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77
votes
8answers
9k views

What do heat kernels have to do with the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem?

I know the following facts. (Don't assume I know much more than the following facts.) The Atiyah-Singer index theorem generalizes both the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. The ...
60
votes
3answers
6k views

Intuitive explanation for the Atiyah-Singer index theorem

My question is related to the question Explanation for the Chern Character to this question about Todd classes, and to this question about the Atiyah-Singer index theorem. I'm trying to learn the ...
27
votes
0answers
359 views

What is the “real” meaning of the $\hat A$ class (or the Todd class)?

In the Atiyah-Singer index theorem as well as in the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem, one encounters either the $\hat A$-class or the Todd class, depending on the context. I want to focus on the ...
26
votes
0answers
508 views

Atiyah-Singer theorem-a big picture

So far I made several attempts to really learn Atiyah-Singer theorem. In order to really understand this result rather broad background is required: you need to know analysis (pseudodifferential ...
21
votes
2answers
847 views

Applications of Atiyah-Singer using pseudodifferential operators

Though the Atiyah-Singer index theorem holds for pseudodifferential operators, all the applications of the index theorem I know of only need it for Dirac-type operators. I know that pseudodifferential ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

How we do actually compute the topological index in Atiyah-Singer?

This is migrated by math.stackexchange as I did not receive an answer. I do not know if it is too naive for this site. I am taking a lectured class in Atiyah-Singer this semester. While the class is ...
16
votes
2answers
739 views

What is the role of equivariance in the Atiyah-Singer index theorem?

I'm trying to read through "The index of elliptic operators I," and here's what I understand of the structure of the proof: Define (using purely K-theoretic means) a homomorphism $K_G(TX) \to ...
15
votes
3answers
888 views

Geometric meaning of L-genus

Is there any reasonable geometric meaning of the L-genus for smooth manifolds? or perhaps easier, for complex algebraic surfaces? The question came up after a friend and I realized that we don't ...
15
votes
2answers
717 views

Karoubi versus Kasparov K-theory

I have the following, probably very elementary question: Let $Cl^{p,q}$ be the Clifford algebra on generators $e_i$, $i=1, \ldots, p+q$ with $e_i e_j = -e_j e_i$ and $e_{i}^{2}=-1$ for $i=1,\ldots,p$, ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Eta invariant and Chern-Simons form

I am trying to understand the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer index theorem in the case of Dirac operators in four dimensions. I have three questions about the eta invariant: 1) Is eta a topological invariant ...
10
votes
1answer
493 views

Atiyah-Singer for pseudodifferential operators via heat kernel?

The Atiyah-Singer theorem for Dirac-type operators can be proved using the heat kernel and this proof has an advantage over the proof via K-theory, because the first is local but the latter is not. ...
10
votes
1answer
173 views

Atiyah-Singer index theorem, pairing between K-homology and K-theory and Chern character

There is a general (abstract) index theorem in noncommutative geometry: you take a K-theory class and K-homology class (which is represented by a triple $(A,H,F)$) and you pair them together. This ...
10
votes
0answers
524 views

What is Quillen's contribution to index theorem?

In the book "Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators" by Berline, Getzler and Vergne it is said that "Our book is based on a simple principle, which we learned from D. Quillen: Dirac operators are a ...
10
votes
0answers
300 views

Between Being a Connection and Being an Elliptic Operator

Let $E$ be a smooth complex vector bundle over a smooth compact manifold $M$ and let $H$ be the $Z_{2}$-graded (with the $Z_{2}$-grading given by even/odd forms) Hilbert space of $L_{2}$ (with respect ...
8
votes
2answers
695 views

Atiyah Singer index theorem and Hodge de Rham operator

When I read about Atiyah Singer index theorem I met the following example: let $M$ is (orientable closed smooth) Riemannian manifold and consider Hodge-de Rham Dirac operator defined by $d+d^*$ ...
8
votes
1answer
215 views

Failure of Fredholm property of elliptic PDE systems

Roughly speaking, a PDE operator satisfies the Fredholm property if its principal symbol is elliptic and the information provided on the boundary satisfies the Shapiro-Lopatinskii condition. What can ...
8
votes
0answers
92 views

Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action. I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...
8
votes
0answers
309 views

Why does the index of the Dirac operator on a manifold with boundary live inside the Pfaffian line of the boundary Dirac operator?

I am trying to understand a statement from page 72 of What is an elliptic object? by Stolz and Teichner. They have a spin Riemannian 2-manifold $\Sigma$, with boundary 1-manifold $Y$. The Dirac ...
7
votes
3answers
202 views

Index of a family of operators

In the usual setting of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem the situation is as follows: we have a closed smooth manifold $M$ without boundary and $D$ is some elliptic differential operator acting on ...
7
votes
2answers
747 views

Understanding the analytic index map of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem

Hi, I'm currently trying to understand the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and its proof as presented in the book "Spin Geometry" by Lawson and Michelsohn. I do not understand why the analytic index map ...
7
votes
1answer
498 views

What's the relation between the heat kernel proof of the index theorem and deformation quantization?

In the book "Heat kernels and Dirac operators", I found the slogan by Quillen in the Introduction: "Dirac operators are a quantization of the theory of connections, and the supertrace of the heat ...
6
votes
2answers
234 views

Index of Modified Dirac Operator

Let's say we have an oriented compact 4-d Riemannian spin manifold $(M,g)$. Everybody who's anybody has heard about the index of the Dirac operator $D: S^+\rightarrow S-$; it's the $\hat{A}$-genus, ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

Index theorems and orientability

Given a Dirac operator $D$ acting on some Clifford bundle $\mathcal{E}$ over a compact, even-dimensional, oriented manifold $M$, the Atiyah-Singer index theorem states that its index is given by ...
6
votes
1answer
262 views

Further directions of index theory

The Atiyah-Singer theorem is a major achievement of twentieth century mathematics. It has inspired a lot of work and people started to develop generalizations of this theorem. I would like to know the ...
6
votes
1answer
366 views

Index of a differential operator between trivial bundles.

Let $M$ be a closed parallelizable manifold and $D: \Gamma(E) \to \Gamma(F)$ an elliptic differential operator between trivial vector bundles $E,F \to M$. The Atiyah Singer index theorem implies that ...
6
votes
0answers
101 views

Chern-Simons form and Rarita-Schwinger operator

The Rarita-Schwinger (RS) operator naturally generalizes the Dirac operator and in Physics it describes particles with spin-3/2. I was wondering if there exists any reference concerning the ...
6
votes
0answers
210 views

Relative index theorem for Clifford linear Dirac operators

Dear community, there is relative index theorem due to Gromov and Lawson (Thm. 4.18 in POSITIVE SCALAR CURVATURE AND THE DIRAC OPERATOR ON COMPLETE RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS) which states that ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Injectivity/Surjectivity of $F_A :=\frac{d}{dt} +A(t) $ for a hyperbolic path of matrices $A(t)$ on $H^1 $

I am looking for a reference to the following problem: Given a hyperbolic (no purely imaginary eigenvalues), continuous path of matrices $A(t)$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with hyperolic limits at $\pm \infty $. ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Parametrized Atiyah-Singer index theorem

Let $M$ be any smooth manifold (could be unorientable - I think). Let $E,F \to M$ be two complex vector bundles. Let $S$ be any compact space, and let $D_s:E\to F,s\in S$ be a continuous family ...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Do we have a “topological assembly map” in the Baum-Connes conjecture?

In the equivariant Atiyah-Singer index theorem, when $G$ is a compact group acting on a manifold $M$ and $R(G)$ is the representation ring of $G$. We have the analytic index $$ \text{a-ind}: ...
4
votes
2answers
596 views

Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Let $X$ be a non vanishing vector field on a compact manifold $M$. The only differential operator associated with $X$ which I am aware of, is the derivational operator $D(g)=X.g$. Unfortunately ...
4
votes
1answer
709 views

The equivariant index of Dirac operator

Let us consider the Dirac complex \begin{equation} D_{\rm Dirac}:S^+\to S^- \end{equation} where $S^{\pm}$ are the chiral-spinor bundles on $\mathbb{R}^4$. Using the fact that the bundle $S^+$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Lifting a differential operator

Let $D$ be a differential operator acting between the spaces of smooth sections of two vector bundles $E,F$ over compact manifold $M$. If $M$ is not simply connected one can construct the universal ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Fredholm subvector spaces of $B(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal base $\{e_i\}\;\;i\in \mathbb{N}$. Definition: We say a subvector space $W\subset B(\mathcal{H})$ is a Fredholm subspace if ...
4
votes
0answers
128 views

Submodules of a Hilbert space with finite Jones index with respect to a von Neumann algebra

While studying some basic theory of Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann algebras I found the following fact that I couldn't prove: Let $H$ be a Hilbert space, $A$ and $B$ trace von Neumann subalgebras ...
4
votes
0answers
253 views

The space of Fredholm operators as a classifying space

Is it true that the space of Fredholm operators on a separable Hilbert space is the classifying space for K-theory in the category of paracompact spaces? Everyone quotes the theorem of Atiyah-Janich ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

How does the Atiyah-Singer index theorem in a relative setting related to “ringed spaces and pseudocoherent complexes of finite tor-dimension”?

I come across the following paragraph from the article Reminiscences of Grothendieck and His School, here is from the part of the interview by Luc Illusie,: " I was indeed looking for an ...
4
votes
0answers
207 views

The proof of the splitting principle in equivariant K-theory via flag manifolds

In Atiyah's famous paper "Bott periodicity and the index of elliptic operators" section 4, he proved the splitting principle for unitary groups (Propostion 4.9 in that paper), namely: Let $j: ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Local index formula for >ungraded< elliptic operators

Let $P\colon E \to F$ be an elliptic pseudodifferential operator over $M$. Assuming that $P$ defines a finitely summable Fredholm module, we may apply the Chern-Connes character to it to get a cyclic ...
3
votes
0answers
237 views

Local Index Formula vs Atiyah Singer Index Theorem

I have a question concerning the so called Local Index Formula by Connes in noncommutative geometry. First issue: why it is called Index Formula? I spoke to one person about this and he gave me the ...
2
votes
2answers
332 views

How to compute the index of such operator?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, with $R$ nowhere-vanishing vector field on $M$(whose orbit may be closed/ not closed). $E$ and $F$ are two vector bundle (Edit: which are sub-bundles of ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

derivative of the adiabatic limit of the eta invariant

To ask my question I have to write down the setup. Basically the setup is the adiabatic limit of the reduced eta invariant of Dirac operator associated to the submersion metric and connection. So if ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

Normal coordinates near the boundary

Let $M$ be an Riemannian manifold with boundary $\partial M$ and $e_n$ be a unit normal vector on $\partial M$. With respect to $e_n$, around a point $p$ on boundary, we have the usual normal ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

The relation between the heat kernel on the principal bundle and the heat kernel on the base manifold

This question is mainly about Section 5.2 of the book "Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators" by Berline, Getzler and Vergne. Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary and $P\rightarrow M$ ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Kasparov's Dirac element and the index map

In Kasparov's 1988 paper Equivariant KK-theory and the Novikov conjecture section 4 he defined the Dirac element for a (non-spin) $G$- Riemanian manifold $X$ as an element in the $K$-homology ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Index of elliptic operators III: H-structure invariant under a group G

In the Atiyah-Singer paper mentioned above, they introduced on p.557 a concept called $H$-structure which is used to describe the Chern character of special elements of $K(TX)$. It is roughly the ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Connecting homomorphism in generalized cohomology theory

I have some compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$, and there is a long exact sequence $$\cdots\to KO^{-1}(\partial M)\xrightarrow{\partial} KO^{0}(M,\partial M)\to KO^0(M)\to KO^0(\partial ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange. In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Uniform upper bound for dim of kernel and codimension of range of certain familly of PDE

A polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on $S^{2}$ is the Poincare compactification of a $n$ degree polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$.It is a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

Topological index and Dirac operator with a non compact group

A spinor which belogs to a representation of a group $G=SO(p,q)$ is a section of a product bundle $S(M)\otimes E$, where $S(M)$ is a spin bundle over a four dimensional orientable and compact manifold ...