The study of harmonic differential forms on complex projective varieties, their invariantly defined filtrations, their integrals over topological cycles, especially over subvarieties, the deformations of these integrals and filtrations in families, and a multitude of generalizations.

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68
votes
2answers
15k views

Why is the Hodge Conjecture so important?

The Hodge Conjecture states that every Hodge class of a non singular projective variety over $\mathbf{C}$ is a rational linear combination of cohomology classes of algebraic cycles: Even though I'm ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers

This question made me wonder about the following: Are there orientedly diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers? It seems that this would require that those manifolds are not ...
20
votes
4answers
3k views

Why do people think that abelian varieties are the hardest case for the Hodge conjecture?

Today, I heard that people think that if you can prove the Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, then it should be true in general. Apparently this case is important enough (and hard enough) that ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Hodge decomposition in Minkowski space

This question is motivated by the physical description of magnetic monopoles. I will give the motivation, but you can also jump to the last section. Let us recall Maxwell’s equations: Given a semi-...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Torsion in cohomology of smooth manifolds

I've been interested in the possible (singular) cohomology groups of complex projective algebraic varieties, and there are lots of theorems that give various restrictions on these (Hodge decomposition,...
7
votes
1answer
671 views

Equivalence between statements of Hodge conjecture

Dear everyone, I was unable to obtain the equivalence between the two statements of the Hodge conjecture. I searched for some previous questions that others asked here, to check whether someone has ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric. It is essentially ...
7
votes
0answers
404 views

Fontaine-Mazur for Hodge Structures

Is there a conjecture, or known result, describing which integral Hodge structures are composition factors in the Hodge structure on the cohomology groups of smooth proper algebraic varieties over $\...
6
votes
1answer
661 views

Mumford-Tate group and Galois representations

Could someone please point me towards a proof of why the image of a Galois representation on the Tate-module of an abelian variety is limited by its Mumford-Tate group?
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Alternative construction of the first Chern class map

Let $X$ be a compact Kähler manifold. Consider the exponential sequence $0 \to \mathbf Z \to \mathscr O_X \to \mathscr O_X^* \to 0$. The boundary map gives a map $H^1(X, \mathscr O_X^*) \to H^2(X, \...
3
votes
1answer
339 views

Is it written anywhere that open subvarieties of affine spaces have “completely impure” cohomology?

Consider complex affine space $\mathbb{C}^n$ and let $U$ be a Zariski open subset of $\mathbb{C}^n$. By a celebrated result of Deligne, the cohomology $H^i(U)$ has a canonical Hodge structure. In ...