Risking to be downvoted, here is a very lightweight question. In various fields - say, algebraic geometry, nonstandard analysis, synthetic differential geometry - infinitely small quantities, i. e. ...
In the context of $R(\varepsilon)$ or more broad fields, Levi-Civita field or $No(\omega_1)$, how can we obtain the graphics of functions on the infinitesimal range? For instance, it is alleged that ...
Suppose a function that has a pole in $x=0$: Here we see the graphic of the real part of the Gamma function. As we can see on it, there is a vertical line at $x=0$ that comes from $-\infty$ to ...
This is a reference request prompted by some intriguing comments made by Felix Klein. In 1908, Felix Klein formulated a criterion of what it would take for a theory of infinitesimals to be ...
Abraham Robinson worked in applied mathematics for several decades. MathSciNet lists 12 articles by Robinson in wing theory. His production included the book Robinson, A.; Laurmann, J. A. Wing ...
Recall that a Weil algebra is a finite-dimensional real unital algebra that admits exactly one homomorphism to R. Such algebras form the basis of the Weil approach to differential geometry, pioneered ...
I posted this question to stackexchange and after 24 hours it's got five votes and no answers, so let's see if mathoverflow can say more than that. Consider two propositions in geometry: ...