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### Hilbert's Hotel

Hilbert's Hotel is a famous story about infinity attributed to David Hilbert (1862-1943).
Is it documented that Hilbert's Hotel is in fact due to Hilbert, and if yes, where?

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### Example of Graph [on hold]

First of all, I review some terms and notations. A 1-way infinite path is called a ray, a 2-way infinite path is a double ray, and the subrays of a ray or double ray are its tails. Two rays in a graph ...

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### A Question Regarding Weak Diamond

In Assaf Rinot's survey article "Jenson's diamond principle and its relatives", he proves the following fact:
Fact 2.5:For every stationary set S, $\Phi_{S}$...entails that no ladder system ...

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### A “good scale” that is not really a scale

I don't know much about singular cardinal combinatorics, so I apologize in advance if I write something that is wrong or looks funny. First let me recall some basic definitions.
Let $\lambda$ be a ...

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### Does the symmetric group on an infinite set have a minimal generating set?

To clarify the terms in the question above:
The symmetric group Sym($\Omega$) on a set $\Omega$ consists of all bijections from $\Omega$ to $\Omega$ under composition of functions. A generating set ...

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### On Consistency of an Existence

Let $\omega \leq \kappa <2^{\omega}$ , $\omega \leq\lambda \leq \kappa$ and $D(\kappa, \lambda)$ be the statement:
For all $ \mathfrak{B} \subseteq \mathbf{P}(\omega)$ with ...

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### regularity of ultrafilters

An ultrafilter $U$ is $(\mu,\kappa)$-regular if there is a sequence $\langle X_\alpha : \alpha < \kappa \rangle \subseteq U$ such that for all $y \in [\kappa]^\mu$, $\bigcap_{\alpha \in y} X_\alpha ...

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### Order homomorphism functions on $\omega_1$

Let $\omega_1$ be the first uncountable ordinal,
same as the set of all countable ordinals.
Let $F$ be the set of all functions
$f$ from $\omega_1$ minus singleton $0$ into $\omega_1$ that
are (a) ...

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### If $G \times G \cong H \times H$, then is $G \cong H$? [duplicate]

Let $G,H$ groups. Suppose that $G \times G \cong H \times H$. Then is necessarily $G \cong H$?
I know that if $G,H$ are finite groups then it is true (you show that the map $FinGrp \rightarrow ...

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### How to show that the chromatic number > aleph_0

Let $V =\{ f | \exists _{\alpha<\omega_1} ( f:\alpha \rightarrow \mathbb{N} \wedge f $ is $ 1-1) \}$. We define $E\subseteq [V]^2 $, such that $\forall_{f,g\in V } (<f,g>\in E ...

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### A special c.c.c forcing notion and adding minimal generic reals

This question is related to my question "Forcing with c.c.c forcing notions, Cohen reals and Random reals".
A natural way to answer Prikry's conjecture is to build a c.c.c. forcing notion which adds ...

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### Weak threads in $\square (\kappa, <\kappa)$ sequences

The following definition is well known ($\kappa$ is regular uncountable cardinal):
Definition: a sequence $\mathcal{C} = \langle \mathcal{C}_\alpha | \alpha < \kappa,\,\alpha \text{ limit ...

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### Adding large sets not containing countable ground model sets

The question is motivated by Toni's question "Approximation of infinite set in generic extension" (see Approximation of infinite set in generic extension).
Before I state the question, let me add ...

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### About non-stationary sets of $\omega_1$

Suppose $A$ is a non stationary set of $\omega_1$. Define by induction the following sequence of sets:\
$A_0 = A$
$A_{\alpha+1} = A_{\alpha}'$ [$X'$ is the subset of $X$, of all points the are ...

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### Separation of almost disjoint families by ground model almost disjoint families

Suppose that $V$ is a model of $\sf ZFC$, and for concreteness I should point that at this point I am interested in $V=L$ as a ground model.
Suppose that $V[c]$ is a Cohen extension of $V$ where $c$ ...

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### Are there insane families in $L$?

Let $A,B\subseteq\omega$. We write $A\subseteq^*B$ if $A\setminus B$ is finite, if additionally $B\setminus A$ is infinite then we write $A\subsetneq^*B$, otherwise we write $A=^*B$.
We say that a ...

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### Hrushovski's Construction

Zilber expressed a conjecture for $\aleph_{1}$- categorical theories (In the 80s).
Zilber's Conjecture: The geometry of any $\aleph_{1}$- categorical structure is one of the following:
(a) Trivial ...

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### Is there a monster behind the trees?

First Fix the following notation:
$\forall \kappa\in Card~~~Tp(\kappa):="\kappa~has~tree~property"$
The large cardinals as "monsters of heaven" live everywhere in the land of ...

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### Hindman's theorem variant for noncommutative semigroups

The well set proof of Hindman's finite sums theorem applied to noncommutative semigroups yields a sequence of elements such that finite products ordered coherently with this sequence are in one set. ...

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### A problem about Ramsey Property

It is known that Ramsey property is a kind of generalizition of pigeon hole principle, and some kinds of Ramsey properties have lots of equivalent forms.
We often deal with the case $a\rightarrow ...

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### Determinacy from $\omega_1\rightarrow(\omega_1)^{\omega_1}$

Assuming the Axiom of Determinacy (abbreviated AD), Martin showed how to derive a rather strong partition on $\omega_1$, namely that $\omega_1\rightarrow(\omega_1)^{\omega_1}$. In "Infinitary ...

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### Countable coloring of a plane

How does one prove existence decomposition of $R^2$ for countable many subsets $A(n)$
s
.t.$\forall$ $x,y$ $\epsilon$ $A(n)$ $|x-y|$ is nonrational?
I tried thinking of $R^2$ as infinite tree with ...

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### Does every strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers contain arbitrarily long, finite subsequences which are “sort of increasing” or “sort of decreasing” (as defined below)?

Is the following true?
If $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ is a strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers, then there exist fixed $M,N \geq 1$ such that the sequence $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ ...

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### Partition calculus question

For $m,n,k < \omega$, consider the equation
$X \to (\omega \times k)^{m}_{n}$
What is the smallest $X$ known to satisfy it?
Baumgartner-Hajnal theorem gives a satisfactory answer for $m=2$, but ...

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### Size of stationary sets

What can we say about the size of stationary subsets of $P_{\kappa}(\lambda)$ for infinite cardinals $\kappa, \lambda,$ especially when $\kappa=\aleph_1.$
Please give me some references, if there are ...

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### Game involving 'asking questions about a real'

Consider the following game, played by two players,
called Q and A, in a time frame t = 1, 2, ....
At every time point i, Q mentions some $Q_i \subset \mathbb{R}$,
after which A mentions $A_i$ such ...

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### Combinatorial Hilbert spaces

Any closed subspace $V\subset {\ell}^2(\omega)$ has associated to it a subset ${\cal S}_V$ of ${\cal P}(\omega)$, call it a combinatorial Hilbert space, namely the set of all supports of all vectors ...

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### failure of $\square(\kappa)$ at an inaccessible $\kappa$

How can we force the failure of $\square(\kappa)$ at an inaccessible $\kappa$, where
$\square(\kappa)$ is defined as follows: There is a sequence $(C_i:i< \kappa)$ such that:
(1) $C_{i+1} = ...