A Hopf algebra is a vector space $H$ over a field $k$ endowed with an associative product $\times:H\otimes_k H\to H$ and a coassociative coproduct $\Delta:H\to H\otimes_k H$ which is a morphism of algebras. Unit $1:k\to H$, counit $\epsilon:H\to k$ and antipode $S:H\to H$ are also required. Such a ...

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3k views

What does the generating function $x/(1 - e^{-x})$ count?

Let $x$ be a formal (or small, since the function is analytic) variable, and consider the power series $$ A(x) = \frac{x}{1 - e^{-x}} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty \left( -\sum_{n=1}^\infty ...
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6answers
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Why Drinfel'd-Jimbo-type Quantum Groups?

Hopf algebras are pretty easy to motivate, as a not-necessarily-commutative generalization of the ring of functions on an algebraic group (and there are many other ways in which they come up). I like ...
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6answers
1k views

What structure on a monoidal category would make its 2-category of module categories monoidal and braided?

So, many of us know the answer to "what kind of structure on an algebra would make its category of representations braided monoidal": your algebra should be a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra (maybe if ...
7
votes
3answers
460 views

Are supervector spaces the representations of a Hopf algebra?

Supervector spaces look a lot like the category of representations of $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ - the even part corresponds to the copies of the trivial representation and the odd part corresponds to ...
8
votes
3answers
546 views

Faithfully flat descent over Hopf algebras in terms of comodule structures

Let A be a (finite-dimensional graded cocommutative) Hopf algebra over a field k, E be a Hopf subalgebra, and R=A \otimes_E k. Then the comultiplication on A induces a coalgebra structure on R. ...
8
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3answers
889 views

Hopf algebra structure on the universal enveloping algebra of a Leibniz algebra?

A Leibniz algebra L may be thought of as a noncommutative generalisation of a Lie algebra. One drops the requirement that the bracket be alternating and substitutes the Jacobi identity for the ...
6
votes
2answers
322 views

How do quantum knot invariants change when I pick a funny ribbon element?

So, there's a construction of Reshetikhin and Turaev which extracts knot invariants from ribbon monoidal categories, which are (usually) the representation category a Hopf algebra with a choice of ...
16
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1answer
855 views

Hopf Algebra Reference

I was talking this morning to a colleague who thinks about combinatorial Hopf algebras. He mentioned several rings, which are of interest in combinatorics, for which he didn't know whether a Hopf ...
3
votes
3answers
436 views

What is a formula for the “group-like Drinfeld element”?

Any quantized universal enveloping algebra (in fact, any toplogically quasi-triangular Hopf algebra) has an (in its completion) an element u called the Drinfeld element which gives an isomorphism from ...