The inequalities tag has no wiki summary.

**18**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Maximum height of intersection of triangles

I'd like some advice regarding the following question, which I have been struggling with for long time.
Let's call the shaded region in the below $S_3$. It is the union of three congruent isosceles ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Maximizing the discrepancy in Jensen's inequality for a certain function

Let $\underline{b}=\{b_1,\dots,b_n\}$ be a fixed sequence of positive numbers, and let $a>0$ be a parameter.
Define
$$
D(a;\underline{b}):=\frac{1}{\frac{1}{na}+\frac{1}{\sum_{i=1}^n b_i}}
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Is the conditional expectation a contraction in weak $\mathbb L^p$ spaces?

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal F,\mu)$ be a probability space. It is well-known that if $\mathcal A$ is a sub-$\sigma$-algebra of $\mathcal F$, $p\geqslant 1$ and $X$ is an element of $\mathbb L^p$ which takes ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### Inequality regarding sum of gaussian on lattices

When S is a subset of an inner product space, let d(S) denote ${\sum\limits_{s \in S} e^{- \langle s,s \rangle}}$
Suppose L is a discrete additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R^n}$, M is a subgroup of L, ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Upper bounds for the sum of primes <= n

Let $s(n)$ denote the sum of primes less than or equal to n. Clearly, $s(n)$ is bounded from above by the sum of the first $n/2$ odd integers $+1$. $s(n)$ is also bounded by the sum of the first $n$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

591 views

### Are there such numbers?

Maybe better to ask for help on this question here: Are there eight numbers $0< x_{1},\ldots,x_{4},y_{1},\ldots,y_{4}<1$,
such that
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

43 views

### local bernstein type inequality for multivariate polynomials

Let's say $p(x_1,...,x_n)$ is an n-variate degree d homogenous polynomial. Assume $U \subset S^{n-1}$ and $ vol(U) > 0 $ is there any Bernstein type inequality saying
$$ \max_{x \in U , y \in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### Number of solutions in a sum of squares Diophantine equation

Let $n$ be an integer. I'm interested in upper bounding the number of integer solutions of
\begin{equation*}
x_1^2+x_2^2+\ldots+x_p^2=y_1^2+y_2^2+\ldots+y_p^2,
\end{equation*}
where for all ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality using fractional sobolev norm on the RHS

Using Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality, we can prove that:
$$\left| \int_0^1\int_0^1 |x-y|^{-\frac{1}{2}} f(x)f(y) \mathrm{d}x \mathrm{d}y \right| \leq C \left\| f \right\|_{L^{4/3}(0,1)}^2 \leq C ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

174 views

### Variance of truncated normal distribution

Let $ X \sim \mathcal{N} ( \mu, \sigma^2 ) $, $ - \infty \leqslant a < b \leqslant +\infty $ ($ a, b \ne \infty $ simultaneously) and $ Y $ has a truncated normal distribution on $ (a, b )$, i.e. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

89 views

### Entropy inequality

Let $P,Q$ be probabilities on a finite set $A$ with $Q(a)\gt 0$, for all $a\in A$, and let $H(P),H(Q)$ denote the entropy and Kullback-Leibler distance respectively.
Is it always true that
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

298 views

### Is $1/\max(i,j)$ a bounded matrix on Hilbert spaces?

I would like to know if the infinite matrix $[\frac{1}{\max(i,j)}]_{i,j\geq 1}$ represents a bounded operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{N}^\star)$.
It would be sufficient to know if the Lehmer matrix ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### A Poincare-Type Inequality and its generalization

Let $f(\theta)$ be a fixed positive $2\pi-$periodic $C^1$ function on $\mathbb{R}$ with $$\int_0^{2\pi}f(\theta)\cos\theta d\theta=\int_0^{2\pi}f(\theta)\sin\theta d\theta=0,$$
Does for any ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### generalized mean inequality extension

from generalized inequality, we now that for $p>q$, we have $M_p(\mathbf{x})\ge M_q(\mathbf{x})$. now I am curious to know if we can find a constant $\alpha(p,q)$ which is only function of $p,q$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### A “quadratic” triangular inequality

In a Euclidian space (Hermitian as well), say $\ell^2_n$, the following inequality holds true
$$(QI)\qquad |b|\cdot|c-a|\le|c|\cdot|a-b|+|a|\cdot|b-c|,\qquad\forall a,b,c\in\ell^2_n.$$
In other words, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

182 views

### Computing probability that $Ax\geq0$ where $x$ is a vector of iid gaussians and $A$ is matrix of $1$s and $0$s

This question came up in my research: What is the probability that $Ax\geq0$ where $x$ is a vector of iid gaussians and $A$ is matrix of $1$s and $0$s?
So far I only figured out that I can do Monte ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### A differential inequality and a special value

Let $G \colon [0,1] \to [0,1]$ be a monotonically decreasing function with $G(0) = 1$ and $G(1) = 0$. Suppose that $G$ is differentiable infinitely many times, and that: $$G(x)G''(X) \leq ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Estimating a Selberg-type integral (or a Fredholm determinant)

I am concerned with the asymptotical behavior of integrals like this for large $n$
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_{j}-x_{i})^{2}\,\prod_{j=1}^{n}e^{-x_{j}^{2}}dx_{j},$$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Upper bound for a Selberg-type integral over a rectangular region

(Cross-posted from math-SE).
I am trying to estimate the values of the following integral for large $n$,
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Inverse Ackermann Function

The inverse Ackermann function is defined over the natural numbers as follows: ($[x]$ means that we round up x to the nearest integer, while $\log^*$ is the iterated log function discussed here: ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Tail inequality for orthomartingales/martingale difference random fields

It is known that if $(S_i= \sum_{j \leqslant i }X_i, \mathcal F_i)$ is a martingale,
then for each
$
\beta>1$, $\delta\in (0,\beta-1)$ and $\lambda>0$, and each integer $N \geqslant 1$, the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### Bound on the sum of arguments

Problem: Show that for all real $s,t,u$ and all complex $z$ with $|z|<1$ one has
$$(*)\qquad \arg\frac{1-zf(s-u)}{1-zf(s+u)}
+\arg\frac{1-zf(t+u)}{1-zf(t-u)}<\pi,
$$
where $f$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### What are good bounds on ratios of subdeterminants?

Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix and $A_i$ be the matrix obtained from $A$ by dropping the $i^{th}$ row and column. Then what are some good bounds on the value of $\frac{det(A_i)}{det(A)}$ ?
Using the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

341 views

### More recently published comprehensive reference on inequalities in the spirit of Hardy-Littlewood-Pólya

Is there a comprehensive reference book on inequalities in the
spirit of the one written by G.H. Hardy, J.E. Littlewood, and G. Pólya(*), but more up-to-date (i.e., published in more recent years and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Symmetric inequality on generalized means

Do there exist two functions $f$ and $g$ continuous and strictly increasing $[0,1] \to \mathbf{R}$ such that
$$ f^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{3} f(x) + \frac{2}{3} f(y)\right)<g^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{3} g(x) + ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Bounds on Hilbert-Schmidt norm of difference of products of matrices

I suspect the following is well-known, but don't know of a reference (and it is not close to the area I normally work in).
I have two sequences of matrices $Q_{1},\ldots,Q_{k}$ and ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality:
If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then
$(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$.
It can be written also in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### Rademacher average based Hoeffding Inequality

I am following these lecture notes:
Given the i.i.d. $\mathcal{Z}$-valued random variables $Z_1,\dotsc,Z_m$ and $\mathcal{G}$ is a set of bounded functions $g\colon \mathcal{Z}\to[a,b]$.
Corollary ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### An inequality concerning non-negative integer matrices with constant row and column sums

[I posted this question on math.stackexchange a few weeks back, but no luck there so far: ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Inequality of the norm of the convolution in $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with symmetric decreasing rearrangement?

Is it true that
$$
||f*g||_p \le ||\,|f|^* * |g|^*||_p\quad ?
$$
where $|f|^*$ and $|g|^*$ are the symmetric decreasing rearrangements of the functions $|f|$ and $|g|$. Under what conditions on $f$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Proving a complicated inequality with powers of logarithms

I am currently formalising some results from complexity theory with a theorem prover. For that, I have to prove the following statement:
Let $p, b, \varepsilon \in \mathbb R$ with $\varepsilon>0$ ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

738 views

### Hölder's inequality for matrices

I was wondering if the Hölder's inequality was true for matrix induced norms, i.e. if
$$\|AB\|_1 \leq \|A\|_p\|B\|_q, \quad\forall p,q \in [1,\infty] \text{ s.t. } \tfrac{1}{p}+\tfrac{1}{q} = 1.$$
But ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Bound of spectral radius of polynomial of a complex matrix

I am trying to prove or disprove the following inequality.
$$ ||P(A)||_2\leq 2 \max_{\alpha\in W(A)}| P(\alpha)|,$$
where $P(\cdot)$ is a complex polynomial, $A\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Proving a certain $ C^{*} $-algebraic inequality

Let $ A $ be a non-unital $ C^{*} $-algebra. Is there an ‘elementary’ way to prove, for all $ (a,\lambda) \in A \times \mathbb{C} $, the inequality
$$
|\lambda| \leq \sup_{b \in A, ~ \| b \| \leq 1} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Characterisation of a matrix ordering property

Let $n$ be a positive integer; we consider all matrices mentioned henceforth to be $n$-by-$n$ matrices. Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices wherein all entries are nonnegative (such matrices will be called ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### General bound for the number of subgroups of a finite group

I am interested in the following:
Let $G$ be a finite group of order $n$. Is there an explicit function $f$ such that
$|s(G)| \leq f(n)$ for all $G$ and for all natural numbers $n$, where $s(G)$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

112 views

### Matrix Submodular Inequality

Given $a,b,x > 0$ I know following the submodularity property holds:
\begin{align}
\frac{1}{a} - \frac{1}{a+x} \geq \frac{1}{a+b} - \frac{1}{a+b+x}
\end{align}
My question is, does this property ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### An upper bound for the difference between arithmetic and harmonic mean

Let $a_i\gt0$ for all $1\le i\le n$. It is well known that
$$
\frac{a_1+a_2+\cdots+a_n}{n}-\frac{n}{\frac{1}{a_1}+\frac{1}{a_2}+\cdots+\frac{1}{a_n}}\ge0,
$$
with the equality when all $a_i$ are ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Lower bound for the $p$-th absolute moment of a sum of random variables

Suppose that $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ are independent random variables with $\operatorname E X_k=0$ and $\operatorname E |X_k|^p<\infty$ with $1<p<2$ for each $1\le k\le n$. I am interested in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

459 views

### Question on a proof by Solonnikov,Ladyzhenskaya,Ural'tseva

I have already asked this question on Mathematics SE, because I suppose that it is not research level. But I haven't got an answer, possibly here someone can answer.
Let $G(t,x)$ be the fundamental ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Is this parametric inequality true?

Puzzled by this still open question, I tried comparing the arithmetic mean $A(x,y)=(x+y)/2$ with a mean intermediate between a geometric-type mean $G(X)=(x^a y^{1-a}+x^{1-a} y^a)/2\;$ for $0\le a \le ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Inequality involving the side lengths of a quadrilateral

If $a$, $b$, $c$ and $d$ are the four sides of a quadrilateral, the problem is to show that $ab^2(b-c)+bc^2(c-d)+cd^2(d-a)+da^2(a-b)\ge 0$. I've verified it to be true for quite a large number of ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

805 views

### This inequality why can't solve it by now (Only four variables inequality)?

I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, only johannesvalks give Part of the answer; A few months ago, I asked the author(Pham kim Hung) in Facebook, he said that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### A “gradient” weak Harnack inequality for quasilinear elliptic equations

Suppose we are in the following loosely described setting:
we have a non-negative supersolution $h$ of the following elliptic equation:
\begin{equation}
\Delta h + \|\nabla h\|^2 + f(x) \geq 0
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Tools to bound the singular values of a finite sum of random matrices from below?

Matrix Chernoff bounds (see also this arXiv paper) are usually used to give upper bounds on the largest eigenvalue of a finite sum of random matrices. Sometimes it can also be used to give a lower ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

225 views

### Nepero game (by Yacov Perelman)

I have already posted this question time before on stackexchange, but didn't receive a definitive solution.
So this is the game: consider a positive integer number $n$ and divide it in a finite ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### this complex inequality have some background?and we can find stronger than this inequality?

Somedays ago,Chinese mathematical olympiad(2014) have this following problem:
Let $z_1,z_2,...,z_n$ be complex numbers satisfying $|z_i - 1| \leq r$ for some $r$ in $(0,1)$.
show that
...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

463 views

### Noncommutative arithmetic mean geometric mean inequality and symmetric polynomials

While analyzing convergence speed of stochastic-gradient methods for convex optimization problems, Recht et al (2011) posed a tantalizing conjecture. It seems quite tricky, so after having struggled a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

35 views

### An inequality concerning restricted isometry property

Let $A\in \mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ be a matrix and let us denote by $A_S$ the submatrix of $A$ with the columns restricted to a set $S\subset [n]:=\{1,2,\cdots, \ n\}$. Then one says that the matrix ...