**3**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Increasing integral sequence of intermediate growth which is periodic modulo almost all primes

Many integral sequences are periodic modulo (almost) all primes.
However all examples I know are either evaluations of suitable polynomials on consecutive integers (trivial examples) or grow at least ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

290 views

### What is the motivation and purpose of the Floretion group?

When searching through the Oeis, I came across something called a floretion. Based on the context, it seems to be some sort of algebraic structure. I googled it and found nothing that explained their ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Searching information on a certain function with a fixed point property connecting Moebius $\mu$ and Fibonacci numbers

Let $\mu$ be the Moebius function and define for $1\leq n\in\mathbb{N}$
$$
f(n) =
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\mu\left(\frac{n}{2}\right) + \mu\left(\frac{n}{4}\right), & n\equiv 0, 4, 8\mod 12, \\
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Classic question on integer partitions (with distinct summands)

I guess that the following was solved sometime in the 18th century, but could not find a reference to it. I am interested in approximations to the following integer partition problem:
Denote $R(N,L)$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### On one class of Somos-like sequences

This question is motivated by integrability of the sequence mistakenly arisen in the question Does this sequence always give an integer?
Let $m_1,\ldots, m_{k-1}$ be positive integers and sequence ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Avoiding Fibonacci-like sequences

Suppose we are trying to avoid 3-term arithmetic progressions. There are two relevant sequences in the OEIS pertaining to this:
A003278: The sequence whose $n^{\text{th}}$ term is the smallest number ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Number of squares in a grid under certain conditions

Consider an $(n+1)\times (n+1)$ grid of lattice points in the plane.
$A(n):$ # of squares with vertices on the grid.
It's relatively well-known that $A(n)=\frac{n(n+1)^2(n+2)}{12}$. Now, $A(n) = ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

315 views

### Word complexity of primes mod 4

For an infinite binary word $w$, the word complexity $f_w(n)$ is defined as the number of different subwords of length $n$. The asymptotic behavior of this function is an important parameter of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

224 views

### What are the values of this sequence?

Let $F_n$ denote the $n$th Fibonacci number.
Then $\prod\limits_{i=1}^{\infty}(1-x^{F_i})$ is a series all of whose coefficients are either $-1$, $0$ or $+1$.
The sequence of the coefficients in ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

905 views

### Mod sequences that seem to become constant; and the number 316

Define a "mod sequence" of nonnegative integers
based on one start parameter $s$, its first term,
as follows.
$A(s)=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n,\ldots)$
with $a_1 = s$
and
$$ a_n = \left(\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Is $p$ is square modulo $F_p$ when $p=4k+1 > 5$?

$F_n$ are the Fibonacci numbers.
In On computing factors of cyclotomic polynomials p.1 for odd square-free $n>1$ the cyclotomic polynomial $\Phi_n(x)$
satisfies:
$$ 4 \Phi_n(x)=A_n(x)^2 - ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Tower-of-squares sequence divides linear recurrent A001921 sequence?

Let $(a_n)$ be the A001921 sequence
$$
a_0 = 0,\ a_1 = 7, \quad a_{n+2} = 14a_{n+1} - a_n + 6.
$$
Let $(b_k)$ be the (almost)"tower-of-squares" sequence defined by
$$
b_0=2, \quad ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### When is the ratio of Jacobi theta functions algebraic?

Probably this is well known.
$\theta_2$ and $\theta_3$ are Jacobi theta functions
as defined in mathworld (31) and (32).
For natural $n$ define
$$ f(n) = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Arbitrarily large $n$ divides $F_n$

Is it true that there exists $n \in \mathbb{N}$ with arbitrarily many prime factors such that $n$ divides $F_n$, where $F_n$ represents the n-th Fibonacci number?

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Decimal digits multiplied by powers of 2: leads to mod 8? [closed]

This is more a puzzle than a research question,
a puzzle to me. Perhaps it is straightforward for others.
Imagine Repeatedly interpreting a number
expressed with the usual base-$10$ digits
as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Regular graphs with unimodal subdegrees that are not distance-regular

Distance regular graphs are known to exhibit the following property: starting from an arbitrary vertex $\alpha$, let $k_i$ denote the number of vertices at distance $i$ from $\alpha$ (in terms of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

182 views

### A square-squareroot integer race sequence involving primes

I wonder what is the expected behavior of this process?
Let
$f^2_{\mathrm{next}}(n) =$ the next prime after $n^2$.
$g_{\mathrm{sqrt}}(n) = \lfloor \sqrt{n} \rfloor$.
Now iterate as ...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare
Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days.
Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### More asymptotics for trees

This is a follow up to my recent question on the asymptotics of A003238. Lucia gave a fine answer to that question, but as I hinted the 'real' problem I have in mind is slightly different, and I've ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### Are the asymptotics of A003238 known?

Sequence A003238 of the OEIS counts ``rooted trees with $n$ vertices in which vertices at the same level have the same degree.'' The sequence, $a$, begins
1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 16, ...
and it is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Flow of an integer

I've stumbled across this family of flow networks, and posted the sequence of maximal flows to OEIS: A238729. I can't find any reference to it either. Has anyone seen it?
Here is the description:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

208 views

### Infinitely many sufficiently large powers in linear recurrences

Edit Aaron solved the original question with the
fourth order $$ a(n)=n2^n+\frac{(-1)^n-1^n}{2} $$
trying to make the question harder.
Let $a(n)$ be a linear recurrence with constant coefficients,
of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

283 views

### A question concerning the strange arithmetic derivation

This question is related to Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation. The original question whether an unbounded sequence of iterates exists is still unanswered.
$$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Is there a linear recurrence with infinitely many zeros, conjecturally infinitely many primes and non-zero terms of exponential growth?

Let $a_n$ be a linear recurrence with integer constant coefficients
and initial values.
Is it possible $a_n$ to satisfy all of these:
$a_n = 0$ infinitely often.
if $a_n \ne 0$, $ | a_n |$ is of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Asymptotic behavior of the sequence $u_n = u_{n-1}^2-n$

I am currently interested in the following sequence:
$$\begin{cases}u_0 & = & \alpha\\u_n & = & u_{n-1}^2-n\end{cases}$$ where $\alpha > C \approx 1.75793275... $ with $C$ being the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Sequences with integral variances

This is a companion to my earlier question,
Sequences with integral means.
This new question is, frankly, not as interesting, but it feels necessary to complete
the thought.
Let $V(n)$ be the ...

**21**

votes

**5**answers

864 views

### Sequences with integral means

Let $S(n)$ be the sequence whose first element is $n$, and from then onward,
the next element is the smallest natural number ${\ge}1$ that ensures that the
mean of all the numbers in the sequence is ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

757 views

### Is the sequence $a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$ always composite for $n > 5$?

Numerical evidence suggests the following.
For $c \in \mathbb{N}, c > 2$ define the sequence $a_n$ by
$a_0=0,a_1=1, \; a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$
For $ 5 < n < 500, \; 2 < c < 100$ ...

**48**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation

Let us consider the following operation on positive integers: $$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} \qquad f(n):= \prod_{i=1}^{k}\alpha_ip_i^{\alpha_i-1}$$ (Is it true that if we apply this operation to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### What is a description of winning strategies in this tile game?

I'm hoping someone can help me figure out how to describe all winning strategies for "Player 1" in the following game:
Consider a board with $n$ tiles arranged in a row. Player 1 and Player 2 each ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

355 views

### Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$.
The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$.
Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Databases for sequences indexed by partitions

Is there a database for sequences indexed by partitions similar to Sloane's OEIS? I mean, I am aware that in the OEIS there are some arrays indexed by partitions, but I feel as though most of such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### Nested Sequence of Integers

In some combinatorial research I came across the following nested sequence:
$$\{a_n\}=\{1,1,3,1,7,3,17,1,35,7,77,3,157,17,331,1,663,35,1361,7,2729,77,5535,3,11073, \dots\}$$
which is not in the OEIS. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

364 views

### Number of Configurations in the optimal Hanoi tower

There is a unique strategy how to move $n$ disks from the first rod to the second optimally and it takes $2^n-1$ steps, solution is obtained by simple recursion. I am interested into the following ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### sequence, such that sum of any combinations in the sequence does not equal another [closed]

Hi,
Is there any known sequence such that the sum of a combination of one subsequence never equals another subsequence sum. The subsequences should have elements only from the parent sequence.
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

572 views

### Is OEIS A007018 really a subsequence of squarefree numbers?

A comment in A007018 a(n) = a(n-1)^2 + a(n-1), a(0)=1 claims
Subsequence of squarefree numbers (A005117). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 15 2004
Is it really so?
As far as I know, it is open problem ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

981 views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

532 views

### For any prime $p$, is there $C$ such that if $x\ge C$, then all but one integer among $x+1, x+2, \dots, x+p$ has Greatest Prime Factor $> p$

I apologize if this is a naive question about greatest prime factors (gpf). I was thinking about the sequence of integers where $\mathrm{gpf}(x) \le p$ where $p$ is any prime.
Clearly, as $x$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

294 views

### Maximal difference between k randomly drawn numbers from 1 to n – Looking for formula to sequence

Hello!
I have an interesting problem that seemed simple to me, but I'm unable to solve it on my own.
Suppose I am drawing k numbers out of n numbers labeled from 1 to n.
Considering all ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

873 views

### Which $n$ maximize $G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$?

By Robin's theorem
$$G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$$
is bounded by $e^\gamma \approx 1.78107241799$ for $n>5040$ assuming Riemann hypothesis .
For $n=\mathrm {lcm} (1,2 \dots k)$, $G(n)$ ...

**-3**

votes

**2**answers

662 views

### An interesting, simple, sequence - surprised to find little material. [closed]

I've been considering this sequence:
$$1,2,3,6,12,24,48,96,192,...$$
I've generated the sequence from the rule
$$V_n=\sum_{0\leq i \lt n} V_i$$
$$V_0=1; V_1=2V_0=V_0+V_0$$
What interests me most, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

565 views

### Maximal number of edges and triangular cells for n points in a triangular lattice

Consider a subset of $n$ points in an equilateral triangular lattice. Draw all the edges between nearest-neighbor points.
What is the maximum, over all such subsets, of the number of edges? This ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Zeroes of the random Fibonacci sequence

Let X_n be the "random Fibonacci sequence," defined as follows:
$X_0 = 0, X_1 = 1$;
$X_n = \pm X_{n-1} \pm X_{n-2}$, where the signs are chosen by independent 50/50 coinflips.
It is known that ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Some unpublished notes of Hofstadter

I'm looking for some unpublished notes called "Eta Lore," which are apparently related to a talk Douglas Hofstadter first gave at the Stanford Math Club in 1963. I know these notes exist because ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

578 views

### Least Prime Factor in a sequence of 2n consecutive integers

I was thinking about consecutive integers and I wondered if anyone had done work exploring whether a sequence of $2n$ consecutive integers (i.e. 101,102,103,...,100+2n) always contains at least one ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

805 views

### A Pascal's-triangle -like random process

I was exploring Pascal's triangle on a cylinder when I encountered this puzzle-like problem.
It is surely elementary, but perhaps weekend-entertaining.
Start with a permutation of $(1,2,3, \ldots, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

552 views

### Is “OEIS A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated” efficiently computable $\mod 4$?

Is A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated efficiently computable $\mod 4$?
I am interested because of this relation with sum of divisors of $8n+1$.
$\sigma(8n+1) \equiv A001935(n) ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

652 views

### Up to $10^6$: $\sigma(8n+1) \mod 4 = OEIS A001935(n) \mod 4$ (Number of partitions with no even part repeated )

Up to $10^6$:
$\sigma(8n+1) \mod 4 = OEIS A001935(n) \mod 4$
A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated
Is this true in general?
It would mean relation between restricted partitions ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### Put as many points as possible in an equilateral triangle of side 1 with their minimal distance greater than 1/n

It is known by the pigeon-hole principle that:
If we select $5$ points within an equilateral triangle with side $1$, there must be at least two whose distance apart is less than or equal to $1/2$.
...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

613 views

### Can an integer or rational sequence satisfy some bounded order recurrence $\mod \ $ almost all primes but doesn't satisfy such in $\mathbb{Q}$?

Can an integer or rational sequence satisfy some bounded order recurrence $\mod \ $ almost all primes but doesn't satisfy such in $\mathbb{Q}$?
The recurrences $\mod p$ can be different, possibly ...