# Tagged Questions

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### Invertibility of an inverse problem

Let $p$ be a scalar field $p: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$. I encountered the problem of reconstructing an unknown density $p$ from its integral values $$I(t,z) = \int_{V_t} p(x) dS$$ along a one-...
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### Probability that a random projection doesn't reduce the distance of a point from a subspace too much

Consider the natural uniform measure (is it called the Haar measure?) on the set of $(n-k)$-dimensional subspaces of $R^n$. We are given a $d$-dimensional affine subspace $U$ (think of $d, k \ll n$; ...
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### Random points on the unit sphere

Suppose you have $n$ points picked uniformly at random on the surface of $\mathbb{S}^d,$ and let the volume of the convex hull of these points be $V_{n, d}.$ Clearly, $V_{n, d}$ converges to the ...
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### Idea and intuition behind Penrose transform

I would like to know what a Penrose transform is, or more precisely, what is it intended to be - I'm interested in ideas, intuition and some examples of application. My knowledge of differential ...
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### boundary density of the Von Koch flake

Given a measurable set $K\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ we consider the occupation ratio $$f_r(x)=vol(K\cap B(x,r))/r^d$$ and especially the asymptotics when $r\to 0$. When $K$ has a fractal boundary and $x$ ...
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### Reconstructing set of points from one-dimensional images

Consider a set of $N$ points in $n$-dimensional space, i.e. \begin{align*} \{x_1, \dots, x_N\} \subset \mathbb R^n. \end{align*} Let us be given a finite family of non-injective matrices \begin{...
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### Partial recovery from Radon transform

Let $f : \mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R$ be an integrable function. Let $\eta$ be a one-dimensional subspace of $\mathbb R^3$. We denote $p+\eta$ the affine subspace (a line) which is obtained by ...
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### Generalized Radon transform (Relaxed sufficient condition for invertibility)

The generalized Radon transform maps a function $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, usually interpreted as a density of an object, to its integral value over an $(n-1)$-dimensional affine subspace. To be more ...
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### “Limited angle” in n-dimensional Radon transform?

The Radon transform in two-dimensions is well studied. It maps a sufficiently nice function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R$ to its line integral along a certain line $L$, i.e. \begin{align*} Rf(L)...
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### Reference wanted for application of Parametric Transversality

Let $\hbox{Aff(}k,n)$ be the space of $k$-dimensional affine subspaces of $R^n$. The group of Euclidean isometries of $R^n$ (the semi-direct product of rotations and translation) acts transitively on ...
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### Ellipse naturally associated with a polygon

My colleagues and I have stumbled onto a way to associate an ellipse, or equivalently a positive definite symmetric matrix, to a polygon that is different from other better known ways. We want to know ...
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### If $K$ and $L$ are compact convex sets with smooth boundary, does their union have piecewise-smooth boundary?

Clarification: by "piecewise", I mean a finite number of pieces. I'm sure this must be true, but my search for a citation was in vain (although I did learn the new term "polyconvex"). Thanks!
### What are sufficient conditions on $f, g : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\{x : f(x) \geq t \} \cup \{ x : g(x) \geq u\}$` has piecewise-smooth boundary?
What are sufficient conditions on $f, g : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\{x : f(x) \geq t \} \cup \{ x : g(x) \geq u\}$ has piecewise-smooth boundary? Some remarks: I don't mind if the ...
Given an algebraic map $f: B^d \to \mathbb{R}$, from the unit ball of dimension $d$ to the real, let $Y = f^{-1}(0)$. Then it is always possible to find a smaller ball $B_r \subset B^d$ not ...