**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Is $p$ is square modulo $F_p$ when $p=4k+1 > 5$?

$F_n$ are the Fibonacci numbers.
In On computing factors of cyclotomic polynomials p.1 for odd square-free $n>1$ the cyclotomic polynomial $\Phi_n(x)$
satisfies:
$$ 4 \Phi_n(x)=A_n(x)^2 - ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Tower-of-squares sequence divides linear recurrent A001921 sequence?

Let $(a_n)$ be the A001921 sequence
$$
a_0 = 0,\ a_1 = 7, \quad a_{n+2} = 14a_{n+1} - a_n + 6.
$$
Let $(b_k)$ be the (almost)"tower-of-squares" sequence defined by
$$
b_0=2, \quad ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### When is the ratio of Jacobi theta functions algebraic?

Probably this is well known.
$\theta_2$ and $\theta_3$ are Jacobi theta functions
as defined in mathworld (31) and (32).
For natural $n$ define
$$ f(n) = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Arbitrarily large $n$ divides $F_n$

Is it true that there exists $n \in \mathbb{N}$ with arbitrarily many prime factors such that $n$ divides $F_n$, where $F_n$ represents the n-th Fibonacci number?

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Decimal digits multiplied by powers of 2: leads to mod 8? [closed]

This is more a puzzle than a research question,
a puzzle to me. Perhaps it is straightforward for others.
Imagine Repeatedly interpreting a number
expressed with the usual base-$10$ digits
as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Regular graphs with unimodal subdegrees that are not distance-regular

Distance regular graphs are known to exhibit the following property: starting from an arbitrary vertex $\alpha$, let $k_i$ denote the number of vertices at distance $i$ from $\alpha$ (in terms of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

174 views

### A square-squareroot integer race sequence involving primes

I wonder what is the expected behavior of this process?
Let
$f^2_{\mathrm{next}}(n) =$ the next prime after $n^2$.
$g_{\mathrm{sqrt}}(n) = \lfloor \sqrt{n} \rfloor$.
Now iterate as ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

927 views

### Can we find lattice polyhedra with faces of area 1,2,3,…?

I asked this question two months ago on MSE, where it earned the rare
Tumbleweed badge for garnering zero votes, zero answers, and 25 views over 61 days.
Perhaps justifiably so! Here I repeat it with ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

389 views

### More asymptotics for trees

This is a follow up to my recent question on the asymptotics of A003238. Lucia gave a fine answer to that question, but as I hinted the 'real' problem I have in mind is slightly different, and I've ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Are the asymptotics of A003238 known?

Sequence A003238 of the OEIS counts ``rooted trees with $n$ vertices in which vertices at the same level have the same degree.'' The sequence, $a$, begins
1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 16, ...
and it is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### Flow of an integer

I've stumbled across this family of flow networks, and posted the sequence of maximal flows to OEIS: A238729. I can't find any reference to it either. Has anyone seen it?
Here is the description:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Number of Permutation with at-most K cycles . (Elements Repeated) [duplicate]

I have N numbers (repetition possible) and I have to count the number of permutations of these N numbers whose inversion vector consist of at-most 'k' 0's.
https://oeis.org/A130534
This Sequence is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

181 views

### Infinitely many sufficiently large powers in linear recurrences

Edit Aaron solved the original question with the
fourth order $$ a(n)=n2^n+\frac{(-1)^n-1^n}{2} $$
trying to make the question harder.
Let $a(n)$ be a linear recurrence with constant coefficients,
of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

274 views

### A question concerning the strange arithmetic derivation

This question is related to Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation. The original question whether an unbounded sequence of iterates exists is still unanswered.
$$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Is there a linear recurrence with infinitely many zeros, conjecturally infinitely many primes and non-zero terms of exponential growth?

Let $a_n$ be a linear recurrence with integer constant coefficients
and initial values.
Is it possible $a_n$ to satisfy all of these:
$a_n = 0$ infinitely often.
if $a_n \ne 0$, $ | a_n |$ is of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Asymptotic behavior of the sequence $u_n = u_{n-1}^2-n$

I am currently interested in the following sequence:
$$\begin{cases}u_0 & = & \alpha\\u_n & = & u_{n-1}^2-n\end{cases}$$ where $\alpha > C \approx 1.75793275... $ with $C$ being the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Sequences with integral variances

This is a companion to my earlier question,
Sequences with integral means.
This new question is, frankly, not as interesting, but it feels necessary to complete
the thought.
Let $V(n)$ be the ...

**20**

votes

**5**answers

640 views

### Sequences with integral means

Let $S(n)$ be the sequence whose first element is $n$, and from then onward,
the next element is the smallest natural number ${\ge}1$ that ensures that the
mean of all the numbers in the sequence is ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

713 views

### Is the sequence $a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$ always composite for $n > 5$?

Numerical evidence suggests the following.
For $c \in \mathbb{N}, c > 2$ define the sequence $a_n$ by
$a_0=0,a_1=1, \; a_n=c a_{n-1} - a_{n-2}$
For $ 5 < n < 500, \; 2 < c < 100$ ...

**49**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Strange (or stupid) arithmetic derivation

Let us consider the following operation on positive integers: $$n=\prod_{i=1}^{k}p_i^{\alpha_i} \qquad f(n):= \prod_{i=1}^{k}\alpha_ip_i^{\alpha_i-1}$$ (Is it true that if we apply this operation to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### What is a description of winning strategies in this tile game?

I'm hoping someone can help me figure out how to describe all winning strategies for "Player 1" in the following game:
Consider a board with $n$ tiles arranged in a row. Player 1 and Player 2 each ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

330 views

### Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$.
The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$.
Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

144 views

### Databases for sequences indexed by partitions

Is there a database for sequences indexed by partitions similar to Sloane's OEIS? I mean, I am aware that in the OEIS there are some arrays indexed by partitions, but I feel as though most of such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### Nested Sequence of Integers

In some combinatorial research I came across the following nested sequence:
$$\{a_n\}=\{1,1,3,1,7,3,17,1,35,7,77,3,157,17,331,1,663,35,1361,7,2729,77,5535,3,11073, \dots\}$$
which is not in the OEIS. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

344 views

### Number of Configurations in the optimal Hanoi tower

There is a unique strategy how to move $n$ disks from the first rod to the second optimally and it takes $2^n-1$ steps, solution is obtained by simple recursion. I am interested into the following ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

186 views

### sequence, such that sum of any combinations in the sequence does not equal another [closed]

Hi,
Is there any known sequence such that the sum of a combination of one subsequence never equals another subsequence sum. The subsequences should have elements only from the parent sequence.
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

541 views

### Is OEIS A007018 really a subsequence of squarefree numbers?

A comment in A007018 a(n) = a(n-1)^2 + a(n-1), a(0)=1 claims
Subsequence of squarefree numbers (A005117). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 15 2004
Is it really so?
As far as I know, it is open problem ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

898 views

### sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

512 views

### For any prime $p$, is there $C$ such that if $x\ge C$, then all but one integer among $x+1, x+2, \dots, x+p$ has Greatest Prime Factor $> p$

I apologize if this is a naive question about greatest prime factors (gpf). I was thinking about the sequence of integers where $\mathrm{gpf}(x) \le p$ where $p$ is any prime.
Clearly, as $x$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

286 views

### Maximal difference between k randomly drawn numbers from 1 to n – Looking for formula to sequence

Hello!
I have an interesting problem that seemed simple to me, but I'm unable to solve it on my own.
Suppose I am drawing k numbers out of n numbers labeled from 1 to n.
Considering all ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

808 views

### Which $n$ maximize $G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$?

By Robin's theorem
$$G(n)=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log \log n}$$
is bounded by $e^\gamma \approx 1.78107241799$ for $n>5040$ assuming Riemann hypothesis .
For $n=\mathrm {lcm} (1,2 \dots k)$, $G(n)$ ...

**-3**

votes

**2**answers

650 views

### An interesting, simple, sequence - surprised to find little material. [closed]

I've been considering this sequence:
$$1,2,3,6,12,24,48,96,192,...$$
I've generated the sequence from the rule
$$V_n=\sum_{0\leq i \lt n} V_i$$
$$V_0=1; V_1=2V_0=V_0+V_0$$
What interests me most, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

527 views

### Maximal number of edges and triangular cells for n points in a triangular lattice

Consider a subset of $n$ points in an equilateral triangular lattice. Draw all the edges between nearest-neighbor points.
What is the maximum, over all such subsets, of the number of edges? This ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Zeroes of the random Fibonacci sequence

Let X_n be the "random Fibonacci sequence," defined as follows:
$X_0 = 0, X_1 = 1$;
$X_n = \pm X_{n-1} \pm X_{n-2}$, where the signs are chosen by independent 50/50 coinflips.
It is known that ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

969 views

### Some unpublished notes of Hofstadter

I'm looking for some unpublished notes called "Eta Lore," which are apparently related to a talk Douglas Hofstadter first gave at the Stanford Math Club in 1963. I know these notes exist because ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

553 views

### Least Prime Factor in a sequence of 2n consecutive integers

I was thinking about consecutive integers and I wondered if anyone had done work exploring whether a sequence of $2n$ consecutive integers (i.e. 101,102,103,...,100+2n) always contains at least one ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

786 views

### A Pascal's-triangle -like random process

I was exploring Pascal's triangle on a cylinder when I encountered this puzzle-like problem.
It is surely elementary, but perhaps weekend-entertaining.
Start with a permutation of $(1,2,3, \ldots, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

528 views

### Is “OEIS A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated” efficiently computable $\mod 4$?

Is A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated efficiently computable $\mod 4$?
I am interested because of this relation with sum of divisors of $8n+1$.
$\sigma(8n+1) \equiv A001935(n) ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

639 views

### Up to $10^6$: $\sigma(8n+1) \mod 4 = OEIS A001935(n) \mod 4$ (Number of partitions with no even part repeated )

Up to $10^6$:
$\sigma(8n+1) \mod 4 = OEIS A001935(n) \mod 4$
A001935 Number of partitions with no even part repeated
Is this true in general?
It would mean relation between restricted partitions ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

554 views

### Put as many points as possible in an equilateral triangle of side 1 with their minimal distance greater than 1/n

It is known by the pigeon-hole principle that:
If we select $5$ points within an equilateral triangle with side $1$, there must be at least two whose distance apart is less than or equal to $1/2$.
...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

604 views

### Can an integer or rational sequence satisfy some bounded order recurrence $\mod \ $ almost all primes but doesn't satisfy such in $\mathbb{Q}$?

Can an integer or rational sequence satisfy some bounded order recurrence $\mod \ $ almost all primes but doesn't satisfy such in $\mathbb{Q}$?
The recurrences $\mod p$ can be different, possibly ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Conjecture on signed sum of integer fractions x/y from 1..N?

Here is a generalization of an integer challenge that was asked on Yahoo!Answers in 2009, I believe it could be original, defies induction and has exponential-complexity. Not aware of any theory that ...

**10**

votes

**11**answers

2k views

### Longest coinciding pair of integer sequences known

There are arbitrarily many pairs of integer sequences (of arbitrary origins) that coincide upto an $N$ but differ for an $n > N$. I assume, the coincidence will be considered accidentally then by ...