The inequalities tag has no usage guidance.

**27**

votes

**6**answers

21k views

### Determinant of sum of positive definite matrices

Say $A$ and $B$ are symmetric, positive definite matrices.
I've proved that $\det(A+B) \ge \det(A) + \det(B)$ in the case that $A$ and $B$ are two dimensional.
Is this true in general for $n$-...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

785 views

### A spectral inequality for positive-definite matrices

Question. Given a positive-definite $n \times n$ matrix $A = (a_{ij})$ with eigenvalues
$$
\lambda_1 \leq \cdots \leq \lambda_n ,
$$
is there a sharp upper bound for the product $\lambda_2 \cdots \...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### This inequality why can't solve it by now (Only four variables inequality)?

I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, only johannesvalks give Part of the answer; A few months ago, I asked the author(Pham kim Hung) in Facebook, he said that ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Bounding the absolute sum of entries of the inverse of a 0-1 matrix

I have a non-singular square 0-1 matrix and I want to bound the sum of absolute values of its inverse as a function of n (or the vector 1-norm).
Asymptotic results are also useful.
Does anyone know ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### Generalized Hlawka inequality

Let $E$ be a vector space over the real (the complex case is interesting too). We consider functions $f:E\rightarrow\mathbb R$ which satisfy the homogeneity property
$$f(\lambda x)=|\lambda|\,f(x).$$
...

**31**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### A curious determinantal inequality

In my study, I come across the following curious inequality, which I do not know a proof yet (so I am asking it here).
Let $A, B$ be $n\times n$ (Hermitian) positive definite matrices. It is very ...

**39**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Absolute value inequality for complex numbers

I asked this question on stackexchange, but despite much effort on my part have been unsuccesful in finding a solution.
Does the inequality
$$2(|a|+|b|+|c|) \leq |a+b+c|+|a+b-c|+|a+c-b|+|b+c-a|$$
...

**36**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### The sum of squared logarithms conjecture

I am searching for the first proof of (or counterexample to) the following conjecture.
(The sum of squared logarithms conjecture)
For all natural numbers $n$ and positive numbers $x_1,x_2, \ldots , ...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### the following inequality is true，but I can't prove it

The inequality is
\begin{equation*}
\sum_{k=1}^{2d}\left(1-\frac{1}{2d+2-k}\right)\frac{d^k}{k!}>e^d\left(1-\frac{1}{d}\right)
\end{equation*}
for all integer $d\geq 1$. I use computer to verify ...

**30**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### An Entropy Inequality

Let $X,Y$ be probability measures on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$, and set $K=\sum_i\sqrt{X(i)Y(i)}$ so that $Z:=\frac{1}{K}\sqrt{XY}$ is also a probability measure on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$. How can we prove the ...

**26**

votes

**0**answers

549 views

### Finding a path through real rooted polynomials

This is a lemma I wanted in order to solve Patrizio Neff's conjecture. It turned out to be the wrong way to think about it, but I am still curious if it is true.
Let $z^n+a_{n-1} z^{n-1} + \cdots + ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

658 views

### An inequality concerning Lagrange's identity

we know Lagrange's identity
$$(a^2_{1}+a^2_{2}+a^2_{3})(b^2_{1}+b^2_{2}+b^2_{3})=(a_{1}b_{1}+a_{2}b_{2}+a_{3}b_{3})^2+\sum_{i=1}^{2}\sum_{j=i+1}^{3}(a_{i}b_{j}-a_{j}b_{i})^2$$
then we have Cauchy-...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### General bound for the number of subgroups of a finite group

I am interested in the following:
Let $G$ be a finite group of order $n$. Is there an explicit function $f$ such that
$|s(G)| \leq f(n)$ for all $G$ and for all natural numbers $n$, where $s(G)$ ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Curious inequality

Set
$$
g(x)=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{1}{x^{2k+1}+1} \quad \text{for} \quad x>1.
$$
Is it true that
$$
\frac{x^{2}+1}{x(x^{2}-1)}+\frac{g'(x)}{g(x)}>0 \quad \text{for}\quad x>1?
$$
The ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### A possible extension of a determinant inequality

It is well known that if $A, B$ are positive semidefinite matrices, then $$\det (A+B)\ge \det A+\det B.$$
I am considering a possible extension of this result. Let $\mathbb{M}_m(\mathbb{M}_n)$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

621 views

### Inequality regarding sum of gaussian on lattices

When S is a subset of an inner product space, let d(S) denote ${\sum\limits_{s \in S} e^{- \langle s,s \rangle}}$
Suppose L is a discrete additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R^n}$, M is a subgroup of L, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

792 views

### Ratio sum comparison on operators

It is known by the Lidskii inequality, that $\sum_{i=1}^n \left|s_i(S)-s_i(T)\right|\le\sum_{i=1}^n s_i(S+T)$,
where $s_i(S)$ is the $i$-th singular value of $S$.
How would one prove that
$$\sum_{i=1}^...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### An inequality for the spectral radius of matrices used by J. Bochi

I am interested in the history of an inequality for the spectral radius of a $d\times d$ real or complex matrix, which occurs in Jairo Bochi's 2002 article Inequalities for numerical invariants of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$:
$\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq \frac{(a+...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Proving a certain $ C^{*} $-algebraic inequality

Let $ A $ be a non-unital $ C^{*} $-algebra. Is there an ‘elementary’ way to prove, for all $ (a,\lambda) \in A \times \mathbb{C} $, the inequality
$$
|\lambda| \leq \sup_{b \in A, ~ \| b \| \leq 1} \|...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

313 views

### Maximization of a total variation distance subject to another total variation distance in Markov chain

Suppose two dependent random variables $X$ and $V$ from finite alphabets $\mathcal{V}$ and $\mathcal{X}$ with known joint and marginal distributions are given. Let $P_{XV}$ and $P_X$ and $P_V$ are the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Moments of a random variable and of its conditional expectation

Let $X$ be a bounded random variable with $\mathbb{E}X=0$. Since $X$ is bounded, all its moments exist. Let $\mathcal{G}$ be any $\sigma$-field and let $Y:=\mathbb{E}[X|\mathcal{G}].$ I am interested ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### inequality in a shape of inclusion exclusion formula

I have two inequalities to show, both of which describe some probabilities. First I know how to handle, and it follows from applying arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality:
consider 9 numbers $a_1,a_2,...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Subset of vectors whose sum has a large norm

In Rudin - Real & Complex Analysis we have the following
Lemma 6.3. If $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in \mathbb{C}$ then there is a subset $S \subseteq \{1,\ldots,n\}$ for which
$$\left|\sum_{k \in S} z_k\...

**11**

votes

**6**answers

702 views

### Identities and inequalities in analysis and probability

Usually, at the heart of a good limit theorem in probability theory is at least one good inequality – because, in applications, a topological neighborhood is usually defined by inequalities. Of course,...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Generalization of Popoviciu's inequality

Popoviciu's inequality states that for convex $f$ and numbers $x_1,x_2,x_3$, we have
$f(x_1)+f(x_2) + f(x_3) + 3\cdot f(\frac{x_1+x_2+x_3}3) \geq 2\cdot f(\frac{x_1+x_2}2)+2\cdot f(\frac{x_1+x_3}2)+2\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Upper bound for a Selberg-type integral over a rectangular region

(Cross-posted from math-SE).
I am trying to estimate the values of the following integral for large $n$,
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_{j}-x_{i})^{2}\,\prod_{j=1}^{n}e^{-...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

672 views

### Logarithm of AM/GM ratio: $\sqrt{\log((x+y)/(2\sqrt{xy}))}$

Recently, while playing around with infinite-divisibility, i arrived at the following metric:
$$d(x,y) := \sqrt{\log\left(\frac{x+y}{2\sqrt{xy}}\right)},$$
defined for positive reals $x$ and $y$. ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

565 views

### The Bombieri Vinogradov Theorem restricted to moduli divisible by $k$

The Bombieri-Vinogradov Theorem states that given $A>0$, there exists $B>0$ such that for $Q=\sqrt{x}\left(\log x\right)^{-B},$ we have $$\sum_{q\leq Q}\max_{y\leq x}\max_{\begin{array}{c}
a\...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

333 views

### Minimum of squared sum minus sum of squares

I know that
$$
\min_{\|x\|_2=1=\|y\|_2} \left(\sum_{k=1}^nx_ky_k\right)^2-\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2y_k^2 \geq -1/2
$$
with equality whenever $|x_k|=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}=|y_k|$ for two coordinates.
I'm ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### The values of $n$ which satisfy an inequality about prime numbers

For which values of $n$ does the following inequality hold for?
$$2(n-2) < Ap_n\prod_{i=3}^n \left(\frac{p_i-1}{p_i}\right)$$
$p$ are prime numbers and the notation $p_i$ indicates the $i$-...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

167 views

### Inequality from a point in plane to a triangle OR Inequality on a quadrilateral

If points $A$, $B$, $C$ form a triangle in euclidean space and $D$ is another point in the plane of the triangle, the problem is to show that :
$\frac{AB}{DA + DB} + \frac{BC}{DB + DC} \ge \frac{AC}{...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Concentration inequalities in $\ell_{\infty}$ for sums of iid random (“nice”) functions?

I'm looking for "tail-bound-like" inequalities that look like this (I state a specific setting but more general settings are interesting):
Let $D$ be a distribution on a set of "nice" functions $g$...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### A generalization of Erdős–Mordell inequality [on hold]

I proposed my conjecture generalization of Erdős–Mordell inequality as following:
Let $A_1A_2....A_n$ be a polygon in a plane, $P$ be the point in $A_1A_2....A_n$. Let $d_i$ be the distances from $P$ ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

734 views

### a “reverse Hadamard inequality”

Is there an inequality of the form $|\det(A)| \geq F(v_1, \ldots, v_n)$ for a real $n\times n$-matrix $A$ with columns $v_i$, $F \geq 0$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### A similar Cauchy-Schwarz inequality with linear-algebra

Let $A$ be matrix in $M_{n}$ (i.e., $n\times n$ complex matrices), and $\|A\|\le 1$, we call it a contraction.
Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions such that
$I-AA^*$ and $I-BB^*$ are positive-...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

217 views

### Estimating a Selberg-type integral (or a Fredholm determinant)

I am concerned with the asymptotical behavior of integrals like this for large $n$
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_{j}-x_{i})^{2}\,\prod_{j=1}^{n}e^{-x_{j}^{2}}dx_{j},$$
...