# Tagged Questions

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### Super classical r-matrices and Poisson Lie supergroups

In classical case, given an r-matrix $r$ for $sl_n$, we can compute the corresponding Poisson bracket on $SL_n$ by using the formula $\{L \otimes L\} = [r, L \otimes L]$. For example, let $g=sl_2$ and ...
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### Does this PDE have a name?

I'm looking for any and all information that might be known about the following second-order PDE for one function $u(x,y)$: $u_{xy} = u_x e^u + u_y e^{-u}$ e.g., Does it have a name? Is it known ...
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### Integrable systems and Arnol'd - Liouville theorem

A system with a $2n$-dimensional phase space is Liouville-integrable if it admits $n$ independent first intgrals in involution. Here integrable means that you can, in some way, solve the equations of ...
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### Periodicity of KdV equation in relation to zero-curvature equation

In most of the resources that I have read, integrable systems described by a PDE posses a zero-curvature equation $$\partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V] = 0$$ which gives rise to the monodromy matrix ...
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### What does it mean for a differential equation “to be integrable”? [duplicate]

What does it mean for a differential equation "to be integrable"? Are "integrable" and "solvable" synonyms? The first thing that comes to my mind is to say: it's integrable if we can find the ...
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### Why does McMahon formula look like the inclusion-exclusion principle?

The McMahon formula for the number of tilings of an $a \times b \times c$ hexagon by lozenges: $$\Big[H(a)H(b)H(c)\Big] \Big[H(a+b)H(b+c)H(c+a)\Big]^{-1} \Big[H(a+b+c)\Big]$$ looks oddly like the ...
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### anomaly polynomial of generalized Hitchin system

I would like to ask about mathematical background of this object. So, I am trying to puzzle out with 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ SQFT. As far as I can gather this theroy can be described in terms of ...
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### Beauville's Integrable System with singular spectral curves

Let us consider Beauville's Integrable System. So, we live on $\mathbb{P}^1$. There is the moduli space of matrices $M_r(d)/\mathrm{PGL}(r)$ with polynomial entries of degree less than or equal $d$. ...
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### Singularity Confinement For Differential-Difference Systems

This is a follow-up question to an old question on this site (link) which has a solution that describes the singularity confinement property for discrete systems. Are there any papers or books that ...
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### Integrability - conditions of lax pairs

I'm trying to understand what the conditions are for the Lax pairs for the zero-curvature representation: $$\partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V]=0$$ where $U=U(x,t,\lambda)$ and $V=V(x,t,\lambda)$ ...
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### moduli space of meromorphic $G$-Higgs bundles

I want to clarify with some topics in moduli space of semistable $G$-Higgs bundles on curve $X$ (genus $g$ is large enough) of fixing topological type $d \in \pi_1(G)$. Simpson's construction gives us ...
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### On the Hitchin fibration

I will refer to Simpson's "Higgs bundles and local systems". Proposition 1.4: When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can build up the moduli space $\mathcal{M}(X,r)$ of rank $r$ Higgs ...
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### Nature of separatrix in Fokker--Planck Hamiltonian with two degrees of freedom

Background The semiclassical (weak noise, small $D$) limit of the Fokker--Planck equation $$\frac{\partial P}{\partial t}=D\frac{\partial^2 P}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial}{\partial x}(v(x) P)$$ can ...
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### Weinstein's local classification of Lagrangian foliations

In the paper "Symplectic manifolds and their Lagrangian submanifolds", Weinstein showed that locally all the Lagrangian foliations are symplectomorhic to the fiber foliation of a cotangent bundle. I ...
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### Toda Flow Embeddings

What are strategies for generating the following types of pictures: Here's what's going on here. Take a toda flow in 3 variables. The equations of motion are: $$\frac{d}{dt}a_k=2(b_k^2-b_{k-1}^2),$$...
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### Calogero-Moser eigenfunction

The folllowing function J(t_1,t_2,t_3,m,h)=[(1-e^{t_1-t_2})(1-e^{t_2-t_3})(1-e^{t_1-t_3})]^{-m/h} e^{-\frac{a_1t_1+a_2t_2+a_3t_3}{h}}\sum_{k_{1,1},k_{2,1},k_{2,2}\ge0}e^{(t_1-t_2)k_{1,...
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### Do principally polarized abelian varieties enjoy a genus expansion?

This is a vague question from an interested outsider: It is well known that abelian varieties which arise as Jacobian of a curve (or a bit more general as Prym variety) are distinguished by the fact ...
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### Divisors, factorisations of matrix valued functions, and the Lorentz group

How to construct a complex projective variety with several classes of non-intersecting divisors? How to keep the answer concrete and simple, so that explicit calculations can be done? And the problem -...
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### basic questions on quantum integrable systems

I have been learning about (classical) integrable systems lately, e.g. in the examples of a lax pair etc. I frequently run into the term 'quantum integrable system'. May I ask a few questions: What ...
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### Any applications integrable systems (pde,ode, q-,…) to math. biology (pharmakinetics, pharmadynamics) ?

Question Are there any relations/applications of integrable system theory (take it as broadly as one can: ODE, PDE, quantum, box-ball,...) to mathematical biology (in particular pharmacokinetics, ...
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### functions whose average along orbits is zero or a constant

Is there some name in ergodic theory or integrable systems theory for a function whose average value on every orbit is zero? (Of course when I say "every orbit" in the context of ergodic theory I ...
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### Integrability of the Cohen map

In the 1990's, Henri Cohen asked whether the map $(x,y) \mapsto (\sqrt{1+x^2}-y,x)$ from $\mathbb{R}^2$ to itself is integrable. In other words, are the orbits confined to the level curves of some ...
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### Constructing Markov traces simply

Short version: I wondering how to simply check if a proposed Markov trace, $\phi$ had the correct property using techniques similar to those from the Akutsu-Wadati 1987 paper `Exactly solvable models ...
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### What is soliton

I am new to this word.. This is not research level problem and it is soft question in nature. Just for curiosity, i am asking.. In literature, i am finding following words:(Wikipedia+ others). ...
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### Krichever-Novikov-Dubrovin description for not-algebraic spectral curve

Non-algebraic curves play an increasing role in string theory, sometimes they are known to be related to the integrable systems of the KP/Toda type. Are there any investigated examples of the ...
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### From Sato grassmannian to spectral curve

Assume a tau-function of the KP integrable hierarchy is fixed by the point of the Sato grassmannian (that is by a semi-infinite set of Laurant series $\varphi_k(z)=\sum_{m>0}a_{km}z^{-k+m}$). Can ...
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### Multiple Hodge integrals and integrability

It is known that a generating function of the linear Hodge integrals is a tau function of the KP hierarchy, namely a one-parameter deformation of the Kontsevich-Witten tau-function (see Kazarian). ...
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### Non-polynomial integrals of motion for polynomial dynamical systems

Does there exist a polynomial Hamiltonian function $H$ on some $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ such that Any polynomial function $P$ such that $\{P,H\}=0$ is of the form $p(H)$ for some polynomial $p$ in one ...
Consider Arnold's example for Arnold diffusion 1964. $$H=I_1^2/2+I_2^2/2+\epsilon(1-\cos\theta_2)(1+\mu(\sin\theta_1+\sin t))$$ We can first make it a system of three degrees of freedom. Then we ...