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5
votes
1answer
104 views

The (Hecke) double coset von Neumann algebra

It it well-known in the von Neumann algebra theory that for $\Gamma$ a non-trivial countable group, the von Neumann algebra $L(\Gamma)$ generating by $\Gamma$ acting by left multiplication on ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Is a prime index inclusion of finite groups, separating?

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups. Let $\{ g_i \ \vert \ i \in I=[1, \dots ,n] \}$ a subset of $G$ of double coset representatives, i.e. $$G = \coprod_{i \in I} Hg_iH$$ On the ...
10
votes
3answers
661 views

To what extent has the Haar measure been generalized?

It is known that all locally compact groups, and therefore compact groups, have a left-invariant Haar measure which is unique up to scalar constant, also a right-invariant one. Is there a strictly ...
6
votes
1answer
413 views

Groupoids and hypergroups

There are two generalizations of usual groups: groupoids, where the multiplication operation becomes "partial", and hypergroups, for which the result of multiplying two elements is a probability ...
5
votes
1answer
407 views

When does a matrix define a convolution operator on a hypergroup?

Let $H$ be a discrete hypergroup. Suppose I have a matrix $A=(A_{x,y})$ indexed over $H$ with nonnegative entries which defines a bounded operator on $\ell^2(H)$. When does there exist $f\in\ell^1(H)$ ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

What are hypergroups and hyperrings good for?

I came across the concept of a hyperring in two recent papers by Connes and Consani (From monoids to hyperstructures: in search of an absolute arithmetic and The hyperring of adèle classes). It's a ...