The integrable-systems tag has no usage guidance.

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### Classifying Low Dimensional Solutions of the Yang--Baxter Equation

What is the present situation with classifying solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation in low dimensions?
To make my question more specific, have all solutions for dimension $2$ and $3$ been ...

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### Sign problem in a Calogero-Moser system: proof of integrability?

Everyone of us had sometimes this awful feeling that some sign is lost in a calculation and that this sign is perturbing some fundamental understanding of what is going on. I feel the same has ...

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### How to compute $t_0$ and $r^0$ in Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations?

I tried to understand Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations.
In the book a guide to quantum groups, on page 83, there is an example of solutions of the ...

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46 views

### Integrability of complex gaussian random matrix model

It is known that the partition function
$$ \mathcal{Z}_1=\int dH e^{-N{\rm Tr}(H^2)}e^{-NV(H)},$$ where the integral is over $N\times N$ hermitian matrices $H$, with the potential $$ V(H)=\sum_{j\ge ...

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### What does it mean for a differential equation “to be integrable”? [duplicate]

What does it mean for a differential equation "to be integrable"?
Are "integrable" and "solvable" synonyms?
The first thing that comes to my mind is to say: it's integrable if we can find the ...

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413 views

### Why does McMahon formula look like the inclusion-exclusion principle?

The McMahon formula for the number of tilings of an $a \times b \times c$ hexagon by lozenges:
$$ \Big[H(a)H(b)H(c)\Big] \Big[H(a+b)H(b+c)H(c+a)\Big]^{-1} \Big[H(a+b+c)\Big]$$
looks oddly like the ...

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59 views

### anomaly polynomial of generalized Hitchin system

I would like to ask about mathematical background of this object. So, I am trying to puzzle out with 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ SQFT. As far as I can gather this theroy can be described in terms of ...

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### Beauville's Integrable System with singular spectral curves

Let us consider Beauville's Integrable System. So, we live on $\mathbb{P}^1$. There is the moduli space of matrices $M_r(d)/\mathrm{PGL}(r)$ with polynomial entries of degree less than or equal $d$. ...

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60 views

### Singularity Confinement For Differential-Difference Systems

This is a follow-up question to an old question on this site (link) which has a solution that describes the singularity confinement property for discrete systems.
Are there any papers or books that ...

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156 views

### Integrability - conditions of lax pairs

I'm trying to understand what the conditions are for the Lax pairs for the zero-curvature representation:
$$
\partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V]=0
$$
where $U=U(x,t,\lambda)$ and $V=V(x,t,\lambda)$ ...

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197 views

### moduli space of meromorphic $G$-Higgs bundles

I want to clarify with some topics in moduli space of semistable $G$-Higgs bundles on curve $X$ (genus $g$ is large enough) of fixing topological type $d \in \pi_1(G)$. Simpson's construction gives us ...

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244 views

### On the Hitchin fibration

I will refer to Simpson's "Higgs bundles and local systems".
Proposition 1.4:
When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can build up the moduli space $\mathcal{M}(X,r)$ of rank $r$ Higgs ...

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111 views

### Nature of separatrix in Fokker--Planck Hamiltonian with two degrees of freedom

Background The semiclassical (weak noise, small $D$) limit of the Fokker--Planck equation
$$\frac{\partial P}{\partial t}=D\frac{\partial^2 P}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial}{\partial x}(v(x) P)$$
can ...

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172 views

### Weinstein's local classification of Lagrangian foliations

In the paper "Symplectic manifolds and their Lagrangian submanifolds", Weinstein showed that locally all the Lagrangian foliations are symplectomorhic to the fiber foliation of a cotangent bundle.
I ...

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153 views

### Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures:
Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are:
...

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121 views

### Calogero-Moser eigenfunction

The folllowing function
\begin{equation}
J(t_1,t_2,t_3,m,h)=[(1-e^{t_1-t_2})(1-e^{t_2-t_3})(1-e^{t_1-t_3})]^{-m/h} ...

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91 views

### Do principally polarized abelian varieties enjoy a genus expansion?

This is a vague question from an interested outsider:
It is well known that abelian varieties which arise as Jacobian of a curve (or a bit more general as Prym variety) are distinguished by the fact ...

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232 views

### J-function of cotangent bundle of complete flag variety

Givental and Kim showed that the $J$-function of the complete flag variety $Fl_n=SL_{n}/B$ becomes an eigenfunction of the Toda Hamiltonian. How about the $J$-function of the cotangent bundle ...

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240 views

### Detecting Monodromy in Integrable Systems

Suppose I have a completely integrable system on a symplectic manifold $(M^{2n},\omega)$ with momentum map $H:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ that has compact, connected fibers. Further, suppose I know ...

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336 views

### Calogero-Moser system: relationship between dual variables and the KKS construction

This is a question about the relationship between two ways of viewing the Calogero-Moser system.
$$\ddot x_i=2\sum_{j\neq i}\frac{1}{(x_i-x_j)^3}\qquad i=1,\ldots N$$
By introducing the $N$ ...

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### What is the amplituhedron?

The paper ”Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian” by Nima Arkani-Hamed, Jacob L. Bourjaily, Freddy Cachazo, Alexander B. Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov, and Jaroslav Trnka, introduces ...

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### A modification of Maurer-Cartan equation

In deformation theory of complex structure, the Maurer-Cartan equation takes the form
$$\bar{\partial}\varphi(t)+\frac{1}{2}[\varphi(t),\varphi(t)]=0.$$
where ...

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### Divisors, factorisations of matrix valued functions, and the Lorentz group

How to construct a complex projective variety with several classes of non-intersecting divisors? How to keep the answer concrete and simple, so that explicit calculations can be done? And the problem ...

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### basic questions on quantum integrable systems

I have been learning about (classical) integrable systems lately, e.g. in the examples of a lax pair etc. I frequently run into the term 'quantum integrable system'. May I ask a few questions:
What ...

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### Any applications integrable systems (pde,ode, q-,…) to math. biology (pharmakinetics, pharmadynamics) ?

Question Are there any relations/applications of integrable system theory (take it as broadly as one can: ODE, PDE, quantum, box-ball,...) to mathematical biology (in particular pharmacokinetics, ...

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### functions whose average along orbits is zero or a constant

Is there some name in ergodic theory or integrable systems theory for a function whose average value on every orbit is zero? (Of course when I say "every orbit" in the context of ergodic theory I ...

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### Integrability of the Cohen map

In the 1990's, Henri Cohen asked whether the map $(x,y) \mapsto (\sqrt{1+x^2}-y,x)$ from $\mathbb{R}^2$ to itself is integrable. In other words, are the orbits confined to the level curves of some ...

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### Constructing Markov traces simply

Short version: I wondering how to simply check if a proposed Markov trace, $\phi$ had the correct property using techniques similar to those from the Akutsu-Wadati 1987 paper `Exactly solvable models ...

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### What is soliton

I am new to this word.. This is not research level problem and it is soft question in nature. Just for curiosity, i am asking..
In literature, i am finding following words:(Wikipedia+ others).
...

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### Krichever-Novikov-Dubrovin description for not-algebraic spectral curve

Non-algebraic curves play an increasing role in string theory, sometimes they are known to be related to the integrable systems of the KP/Toda type.
Are there any investigated examples of the ...

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### From Sato grassmannian to spectral curve

Assume a tau-function of the KP integrable hierarchy is fixed by the point of the Sato grassmannian (that is by a semi-infinite set of Laurant series $\varphi_k(z)=\sum_{m>0}a_{km}z^{-k+m}$). Can ...

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### Multiple Hodge integrals and integrability

It is known that a generating function of the linear Hodge integrals is a tau function of the KP hierarchy, namely a one-parameter deformation of the Kontsevich-Witten tau-function (see Kazarian). ...

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### Non-polynomial integrals of motion for polynomial dynamical systems

Does there exist a polynomial Hamiltonian function $H$ on some $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ such that
Any polynomial function $P$ such that $\{P,H\}=0$ is of the form $p(H)$ for some polynomial $p$ in one ...

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530 views

### Find a second integral for Arnold's example

Consider Arnold's example for Arnold diffusion 1964.
$$H=I_1^2/2+I_2^2/2+\epsilon(1-\cos\theta_2)(1+\mu(\sin\theta_1+\sin t)) $$
We can first make it a system of three degrees of freedom.
Then we ...

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### About the geometry of completely integrable systems

During a conversation I heard an assertion that I found at least dubious for the lack of adeguate hypothesis, but I am not able to imagine a counterexample, even if it is probably obvious to some of ...

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### Weakest condition for an integrable, almost-symplectic manifold?

I was recently speaking with someone who works in Computational Chemistry and they mentioned that in a lot of the computational simulations they do, they have systems that are not symplectic but still ...

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### Why doesn't the argument of circular law convergence of Ginibre spectrum give the same result for GUE?

It appears I am profoundly confused in the following nice argument of Ginibre and Mehta and beautifully presented in Djalil Chafai's blog ...

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3k views

### What's up with Wick's theorem?

Sorry about the dumb title.
I'd like to understand Wick's theorem. More specifically, I have seen it pop up in several different contexts and I am really puzzled by the different statements of it ...

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145 views

### Uniqueness for solution of a d-dbar system related to Davey-Stewartson Solitons

This question concerns a system of equations that arise in the study of one-soliton solutions to the Davey-Stewartson equation.
In what follows, $f(z)$ denotes a function which depends smoothly (but ...

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1k views

### Gromov-Witten and integrability.

The generation function of the Gromow-Witten invariants (with descendants) of the point is known to be Kontsevich-Witten tau-function of KdV, partition functions of $P^1$ and equivariant $P^1$ are ...

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### Solitary waves and their symmetries

This is probably a very naive question from a field that I don't have much background from, but a combination of curiosity and the fact that conceptual questions get very good answers here on MO ...

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### Two interacting bodies in an external field

Hope, MO is the right place for this question (if not so: where would you pose it?).
Consider a two-body system in classical mechanics. As long as the interaction depends only on the distance of the ...

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### Differential equation of line tangent to caustics

This problem (or rather, statement that I cannot understand) has arisen in a paper I have been reading "Geometry of Integrable Billiards and Pencils of Quadrics" by Dragovic and Radnovic. I'd be most ...

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### Plotting path between sphere or ellipsoid points?

Hi, my apologies if this is not the right place to ask this- I am not a mathematician (I'm a software engineer) and Im working on some 3D applications.
My situation is this- given an origin of 0,0,0 ...

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### What is exactly the (singularity) confinement property ?

This property seems to be used both in the context of differential equations and several kinds of discrete equation systems or automata.
It seems to be related in certain case to the Painlevé ...

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### Spectral curve of Elliptic Calogero-Moser systems

First, why all the coefficients in the characteristic polynomial of L are elliptic functions, since the diagonal entries of the matrix L are the momentums?
second, how to understand the ramification ...

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### Is the 'massive' Calogero-Moser system still integrable?

Background
The (rational) Calogero-Moser system is the dynamical system which describes the evolution of $n$ particles on the line $\mathbb{C}$ which repel each other with force proportional to the ...

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### Connection between bi-Hamiltonian systems and complete integrability

As I understand, the lack of indication on how to obtain first integrals in Arnol'd-Liouville theory is a reason why we are interested in bi-Hamiltonian systems.
Two Poisson brackets
$\{ \cdot,\cdot ...

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### Integrable dynamical system - relation to elliptic curves

From seminar on kdV equation I know that for integrable dynamical system its trajectory in phase space lays on tori. In wikipedia article You may read (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrable_system):
...

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### What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...