**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Additive combinatorics and a Diophantine equation

Let $(n_k)_{1 \leq k \leq N}$ be a sequence of distinct positive integers. For $v \in \mathbb{Z}$ set
$$
A_N(v) = \# \Big\{ (k,\ell) \in \{1, \dots, N\}^2, ~k \neq \ell:\quad n_k - n_\ell = v \Big\}.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Cardinal of a set cinsist of product of two sets?

Let
$$
A=\{1,2,\ldots,p-1\},\qquad B=\{1,2,\ldots,q-1\}
$$
where $p,q$ are primes not necessarily distinct.
Is there any elementary way to find the cardinal of the following set
$$
AB=\{ab:\ a\in A,\ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Intuition behind salient numbers in number of h-cobordism classes of smooth homotopy n-spheres

The Wikipedia article on Exotic Sphere displays this sequence of numbers (see also OEIS A001676 and the Milnor link therein) for the order of the classses as
$$1, \;1, \;1,\; 1,\; 1, \;1, \;28,\; ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### formula for sequence 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, [migrated]

There is a sequence with the values 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, ... (basically there are always four 0s followed by a 1, then it repeats).
Is there a function for this sequence?
Here are two ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### Upper bound on length of addition chain

An addition chain for $n$ is a finite sequence of integers starting at 1 and ending at $n$, such that each element is a sum of two previous elements. A short addition chain for $n$ can be used, for ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### The p-adic valuation of a linear recurrence

Let $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ be an integer-valued linear recurrence of order $k \geq 1$. Precisely,
$$u_n = a_1 u_{n-1} + \cdots + a_k u_{n - k} \quad \forall n \geq k ,$$
for some $a_1, \ldots, a_k \in ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

122 views

### Values of the Kronecker symbol of recursvie sequences

Is there something known about the values of the Kronecker symbol $\left(\frac{a_n}{a_{n+1}}\right)$ if $a_n$ is a recursive sequence? I know something about this if $a_n$ is the Fibonacci sequence or ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Conway's subprime Fibonacci sequences

I want to be certain I have the latest information on
Conway's subprime Fibonacci sequences,
arXiv-posted a year ago; I am referencing the status in
a review.
To wit, starting with $(0,1)$:1
$$
0, 1, ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### A Collatz-like question about permutations

An answer to this question would provide an explicit counterexample to this question, but otherwise I don't know if it is interesting.
Consider all permutations $\pi$ on the natural numbers such that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### How to write a given rank matrix with some constraints?

If I want to write an $m\times n$ $0/1$ matrix with only rows or columns distinct, I could just pick $m$ or $n$ distinct natural numbers effectively writing them down as rows or columns in base $2$.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Increasing integral sequence of intermediate growth which is periodic modulo almost all primes

Many integral sequences are periodic modulo (almost) all primes.
However all examples I know are either evaluations of suitable polynomials on consecutive integers (trivial examples) or grow at least ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

319 views

### What is the motivation and purpose of the Floretion group?

When searching through the Oeis, I came across something called a floretion. Based on the context, it seems to be some sort of algebraic structure. I googled it and found nothing that explained their ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Searching information on a certain function with a fixed point property connecting Moebius $\mu$ and Fibonacci numbers

Let $\mu$ be the Moebius function and define for $1\leq n\in\mathbb{N}$
$$
f(n) =
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\mu\left(\frac{n}{2}\right) + \mu\left(\frac{n}{4}\right), & n\equiv 0, 4, 8\mod 12, \\
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Classic question on integer partitions (with distinct summands)

I guess that the following was solved sometime in the 18th century, but could not find a reference to it. I am interested in approximations to the following integer partition problem:
Denote $R(N,L)$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### On one class of Somos-like sequences

This question is motivated by integrability of the sequence mistakenly arisen in the question Does this sequence always give an integer?
Let $m_1,\ldots, m_{k-1}$ be positive integers and sequence ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Avoiding Fibonacci-like sequences

Suppose we are trying to avoid 3-term arithmetic progressions. There are two relevant sequences in the OEIS pertaining to this:
A003278: The sequence whose $n^{\text{th}}$ term is the smallest number ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Number of squares in a grid under certain conditions

Consider an $(n+1)\times (n+1)$ grid of lattice points in the plane.
$A(n):$ # of squares with vertices on the grid.
It's relatively well-known that $A(n)=\frac{n(n+1)^2(n+2)}{12}$. Now, $A(n) = ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

319 views

### Word complexity of primes mod 4

For an infinite binary word $w$, the word complexity $f_w(n)$ is defined as the number of different subwords of length $n$. The asymptotic behavior of this function is an important parameter of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### What are the values of this sequence?

Let $F_n$ denote the $n$th Fibonacci number.
Then $\prod\limits_{i=1}^{\infty}(1-x^{F_i})$ is a series all of whose coefficients are either $-1$, $0$ or $+1$.
The sequence of the coefficients in ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

917 views

### Mod sequences that seem to become constant; and the number 316

Define a "mod sequence" of nonnegative integers
based on one start parameter $s$, its first term,
as follows.
$A(s)=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n,\ldots)$
with $a_1 = s$
and
$$ a_n = \left(\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Is $p$ is square modulo $F_p$ when $p=4k+1 > 5$?

$F_n$ are the Fibonacci numbers.
In On computing factors of cyclotomic polynomials p.1 for odd square-free $n>1$ the cyclotomic polynomial $\Phi_n(x)$
satisfies:
$$ 4 \Phi_n(x)=A_n(x)^2 - ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Tower-of-squares sequence divides linear recurrent A001921 sequence?

Let $(a_n)$ be the A001921 sequence
$$
a_0 = 0,\ a_1 = 7, \quad a_{n+2} = 14a_{n+1} - a_n + 6.
$$
Let $(b_k)$ be the (almost)"tower-of-squares" sequence defined by
$$
b_0=2, \quad ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### When is the ratio of Jacobi theta functions algebraic?

Probably this is well known.
$\theta_2$ and $\theta_3$ are Jacobi theta functions
as defined in mathworld (31) and (32).
For natural $n$ define
$$ f(n) = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### Arbitrarily large $n$ divides $F_n$

Is it true that there exists $n \in \mathbb{N}$ with arbitrarily many prime factors such that $n$ divides $F_n$, where $F_n$ represents the n-th Fibonacci number?

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Decimal digits multiplied by powers of 2: leads to mod 8? [closed]

This is more a puzzle than a research question,
a puzzle to me. Perhaps it is straightforward for others.
Imagine Repeatedly interpreting a number
expressed with the usual base-$10$ digits
as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Regular graphs with unimodal subdegrees that are not distance-regular

Distance regular graphs are known to exhibit the following property: starting from an arbitrary vertex $\alpha$, let $k_i$ denote the number of vertices at distance $i$ from $\alpha$ (in terms of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

182 views

### A square-squareroot integer race sequence involving primes

I wonder what is the expected behavior of this process?
Let
$f^2_{\mathrm{next}}(n) =$ the next prime after $n^2$.
$g_{\mathrm{sqrt}}(n) = \lfloor \sqrt{n} \rfloor$.
Now iterate as ...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare
Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days.
Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### More asymptotics for trees

This is a follow up to my recent question on the asymptotics of A003238. Lucia gave a fine answer to that question, but as I hinted the 'real' problem I have in mind is slightly different, and I've ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### Are the asymptotics of A003238 known?

Sequence A003238 of the OEIS counts ``rooted trees with $n$ vertices in which vertices at the same level have the same degree.'' The sequence, $a$, begins
1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 16, ...
and it is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Flow of an integer

I've stumbled across this family of flow networks, and posted the sequence of maximal flows to OEIS: A238729. I can't find any reference to it either. Has anyone seen it?
Here is the description:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

219 views

### Infinitely many sufficiently large powers in linear recurrences

Edit Aaron solved the original question with the
fourth order $$ a(n)=n2^n+\frac{(-1)^n-1^n}{2} $$
trying to make the question harder.
Let $a(n)$ be a linear recurrence with constant coefficients,
of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### A question concerning the strange arithmetic derivation

This question is related to Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation. The original question whether an unbounded sequence of iterates exists is still unanswered.
$$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Is there a linear recurrence with infinitely many zeros, conjecturally infinitely many primes and non-zero terms of exponential growth?

Let $a_n$ be a linear recurrence with integer constant coefficients
and initial values.
Is it possible $a_n$ to satisfy all of these:
$a_n = 0$ infinitely often.
if $a_n \ne 0$, $ | a_n |$ is of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### Asymptotic behavior of the sequence $u_n = u_{n-1}^2-n$

I am currently interested in the following sequence:
$$\begin{cases}u_0 & = & \alpha\\u_n & = & u_{n-1}^2-n\end{cases}$$ where $\alpha > C \approx 1.75793275... $ with $C$ being the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Sequences with integral variances

This is a companion to my earlier question,
Sequences with integral means.
This new question is, frankly, not as interesting, but it feels necessary to complete
the thought.
Let $V(n)$ be the ...

**21**

votes

**5**answers

876 views

### Sequences with integral means

Let $S(n)$ be the sequence whose first element is $n$, and from then onward,
the next element is the smallest natural number ${\ge}1$ that ensures that the
mean of all the numbers in the sequence is ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

772 views

### Is the sequence $a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$ always composite for $n > 5$?

Numerical evidence suggests the following.
For $c \in \mathbb{N}, c > 2$ define the sequence $a_n$ by
$a_0=0,a_1=1, \; a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$
For $ 5 < n < 500, \; 2 < c < 100$ ...

**48**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation

Let us consider the following operation on positive integers: $$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} \qquad f(n):= \prod_{i=1}^{k}\alpha_ip_i^{\alpha_i-1}$$ (Is it true that if we apply this operation to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### What is a description of winning strategies in this tile game?

I'm hoping someone can help me figure out how to describe all winning strategies for "Player 1" in the following game:
Consider a board with $n$ tiles arranged in a row. Player 1 and Player 2 each ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

363 views

### Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$.
The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$.
Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Databases for sequences indexed by partitions

Is there a database for sequences indexed by partitions similar to Sloane's OEIS? I mean, I am aware that in the OEIS there are some arrays indexed by partitions, but I feel as though most of such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

172 views

### Nested Sequence of Integers

In some combinatorial research I came across the following nested sequence:
$$\{a_n\}=\{1,1,3,1,7,3,17,1,35,7,77,3,157,17,331,1,663,35,1361,7,2729,77,5535,3,11073, \dots\}$$
which is not in the OEIS. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

369 views

### Number of Configurations in the optimal Hanoi tower

There is a unique strategy how to move $n$ disks from the first rod to the second optimally and it takes $2^n-1$ steps, solution is obtained by simple recursion. I am interested into the following ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### sequence, such that sum of any combinations in the sequence does not equal another [closed]

Hi,
Is there any known sequence such that the sum of a combination of one subsequence never equals another subsequence sum. The subsequences should have elements only from the parent sequence.
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

577 views

### Is OEIS A007018 really a subsequence of squarefree numbers?

A comment in A007018 a(n) = a(n-1)^2 + a(n-1), a(0)=1 claims
Subsequence of squarefree numbers (A005117). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 15 2004
Is it really so?
As far as I know, it is open problem ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

537 views

### For any prime $p$, is there $C$ such that if $x\ge C$, then all but one integer among $x+1, x+2, \dots, x+p$ has Greatest Prime Factor $> p$

I apologize if this is a naive question about greatest prime factors (gpf). I was thinking about the sequence of integers where $\mathrm{gpf}(x) \le p$ where $p$ is any prime.
Clearly, as $x$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

296 views

### Maximal difference between k randomly drawn numbers from 1 to n – Looking for formula to sequence

Hello!
I have an interesting problem that seemed simple to me, but I'm unable to solve it on my own.
Suppose I am drawing k numbers out of n numbers labeled from 1 to n.
Considering all ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

883 views

### Which $n$ maximize $G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$?

By Robin's theorem
$$G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$$
is bounded by $e^\gamma \approx 1.78107241799$ for $n>5040$ assuming Riemann hypothesis .
For $n=\mathrm {lcm} (1,2 \dots k)$, $G(n)$ ...