# Tagged Questions

The inequalities tag has no wiki summary.

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**1**answer

324 views

### sobolev embedding theorem in the smooth metric measure space

we know the sobolev embedding theorem of Saloff-Coste
$\Big(\int_B|F|^{2q}d\mu\Big)^{\frac1q}\le e^{C(1+\sqrt KR)}V^{-2/n}R^2\int_B\Big(|\nabla F|^2+R^{-2}F^2\Big)d\mu
$
wtih $Ric\ge-(n-1)K$, for ...

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1k views

### Proving a messy inequality

EDIT:
After much work I was able to reduce the inequality to a single variable function which I need to show is non-positive. That function is (for $0\leq p\leq\frac{1}{2}$)
$$\frac{p^2(\log(p))^2 - ...

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**0**answers

286 views

### Does this inequality of negative relative entropy and quantum relative entropy hold?

Hello, everyone!
Question
I have a question about the relationship between general relative entropy and general quantum relative entropy: Given a unit vector $|i\rangle$ and two Hermitian matrices ...

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**1**answer

339 views

### Is it possible to extend this inequality about Euclidean distance &Frobenius norm to more general Bregman divergence such as relative entropy & von Neumann divergence?

Motivation- A Special Case
Supposing $A,B\in\mathbb{S}^{m\times m}$ are symmetric positive semi-definite (SPD) matrices and $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^m$ is a unit vector where $\|\mathbf{x}\|=1$, we ...

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**1**answer

216 views

### Is there relationship between $f\left({\sum_i(\mathbf{v}_i^\top\mathbf{x})^2\lambda_i},\sum_j{(\mathbf{u}_j^\top\mathbf{x})^2\theta_j}\right)$ and $\sum_i\sum_j{(\mathbf{v}_i^\top\mathbf{u}_j)^2f(\lambda_i,\theta_j)}$ if $f$ is jointly convex?

Hello, everyone!
As we know that by Jensen's inequality, for jointly convex function $f$ and $\sum_ix_i^2=1$, we have
...

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**0**answers

117 views

### Boundedness of Integral

Suppose we operate on the unit simplex $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with $0$ as a corner point.
Define the integral
$$
Iu(x):=\int_0^1 t^{|\beta|-1}x^\beta u(tx)\mathrm{d}t,\quad x\in \Delta
$$
and ...

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**0**answers

173 views

### Given a jointly convex function $f$, what is the bound of $f\left(\sum_ip_i^2x_i,\sum_jq_j^2y_j\right)$if $\mathbf{p},\mathbf{q}$ are constrained in a manifold?

Suppose there is a jointly convex function $f:\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}\in\mathbb{R}^m$ and ...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Determinant of a sum of two matrices (one dominating the other)

Let $A$ and $B$ be two $n \times n$ real matrices such that:
$\forall i, j: a_{ij} \geq 0, b_{ij} \geq 0$
let $a_\max$ be the largest entry of $A$ and $b_\min$ be the smallest nonzero entry of $B$; ...

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**1**answer

340 views

### A Hölder like inequality

If $0< a_1\le a_2\le \cdots \le a_n\le a_{n+1}$ and $p>1$, is it true that
...

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481 views

### A property of unimodal sequences

It is well-known that $(-1)^j \sum_{i=0}^j (-1)^i\binom{n}{i} \geq 0$. This inequality can be used to prove Bonferroni's inequalities for example. Recently I noticed that a similar inequality applies ...

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**2**answers

326 views

### Entropy conjecture for distributions over $\mathbb{Z}_n$

Suppose we have two independent random variables $X$ (with distribution $p_X$) and $Y$ (with distribution $p_Y$) which take values in the cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_n$. Let $Z = X +Y$, where the ...

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101 views

### Inequality involving BV norm and a regularizing kernel

In the same article by Benoit Perthame: http://www.mendeley.com/research/uniqueness-error-estimates-first-order-quasilinear-conservation-laws-via-kinetic-entropy-defect-measure/# (related to this ...

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622 views

### Bounding Euler products (or almost) by products of zeta functions

Let $s_1, s_2 \in (1/2,1\rbrack$. I would like to bound the product
$$A=\prod_p \left(1 + \frac{p^{-s_1} p^{-s_2}}{(1-p^{-s_1}+p^{-1}) (1-p^{-s_2}+p^{-1})}\right)$$
Now, I am almost positive that ...

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**0**answers

191 views

### Proving that an increasing iterative sequence increases at a decreasing rate

In this question
Proving a sequence of integrals increases (iterated minimax distributions)
Pietro Majer proved that
$$\int_0^1F_n(x) dx \leq \int_0^1F_{n+1}(x) dx$$ when $$F_n(x) = ...

**3**

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**1**answer

371 views

### Inequality involving perimeter and area

I am studying an article: The parametric problem of capillarity: the case of two and three fluids, by U. Massari. In one of his proofs, he uses an inequality I can't manage to prove. It is like this:
...

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**1**answer

729 views

### Ratio sum comparison on operators

It is known by the Lidskii inequality, that $\sum_{i=1}^n \left|s_i(S)-s_i(T)\right|\le\sum_{i=1}^n s_i(S+T)$,
where $s_i(S)$ is the $i$-th singular value of $S$.
How would one prove that
...

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221 views

### Bounding the series of the geometric means of the terms of a given positive series

Let $ \{ a _ k \} _{k\in\mathbb{N} _ +} $ be a sequence of non-negative numbers, and let $MG(a_1,\dots,a_n)$ denote the geometric mean of the first $n$ terms. Then, the inequality
$$ \sum _ {n\ge ...

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**1**answer

486 views

### A question on gauge functions

In the second paragraph on Page 71 of the book Matrix Analysis by
Bhatia, 1997, it says ``as a consequence of (III.12) we have Theorem
III 4.4''. How can one get the inequality in Theorem III 4.4 from
...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Why does sample standard deviation underestimate population standard deviation? [closed]

I am aware of Jensen's inequality where, given the concave square root function, the mean of the square root is lesser than the square root of the mean.
However, I cannot figure out why the square ...

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443 views

### Poincare inequality for the annulus

Assume that $A=A(r,1)=\{x: r<||x||<1\} \subset R^n$ is an annulus.
Whether is known the constant of Poincare inequality for A or some its estimation (w.r.t. $L^2$): the constant $C$ in the ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Problem with making an estimate when values of many variables are unknown?

Hi all, I was wondering whether you could help me understand a part in a proof that is assumed to be an "obvious detail" by the author, but that I can't wrap my head around. Essentially, as far as I ...

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**5**answers

830 views

### Rearrangement-style inequality with lots of terms and little evidence

This is another of the problems I designed for contests but wasn't able to solve on my own for years. Maybe AoPS is a better place for it, but let me try it here.
[UPDATE: I have streamlined the ...

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**1**answer

323 views

### Minimum distance between two data sets

Suppose we have two sets of data, $X$ and $Y$, each of which contains
$10$ positive numbers. Now let us order the data sets $X=\left\{ x_{1},\cdots,x_{10}\right\}$,
$x_{1}\ge\cdots\ge x_{10}>0$ and ...

**0**

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**1**answer

359 views

### Help prove a maximal inequality

Let $X_1,…,X_n$ are exchangeable of random variables, and $n$ is an even number.
$S_k=X_1+\dots+X_k$. $M_k=X_{n/2}+\dots+X_{n/2+k}$.
I want to prove:
$$\Pr(\max_{1 \le k \le n}{|S_k|>\epsilon}) ...

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718 views

### On an eigenvalue inequality

Let $\lambda_1 (\cdot)$ be the larger absolute value
eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix and $\lambda_2 (\cdot)$
the smaller absolute value eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix, i.e.
$|\lambda_1 (\cdot)| ...

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**1**answer

727 views

### On an eigenvalue inequality [closed]

Let $\lambda_1 (\cdot)$ be the larger absolute value
eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix and $\lambda_2 (\cdot)$
the smaller absolute value eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix, i.e.
$|\lambda_1 (\cdot)| ...

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**3**answers

993 views

### Factorial-inequalities

Let $n>15$ be an integer. Suppose also $n=\sum_{i=1}^n ic_i$, where $c_i$ are non-negative integers. Assume further that $c_1<4$.
Is the following inequality true?
...

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211 views

### Where can I find interpolation inequalities for derivatives of the following form?

Here they are:
$$||f||_{\infty} \leq C ||f||_q^{\frac {qk} {n+kq}} \left( \sum_{|\mu|=k} ||D^\mu f||_{BMO} \right)^{ \frac n {n+kq}}$$
and
$$||f||_{Lip_\alpha} \leq C ||f||_q^{\frac {qk} {n+kq} \frac ...

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222 views

### Maximise $L^q$ norm of a vector, for fixed $L^1$ and fixed $L^p$ norms [closed]

Consider a vector $x \in \mathbb R_+^n$ and $p,q \in \mathbb R$ such that
$1 < p < q$
We fix $\sum \limits_{i=1}^{n}|x_i| = 1$ and $ \left(\sum \limits_{i=1}^{n}|x_i|^p \right)^\frac{1}{p} = ...

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**2**answers

927 views

### Ratio of Sequences Sum Inequality

I have two real sequences $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$ and $b_1, b_2, \dots, b_n$, with $a_i > 0$ and $1 \leq b_i < n$, and I'm looking for a lower bound of $\sum_i \frac{a_i}{b_i}$ in terms of $\sum_i ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Quotients of perfect powers separated by an integer

Let $a_n=\frac{(n+1)^{n+2}}{n^n}$ and $b_n=\frac{(n+2)^{(n+1)}}{(n+1)^{n-1}}$. Then it is easy to see that $a_n \leq b_n$ for all integers $n\geq 1$ (because the sequence $(1+\frac{1}{n})^n$ is ...

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473 views

### Equidistribution Theorem: distance between solutions

Can please someone help me with the following problem.
Say we have a sequence $nx \; \mathrm{mod} \; 1$, where $n$ is a whole number and $x$ is irrational.
Now I need to solve the inequality
$nx \; ...

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**3**answers

898 views

### Poincare Metric on Hyperbolic Plane

as is well known, we can put a metric on the upper half plane $\mathbb{R}^+ \times \mathbb{R}$
by setting
$$
d\left((x,t);(x',t')\right):=\log\left(\frac{1 + \delta}{1 - \delta}\right)^{1/2},
$$
...

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**5**answers

1k views

### Bounding the absolute sum of entries of the inverse of a 0-1 matrix

I have a non-singular square 0-1 matrix and I want to bound the sum of absolute values of its inverse as a function of n (or the vector 1-norm).
Asymptotic results are also useful.
Does anyone know ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Stochastic Matrix: Second largest eigenvalue and second largest absolute value of eigen value

Setup
Let $A$ be a stochastic matrix.
Let the eigenvalues of $A$ be $1 = \lambda_1 \geq \lambda_2 \geq \lambda_3 ... \geq -1$.
Let $\lambda = \max_{x: x \perp 1} \frac{||Ax||}{|| x ||}$
Question:
...

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**2**answers

608 views

### Proving a sequence of integrals increases (iterated minimax distributions)

I am trying to show that $$\int_0^1F_n(x) dx \leq \int_0^1F_{n+1}(x) dx$$ when $$F_n(x) = (1-(1-F_{n-1}(x))^c)^c$$ and $F_0(x) = x$ and $n$ and $c$ are integers, $n\geq 1$ and $c \geq 2$
Note that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

432 views

### total variation distance of product of measures

Let $f, \hat{f}, g,$ and $\hat{g}$ be continuous probability densities. Define probability densities $p \propto fg$ and $\hat{p} \propto \hat{f}\hat{g}$. Is it true that
\begin{align*}
||p - ...

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votes

**2**answers

600 views

### Power function inequality

Let $x$ and $p$ be real numbers with $x \ge 1$ and $p \ge 2$ . Show that $(x - 1)(x + 1)^{p - 1} \ge x^p - 1$ .
I recently discovered this result. I am sure it is known, but it is new to me. It is ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### bounding the trace of a matrix product by the operator norms; generalized Hölder inequality?

Let $A_i$ with $i=1,\dots,N$ and $p$ be real $M\times M$ matrices.
Further, let $p$ be positive definite, i.e., $p\succ 0$, with $Tr(p)=1$. Let $0< a_i<1$ and $\sum_{i=1}^N a_i = 1$.
Claim:
...

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votes

**1**answer

517 views

### A singular value inequality

Let $s_1,s_2: \mathbb{R}^{2\times 2} \mapsto \mathbb{R}_+$,
$s_{1}\left(\cdot\right)\ge s_{2}\left(\cdot\right)\ge 0$, be the
singular values of a $2\times2$ matrix. Is it true that
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

558 views

### Do you know this form of an uncertainty principle?

I hope this question is focused enough - it's not about real problem I have, but to find out if anyone knows about a similar thing.
You probably know the Heisenberg uncertainty principle: For any ...

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**0**answers

516 views

### Counting permutation matrices in 0,1,2 matrices

Let $M$ be a matrix with entries equal to 0, 1 or 2, such that all of the row and column sums are equal to $c$.
The Van der Waerden bound gives (roughly) the following bound on the permanent of $M$:
...

**4**

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**1**answer

226 views

### Extensions to the Golden-Thompson inequality?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two Hermitian matrices. The famous Golden-Thompson inequality states that
$$\text{tr}(e^{A+B}) \le \text{tr}(e^Ae^B)$$
However, for determinants we have equality
$$\det(e^{A+B}) ...

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**1**answer

925 views

### Multilinear generalization of Cauchy-Schwarz inequality

Let $V$ be a real vector space, and let $(\cdot,\cdot;\cdot,\cdot) : V^4 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a multilinear form with the following properties:
$(x,y;z,w) = (y,x;z,w) = (x,y;w,z)$ (symmetry in the ...

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212 views

### How to find a proper decay rate from an iterative inequality

Suppose we have the iterative inequality $\gamma_{k+1} \leq \gamma_k(1 - c \gamma_k^\alpha)$ with $c, \alpha \in (0, 1)$ and $(1 - c \gamma_k^\alpha)>0$ for all non-negative terms $\gamma_k$.
-- ...

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**1**answer

505 views

### Conjecture:if $i<j$,then $\pi(p[i]+i)-i<=\pi(p[j]+j)-j+1$

p[i] is the i-th prime. $\pi(x)$ is prime counting function.
Firstly, I think that this Prime gap inequality holds true,
$ p[i+1] - p[i] <= i $
Prove:for any i>0, we can always find distinct ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Ask the validity of a scalar inequality

Let $a_i>0$, $x_i, y_i\in \mathbb{R}$ $i=1,\cdots, n$, such that
$\sum\limits_{i=1}^nx_iy_i=0$, $\sum\limits_{i=1}^nx_i^2=\sum\limits_{i=1}^ny_i^2=1$. Is it true $$
...

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**1**answer

441 views

### What would the best treatment of Gehring's lemma look like?

In a course about elliptic regularity probably one sooner or later stubles into the reverse Holder inequalities, and has to introduce the Gehring lemma, which in one of its many versions improves a ...

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**2**answers

614 views

### Asymptotics for the number of ways to sum primes such that the sum is <= n

Hello!
Given $n$ I would like to find a lower bound (or a tight asymptotics) for the number $s(n)$ of solutions to $$ p_1 + \ldots + p_k \leq n \quad (1) $$ where $k$ is arbitrary and $p_1 \leq ...

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**4**answers

1k views

### How to prove a known inequality from a book

The following inequality is from page 125 of D.S. Mitrinovic, J. Pecaric, A.M. Fink, Classical and new inequalities in analysis, Kluwer
Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London, 1993.
If ...