The hyperbolic-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

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### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

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145 views

### Subharmonic function on a twice punctured complex plane

is the twice punctured complex plane parabolic or hyperbolic? In this sense: does $\mathbb{C}-\{0,1\}$ admit a nonconstant, negative, subharmonic function?
Thanks,

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251 views

### Is the tangent bundle of hyperbolic space trivial?

Let $H$ be hyperbolic n-space. Let $TH$ be the tangent bundle of $H$, endowed with its Sasaki metric. I have two questions:
Is $TH$ isometric to $H$ times a flat n-space?
What is the group of ...

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331 views

### Who first used the cross-ratio to describe shapes in hyperbolic geometry?

I was reading this Wikipedia article today:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape#Similarity_classes
and I realized that it strongly resembles the use of coss-ratios as "shape parameters" in hyperbolic ...

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**1**answer

207 views

### hyperbolic orbifolds of small area

Is there a list of 2-dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds obtained from reflection groups (such as the double of a hyperbolic triangle with angles $\pi/p$, etc.) of small area, for instance area smaller ...

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**1**answer

317 views

### What is known about maximal free subgroups of surface groups?

Let $\Gamma_g=< a_1,...,a_g,b_1,...,b_g | \prod_{i=1}^g [a_i,b_i]>$ (a surface group). What is known about maximal free subgroups of $\Gamma_g$ for $g>1.$ (I.e. free subgroups which are not ...

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**1**answer

863 views

### Geodesics on the twisted pseudosphere (Dini's surface)

I wonder how difficult it is to compute geodesics on Dini's Surface,
a twisted pseudosphere?
Here is one parametrization, from
Alfred Gray's Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, p....

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**1**answer

154 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

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**1**answer

116 views

### Fixed directions and Zariski density of hyperbolic groups

It is a fact that if $\Lambda$ is a nonelementary subgroup of ${\rm PSL_2}(\mathbb{C})$ which contains an hyperbolic transformation and moreover ${\rm tr}(g)\in\mathbb{R}/\pm 1$ for all $g\in\Lambda$ ...

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221 views

### Is $\mathbb{H}^n$ quasi-isometric to a leaf of a codimension 1 foliation of a compact manifold?

If we extend the action of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g), g\geq 2,$ from $\mathbb{H}^2$ to its boundary $\partial_{\infty}\mathbb{H}^2=S^1$, the surface bundle corresponding to this action of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$ on $...

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217 views

### Discussion of specific arithmetic triangle groups?

Arithmetic triangle groups were classified in Takeuchi, Arithmetic triangle groups, J. Math. Soc. Japan Volume 29, Number 1 (1977), 91-106. The (2,3,7) case was discussed in detail in a number of ...

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84 views

### Origin of spectral theory on infinite-area hyperbolic surfaces

The study of spectral theory of finite-area hyperbolic surfaces is intimately related to number theory, in particular by the importance of Maass cusp forms. The counting of resonances is of importance,...

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**1**answer

127 views

### Classification of maximal nonuniform Fuchsian lattices existent?

I am interested in the set of all non-cocompact Fuchsian lattices which all have a distinguished point as cusp, say $\infty$ in the upper half plane model of the hyperbolic plane. Of course, the ...

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**1**answer

161 views

### Arithmetic Fuchsian lattices that are not finite index subgroups of Eichler orders?

Lindenstrauss' proof of AQUE (arithmetic quantum unique ergodicity) assumes that the Fuchsian lattice is an Eichler order or, if I understand it correctly, a finite index subgroup of an Eichler order. ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### Eigenvalues vs resonances

I understand that for infinite-area hyperbolic surfaces, there are no $L^2$-eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator but there are a lot resonances.
But I am confused about the notion of ...

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138 views

### How to pick out harmonics based on boundary conditions?

(..this is almost a continuation of my last question (which got closed!)...) Let me first rewrite one of the main results of this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf in a coordinate ...

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188 views

### Euclidean surfaces with conical singularities and cusped hyperbolic surfaces

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface endowed with a singular euclidean metric $g$, with $n$ conical singularities $x_1,\ldots,x_n$.
Construction 1: it is well-known that the conformal class $[g]$...

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**1**answer

283 views

### Hyperbolic Manifolds which fiber over the circle

If $N^2$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus at least $2$, and if $\phi$ is an (orientation-preserving) pseudo-Anosov mapping on $N$, then one can form the closed orientable 3-manifold $M^3$ by ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### Injective simplicial maps between Arc complexes

Let $A(S)$ denotes the Arc complex of a finite type hyperbolic surface $S$ with nonempty boundary. Let $\lambda:A(S)\rightarrow A(S)$ be a map such that on triangulations of $S$ i.e. on the top ...

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228 views

### Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom.
The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes:
Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...

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**1**answer

361 views

### Do elements of the fundamental group give rise to isometries

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety, and let $\tilde X\to X$ be its universal cover. Suppose that there exists a Kahler-Einstein metric on $\tilde X$. Note that $\pi_1(X) \subset Aut(\tilde X)$.
...

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829 views

### Can the hyperbolic plane be immersed in three dimensional Euclidean space, if we are only looking for a weak solution?

Consider the following question:
"Can the hyperbolic plane $(\mathbb{R}^2, g_H)$ be isometrically
immersed in three dimensional Eulidean space$(\mathbb{R}^3, g_{flat})$?"
I believe the answer to ...

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287 views

### How close can closed geodesics be?

A consequence of the famous Jørgensen inequality is that there is a lower bound for the distance between closed geodesics in hyperbolic three-manifolds: for any $R>0$ there is a c>0 such ...

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418 views

### Geometrization & JSJ decomposition with boundary

Is there any paper where I can find a good explanation of the JSJ decomposition, the geometrization theorem and the relations between them when the manifold has nonempty (and non necessarily toroidal) ...

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**1**answer

207 views

### A question on Cayley graphs and hyperbolic 3-manifolds

There are two hyperbolic closed 3-manifolds, but I don't know whether they are homeomorphic or not. The only thing I know is that the Cayley graphs of their fundamental groups are quasi-isometric.
...

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343 views

### Can one use the continuity method to show that the two dimensional hyperbolic space can be immersed in five dimensional Euclidean space?

First of all, I must clarify at the outset that I am simply asking if there is an alternative way to solve an already known problem. It is known that the answer to my question is yes. The problem is ...

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166 views

### Haken manifolds and characterising sutured manifold hierarchies

In Gabai's paper (Knot Theory and Manifolds Lecture Notes in Mathematics Volume 1144, 1985, pp 14-17 An internal hierarchy for 3-manifolds) he considers sutured manifold decompositions of Haken $3$--...

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135 views

### The measure on the harmonic spectrum from Selberg trace formula

One can see the following two equations,
Theorem 6.1 (Selberg Trace formula) on page 26 of these notes.
Equation 3.19 and 3.20 on page 11 of this paper.
I vaguely feel that these two are the ...

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171 views

### Counterexamples to analogue of Cannon conjecture in higher dimensions

It is known that a group $G$ acts geometrically on $\mathbb{H}^2$ if and only if $G$ is word-hyperbolic and its boundary $\partial G$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$.
The analogous statement for $\mathbb{H}^...

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301 views

### Fixed points on boundary of hyperbolic group

Let G be a word-hyperbolic group with torsion and let ∂G be its boundary. Do there exist criteria that imply that all non-trivial finite order elements of G act fixed-point freely on ∂G?

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156 views

### The distance between two farthest points on the Bolza surface?

The Bolza surface $M$ is the closed hyperbolic surface of genus $2$ that can be obtained by identifying the opposite sides of the regular octagon in $\mathbb{H}^2$.
What two points on $M$ are ...

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516 views

### Smooth projective varieties with infinite abelian fundamental group and finite $\pi_2$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety of general type. Suppose that the (topological) fundamental group of $X$ is an infinite abelian group and that $\pi_2(X^{an})$ is finite.
What ...

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288 views

### Andreev's Theorem and Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

I am attempting to get to grips with Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds. In particular I was looking at the section related to gluing up along hierarchy surfaces in Otal, Jean-...

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**1**answer

321 views

### Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...

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182 views

### Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...

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90 views

### Existence of special pants decompositions for non-elementary representations into PSL(2,R)

A Theorem by Gallo, Goldman and Porter states the following:
Let $S_g$ be a closed orientable surface of genus $g$ with fundamental group $\Gamma_g$, and fix a non-elementary representation $\rho\...

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835 views

### Dehn's algorithm for word problem for surface groups

For some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the fundamental group of a closed genus $g$ surface and let $S_g=\{a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_g,b_g\}$ be the usual generating set for $\Gamma_g$ satisfying the surface ...

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164 views

### Discrete Isoperimetric Problem in the Hyperbolic Plane

Let $S_{g}$ be the closed orientable genus $g$ surface. I'm interested in studying a certain class $\Gamma$ of graphs on $S_{g}$ which fill (the complementary regions are simply connected), and which ...

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1k views

### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation
$$
\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.
$$
The proof I know ...

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221 views

### Comparing two Delaunay tessellations on a hyperbolic surface

Let $S$ be a closed hyperbolic surface (i.e. a compact Riemann surface of genus $\geq 2$) and let $P=\{p_1,\ldots,p_m\}$ be a non-empty finite subset of $m$ points in $S$. Let $\pi:\mathbb H\...

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403 views

### Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...

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233 views

### Heegaard genus of covers of cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold

Is there a cusped (non-compact) orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ which has Heegaard genus $g$, and has a finite-sheeted cover with Heegaard genus $<g$?
Moreover, if the cover is index $n$, then ...

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234 views

### Comparing different layered structures for fibered 3-manifolds: example request.

Let's consider a fibering hyperbolic 3-manifold obtained as a mapping torus over some hyperbolic surface with pseudo-Anosov monodromy, and let's suppose that the surface is punctured at the singular ...

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**1**answer

389 views

### Hyperbolic structures on once punctured tori

I've been working on a problem about billiards in ideal hyperbolic polygons and I was thinking about how the problem for ideal quadrilaterals relates to closed geodesics on once punctured tori.
My ...

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**1**answer

603 views

### Distortion of malnormal subgroup of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a countable, Gromov-hyperbolic group.
We say that $H$ is hyperbolically embedded in $G$ if $G$ is relatively hyperbolic to {$H$} (in the strong sense). This definition is due to Osin.
A ...

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67 views

### Geometric effects of removing elements of D2n generalizable?

So, if I start with a full Dihedral group D2n to represent a regular, ideal polygon in the hyperbolic plane, then I remove an element (and any subsequently necessary elements so that it is still a ...

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427 views

### Negative sectionnal curvature and constant curvature

Good morning everyone,
I was wondering about the difference between manifolds carying a Riemanniann metric with negative sectionnal curvature and hyperbolic manifolds. I was told once "there are ...

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565 views

### Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone,
I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...

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707 views

### Hyperbolic pair of pants.

Suppose $Y$ is a pair of pants with a hyperbolic structure and $\gamma_i; i = 1, 2, 3$ are the geodesic boundaries of length $l_i; i=1, 2, 3$ respectively. Now consider a essential simple arc $\sigma$ ...

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400 views

### Relations between automorphisms of field of rational functions and Mobius Transfomation

Proposition: If $F$ is a field, let $F[x]$ be the ring of all polynomials whose coefficients are in $F$. The fraction field of $F[x]$, denoted $F(x)$, is defined to be the ratios $r(x) = f(x)/g(x)$ ...