The hyperbolic-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

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### Arithmetic Fuchsian group

Dear all,
I have the following questions: Are all Fuchsian groups of signature $(0;2,2,2,\infty)$ arithmetic? What is known about the trace fields of these groups?
Best, K.

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244 views

### In hyperbolic 3-orbifold with totally geodesic boundary case, is it true: rank(the fundamental group of boundary M)< or equal 2 rank(fundmental group of M)?

For a orientable three manifold M with totally geodesic boundary, this inequality is true. Because the rank of (fundemantal group of boundary M)=rank (homology group of boundary M )
then we use the ...

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**1**answer

103 views

### Will the rank of fundemantal 3 manifold be decreased is I module the n(n>1) times of a element?

I am doing some rank control about the fundamental group of a 3 dim hyperbolic orbifold. After cuting out the regular neighborhood of all the singularity, I get a manifold with imcompressible ...

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**1**answer

412 views

### The geometrical meaning of the common value in the law of sines in hyperbolic geometry

What is the geometrical meaning of the common value in the law of sines, $\frac{\sin A}{\sinh a} = \frac{\sin B}{\sinh b} = \frac{\sin C}{\sinh c}$ in hyperbolic geometry? I know the meaning of this ...

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811 views

### Questions on Thurston's earthquake flow

Here are some questions about the earthquake deformation of hyperbolic surface that I can't answer or find references.
I briefly recall the settings. Let's fix a closed surface $S$ with genus $g\geq ...

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**0**answers

198 views

### Does every hyperbolic 3 manifold with totally geodesic boundary has some finite covering space with more than one boundary component?

I am thinking about the question that: if we double a hyperbolic 3 manifold along its boundary, will the rank of fundemental group of the resulting closed manifold be strictly larger than before?\
The ...

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**1**answer

258 views

### Can most 3 dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds with finite volume be covered by a hyperbolic manifold?

If G is a discrete cofinite volume subgroup of PSL(2,C),then G acts on H3, H3/G is a 3-dim hyperbolic orbifold N with finite volume, my question is : Is it right in most situations that we can find a ...

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279 views

### Optimal pants decompositions of a hyperbolic surface

Let $S$ be a hyperbolic surface, which is not the punctured torus or $4$-holed sphere. I am interested in finding a ``geometrically optimal'' pants decomposition on $S$.
Here is a candidate ...

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**1**answer

404 views

### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two.
Let $X$ ...

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**1**answer

205 views

### Homotopy Groups of de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter?

Given $n$-dimensional de Sitter or Anti-de Sitter space, $dS_n$ or $AdS_n$, what are the homotopy groups $\pi_m(dS_n)$ and $\pi_m(AdS_n)$ and how does one calculate such things?

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421 views

### Connection 1-forms of a Riemannian metric and the norm of the Hessian and ( seemingly ) two different definitions of Hessian and its norm

In the paper "On Quasiconformal Harmonic Maps " (link here) by L. F. Tam and T.Y.H. Wan, Pacific Journal of Mathematics, vol 182, no 2, 1998, in section 1, they define the Hessian of a function $f ...

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214 views

### A regularity question on the Beltrami equation $ f_\bar{z} =\mu . f_z$ on $D$

Hello,
This question is related to Chapter V, lemma 3 on page 54 of Lars Ahlfors' 'Lectures on Quasiconformal mappings' which states :
If $\mu:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{D} \in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{C}), p ...

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**3**answers

947 views

### Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...

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**1**answer

630 views

### A question on part of “An introduction to teichmuller spaces” by Imayoshi-Taniguchi

I was reading the part on Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates, the proof on page 64, I don't understand when they say:
Since
$\theta_j(t_1)=\theta_j(t_2)$, $j=1,\ldots,3g-3$, all $g_k$ can be glued ...

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**1**answer

257 views

### What is the complex structure on the boundary torus of a hyperbolic knot complement?

Let $K$ be a hyperbolic knot in $\mathbb S^3$. Restrict the corresponding representation $\pi_1(\mathbb S^3\setminus K)\to\operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb C)$ to the fundamental group of the boundary ...

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344 views

### Is there a general dilogarithm formula for the Cheeger--Chern--Simons class?

I'm looking for a generalization of the calculation of the hyperbolic volume and Chern--Simons invariant for $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb C)$ representations in terms of the Rogers dilogarithm.
...

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723 views

### Hyperbolic Coxeter polytopes and Del-Pezzo surfaces

Added. In the following link there is a proof of the observation made in this question: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5546138/DelpezzoCoxeter.pdf
I would like to find a reference for a beautiful ...

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**1**answer

438 views

### Laminations as a limit of ideal triangulations

I am wondering about the following:
Suppose that $S$ is a non-compact
hyperbolic surface of finite area.
Suppose that $\lambda \subset S$ is a
non-trivial, geodesic,
measured lamination. ...

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**1**answer

342 views

### Two questions from Hubbard's Teichmuller theory book Vol I, P. 130 , Thm 4.4.1, ( QC maps )

I was studying Theorem 4.4.1 from John H. Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory, vol I, Theorem 4.4.1 ( P. 129 ) which states :
Let $X,Y$ be two hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with hyperbolic metrics $d_X,d_Y$ ...

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391 views

### a little question about Heegaard splitting

for any compact orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold with totally geodesic boundary, is there a strongly irreducible heegaard splitting?

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**1**answer

265 views

### Generator of translation for the hyperbolic plane? [closed]

What is the generator of translation in the Beltrami-Klein model of the hyperbolic plane?

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**1**answer

742 views

### How people think about ending lamination?

There are lots of works in hyperbolic 3-manifolds related to ending lamination.
But I just don't know how people think about it . what is the philosophy behind it?
maybe i should ask how people ...

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**1**answer

569 views

### A quick and elementary question from Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory : Volume I

Hi,
On page 120, chapter 4, proposition 4.2.7 in Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory book, volume 1, he proves :
Let $U,V$ be open in $C, f:U \to V $ be a homeomorphism and the restriction of $f$ on $U ...

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639 views

### F→E→B bundle with B,E,F hyperbolic: possible?

It would be interesting to me obtain an answer to the following easy to state question:
Does there exist a (smooth) fibre bundle $\pi\colon E\rightarrow B$ with typical fibre $F$ such that $E$, $B$ ...

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571 views

### A construction of generators of discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

I know about geometrical method of construction of discrete subgroups of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ using Lobachevsky plane (e.g. B.A. Dubrovin, A.T. Fomenko, S.P. Novikov, Modern Geometry --- Methods and ...

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**6**answers

605 views

### Quasiconformal harmonic extension of a quasi-symmetric map on $S^1$

Hello ,we know that for given $h:S^1\to S^1$, we can solve the Dirichlet problem on $\bar{D} $ with the boundary value $h$ and in fact this extension, which is the complex harmonic extension $H=E(h) $ ...

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**0**answers

267 views

### Boundary defining functions for hyperbolic surfaces

Let $M$ be a geometrically finite hyperbolic surface with one cuspidal end and one funnel end so that it can be divided into $C \cup K \cup F$ where $C$ is the cusp, $F$ the funnel and $K$ the ...

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**1**answer

158 views

### Definition of k -quasisymmetric maps on S^1

I know the definition of k -quasi-symmetric maps $f$ on $R$,it is
there exists $k>0$ such that $\frac{1}{k}\leq\frac{f(x+t)-f(x)}{f(x)-f(x-t)} \leq k \forall x,t\in R.$
So I just want to ...

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408 views

### Capacity of Balls in Hyperbolic Space

Given $M$ a Riemannian manifold and $\Omega\subset M$ the capacity of $\Omega$ is defined as
$$
\mathrm{cap}(\Omega)=\inf \int_{M\setminus\Omega}{|\mathrm{grad} \varphi|^2 dV}
$$
where $\varphi$ ...

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**1**answer

341 views

### Is there a concept of Combined Teichmuller space for surfaces with both geodesic boundary and punctures/cusps

If we take a sequence of compact hyperbolic Riemann surface with k geodesic boundary components such that the lengths of the geodesic boundary components go to zero, then in the "limit", we should get ...

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695 views

### Gromov's Hyperbolicity and Positive Cheeger Constant in Planar Graphs

It is known that for metric graphs the concepts of Gromov's hyperbolicity and strictly positive Cheeger constant are related. Let us first recall the definition of the Cheeger constant. Let $G$ be a ...

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277 views

### Subgroup structure of $\mathrm{SO}(1,n)_0$

A classification (up to conjugacy) of all closed subgroups of the (identity component of the) Lorentz group $\mathrm{SO}(1,3)_0$ in terms of the subalgebras of its Lie algebra was given in
R. Shaw. ...

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521 views

### Fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds are freely indecomposable

I believe the following statement is true, and I've even seen it referenced here. Could someone point me to a proof?
The fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold is not a free product.
...

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663 views

### A quick question about Farb-Margalit's book on MCG's proof on Teichmuller's existence theorem

Hello,
I was studying Farb-Margalit's " A Primer on MCG " for Teichmuller's existence theorem. On P. 347, proposition 11.14, they proved $ \omega : QD_1(X) -> Teich ( S_g) $ is proper, which, ...

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182 views

### Connectedness of the thick part of a hyperbolic manifold?

In a solution to a recent post : Fundamental group of a thick part of hyperbolic manifold, Igor Belegradek makes this claim that the thick part of a hyperbolic manifold is connected. To me it seems ...

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297 views

### Fundamental group of a thick part of hyperbolic manifold

Let $M$ be a complete hyperbolic manifold of dimension $n$, let $\varepsilon=\varepsilon_n$ be the Margulis constant. Let $M_{[\varepsilon,\infty)}$ be the thick part of $M$ with respect to ...

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148 views

### Good references for Hyperbolic and parabolic annuli

I want to understand the geometry of the Hyperbolic annuli (Hyperbolic plane quoteinted by the group generated by $z\mapsto rz$ for a fixed $r$) and parabolic annuli (Hyperbolic plane quoteinted by ...

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**1**answer

226 views

### Can we prove $ Aut(S_g) , g \geq 2 $ is finite in the following way ?

I was trying to prove that $ Aut( S_g $), g$ \geq 2 $ [ orientation preserving isometries ] is finite in the following way :
For fixed $M $ ( positive ) there are finitely many , say $ k $ number of ...

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**1**answer

445 views

### Some basic questions about the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem

Hello ,
I was studying the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem from the note/book " A Primer on Mapping Class Groups " by Farb-Margalit and I got struck at a couple of points, mainly because I ...

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**1**answer

306 views

### invariant 2-form in hyperbolic 3-space

Hello all
As is probably well-known to most, in the upper halfplane we have a natural action of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ through linear fractional transformations, and a $2$-form $\frac{dx dy}{y^2}$ which ...

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1k views

### Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...

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292 views

### Why a non-simple geodesic in a Y-piece is NOT homotopic to a common perpendicular to the geodesic boundaries ?

This is a basic question, still I dare to ask :
Let Y be the Y-piece with geodesic boundaries A,B, C and ( if possible ) c the non simple geodesic from A to B intersecting itself at a point p. I want ...

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392 views

### Homeomorphism between the boundary of the Poincare disc S1 and its Gromov Boundary

Given the Poincare Disc $D$ and its ideal boundary $S^{1}$, I want to construct a homeomorphism between $S^{1}$ and the gromov boundary of $D$, $\partial D$, of equivalence classes of geodesics given ...

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**1**answer

247 views

### Figure eight geodesic on a pair of pants/Y-piece

Consider a figure-eight geodesic $\delta $( geodesic with exactly one self-intersection point at p ) on a pair of pants Y with three geodesic boundaries $ \gamma_i$ and three perpendiculars between ...

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1k views

### Translation surfaces

I know that this definitely have some sort of reference out there, but I did not find any wikipidea page for it or any introductory Mathematical article about it . I just want definition and concrete ...

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2k views

### Generalizations of Belyi's theorem

Belyi's theorem states that the following properties of a nonsingular projective algebraic curve $X$ are equivalent:
1) $X$ is defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}};$
2) There exists a meromorphic ...

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**3**answers

910 views

### Conformal Mappings for hyperbolic polygon

I am searching for a conformal mapping from the upper halfplane onto a hyperbolic polygon, i.e. the sides of the polygon have to be geodesics.
The classical Schwarz Christoffel theorem does the job ...

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448 views

### Bolyai's construction

Here is Bolyai's construction (in Klein model), which I learned recently from answer of Will Jagy to this question.
It is a Compass-and-straightedge construction of asymptotically parallel line in ...

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483 views

### Length of shortest geodesic and Cheeger's isoperimetric constant for a special genus 2 surface

Let us take two copies of $ Y $-pieces [ or pair of pants ] with each boundary geodesic of length $ l $, and glue them together without any twisting to obtain a genus 2 closed orientable hyperbolic ...

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603 views

### ideal triangles in a punctured torus

I googled it and wikipidead it too : but apparently there is no definition of an ideal triangle on a punctured torus ( i.e a compact [ hyperbolic ] surface with one genus and one boundary component, ...