**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### what is formula of cumulative distribution function of hypergeometric distribution? [on hold]

sorry if this question seams ridiculous but I can't understand what does F means in the CDF formula for hypergeometric distribution in this wiki page. can somebody help me?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

596 views

### Pochhammer symbol of a differential, and hypergeometric polynomials

I have a minor result which I'm sure has come up somewhere before but I can't seem to find it.
Consider a confluent hypergeometric function of the form
$$\newcommand{\ff}{{}_1F_1}
...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

348 views

### Solution of second order differential equation with singularities at 0,1, and ∞

I am trying to solve the following equation;
$$
U''+\left( \frac{1}{t}+\frac{3}{t-1}\right)U'+\left(\frac{1}{t}+C\right)\frac{U}{t(t-1)}=0
$$
where U is a function of t and C is constant.
The above ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

170 views

### Integrals involving the Tricomi hypergeometric function

I am looking for a reference for the two following equalities involving the Tricomi function $U$ and the Meijer function $G$. I have found these formulas on the website http://functions.wolfram.com/, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Asymptotic formula for Gauss hypergeometric function

My problem refers to the asymptotic formula for Gauss hypergeometric function $F(n, b; 2n; z)$, where $n$ is a fixed positive integer, $z$ is a fixed positive real number less than unity, and the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Four kinds of generalized hypergeometric formulas for $\pi$

Given,
$$\begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|}
\hline
n&a_n&b_n&c_n\\
\hline
1 & 6541681608 & 163096908 & -640320^3\\
\hline
2 & 85840 & 4492 & -14112^2\\
\hline
3 & 28302 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Approximation of $ _2F_1((b-1)a,b;ba;x) $

Is there any (simple) approximation of this Hypergeometric function: $ _2F_1((b-1)a,b;ba;x) $, where $0<x<1$ and $b>a>1$.
Thanks!

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### How to prove that $(1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$) for $x\ll 1$ in this specific case

After multiple plots I noticed that function $h(x)= (1-x)^b$ $_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ can be approximated to $1-\alpha x$ (with $\alpha \approx 1$), for $x\ll 1$ (specifically $0<x<0.1$) and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Limit of a hypergeometric integral

Let $n,N,T$ be positive integers, with $N=\binom{n}{2}$, and $3\leq n\leq T\leq N$. Define:
$$P(z):=z^{N+1-T}\int_0^1\frac{(1-t^2)^{n-2}}{(1-(1-z)t)^{N+1}}{}_2F_1\left[-T,N+1,N+2-T; ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

152 views

### Hypergeometric sum specific value

How to show?
$${}_2F_1(1,1;\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}) = 2 + \frac{\pi}{2} $$
It numerically is very close, came up when evaluating:
$$ \frac{1}{1} + \frac{1 \times 2}{1 \times 3} + \frac{1 \times 2 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Equivalent of Lauricella $F_D$ on an elliptic curve?

Lauricella's hypergeometric function $F_D$ is related to (weighted) configurations of points on $\mathbb{P}^1$. I am looking for generalizations to weighted point configurations on an elliptic curve. ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

272 views

### Exponential of a specific hypergeometric series

This is motivated by this question.
Let $f$ be the hypergeometric series
$ f(x) = 2 x \, _{4}F_3([1, 1, 4/3, 5/3], [2, 2, 2], 27 x) $
which is explictly given by
$ f(x) = \sum_{n \geq 1} ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Binomial supercongruences: is there any reason for them?

One of the recent questions, in fact
the answer
to it, reminded me about the binomial sequence
$$
a_n=\sum_{k=0}^n{\binom{n}{k}}^2{\binom{n+k}{k}}^2,
\qquad n=0,1,2,\dots,
$$
of the Apéry ...

**9**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### A good reference to grok hypergeometric functions?

When I was introduced during my degree to special functions, I made friends with a number of nice functions - Laguerre, Legendre, Hermite, Bessel, and whatnot - but I made only a passing acquaintance ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Does there exist duality/symmetry between Fuchsian differential equations, like in the case of confluent hypergeometric?

My question is about whether certain dualities or symmetries hold between pairs of Fuchsian differential equations, but I need to give a bit of background to explain what I want to ask. Thank you for ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Identities for ${~}_3\phi_1$?

I am looking for some source of summation formulas for the $q$-hypergeometric function ${~}_3\phi_1$ in the sense of Gasper-Rahman book. For some reason, the book focuses heavily on ${~}_{r+1}\phi_r$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Are binomial coefficients $F_1$ analogs of $q$-binomial coefficients?

This is a mostly philosophical question. Is it fair to think of usual binomial coefficients and their identities as an $F_1$ case of $q$-binomial coefficients and identities? Here $F_1$ is the field ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Sharp upper bounds on hypergeometric function ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]$ when $|z|\geq1$

Generally, hypergeometric function ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]$ is defined using Gauss series ${}_2F_1[a,b,c;z]=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(a)_n(b)_n}{(c)_nn!}z^n$ with $|z|<1$, and there seems to be a lot of ...

**31**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Groups, quantum groups and (fill in the blank)

In the study of special functions there are three levels of objects, classical, basic and elliptic. These correspond to classical hypergeometric functions, basic (q-) hypergeometric functions, and ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### A hypergeometric puzzle

$$
143\,\sqrt {3}\;{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\,1;\,{\frac {3087}{8000}}\right)}=
40\,\sqrt {5}\;
{\mbox{$_2$F$_1$}\left(\frac{1}{3},\frac{2}{3};\,1;\,{\frac ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### System of linear ODEs with hypergeometric coefficients

For quite some time I have been trying to solve the following system of differential equations for the two functions $G$ and $H$ defined on the interval $[0,1]$:
$$
\begin{align}x ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Are the q-Catalan numbers q-holonomic?

The generating function $f(z)$ of the Catalan numbers which is characterized by $f(z)=1+zf(z)^2$ is D-finite, or holonomic, i.e. it satisfies a linear differential equation with polynomial ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Logarithm of the hypergeometric function

For $F(x)={}_2F_1 (a,b;c;x)$, with $c=a+b$, $a>0$, $b>0$, it has been proved in [1] that $\log F(x)$ is convex on $(0,1)$.
I numerically checked that with a variety of $a,\ b$ values, $\log ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case:
In
$$
{}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) =
A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1),
\qquad x \to 1^-
$$
what can we say about the ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Why are hypergeometric series important and do they have a geometric or heuristic motivation?

Apart from telling that the hypergeometric functions (or series) are the solutions to the (essentially unique?) fuchsian equation on the Riemann sphere with 3 "regular singular points", the wikipedia ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### a question on sum of Gaussian binomial coefficients

I was trying to calculate something and at some point I get the following sum:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{t=0,t \text{ even}}^{s}{s+3n \brack s-t}\sum_{i = 0}^{t/2}q^{2i^2}{t/2+2n-i \brack t/2-i}{n ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

258 views

### closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $\sum_{n \geq 0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)\cdots(1+q^n)u^n$ where both $q$ and $n$ are variables and $n \in N \cup {0}$?

**6**

votes

**3**answers

734 views

### Combinatorial identity involving the square of $\binom{2n}{n}$

Is there any closed formula for
$$
\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{\binom{2k}{k}^2}{2^{4k}}
$$
?
This sum of is made out of the square of terms $a_{k}:=\frac{\binom{2k}{k}}{2^{2k}}$
I have been trying to verify ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

236 views

### A definite integral of hypergeometric function 2F1

I am wondering whether there exists a closed form for the definite integral
$$F(x)=\int_0^1t^{-a}(1-t)^{N}(1-xt)^{-a}{}_2F_1(-a,k-a-1/2,k-a;4xt(1-xt))dt,$$
where $a\in(0,1)$ and $N,k$ are positive ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Conjectured bound on Kummer's function (confluent hypergeometric function)

I believe the following bound to be correct:
${}_1F_1(-a;1+a;-z) a z^{-a} \gamma(a,z) \leq 1$
for real-valued a > 0 and z $\geq 0$. $\gamma(a,z)$ is the lower incomplete gamma function.
Apart from ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

263 views

### Asymptotic form of the Gauß Hypergeometric function 2F1 for three parameters approaching infinity

I am trying to find the leading order expression in an expansion for large $\Delta$ of ${}_2F_1\left(\frac{\Delta}{2},\frac{\Delta+1}{2},\Delta,z^{-2}\right)$, where $z\in\mathbb{C}$.
The only ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### proof that the schwarz map defined as ratios of gauss hypergeometric functions is univalent

The ratio of two linearly independent solutions of the Guass hypergeometric differential equation defines a map from the upper half plane to a Schwarz triangle. Everything I read tells me that this ...

**27**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Curious $q$-analogues

Consider the Fibonacci polynomials
$$F_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} \right\rfloor }\binom{n-j}{j} x^{n - 2j} $$
and the Lucas polynomials
$$L_n (x) = \sum_{j = 0}^{\left\lfloor {n/2} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

568 views

### Limit of two hypergeometric functions (2F1)

Hi,
Does anyone know whether there is a known function/distribution that corresponds to the limit:
$\lim_{\epsilon\rightarrow0^+} \mathfrak{Re}\left[f(x+i\epsilon) - f(x-i\epsilon)\right]$
when ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### Quadratic transformation of hypergeometric function 2F1

I want to know whether there is some transformation between
$_2F_1(a,b;c;x)$ and $_2F_1(a',b';c';x(1-x))$.
Here is an example called the Kummer quadratic transformation, which may be known to most of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

727 views

### Closed form or/and asymptotics of a hypergeometric sum

Dear mathematicians,
I am a computer scientist wandering in the deep sea of combinatorics and asymptotics to pursue a recent interest in average case analysis of algorithms. In doing so, I designed ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### About large z behavior of hypergeometric function $_2F_1(1/2,1/2,1;z)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(\large \frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2},1;\frac{1-\frac{u}{\Lambda^2}} {2} \large)$ at large $\mid u\mid$ can be approximated by
$$ -\frac{\Lambda}{\pi} \sqrt{\frac{2}{u}} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Fast numerical approximation of Lauricella series of the fourth kind for real variables and real parameters

I'm looking for a method to efficiently compute a numerical approximation of
$$F^n_D(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \sum_{i_1 +\ldots+i_n=m}\frac{(a)_{m}(b_1)_{i_1}\ldots ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### A definite integral related to hypergeometric function

I obtained the following integral when looking for a probability density function:
$$\int_0^1 x^{\alpha-1} \,(1-x) ^{-A}\, {}_2F_1 (1-A, \alpha -1-A, \alpha -A, x) \,dx$$
Can anyone please give me ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### $q$-differential equation for the Rodgers polynomials?

The Rodgers polynomials $C_{\alpha,q}$ are a particular family of well-known $q$-hypergeometric function. For example, a description can be found here on Wikipedia. For the special case of $q=1$, we ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

480 views

### Product of Hypergeometric Functions

I am looking for the product of Gaussian hypergeometric functions of the form
$_2F_1(a,b;c;\lambda z) _2F_1(d,e;f;\phi z)$. I would like, but do not expect, an answer of the form ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### An elementary expression for $_3F_2(1,1,9/4;2,2;-1)$

Consider the following series:
$$S=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n\ \Gamma\left(\frac{5}{4}+n\right)}{n^2\ \Gamma(n)}.$$
It can be expressed in terms of a hypergeometric function:
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Find a generalized hypergeometric-based function yielding certain ratios of fifth-degree polynomials

Find a (presumably, generalized hypergeometric-based function $f(n,a,k)$), yielding for $n=1, a=\frac{1}{2}$,the rational function (ratio of fifth-degree polynomials)
\begin{equation}
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

227 views

### Hypergeometric identities

Let $m,k$ be positive integers with $k\le m$. Does anyone know some hypergeometric identities that imply
$$\sum_{j=0}^k\frac{(-1/2)_{k-j}(m+1)_j(-m)_j}{(1/2)_j(k-j)!j!}
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Is there a way to express hypergeometric identities in terms of D-modules?

A hypergeometric function is a solution to
(*) w'' + p(z) w' + q(z) w = 0
where q has at most simple poles and q has at most double poles at 0,1,infty.
That differential equation is equivalent ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

273 views

### principal specialization of projective Schur functions

Is there a nice/known formula for the (some) principal specialization of a projective (P or Q) Schur polynomial? That is, I am talking about a projective analogue of Stanley's hook content formula ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### growth of energy of eigenfunctions on hyperbolic surface

I am looking to the behavior of eigenfunctions associated to small eigenvalues on a degenerating hyperbolic surface.
Let $(\Sigma_n, h_n)$ a sequence of compact surfaces with area equal to $1$ and ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Series representation of ratio of two Meijer G-functions

Let me use the notation from Maple http://www.maplesoft.com/support/help/Maple/view.aspx?path=MeijerG for the Meijer G-function. Then let me define,
$f_+(x) = MeijerG( [[+1/2],[]], [[0,0],[]], x )$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

553 views

### hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$

The hypergeometric function $_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2)$ appears in many different situations. For instance, it counts the number of integer points within a sphere in the $l_1$ norm, i.e.,
$$_2F_1(-n;-r;1;2) ...