$. We also know that
$$
f(x) \le g(x) + \int_0^x \frac{f(y)}{y} d y,\quad\forall x>0,
$$
...

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341 views

### What kind of math is used to study this problem?

We have the following 'transform' of a real valued, piecewise continuous function $f(x)$ :
$$T[f(x)]=1+\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}}f\left(\frac{x}{\Lambda _{n}} \right ...

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424 views

### Resources for special functions, integral identities

In the past weeks, I have struggled with finding suitable tables for integral indentities for Beta functions, Chebyshev polynomials and their like.
I would like to ask for online/offline resources ...

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885 views

### An inverse Laplace transform involving Error function

Dear MOs,
I need to calculate the inverse Laplace transform of the following function
$$
g_a(z) = \frac{e^{a z}\: \text{erfc}(\sqrt{a z})}{\sqrt{z}-2},\quad a>0.
$$
I have checked, among many ...

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**1**answer

709 views

### Steinmetz, Laplace and Fourier Transforms

I am looking for references on Steinmetz Transform and its relation with Laplace and Fourier Transforms. There is an Italian Wikipedia page about this topic but with no references.

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**1**answer

188 views

### About an integral transform or generalized Laurent series

We start with a little of context. I needed that a function from $\mathbb{R}^+$ to $\mathbb{R}$ could be represented in the following form, not necessarily uniquely:
$$
...

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387 views

### One-sided Cauchy principal value

What is the notion of a principal value of an integral when the singularity appears at one endpoint? Namely,
$ PV \int_a^b f(t) dt = ? $,
where the integral is convergent in the upper limit, but ...

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216 views

### Unitary Representations and Integral formulas

While reading the appendix to 4th chapter of Iwaniec and Kowalski's analytic number theory I came upon a remark relating unitary representations and some integral transforms involving J-Bessel ...

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131 views

### On the multidimensional Mellin transform of measures

Consider an integral transform of Borel measures supported on $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ given by
$$
f(z) =\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_+} x^{z}\frac{\mu(dx)}{x}
$$
where $z = (z_1,...,z_n) \in \mathbb{C}^n$, ...

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191 views

### Solving a nonlinear integral equation

Consider the integral equation $$f=g^2+H[g]^2$$ where $f\colon\mathbf R\to \mathbf R$ is an even and integrable function, $g$ is the function to be solved for, and $H[g]$ is the Hilbert transform of ...

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147 views

### Delta function representation as an integral of Pfaffians over SO(2m)

Define $\mathcal S$ as the set of all $2^m$ skew-symmetric $2m \times 2m$ matrices with the form $\oplus_{j=1}^m\begin{pmatrix} 0&\pm 1 \\ \mp 1&0\end{pmatrix}$.
Let $S_i, S_j \in ...

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119 views

### Orthogonality of Pfaffian polynomials in $SO(2m)$

I've been struggling here to invert some integral equation involving Pfaffians, and it would be very nice if you could shed some light on the problem.
Let's go to it. Let $V=\{-1,1\}^{m}$ and $S = ...

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**1**answer

460 views

### Can elliptic integral singular values generate cubic polynomials with integer coefficients?

For the elliptic integral of first kind, $K(m)=\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{d\theta}{\sqrt{1-m^2sin^2\theta}} $, it is well-known that $K(m)$ can be expressed in what Chowla and Selberg call "finite terms" ...

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**1**answer

371 views

### On the generalized Radon transform and currents

Given a family of hypersurfaces $H_{t,p} = $ {$x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid g(x,p) = t $} one defines a generalized Radon transform $R$ of a function $u \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ as
$$
R[u] ...

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218 views

### On the generalisation of the Laplace transform

I consider a measure transform $A$ given by
$$
A\mu(x) = \int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n_{+}} e^{-g(x,y)} \mu(dy)
$$
where $g(x,y)$ is some positive smooth function, $\mu$ is a Borel measure. Is it a ...

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629 views

### Inverse Hankel Transform

I was reading through Akhiezer's book Lectures on Integral Transforms and in chapter nine, he states that the Hankel transform is unitary for $\nu > -1$, so that for a suitable function, $f$,
...

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194 views

### Regularity class of certain diffeomorphisms of the real line.

I care about the following class of homeomorphisms of $\mathbb R$, which I'll call $\mathcal C^?$.
For simplicity, let us restrict attention to compactly supported homeomorphisms
(a homeomorphism ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Intuitive understanding of the Stieltjes transform

I have been using random matrix theory in signal processing and have some trouble understanding what the Stieltjes transform does.
The gist of my work is that I have an $N\times N$ true covariance ...

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585 views

### An identity involving an infinite integral with a sinh in the denominator

I recently encountered the rather appealing looking integral, which appears in the theory of random matrices :
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{p-1}(j^{2}+z^{2})\frac{zdz}{\mathrm{sinh}(2\pi z)} ...

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**1**answer

402 views

### Properties of a matrix-valued generalization of the $\Gamma$ function

I am interested in the following function (Mellin transform of matrix exponential):
$$\int_0^{\infty} x^{s-1} e^{-A-Bx}d x$$
Where $x$ and $s$ are scalars, but $A$ and $B$ are matrices with $B\succ ...

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**3**answers

742 views

### A definite integral

Hello,
I am trying to find an explicit form of the following definite integral. I have tried Mathematica and it failed to give an answer. I am wondering whether anyone knows this integral. It might ...

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**1**answer

372 views

### Numerically finding a Mercer expansion for a given covariance kernel

Let $c(r)$ be a nice, continuous function with compact support. For example, $c(r) = \tfrac 1 5 (1-r)^{11} \big( 5 + 55r + 239 r^2 + 429 r^3 \big)$ for $r \in [0,1]$, and $c(r) = 0$ otherwise.
On ...

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**1**answer

156 views

### Stieltjes Transform of $F^{*}PF$ as a function of the Stieltjes Transform of $P$ where $F$ is drawn from an $n \times n$ Gaussian-like random matrix distribution

I am trying to calculate the Stieltjes Transform of $F^{*}PF$ as a function of the Stieltjes Transform of $P$ where $F$ is drawn from an $n \times n$ Gaussian-like random matrix distribution. I am ...

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1k views

### When is an integral transfrom trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator
$$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$
the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...

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976 views

### Best Numerical Method for Evaluating a Hilbert transform

I have to evaluate a Hilbert transform for some $\mathcal{L}^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C})$-function ($1\leq p<\infty$). I know there are a number of algorithms out there to do it, but I don't have a ...

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vote

**1**answer

607 views

### Writing an integral equation as a partial differential equation

Hello,
Can anyone help me see how one can get from the following integral
$$\lambda\int_{\beta=0}^{y}\int_{\alpha=x}^{Q-\beta}e^{-\mu(\alpha-x)}f(\alpha,\beta)d\alpha ...

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128 views

### Floquet tranform of the derivative of a function $f(r)$

The derivative of the Floquet transform equals the Floquet tranform of the derivative.
But can the Floquet tranform of the derivative of a function $f(r)$ can be expressed in terms of the Floquet ...

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134 views

### Integral Transform Wanted

Hello! Imagine I have a function
$f(r_1, r_2) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty g(|r_1 - r_3|) g(|r_1 - r_4|) g(|r_2 - r_3|) g(|r_2 - r_4|) g(|r_3 - r_4|) \; d r_3 d r_4$
Is there a way I could get rid of ...

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357 views

### The relationship between Crofton formula and Radon transform.

The famous Crofton formula says that the length of a curve can be calculated by integral of the `line crossing' over the space of all oriented lines. My question is, is there a way to treat this ...

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463 views

### Fonction spéciale

Est-ce qu'il y a une fonction spéciale sous la forme suivante:
$$\int e^{-st}e^{-(\alpha/(1+t))}t^{\beta-1}(1+t)^{-(\beta-1)-\gamma}dt$$
ou
$$\int ...

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**2**answers

914 views

### Complex structure on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ generalizing the Hilbert transform.

The Hilbert transform on the real Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb R)$ is the singular integral operator
$$
\mathcal H(f)(x) := \frac{1}{\pi} \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{x-y} f(y) dy.
$$
It satisfies ...

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votes

**1**answer

372 views

### Integral kernel of form $e^{-<x,y>^2}$

Let $K(x,y): \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ given by $K(x,y) = e^{-< x,y>^2}$ where $<\cdot,\cdot>$ denote the canonical inner product. Define integral operator ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When I can safely assume that a function is a Laplace transform of other function?

If I have a function and I want to represent it as being the Laplace transform of another, that is, I want to be sure that there is $\hat{f}(s)$ such that my function $f(x)$ can be written as:
$f(x) ...

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580 views

### MacWilliams Identity for Asymptotic Weight Spectrum of a Code

Introduction
Let $C$ be a code of block length $n$ having $A_i^C$ words of Hamming weight $i$, for $i\in [n]$, where $[n]:=\{0,\ldots,n\}$. Then, the sequence $\{ A_i^C \}_{i \in [n]} $ is called the ...