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### Complex conjugate and unitary complex conjugate

Definition: Let V be complex finite dimensional inner product space Complex Conjugate: $J$ is called complex conjugate on V iff $(i) J$ is antilinear $(ii) J^2 =I$ Definition: Anti-unitary Complex ...
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### Different inner products for vector spaces of random variables

The inner product that appears in most books on probability is the covariance $\langle X,Y \rangle = E[XY]$ (considering that $X$ and $Y$ are zero mean real random variables). Are there other inner ...
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### A Hilbert-space completion of a Hilbert $C^{*}$-module over a separable $C^{*}$-algebra

Let $B$ be a separable $C^{*}$-algebra and $\mathcal{E}$ a Hilbert $B$-module. We know that $B$ has a faithful state $\phi$. Using $\phi$, we can construct a $\mathbb{C}$-valued pre-...
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### Nonadjointable Equivariant Operators on Hermitian Vector Bundles

Let $V$ be an equivalent complex vector bundle over a homogeneous space $X$, and $D:\Gamma^\infty(V) \to \Gamma^\infty(V)$ an equivariant operator. If we put a Riemann structure on $X$, and an ...
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### Is the Hodge Map Unitary?

Let $(V,< \cdot, \cdot >)$ be an inner product space over a field ${K}$. As usual, we can extend $< \cdot, \cdot >$ to a mapping on the exterior algebra of $V$ using the usual matrix ...
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### A property that forces the NORM to be induced by an INNER PRODUCT

Let $(E, \|\cdot\|)$ be a real normed vector space such that for any $a,b\in E$, $$\|x +y\|^2 + \|x-y\|^2 \geq 4 \|x\|\cdot \|y\|$$ I want to show that the norm is induced by an inner product. Any ...
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### Classifying all Equivariant Bilinear Forms on a Finite-Dimensional Module

Given a finite dimensional (real) vector space $V$, and two non-degenerate bilinear forms $(\cdot,\cdot)_1$ and $(\cdot,\cdot)_2$, one can use a basic linear algebra argument to show that there exists ...
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### Almost orthogonal vectors in subsets of euclidean space

Given the vector space $\mathbb{R}^n$, endowed with the standard inner (dot) product $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle:\mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, the problem of almost-orthogonal sets ...
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### Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello, I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it. I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...
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### Functional Analysis Generalizations: indeterminated inner product and functions over manifolds

There are books or articles that deal with generalizations of functional analysis in the sense that the inner product need not be positive-definite or that works with functions over manifolds?
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### How does the Schmidt decomposition generalize to tensor products of several finite-dimensional systems?

Let $n,d_1,\ldots,d_n > 1$ be integers, and $V_1, \ldots, V_n$ be inner product spaces over $\mathbb C$, having dimensions $d_1, \ldots, d_n$ respectively. We consider the ways in which we may ...
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### Unitary representations of Quantum Groups

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and let $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$ be some incarnation of the quantized universal enveloping algebra of $\mathfrak{g}$; here I am ...
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### Inner product spaces, Siegel's theorem and lattices: book suggestion

Background: I am a theoretical computer scientist (PhD candidate) and have done graduate level courses in Algebra. I want to understand the following theorem from the book "Symmetric Bilinear Forms" ...
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### An inner product that makes the R-matrix unitary

So, if you talk to the right people, they will tell you that the braiding of the category of representations of a quantum group are not unitary and that one can fix this by taking a different commutor ...
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### Can finitely many hermitian (positive-semidefinite) operators always be embedded into a small dimensional space preserving inner product?

Given $n$ hermitian (positive-semidefinite) operators $Q_1,\cdots,Q_n$ in finite dimensional Hilbert space (the dimension can be very large), is there a mapping $\phi$ maps $Q_i$ to $P_i$, which ...
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### Why do inner products require conjugation?

For Hermitian matrices and operators, the most "natural" inner product is $f^H \cdot g$ or $\int f^* g\; dx$. A similar situation holds interpreting Fourier transforms as the inner product of ...
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### Hash functions and inner product

Hi all, As a part of a research I'm working on (involving derandomization of linear threshold functions), I'm trying to understand the following problem: Is there a small (polynomial rather than ...
Given two finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces $U, V,$ a linear transformation $T:U\to V$ contracts the inner product if for all $x,y \in U,$ $$\langle x,y \rangle_U \ge \langle Tx, Ty\rangle_V.$$ ...