0
votes
0answers
167 views

polynomial representation of $sl_{2}(k)$

Let $k$ be an algebraic closed field of characteristic 0. We write $$X=\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 1\\ 0 & 0\\ \end{array} \right),~~ Y=\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 0\\ 1 & 0\\ ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

universal enveloping algebras and commutator subalgebras

Let $A$ and $B$ are Lie subalgebras of a Lie algebra $L$. $U(A)$, $U(B)$ and $U(L)$ are the universal enveloping algebras of $A$, $B$ and $L$, respectively. Let $[A, B]$ be the Lie subalgebras ...
0
votes
0answers
199 views

Why are there two Hopf algebra structures on a Kac--Moody Algebra.

For a Lie algebra $\frak{g}$, we will recall that its universal enveloping algebra $U(\frak{g})$ has a Hopf algebra structure given by $$ \Delta(x) := 1 \otimes x + x \otimes 1, ~~~ \epsilon(x) = 0, ...
4
votes
0answers
161 views

Is the “Toeplitz algebra” the representation ring of a Hopf algebra related to SU(2)?

More precisely, does there exist a Hopf algebra $H$ whose category of (finite-dimensional, complex) representations is generated under direct sum and tensor product by two one-dimensional ...
4
votes
0answers
200 views

$U\left(\mathfrak a\right) \otimes_{U\left(\mathfrak a\cap\mathfrak b\right)} U\left(\mathfrak b\right) \cong U\left(\mathfrak a + \mathfrak b\right)$ over a ring containing $\mathbb{Q}$

While the Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem is usually proven (and sometimes even formulated) for free modules only, it is known (see also here) that it holds for arbitrary modules if the ground ring is ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

Does there exist a canonical “degree” filtration on quantum groups?

For any lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, there is a natural filtration on $U(\mathfrak g)$ by "degree": the filtered piece $U^{\leq n}(\mathfrak g)$ is just the image in $U(\mathfrak g)$ of ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the universal enveloping algebra?

Let ${\mathfrak g}$ be a Lie algebra in a symmetric monoidal category enriched over $K$-vector spaces, i.e., in particular, hom-s are $K$-vector spaces (where $K$ is a field of characteristic zero). ...
7
votes
1answer
367 views

Comparing two similar procedures for quantizing a Casimir Lie algebra

My primary reference for this question is the very good book Quantum Groups and Knot Invariants by C. Kassel, M. Rosso, and V. Turaev. I'm also drawing from P. Etingof and O. Schiffmann, Lectures on ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

In what way do exact sequences of Lie ideals integrate to the category of groups?

Please excuse, very naive question: Suppose $g$ is a topological Lie algebra over Q and $G$ = $exp(g)$ the associated group (take free group on formal symbols $exp(X)$, X $\in$ $G$, and impose all ...
10
votes
2answers
595 views

Is there a canonical Hopf structure on the center of a universal enveloping algebra?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a finite-dimensional Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$. Define $\mathcal Z(\mathfrak g)$ to be the center of the universal enveloping algebra $\mathcal U\mathfrak g$, and define ...
21
votes
10answers
2k views

What does the generating function $x/(1 - e^{-x})$ count?

Let $x$ be a formal (or small, since the function is analytic) variable, and consider the power series $$ A(x) = \frac{x}{1 - e^{-x}} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty \left( -\sum_{n=1}^\infty ...
4
votes
2answers
702 views

Hopf algebra structure on the universal enveloping algebra of a Leibniz algebra?

A Leibniz algebra L may be thought of as a noncommutative generalisation of a Lie algebra. One drops the requirement that the bracket be alternating and substitutes the Jacobi identity for the ...