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8
votes
1answer
535 views

Is there a straightedge and compass construction of incommensurables in the hyperbolic plane?

In other words, given a segment in the hyperbolic plane is there a straightedge and compass construction of a segment incommensurable with it? In the Euclidean plane one can take the diagonal of the ...
16
votes
2answers
846 views

Maximum of a function of one variable

Let $D$ be a circular quadrilateral (that is a Jordan region whose boundary consists of 4 arcs of circles all orthogonal to the unit circle) whose interior angles are all equal to 0, the vertices lie ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Generalizations of Belyi's theorem

Belyi's theorem states that the following properties of a nonsingular projective algebraic curve $X$ are equivalent: 1) $X$ is defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}};$ 2) There exists a meromorphic ...
6
votes
2answers
470 views

Bolyai's construction

Here is Bolyai's construction (in Klein model), which I learned recently from answer of Will Jagy to this question. It is a Compass-and-straightedge construction of asymptotically parallel line in ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

can you fool SnapPea?

A while back I thought I had some simple knots that "fooled" SnapPea. But I no longer remember those examples, if I ever had them to begin with. What I'm looking for is a non-hyperbolizable knot ...
9
votes
1answer
853 views

fundamental domains for free fuchsian group.

I try to understand some of the topology of the space of pointed non-compact hyperbolic surfaces (with the pointed Gromov-Hausdorff topology). It is known that the fundamental group of a non-compact ...
10
votes
3answers
702 views

Is the cut locus of a generic point in a hyperbolic manifold a generic polyhedron?

Let $p\in M$ be a point in a closed riemannian manifold $M$. Recall that the cut locus of $p$ is the subset of $M$ consisting of all points that are connected to $p$ by at least 2 distance-minimizing ...
15
votes
3answers
792 views

The number of cusps of higher-dimensional hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose $n$ is an integer greater than 3. Sometimes ago I heard somewhere that it is still not known if there exist complete finite-volume hyperbolic $n$-manifolds having exactly one cusp. Could ...
8
votes
2answers
987 views

Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result: The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic. The lecture note that ...
8
votes
1answer
673 views

Geodesics on the twisted pseudosphere (Dini's surface)

I wonder how difficult it is to compute geodesics on Dini's Surface, a twisted pseudosphere? Here is one parametrization, from Alfred Gray's Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, ...
8
votes
1answer
462 views

Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone, I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...
5
votes
3answers
334 views

Are negatively pinched manifold locally conformally flat?

One knows that hyperbolic manifolds are locally conformally flat. How about those negatively pinched manifolds, i.e. the sectional curvature $K$ satisfy: $$ -\Lambda \le K \le -\lambda$$ for ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Canonical fundamental domain for a discrete subgroup Γ of SL₂(R) acting on hyperbolic plane

Let a discrete subgroup $\Gamma$ of $SL_2(\mathbb R)$ act on the hyperbolic plane by Möbius transformations. Is there a "best" or "most canonical" fundamental domain for this action? Some (mostly ...
11
votes
1answer
601 views

Dehn's algorithm for word problem for surface groups

For some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the fundamental group of a closed genus $g$ surface and let $S_g=\{a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_g,b_g\}$ be the usual generating set for $\Gamma_g$ satisfying the surface ...
10
votes
3answers
470 views

Torsion in cuspidal cohomology

Following Lemma 2.7 from Vogtmann's Rational Homology of Bianchi Groups, I want to define cuspidal cohomology as $$H_{\mathrm{cusp}}(M)=\frac{H_1(M)}{i_*(H_1(\partial M))}$$ where $i:\partial M\to M$ ...
8
votes
1answer
287 views

Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...
7
votes
2answers
833 views

Poincaré disk model: is this locus a known curve?

Please, consider a line segment $AB$ in the Poincaré disk model. Now, consider the set $S$ of all point $P$ in the disk such that the angle $\angle APB$ is constant. Question: is $S$ a known curve? ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

Distances between boundaries in a hyperbolic pants

Consider a hyperbolic pair of pants with totally-geodesic boundaries of lengths $l_i$ for $i \in \{1,2,3\}$. For any two distinct boundary components, is the length of the shortest geodesic connecting ...
5
votes
1answer
284 views

Fixed points on boundary of hyperbolic group

Let G be a word-hyperbolic group with torsion and let ∂G be its boundary. Do there exist criteria that imply that all non-trivial finite order elements of G act fixed-point freely on ∂G?
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Infinitesimal deformations of fake projective planes (or ball quotients)

This question is related to the answer I gave to this MO question. What I'm asking is probably well-known to the experts in the field, and I apologize in advance if this turns out to be trivial. By ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Dirichlet polyhedra for hyperbolic manifolds

Let $H$ be a simply-connected, complete space of constant negative curvature, that is, a hyperbolic space, $\Gamma$ a discrete group of isometries, and and $M=H/\Gamma$ its quotient space; we assume ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Angle between geodesics in hyperbolic surface

Let $F$ be an oriented surface of finite type with $\chi(F)<0$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are two oriented closed curves which intersect transversally in double points. Given a hyperbolic ...
2
votes
3answers
637 views

Books that discuss spectral graph theory and its connection to eigenvalue problems in hyperbolic geometry

Hello, Could you name a couple of books or downloadable lecture notes that discuss spectral graph theory and its connection to spectral problems in hyperbolic Riemann surfaces ? You could also ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

How to pick out harmonics based on boundary conditions?

(..this is almost a continuation of my last question (which got closed!)...) Let me first rewrite one of the main results of this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf in a coordinate ...