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5
votes
1answer
210 views

Andreev's Theorem and Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

I am attempting to get to grips with Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds. In particular I was looking at the section related to gluing up along hierarchy surfaces in Otal, ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...
7
votes
0answers
147 views

Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Existence of special pants decompositions for non-elementary representations into PSL(2,R)

A Theorem by Gallo, Goldman and Porter states the following: Let $S_g$ be a closed orientable surface of genus $g$ with fundamental group $\Gamma_g$, and fix a non-elementary representation ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Universal covering of a submanifold with boundary

Good afternoon, I'm having a hard time trying to prove the following lemma : Let $V$ be a hyperbolic compact orientable manifold, containing two totally geodesic com pact hypersurfaces $H$ and $G$ ...
8
votes
1answer
311 views

Dehn's algorithm for word problem for surface groups

For some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the fundamental group of a closed genus $g$ surface and let $S_g=\{a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_g,b_g\}$ be the usual generating set for $\Gamma_g$ satisfying the surface ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Discrete Isoperimetric Problem in the Hyperbolic Plane

Let $S_{g}$ be the closed orientable genus $g$ surface. I'm interested in studying a certain class $\Gamma$ of graphs on $S_{g}$ which fill (the complementary regions are simply connected), and which ...
11
votes
2answers
457 views

The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation $$ \langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle. $$ The proof I know ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Comparing two Delaunay tessellations on a hyperbolic surface

Let $S$ be a closed hyperbolic surface (i.e. a compact Riemann surface of genus $\geq 2$) and let $P=\{p_1,\ldots,p_m\}$ be a non-empty finite subset of $m$ points in $S$. Let $\pi:\mathbb ...
8
votes
1answer
196 views

Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...
7
votes
1answer
165 views

Heegaard genus of covers of cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold

Is there a cusped (non-compact) orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ which has Heegaard genus $g$, and has a finite-sheeted cover with Heegaard genus $<g$? Moreover, if the cover is index $n$, then ...
6
votes
2answers
183 views

Comparing different layered structures for fibered 3-manifolds: example request.

Let's consider a fibering hyperbolic 3-manifold obtained as a mapping torus over some hyperbolic surface with pseudo-Anosov monodromy, and let's suppose that the surface is punctured at the singular ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Hyperbolic structures on once punctured tori

I've been working on a problem about billiards in ideal hyperbolic polygons and I was thinking about how the problem for ideal quadrilaterals relates to closed geodesics on once punctured tori. My ...
12
votes
1answer
345 views

Distortion of malnormal subgroup of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a countable, Gromov-hyperbolic group. We say that $H$ is hyperbolically embedded in $G$ if $G$ is relatively hyperbolic to {$H$} (in the strong sense). This definition is due to Osin. A ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Geometric effects of removing elements of D2n generalizable?

So, if I start with a full Dihedral group D2n to represent a regular, ideal polygon in the hyperbolic plane, then I remove an element (and any subsequently necessary elements so that it is still a ...
5
votes
2answers
317 views

Negative sectionnal curvature and constant curvature

Good morning everyone, I was wondering about the difference between manifolds carying a Riemanniann metric with negative sectionnal curvature and hyperbolic manifolds. I was told once "there are ...
7
votes
1answer
320 views

Fundamental group of an hyperbolic $4$-manifold

Good afternoon everyone, I have a very general question about hyperbolic manifolds and their fundamental groups in high dimension (at least $4$). If the theory of surfaces and $3$-manifolds provide ...
2
votes
2answers
516 views

Hyperbolic pair of pants.

Suppose $Y$ is a pair of pants with a hyperbolic structure and $\gamma_i; i = 1, 2, 3$ are the geodesic boundaries of length $l_i; i=1, 2, 3$ respectively. Now consider a essential simple arc $\sigma$ ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Purely parabolic Kleinian groups

What can be said about a discrete finitely generated subgroup $G$ of $PSL(2,\mathbb C)$ whose nontrivial elements are parabolic? If $G$ is geometrically finite, one can show that $G$ must be ...
9
votes
1answer
454 views

Why isn't $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}\rangle$ a hyperbolic surface group?

The group mentioned in the title, $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}=1\rangle$, is in between the torus fundamental group $\langle x,y|xyx^{-1}y^{-1}=1\rangle$ and the two-holed torus fundamental ...
2
votes
3answers
264 views

Mid point with set square?

Is it possible to construct the midpoint of a segment in the hyperbolic plane using the set square only? With the set square one can draw the line through the given two points and drop the ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

An action or two of $SL_2(\Bbb Z)$?

$SL_2(\Bbb Z)$ acts on ${\Bbb R}^2$ fixing set-wise ${\Bbb Z}^2$, so $SL_2(\Bbb Z)$ acts on ${\Bbb R}^2\setminus {\Bbb Z}^2$, and then on the universal covering space of ${\Bbb R}^2\setminus {\Bbb ...
4
votes
2answers
237 views

Do quasi convex hyperbolic subgroups remain quasi convex after adding redundant generators?

We know now that hyperbolic 3-manifolds virtually embed into right-angled Artin groups as quasiconvex subgroups. Also, quasiconvexity depends on the generating set. I have been constructing a space ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Fixed point set of an isometric group action on an hyperbolic manifold

Good morning, I'm trying to understand the following fact, that is stated in Gromov and Thurston's paper "Pinching constants for hyperbolic manifolds" : Let $M$ be a (at least) 3-dimensional compact ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Fixed submanifolds of the sphere at infinity of $\mathbb{H}^n$

Good afternoon, Take a submanifold $V$ of codimension $1$ of the sphere at infinity of $\mathbb{H}^n$ which is not the sphere at infinity of a totally geodesic hyperplane $\mathbb{H}^{n-1} \subset ...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Is the group of integer points of ${\rm SO}(n,1)$ maximal?

That is, is it true that there does not exist a lattice in $G = {\rm SO}(n,1)$ which contains the group of integer points of $G$ as a proper subgroup (obviously then of finite index)? if such a ...
4
votes
2answers
248 views

injectivity radius of hyperbolic surface

Given a positive real number $l$. Does there exist a closed hyperbolic surface $X$ so that injectivity radius not less than $l$?
6
votes
2answers
328 views

Do different Dehn fillings produce homeomorphic 3-manifolds ?

Hi, everyone. I am interested in the dehn filling and Hyperbolic 3-manifold. Suppose M be an orientable compact 3-manifold with one torus boundary and int(M) admit a hyperbolic structure. ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

When are isometry groups of hyperbolic 3-manifolds finite?

If $M$ is a finite volume hyperbolic 3-manifold, then its isometry group is finite. I believe this is also true for geometrically finite 3-manifolds. What is the most general condition on a hyperbolic ...
17
votes
2answers
774 views

How does hyperbolicity of space time affect our lives?

My main research has been in hyperbolic geometry and geometric group theory. I always thought that the only real "application" of my work was that the universe is a 3-manifold. But recently I found ...
6
votes
0answers
282 views

A conjecture of Thurston and possibly Weeks too

What is the status of the following conjecture: "... [w]hen the shortest simple closed geodesics are repeatedly removed from any complete hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume, eventually one ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Siegel set in SO(n,1) modulo integer points?

I wonder what is known about a fundamental region for SO($n,1$) modulo its integer points? is there only one cusp? and if one writes a Siegel set in the form of $K A_\tau N_c$, where $N_c$ is compact ...
19
votes
2answers
236 views

Hyperbolic exceptional fillings of cusped hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Thurston's Hyperbolic Dehn Surgery Theorem says that all but finitely many fillings of a cusp of a hyperbolic 3-manifold result in hyperbolic manifolds that are deformations of the original manifold. ...
6
votes
1answer
309 views

Hyperbolic 3-manifolds with no geometrically finite structure

Does there exist a compact hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ that is not diffeomorphic to a geometrically finite hyperbolic manifold? If yes, can such $M$ have incompressible boundary? I think the answer ...
6
votes
2answers
249 views

Hyperbolic Brunnian links and rectangular cusp shapes

My question is as follows. Does every hyperbolic Brunnian link have rectangular cusp shapes on all its components? Here is what I mean: The Borromean rings form a famous link $B$ (a smooth ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

reference request: “p-adic” presentation of surfaces

On several occasions I heart about the following result: For "certain" lattices $\Lambda$ in $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and almost any prime $p$ there exists a lattice $\Gamma$ in $SL_2(\mathbb{R})\times ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Flows in word-hyperbolic groups

I was wondering if there is a good notion of flows in word-hyperbolic groups (maybe I should say flows in the Cayley graphs of word-hyperbolic groups). More precisely, I wonder if there is an ...
6
votes
1answer
377 views

If rational points are like entire curves, then what do algebraic points correspond to

I read somewhere that if $X$ is a projective variety of general type over a number field $K$, then rational points are an analogue of entire curves $\mathbf{C}\to X^{an}$ (with $X^{an}$ the ...
8
votes
1answer
262 views

Geodesic cuffs of pairs of pants in a hyperbolic manifold- why are they disjoint?

I'm trying to understand Kahn-Markovic's celebrated Immersing almost geodesic surfaces in a closed hyperbolic three manifold. There is something probably quite basic which I can't figure out. We have ...
6
votes
0answers
304 views

Closed geodesics on a closed, negatively curved Riemannian manifold

I have been searching for a while for a proof of the following fact: For a closed Riemannian manifold, all of whose sectional curvatures are negative, each free homotopy class of loops contains a ...
6
votes
1answer
333 views

Previous work on this generalization of continued fractions?

The 2x2 matrix representation of a continued fraction makes it clear that we're multiplying together a bunch of group elements. Inversion is essentially freely adjoining a generator to a Coxeter ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

growth of energy of eigenfunctions on hyperbolic surface

I am looking to the behavior of eigenfunctions associated to small eigenvalues on a degenerating hyperbolic surface. Let $(\Sigma_n, h_n)$ a sequence of compact surfaces with area equal to $1$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Cut and Project Sets Using Hyperbolic Space

One strategy for creating aperiodic sets in $\mathbf{R}$ is to take a line $L$ of irrational slope in $\mathbf{R}^2$ along with a compact window $W \subset \mathbf{R}$ which is thought of as a subset ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Bisectors in symmetric spaces

In William Goldman's book Complex Hyperbolic Geometry, bisector hypersurfaces play an important role. Given two points $x,y$, the bisector is the set of points equidistant from $x$ and from $y$. Do ...
9
votes
2answers
361 views

Some mid-sized ¿hyperbolic? manifolds and SnapPea

I've recently come across some mid-sized 3-manifolds that I think are likely hyperbolic, but SnapPea has some trouble with them. This is related to my previous question can you fool SnapPea? but in ...
6
votes
1answer
204 views

Can bilipschitz models of hyperbolic 3-manifolds be made effective?

In their proof of the Ending Lamination Conjecture, Brock, Canary, and Minsky prove existence of bilipschitz models of hyperbolic 3-manifolds (homeomorphic to a surface times $\mathbb{R}$) depending ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Local curvature in a Cayley complex

I'm curious about non-shperical regions in the Cayley complex of a hyperbolic group $G = < X : R \>$ that one might reasonably consider "curved", but I haven't found much discussion of local ...
2
votes
2answers
404 views

two curves filling a surface

Let $S$ be a closed surface of genus $g \geq 2$. There exist two simple closed curves filling $S$? Definitions: Two closed curves $\alpha, \beta$ fill $S$ if they have minimal intersection and $S ...
10
votes
1answer
262 views

Examples of 3-manifolds with RFRS fundamental group

I'm wondering if anyone knows how to construct hyperbolic 3-manifolds whose fundamental group is RFRS. Clearly the recent work of Agol, Wise, etc. says that such manifolds are abundant, and in ...
4
votes
4answers
468 views

Synthetic approach to hyperbolic geometry?

Hello, I am looking for a source that discusses and teaches hyperbolic geometry from a synthetic approach (As opposed to the common analytinc approach in the poincare disk). I am looking for ...