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4
votes
2answers
267 views

Are negatively pinched manifold locally conformally flat?

One knows that hyperbolic manifolds are locally conformally flat. How about those negatively pinched manifolds, i.e. the sectional curvature $K$ satisfy: $$ -\Lambda \le K \le -\lambda$$ for ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

Bounds on norm of harmonic function on degenerating hyperbolic surface

Suppose I have a Riemann surface with a shrinking geodesic which is degenerating towards a surface with a cusp, and I consider a neighborhood of the shrinking geodesic, $C_[a,b] = [a,b]\times ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Log-nonexpansive functions: terminology and references

During my recent work in the optimization of positive valued functions, the following class of functions proved to be exceptionally important. (Defn.). Let $h: (0,\infty) \to (0,\infty)$ be ...
1
vote
2answers
308 views

Complete metric on a Riemann surface with punctures

If we have a Riemann surface with punctures of negative Euler characterstisc, how can one define a complete hyperbolic metric? I know that in this case the universal cover is the hyperbolic plane ...
1
vote
2answers
290 views

Volume of a Riemannian manifold and its relation to fundamental group

I am reading a book (Mapping Class Group by Farb and Margalit) and it says (in a proof of one theorem): If $S$ admits a hyperbolic metric (they define such a surface to be of finite area and ...
12
votes
1answer
483 views

Comparing layered triangulations of 3-manifolds which fiber over the circle.

I am sorry but I am reposting this question because I wasn't logged in when I first asked it. Ian Agol has produced a method to build an ideal layered triangulation of a hyperbolic 3-manifold which ...
0
votes
0answers
156 views

Limit sets of Fuchsian groups and relation between lifts to $H$ of homotopic maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces

Let $f,g : X \to Y$ be homotopic (quasiconformal) maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces $X,Y$. Consider their (unique) lifts $\tilde{f},\tilde{g}: H\to H$ , that fix $0,1,\infty $. My question is : ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Quick references/sources for the hyperbolic Riemann Surfaces with boundary

Hello, Here I am asking for a reference for the universal cover of hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with geodesic boundaries. For example, I want to know how the universal cover/fundamental domain of ...
15
votes
0answers
399 views

Actions on ℍⁿ generated by torsion elements

Let $n$ be a large integer. I am looking for a cocompact properly discontinuous isometric action on $n$-dimensional Lobachevky space which is generated by elements of finite order. Or equivalently, ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

Volume of a geodesic simplex on a manifold of non-positive curvature.

Let $M$ be a simply connected manifold that admits a metric of non-positive curvature. For example take $\mathbb{R}^k\times \mathbb{H}^n$. Take $m+1$ points $x_0$, $x_1, \ldots$ $x_m$, $m>k+1$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
183 views

Teichmuller Theory question : Beltrami forms on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces whose lifts are smooth upto the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$

Hello, my question is related to Teichmuller Theory. Let $D$ be the open unit disk and $X=D/{\Gamma}$ be a hyperbolic Riemann surface of the Fuchsian group $\Gamma$. In Teichmuller theory, we have ...
13
votes
2answers
380 views

For which surfaces is Penner's conjecture known to be true?

Robert Penner has proven that, if $A=\{a_1,\dots, a_n\}$ and $B=\{b_1,\dots, b_m\}$ are multicurves in a surface $S$ that together fill $S$, then any product of positive powers of Dehn twists along ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Discreteness of a group of hyperbolic isometries

Referring to A question about hyperbolic double torus, there is non-discrete $\Gamma= \left< a,b,c,d~~|~~[a,b][c,d] \right> \subset PSL_{2}(\mathbb{R})$ where $a,b,c,d$ are hyperbolic elements. ...
2
votes
1answer
411 views

A question about hyperbolic double torus

Hi I have a question about hyperbolic 2-torus, from now on donoted by $\Sigma_{2}$ Actually I've tried to prove that for a group $\Gamma \subset \textrm{Isom}^{+}(\mathbb{H}^{2})$ represented by ...
7
votes
2answers
720 views

Tweetable way to see that Willmore energy is Möbius invariant?

Consider a compact orientable Riemannian manifold $M$ (without boundary) isometrically immersed into $\mathbb{R}^3$. The Willmore energy of $M$ is the functional $$\mathcal{W} = \int_M H^2 dA$$ ...
10
votes
3answers
435 views

Torsion in cuspidal cohomology

Following Lemma 2.7 from Vogtmann's Rational Homology of Bianchi Groups, I want to define cuspidal cohomology as $$H_{\mathrm{cusp}}(M)=\frac{H_1(M)}{i_*(H_1(\partial M))}$$ where $i:\partial M\to M$ ...
6
votes
2answers
259 views

Hyperbolic structures on $S\times\mathbb{R}$

Let $S$ be a closed incompressible surface in a finite volume hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ without cusps. Let $N$ be the cover of $M$ associated to $\pi_1(S) \subset \pi_1(M)$. The cover $N$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Embedding Again

Let $S=[(x,y)\in\mathbb{H}^{2}:0< x< 2\pi]$ where $\mathbb{H}^{2}$ is a hyperplane with standard metric. I.e., a strip whose boundary components are geodesics, both approaching a common infinite ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

( finite ) Blaschke product in higher dimensions ?

Hello, as we know, the (finite) Blaschke product $P$ in $\mathbb{C}$ or in $ \mathbb{R}^2 $ is defined by $\prod_{j=1}^{k} \frac{z-a_j}{1-\bar{a_j}z}, a_j \in \mathbb{D}$. I was wondering whether ...
4
votes
1answer
334 views

A question about embedding hyperbolic space onto pseudosphere

I have a difficulty with hyperbolic geometry. Let $\mathbb{H}^{2}$ be a 2-dimensional hyperbolic plane. (i.e., upper half plane in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with a metric $\frac{ds}{y}$) (or, upper half ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

uniform properness of lifts of uniform proper maps

Let $(X,d)$ be a unique geodesic metric space and $Y\subseteq X$ a subset, equipped with the induced path metric $d'$. We say that the inclusion $i\colon Y\hookrightarrow X$ is uniformly proper if ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is / are the softwares to use to draw surfaces of the form of a two or three-holed torus , or torus, or torus with cusps attached to it?

I am trying to draw surfaces with complete hyperbolic structures and surfaces which are topologically tori. The hyperbolic surfaces I need to draw are torus with one or two holes on it, or torus with ...
5
votes
3answers
443 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
3
votes
4answers
561 views

Softwares for drawing hyperbolic surfaces , closed, with boundaries or with punctures ?

In a paper I am in the process of writing in LaTeX, I need to draw and incorporate some diagrams of hyperbolic surfaces in my LaTeX document. Is there any software I can use to draw hyperbolic ...
4
votes
1answer
327 views

Does the fundamental group of a surface have rigid subgroups?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is the fundamental group of a closed, oriented surface $S$. Let $B$ be a finitely generated, infinite index subgroup of $\Gamma$, and let $\Gamma_B$ be the compact core of the ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Uniqueness of distance realizing geodesic in hyperbolic surface. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Hyperbolic surfaces Given a hyperbolic surface S with geodesic boundary. Let a and b be two distinct simple closed geodesic boundaries. Does there exist a unique distance ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

Pleated surfaces do not curl up too much

Hi! Let $S$ be a hyperbolic surface with metric $\rho$ and $N$ a hyperbolic $3$-dimensional manifold with bounded geometry. Let $g\colon (S,\rho)\to N$ be an incompressible pleated surface, that is ...
10
votes
3answers
591 views

Best known Margulis constants?

A Margulis number for a hyperbolic $n$-manifold $M=\mathbb{H}^n/\Gamma$ is a number $\epsilon>0$ such that for each $x\in\mathbb{H}^n$ the group generated by the elements in $\Gamma$ which move $x$ ...
4
votes
2answers
219 views

Pseudoanosov mapping torus and length of curves.

Let $M_{\phi}$ be a hyperbolic mapping torus coming from a pseudo-Anosov map $\phi$ in a surface $S$. Is there any way to estimate the length of the geodesic representing a given curve in the surface ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

teichmuller geodesics and hyperbolic mapping torus

Given a pseudoanosov map $\phi$ of a surface $S$, there is a geodesic $\sigma$ in Teichmuller space (with the teichmuller metric) that is an axis for $\phi$, In other words, $\phi$ acts as a ...
10
votes
1answer
493 views

Measure on the Boundary of a Hyperbolic Group

Let $\Gamma$ be a non-elementary Gromov's $\delta$-hyperbolic group. Let $B(1,n)$ be the set of elements at distance at most $n$ from the identity and let $\partial B(1,n)$ be the elements at distance ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

Characterization of the moduli space of the pair of pants in terms of the modules of the extremal ring domains

Hi, I was thinking about the following question ; I will appreciate it if somebody can give me a full or partial answer or can at least cite any reference(s)/ papers etc : By $ \bar{P} $ , we ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Rank of a group generated by side-pairing isometries of a polyhedron

Let $P$ be a compact convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{H}^3$. Let $G$ be a group generated by side-pairing isometries of $P$. Is there an algorithm to find the rank of $G$?
16
votes
2answers
684 views

Non-residually finite matrix groups

By Malcev's theorem, every finitely generated linear group is residually finite (RF). On the other hand, say, the group of rational numbers is linear, but is not residually finite. Thus, one has to ...
3
votes
1answer
345 views

Relationship between hyperbolicity in group theory and hyperbolicity in geometry

Could somebody teach me about the relationship, if any, between hyperbolicity in groups (in Gromov sense) and hyperbolicity in 3-dimensional orbifolds? To be more specific, let Q be a 3-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
425 views

The version of Montel's theorem used in the proof of Jenkins-Strebel differential

Hello, I am afraid that my main question might be a bit too elementary, but still I ask : In short, my question is "what is the version of Montel's theorem for a family of holomorphic maps from an ...
3
votes
0answers
543 views

Thales' Theorem for Hyperbolic Geometry [duplicate]

In Euclidean geometry Thales' Theorem says that if you view a diameter of a circle from any point on the perimeter it occupies exactly $90$ degrees in your field of view. More generally for any ...
24
votes
2answers
715 views

chromatic number of the hyperbolic plane

A notorious problem in combinatorics is the following: If we color $\mathbb{R}^2$ so that no pair of points at unit distance get the same color, what is the fewest number of colors required? This ...
9
votes
0answers
405 views

How does duality of symmetric spaces explain the hyperbolic cosine theorem?

There is a well-known duality between compact symmetric spaces and symmetric spaces of noncompact type. Basically it goes as follows: If $G/K$ is a symmetric space of noncompact type, $g=k+p$ the ...
5
votes
3answers
338 views

center of fundamental group of finite volume-hyperbolic orbifold

Is center of a fundamental group of finite volume-hyperbolic n-orbifold trivial? Is there a good reference that the proof is wriiten?
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Measuring the complexity of a knot by minimum number of simplices to tile the complement

This is essentially a duplicate of: Lower bound on number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a knot complement Suppose a knot $K\subseteq\mathbb S^3$ is such that the complement $\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Mapping torus relative to an infinite orbit can be hyperbolic with finite volume?

Consider a homeomorphism of the sphere with an infinite orbit converging forwards and backwards to the same point. Remove the orbit and the accumulation point and make the mapping torus. Can the ...
14
votes
1answer
557 views

Why is there a unique hyperbolic simplex of largest area?

Why is there a unqiue ideal $n$-simplex in $\mathbb H^n$ with largest volume for $n\geq 3$? For $n=3$, this is a standard calculation, and for larger dimensions is much harder (see Haagerup and ...
7
votes
1answer
454 views

Is there a simplicial volume definition of Chern Simons invariants?

Suppose we have some compact hyperbolic 3-manifold $M=\Gamma\backslash\mathbb H^3$. Now we know that the hyperbolic volume of $M$ can be defined as (a constant times) the simplicial volume of the ...
3
votes
2answers
357 views

volume of complex hyperbolic manifolds

I would like to know if there are in the literature explicit computations of the volume of complex hyperbolic manifolds. More precisely, let $\mathcal O$ be an imaginary quadratic number field, and ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Example of hyperbolic 3-fold with no embedded incompressible subsurfaces

Kahn-Markovic show that every hyperbolic 3-fold contains an immersed $\pi_1$ injective surface. Are there any known examples of hyperbolic 3-folds that do not contain a embedded $\pi_1$ injective ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem for infinite genus Riemann surfaces

Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem states that for a compact Riemann surface $X$ the cardinality of $Aut(X)$, the group of holomorphic automorphisms, is bounded above by $84(g(X)-1)$ and is therefore ...
9
votes
3answers
623 views

Primitive elements in a free group of rank three

It is well-known that the fundamental group of a twice-punctured torus is a free group of rank three. I see that there is no one-to-one correspondence between the homotopy classes of essential ...
3
votes
3answers
898 views

Poincare Metric on Hyperbolic Plane

as is well known, we can put a metric on the upper half plane $\mathbb{R}^+ \times \mathbb{R}$ by setting $$ d\left((x,t);(x',t')\right):=\log\left(\frac{1 + \delta}{1 - \delta}\right)^{1/2}, $$ ...
9
votes
2answers
596 views

How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...