The induction tag has no wiki summary.

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### Unconventional types of induction

Induction is one of the most common tools is mathematics, and everybody knows the ordinary induction and the strong induction. However, in some proofs induction is applied in an unexpected and elegant ...

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**1**answer

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### notable inductive proofs relating to fractals

what are notable/ prominent inductive proofs relating to fractals?
the motivation for this question is:
fractals are very difficult mathematical objects to work with, and many ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

664 views

### Neither Even Nor Odd Natural Numbers

Modular arithmetic (MA) has the same axioms as first order Peano arithmetic (PA) except $\forall x(Sx \neq 0)$ is replaced with $\exists x(Sx=0)$. In Even XOR Odd Infinities? I asked if this statement ...

**33**

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**3**answers

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### the following inequality is true，but I can't prove it

The inequality is
\begin{equation*}
\sum_{k=1}^{2d}\left(1-\frac{1}{2d+2-k}\right)\frac{d^k}{k!}>e^d\left(1-\frac{1}{d}\right)
\end{equation*}
for all integer $d\geq 1$. I use computer to verify ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### ERA, PRA, PA, transfinite induction and equivalences

I'm quite sure I don't understand very well the links between proof theoretical ordinals of theories, the axioms of transfinite induction and the objects a theory can prove to exist.
For instance I'm ...

**2**

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**3**answers

1k views

### Why Does Induction Prove Multiplication is Commutative?

Andrew Boucher's General Arithmetic (GA2) is a weak sub-theory of second order Peano Axioms (PA2). GA has second order induction and a single successor axiom:
$$\forall x \forall y \forall ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

821 views

### Examples of “exotic” induction

Next week I am going to teach two lessons on induction to very motivated students from high schools. At some point I would like to talk about ordered sets, well-ordered sets, and mention the fact that ...

**6**

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**2**answers

395 views

### Homotopy Transfer Theorem for Differential Graded Associative Algebras

As in Algebra+Homotopy=Operad by Bruno Vallette, let $A$ with multiplication $\nu$ be a differential graded associative algebra equipped with degree +1 map $h$ and let $H$ be a chain complex such that ...

**1**

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**0**answers

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### Coinduction and corestriction are quasi-inverse equivalences for comodules?

I'm reading http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0310337.
There the following statement is given without proof:
Let $k$ be a field. Let $C$ be a counitary coaugmented coalgebra, i.e. there is $\eta: C\to k$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Maximum sum of 3 consecutive numbers in a permutation [closed]

Given that $X = \{0, 1, 2, ..., 7, 8, 9\}$, and $P$ is a permutation on $X$. Let $M(P)$ be the maximum sum of 3 consecutive elements. For example, if $P = (0, 2, 4, 1, 5, 7, 9, 3, 8, 6)$, then $M(P)$ ...

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**2**answers

492 views

### Order statistics (e.g., minimum) of infinite collection of chi-square variates?

Hi everyone,
This is my first time here, so please let me know if I can clarify my question in any way (incl. formatting, tags, etc.). (And hopefully I can edit later!) I tried to find references, ...

**8**

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**9**answers

3k views

### Is PA consistent? do we know it?

1) (By Goedel's) One can not prove, in PA, a formula that can be interpreted to express the consistency of PA. (Hopefully I said it right. Specialists correct me, please).
2) There are proofs ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

839 views

### Easier induction proofs by changing the parameter

When performing induction on say a graph $G=(V,E)$, one has many choices for the induction parameter (e.g. $|V|, |E|$, or $|V|+|E|$). Often, it does not matter what choice one makes because the proof ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### For which classes of functions this inverse function formula gives a closed form expression?

Lets consider this method of finding inverse function:
$$f^{-1}(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty A_k(x) \frac{(x-f(x))^k}{k!}$$
where coefficients $A_k(x)$ recursively defined as
$$\begin{cases} A_0(x)=x \\ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

592 views

### How to restore the original formula from a binomial-like expansion?

I encountered with a recursive formula of the following kind:
$$A(0,x)=1$$
$$A(n,x)= \sum _{j=0}^{n-1} \binom{n-1}{j} A(n-j-1,x) \sum _{k=0}^{x-1} A(j,k)$$
The sum terms can be re-arranged so to ...

**6**

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**1**answer

663 views

### Symmetric Proof that Product is Well-Founded

This is a fairly minor, technical question, but I'll toss it out in case someone has a good idea on it.
Suppose $(X,<_X)$ and $(Y,<_Y)$ are well-founded orderings (not necessarily linearly ...

**27**

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**4**answers

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### A principle of mathematical induction for partially ordered sets with infima?

Recently I learned that there is a useful analogue of mathematical induction over $\mathbb{R}$ (more precisely, over intervals of the form $[a,\infty)$ or $[a,b]$). It turns out that this is an old ...