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37
votes
6answers
2k views

What do Weierstrass points look like?

As somebody who mostly works with smooth, real manifolds, I've always been a little uncomfortable with Weierstrass points. Smooth manifolds are totally homogeneous, but in the complex category you ...
24
votes
2answers
637 views

chromatic number of the hyperbolic plane

A notorious problem in combinatorics is the following: If we color $\mathbb{R}^2$ so that no pair of points at unit distance get the same color, what is the fewest number of colors required? This ...
19
votes
2answers
236 views

Hyperbolic exceptional fillings of cusped hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Thurston's Hyperbolic Dehn Surgery Theorem says that all but finitely many fillings of a cusp of a hyperbolic 3-manifold result in hyperbolic manifolds that are deformations of the original manifold. ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

〈x,y : x^p = y^p = (xy)^p = 1〉

Let $p$ be an odd prime and $G := \langle x,y : x^p = y^p = (xy)^p = 1 \rangle$. I want to show that $G$ is infinite and wonder if there is a good way to prove this. I'm familiar with the basics of ...
17
votes
2answers
776 views

How does hyperbolicity of space time affect our lives?

My main research has been in hyperbolic geometry and geometric group theory. I always thought that the only real "application" of my work was that the universe is a 3-manifold. But recently I found ...
17
votes
3answers
670 views

Hyperbolic Coxeter polytopes and Del-Pezzo surfaces

Added. In the following link there is a proof of the observation made in this question: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5546138/DelpezzoCoxeter.pdf I would like to find a reference for a beautiful ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a volume conjecture for closed 3-manifolds?

A typical statement of the volume conjecture, for instance in Murakami's survey 1002.0126, is Conjecture: For $K$ a knot in $S^3$, the N-th colored Jones polynomials are related to the volume of ...
16
votes
2answers
634 views

Non-residually finite matrix groups

By Malcev's theorem, every finitely generated linear group is residually finite (RF). On the other hand, say, the group of rational numbers is linear, but is not residually finite. Thus, one has to ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

A question about the proof of Mostow rigidity

I have recently been studying a proof of Mostow rigidity (along the lines of Mostow's original argument), and I'm left a little confused about something. We start with an isomorphism $\alpha: \Gamma ...
16
votes
2answers
820 views

Maximum of a function of one variable

Let $D$ be a circular quadrilateral (that is a Jordan region whose boundary consists of 4 arcs of circles all orthogonal to the unit circle) whose interior angles are all equal to 0, the vertices lie ...
15
votes
0answers
394 views

Actions on ℍⁿ generated by torsion elements

Let $n$ be a large integer. I am looking for a cocompact properly discontinuous isometric action on $n$-dimensional Lobachevky space which is generated by elements of finite order. Or equivalently, ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

can you fool SnapPea?

A while back I thought I had some simple knots that "fooled" SnapPea. But I no longer remember those examples, if I ever had them to begin with. What I'm looking for is a non-hyperbolizable knot ...
14
votes
3answers
694 views

The number of cusps of higher-dimensional hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose $n$ is an integer greater than 3. Sometimes ago I heard somewhere that it is still not known if there exist complete finite-volume hyperbolic $n$-manifolds having exactly one cusp. Could ...
14
votes
1answer
623 views

Locus of equal area hyperbolic triangles

Henry Segerman and I recently considered the following question: Given a fixed area $A < \pi$ and two fixed points in the upper half-plane model for hyperbolic $2$-space, what is the locus of ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...
12
votes
3answers
628 views

F→E→B bundle with B,E,F hyperbolic: possible?

It would be interesting to me obtain an answer to the following easy to state question: Does there exist a (smooth) fibre bundle $\pi\colon E\rightarrow B$ with typical fibre $F$ such that $E$, $B$ ...
12
votes
1answer
354 views

Does a compact negatively curved manfiold of dimension 4 admit a cover of finite degree?

A $3$-dimensional compact manifold of negative sectional curvature admits (by geometrisation?) a metric of curvature $-1$, and so its fundamental group has subgroups of finite index. I wonder if an ...
12
votes
1answer
511 views

Why is there a unique hyperbolic simplex of largest area?

Why is there a unqiue ideal $n$-simplex in $\mathbb H^n$ with largest volume for $n\geq 3$? For $n=3$, this is a standard calculation, and for larger dimensions is much harder (see Haagerup and ...
12
votes
1answer
654 views

Gromov's Hyperbolicity and Positive Cheeger Constant in Planar Graphs

It is known that for metric graphs the concepts of Gromov's hyperbolicity and strictly positive Cheeger constant are related. Let us first recall the definition of the Cheeger constant. Let $G$ be a ...
12
votes
1answer
198 views

Hyperbolic Manifolds which fiber over the circle

If $N^2$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus at least $2$, and if $\phi$ is an (orientation-preserving) pseudo-Anosov mapping on $N$, then one can form the closed orientable 3-manifold $M^3$ by ...
12
votes
1answer
346 views

Distortion of malnormal subgroup of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a countable, Gromov-hyperbolic group. We say that $H$ is hyperbolically embedded in $G$ if $G$ is relatively hyperbolic to {$H$} (in the strong sense). This definition is due to Osin. A ...
11
votes
2answers
458 views

The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation $$ \langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle. $$ The proof I know ...
11
votes
1answer
411 views

Comparing layered triangulations of 3-manifolds which fiber over the circle.

I am sorry but I am reposting this question because I wasn't logged in when I first asked it. Ian Agol has produced a method to build an ideal layered triangulation of a hyperbolic 3-manifold which ...
10
votes
3answers
421 views

Torsion in cuspidal cohomology

Following Lemma 2.7 from Vogtmann's Rational Homology of Bianchi Groups, I want to define cuspidal cohomology as $$H_{\mathrm{cusp}}(M)=\frac{H_1(M)}{i_*(H_1(\partial M))}$$ where $i:\partial M\to M$ ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

The work of Thurston

I seem to remember written or said somewhere that at some point Thurston decided to stop writing down his theorems in order not to repel mathematicians from his field (maybe this is not correct?). I ...
10
votes
2answers
709 views

Closed hyperbolic manifold with right-angled fundamental domain

What is an example (as simple as possible, please!) of a closed hyperbolic three-manifold with a right-angled polyhedron as fundamental domain? If we allow cusps then the Whitehead link or the ...
10
votes
3answers
804 views

Tetrahedra with prescribed face angles

I am looking for an analogue for the following 2 dimensional fact: Given 3 angles $\alpha,\beta,\gamma\in (0;\pi)$ there is always a triangle with these prescribed angles. It is ...
10
votes
1answer
262 views

Examples of 3-manifolds with RFRS fundamental group

I'm wondering if anyone knows how to construct hyperbolic 3-manifolds whose fundamental group is RFRS. Clearly the recent work of Agol, Wise, etc. says that such manifolds are abundant, and in ...
10
votes
2answers
485 views

Best known Margulis constants?

A Margulis number for a hyperbolic $n$-manifold $M=\mathbb{H}^n/\Gamma$ is a number $\epsilon>0$ such that for each $x\in\mathbb{H}^n$ the group generated by the elements in $\Gamma$ which move $x$ ...
10
votes
1answer
176 views

Rank and hyperbolic volume

Suppose $M$ is a hyperbolic $3$-manifold whose fundamental group has rank $r.$ What is the best (lower) bound on the volume of $M?$ Similar question for rank of $H_1.$ There is a bunch of papers of ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Pythagorean Theorem for Right-Corner Hyperbolic Simplices?

My answer to the "Favorite Equations" question was the Pythagorean Theorem for Right-Corner Tetrahedra: Euclidean: $A^2+B^2+C^2=D^2$ Hyperbolic: ...
9
votes
6answers
669 views

How to smootly interpolate between möbius transformations?

If you have two Möbius transformations represented as: $f(z) = \frac{az + b}{cz + d}$ $g(z) = \frac{pz + q}{rz + s}$ where $a, b, c, d, p, q, r, s, z \in \mathbb{C}$ Is it possible to derive a ...
9
votes
4answers
389 views

When are those subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{C})$ discrete?

Let $A = \pmatrix{1 & 0 \\ \alpha & 1} $ and $ B = \pmatrix{1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1}$, where $\alpha \in \mathbb{C}$ is a complex parameter. Now consider the family of representations ...
9
votes
2answers
873 views

Existence of finite index torsion free subgroups of hyperbolic groups

Question. Is it true that each infinite hyperbolic group has a torsion free subgroup of finite index? Are there counterexamples, or positive results for some large subclasses of hyperbolic groups? ...
9
votes
2answers
565 views

How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...
9
votes
3answers
564 views

Primitive elements in a free group of rank three

It is well-known that the fundamental group of a twice-punctured torus is a free group of rank three. I see that there is no one-to-one correspondence between the homotopy classes of essential ...
9
votes
4answers
748 views

Abel's equation for the dilog

Abel's identity for the dilogarithm (see the wikipedia page about polylogarithms) plays a role in web geometry as it is one of the abelian relations of the first example of exceptional web (Bol's ...
9
votes
2answers
361 views

Some mid-sized ¿hyperbolic? manifolds and SnapPea

I've recently come across some mid-sized 3-manifolds that I think are likely hyperbolic, but SnapPea has some trouble with them. This is related to my previous question can you fool SnapPea? but in ...
9
votes
1answer
244 views

Topological rigidity for negatively curved manifolds?

I was wondering if two compact oriented manifold carrying a Riemannian metric with negative sectional curvature, whose fundamental groups are isomorphic, are necessarily diffeomorphic (or ...
9
votes
3answers
612 views

Is the cut locus of a generic point in a hyperbolic manifold a generic polyhedron?

Let $p\in M$ be a point in a closed riemannian manifold $M$. Recall that the cut locus of $p$ is the subset of $M$ consisting of all points that are connected to $p$ by at least 2 distance-minimizing ...
9
votes
1answer
455 views

Why isn't $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}\rangle$ a hyperbolic surface group?

The group mentioned in the title, $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}=1\rangle$, is in between the torus fundamental group $\langle x,y|xyx^{-1}y^{-1}=1\rangle$ and the two-holed torus fundamental ...
9
votes
1answer
456 views

Measure on the Boundary of a Hyperbolic Group

Let $\Gamma$ be a non-elementary Gromov's $\delta$-hyperbolic group. Let $B(1,n)$ be the set of elements at distance at most $n$ from the identity and let $\partial B(1,n)$ be the elements at distance ...
8
votes
3answers
284 views

What constant ensures hyperbolicity of Dehn surgery?

I am interested in showing that certain knots having a surgery description are hyperbolic. Unfortunately I have not had time yet to read Thurston's work, so my understanding of this is vague. But from ...
8
votes
3answers
750 views

Flat SU(2) bundles over hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Can someone give me a non-trivial example of a flat SU(2)-connection over a compact orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold? The literature on such bundles over 3-manifolds is huge and my naive searches ...
8
votes
2answers
523 views

cocompact discrete subgroups of SL_2

How can one construct families of cocompact discrete subgroups of the topological group $\text{SL}_2(\mathbb{C})$? Here quaternion algebra's might help, I believe, but I have some difficulties with ...
8
votes
2answers
428 views

Pseudo-Anosov map, Heegaard splitting, hyperbolic 3-manfold

Hi, I am interested in the relationship between the pseudo-anosov map and volume of the hyperbolic 3-manifold. Assume $H_{1}$ and $H_{2}$ are two handlebodies with $\partial H_{1}=\partial H_{2}=S$. ...
8
votes
1answer
428 views

Is the spectrum of closed geodesics in a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold asymptotically homogeneously dense?

It seems to me that the results in this important paper of Kahn-Markovich imply the following fact. Let $M^3$ be any closed hyperbolic 3-manifold. For every $\epsilon > 0$ there is a natural number ...
8
votes
1answer
157 views

Virtual fibering conjecture for cusped hyperbolic manifolds

I am interested in understanding if the Virtual Fibering Theorem holds in the non-compact case. Agol proved that every closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold has a finite index cover which fibers over the ...
8
votes
1answer
312 views

Dehn's algorithm for word problem for surface groups

For some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the fundamental group of a closed genus $g$ surface and let $S_g=\{a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_g,b_g\}$ be the usual generating set for $\Gamma_g$ satisfying the surface ...
8
votes
1answer
696 views

fundamental domains for free fuchsian group.

I try to understand some of the topology of the space of pointed non-compact hyperbolic surfaces (with the pointed Gromov-Hausdorff topology). It is known that the fundamental group of a non-compact ...