A Hilbert space $H$ is a real or complex vector space endowed with an inner product such that $H$ is a complete metric space when endowed with the norm induced by this inner product.

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How many subspaces are generated by three or more subspaces in a Hilbert space?

In the book of G. D. Birkhoff "lattice theory", it is mentioned that there are 28 subspaces that can be obtained from three subspaces in general position in a Hilbert space (using intersections and ...
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1answer
146 views

Operator theory of the Hessian

How can I learn more about the operator theory of the Hessian? The Hessian of a function $u : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb R$ over a domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ is the matrix of second ...
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1answer
99 views

Orthogonal functions with shrinking support

This question is more or less a cross post of http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1218660/orthogonal-functions-with-shrinking-support. Let $X$ be a metric space (compact, if it helps) and let $Y$ ...
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74 views

Boundedness of a Hilbert space projection map

Reading this recent thread I was reminded of a related problem I still haven't solved so I post it here in hopes of a positive result. Let $V_0 \subset H_0$ and $V_1 \subset H_1$ be separable ...
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1answer
213 views

Existence of a projection operator onto subspace of Hilbert space

Let $V \subset H$ be Hilbert spaces with a continuous, compact and dense imbedding. Let $\{w_j\}_j \subset V$ be a basis of $V$ and of $H$ (so finite linear combinitions are dense) which is not ...
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116 views

Weak topology on subsets of a normed space

I have few questions about the subsets of a normed space $X$ endowed with the weak topology. Let $E$ be such subset. When is the norm a continuous function on $E$? When is the metric induced by the ...
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1answer
89 views

Orthogonal compact operators on an infinite dimensional Hilbert space [closed]

How do I show that when $H$ is an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space we can find two compact positive operators $u,v$ with infinite dimensional image and $u \perp v$? This statement can be found at ...
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131 views

Decidabilty of the Hilbert lattice and quantum logic

What is known about the decidability of (first-order formulas in) the structure $(\mathcal{L}(H),\leq)$, where $\mathcal{L}(H)$ is the collection of all closed linear subspaces of a (separable) ...
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1answer
45 views

Injective inclusion map from RKHS function space to $L_p(\mu)$

Let $X$ be a measurable space, $\mu$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure on $X$, and $H$ be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert space over $X$ with a measurable kernel $k$. At a certain part in a proof I ...
5
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1answer
152 views

The Maximal $\ell_2$ norm of a signed sum of vectors

Suppose we have $n$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n.$ Consider the signed sum of these vectors: $$U(s_1,\ldots,s_n)=s_1 v_1+s_2 v_2 + \ldots + s_n v_n$$ where $s_j$'s can only take values of $+1$ or $-1.$ I ...
2
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1answer
133 views

Non-closability of an operator

Let $a$ be a positive continuous function nowhere differentiable on $[0,1]$. The operator $T$ in $H:=L^2(0,1)\oplus L^2(0,1)$ defined by $$T(u_1,u_2) := (u_1' + au_2',0)$$ on $\textrm{Dom} \,T := ...
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1answer
137 views

Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state. Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...
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0answers
80 views

Recontruction of the weak topolgy from the scalar product on a subset of a Hilbert Space

Let $M$ be a set a let $K:M\times M\to\mathbb{C}$ be a positive definite kernel. By a version of Moore-Aronszajn Theorem, there is a unique (up to the unitary euivalence) Hilbert Space $X$, and a map ...
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52 views

Hilbert scales of covariance operators

Assume we have 2 covariance operators(positive definite trace class) $S$ and $T$ on Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ with corresponding eigenpairs $\{e_j,\lambda_j\}$ and $\{f_j,\lambda_j\}$. Assume that ...
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1answer
66 views

strong convergence in Hilbert c* module

For a monotone sequence of projections in Hilbert c* module, do we have similar conclusion as in Hilbert space (such as strong convergence)? If not, what could be said in that situation?
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2answers
162 views

Quantum Field theory - integral notation

I have a problem with understanding how the resolution of the identity of an operator is presented in some literature for physicists. I'm a student of mathematics, and I understand the notion of a ...
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1answer
143 views

Is the space $S'(\mathbb{N})$ of slowly increasing sequences the projective limit of Hilbert sequence spaces?

Let $S(\mathbb{N})$ be the space of rapidly decreasing sequences and $S'(\mathbb{N})$ its topological dual, the space of sequences bounded by a polynomial. For $m\in \mathbb{Z}$, we also define ...
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73 views

Existence of a complementary closed subspace extending a given subspace

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional (separable) Hilbert space (or any infinite dimensional Banach space in which every closed subspace has a complementary subspace). Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are closed ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Equivalence of Gaussian measures

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and $N(0, C)$ and $N(0, D)$ be Gaussian measures on it. Further, for each $v \in H$, define $R_v = \frac{\left\langle v,Cv \right\rangle}{\left\langle v,Dv ...
7
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1answer
411 views

What is the idea behind interpolation spaces?

I am working through a text on Numerics for SPDEs and there the concept an interpolation (Hilbert-)space associated to an operator is used. To be specific: Definition. Let $H$ be an ...
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0answers
65 views

Local limit theorem for an infinite dimensional integer lattice

Can someone refer me to a local limit theorem for the sum ${\bf S} = \sum_{i=1}^n{\bf X}_i$ of a sequence of independent and identically distributed $d$-dimensional random variables $\{{\bf ...
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1answer
84 views

Schur's lemma for antiunitary operators on complex Hilbert spaces

Suppose to have a linear irreducible unitary representation $\rho:G\rightarrow U(H)$ on a complex Hilbert space $H$ with $G$ a generic group. Let $A$ be an $\textit{anti}$-linear operator such that ...
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284 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
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1answer
105 views

A Hilbert-space completion of a Hilbert $ C^{*} $-module over a separable $ C^{*} $-algebra

Let $ B $ be a separable $ C^{*} $-algebra and $ \mathcal{E} $ a Hilbert $ B $-module. We know that $ B $ has a faithful state $ \phi $. Using $ \phi $, we can construct a $ \mathbb{C} $-valued ...
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121 views

Two isomorphic Gelfand triplets, is there a problem?

For $j=1, 2$, let $V_j \subset H_j$ be a dense and continuous embedding with $V_j$ a Banach space and $H_j$ a Hilbert space. Identify $H_1 = H_1^*$ and $H_2 = H_2^*$ (using Riesz representation) so ...
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1answer
99 views

ODE system has zero as the only solution?

Let $V \subset H$ be a continuous, compact and dense embedding with $V$ and $H$ Hilbert spaces. Let $\beta_j:[0,T] \to \mathbb{R}$ be functions for each $j$, and let $v_j$ be a basis of $V_0$. ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Eigenvalues and Compact Resolvent

For $A$ an unbounded (densely defined) operator on a separable Hilbert space, what conditions on its eigenvalues will show that, for $\lambda \notin $spec$(A)$, we have that $(A-\lambda)^{-1}$ is a ...
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101 views

Bounded operators with infinite matrix representations

I asked this question on StackExchange originally, but I'm giving it a go here as well. Suppose that $A$ is a unital $C^*$-algebra, $\varphi\colon A\to B(H)$ is a unital, completely positive map and ...
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0answers
91 views

RKHS norm and posterior of Gaussian process

In Srinivas et al (2010) [appendix B], the authors claim the following "easy to see" property relating the norm of a function in a RKHS induced by a kernel $k(\cdot,\cdot)$, and its norm in the RKHS ...
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109 views

Examples for Markov generators with pure point spectrum

I'm looking at symmetric diffusion Markov generators $L$ with pure point spectrum, i.e. infinitesimal generators of symmetric diffusion Markov semigroups, which are defined on $L^2(\mu)$ where $\mu$ ...
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159 views

Hilbert triples

I apologize if this is a trivial matter for the analysts out there, but I looked this up in a number of books (e.g., H. Brezis, J. Wloka) and could not find a satisfying discussion, one that would ...
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98 views

A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple. There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Fractional Brownian motion via Hilbert space

The Brownian motion has the following (Levy-Ciesielski?) construction via Hilbert space isomorphisms: Let $\{ Z_i \}_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. $N(0,1)$ random variables defined on $(\Omega, ...
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1answer
117 views

Invertible unbounded linear maps defined on a Hilbert space

It is well-known that, assuming the axiom of choice, there are unbounded linear maps defined not only on a dense subset but on all of Hilbert space. Is it possible that such a map is invertible?
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1answer
202 views

Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...
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221 views

How to Prove the Semi-parametric Representer Theorem

I have also posted this question on MathSE, so if you think it mustn't be here, please let me know, or just delete it. I was thinking that some people here are more appropriate to answer this ...
2
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0answers
172 views

Measurability of a map that takes a functional to its composition with a linear operator

Let $(X,\Sigma_X)$ be a measurable space such that $\Sigma_X$ is countably generated. Let $B_b(X)$ be the Banach space of all bounded $\Sigma_X$-measurable functions $X\to\mathbb{R}$ equipped with ...
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39 views

Speed of convergence of vector expansions in non orthogonal basis

Suppose we have a finite-norm vector $X$ in a Hilbert space, and we want to construct its expansion in a certain (infinite) basis $V_k$, $X=\sum_k a_k V_k$. If the basis is orthonormal, then we know ...
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1answer
65 views

Integral representation of joint projection valued measures

Given two positive $\sigma$-finite measures $\mu_{1/2}$ on the spaces $X_{1/2}$ one can define the product measure $\mu_1\otimes\mu_2$ on the product space $X_1\times X_2$. It can be proved that the ...
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0answers
86 views

Determining the exact form of a projection in a Hilbert space

Let $$\Omega = \left\{f(x) \in \mathcal{L}^2[0,T]: \frac{1}{T}\int_0^Tf(x)dx = \mu,~ a \le f(x) \le b,~\forall x \in [0,T]\right\},$$ where $\mathcal{L}^2[0,T]$ is the set of Lebesgue ...
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votes
2answers
223 views

For which $f \in L^2([0,1])$ is $f^\perp \cap C^\infty$ dense in $f^\perp$?

Given $f \in L^2([0,1])$, $f \neq 0$, we can consider the orthogonal complement $f^\perp$ . The smooth functions $C^\infty([0,1])$ are dense in $L^2([0,1])$. Is the intersection $f^\perp \cap ...
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3answers
292 views

Is $1/\max(i,j)$ a bounded matrix on Hilbert spaces?

I would like to know if the infinite matrix $[\frac{1}{\max(i,j)}]_{i,j\geq 1}$ represents a bounded operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{N}^\star)$. It would be sufficient to know if the Lehmer matrix ...
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0answers
120 views

Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...
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1answer
180 views

what characterizes a characteristic function of a probability measure in separable Hilbert spaces?

As we all know on real line $\mathbb{R}$, the following is valid A $\mathbb{C}$-valued function $\varphi$ is a characteristic function of a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}$ if and only if ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Nuclear vs Integral operators on Hilbert spaces

Consider the Hilbert space $L_2=L_2[0,1]$. Is it true that for each nuclear (trace-class) operator on $L_2$ there exists a function $K\in L_1(L_2)$ such that $$Tf = \int\limits_0^1 K(s) f(s) ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Karhunen-Loeve expansion for discrete-time process

Is there a Karhunen-Loeve theorem for discrete-time process? For example, let $\left\{X_i\right\}$ be a sequence of independent random variable which are uniformly distributed on the set $\{-1,1\}$. ...
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votes
2answers
389 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
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2answers
92 views

Does positivity preserve compactness? [closed]

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are operators on a (separable) Hilbert space $H$ and $A \leq B$. Is it true that if $B$ is compact then $A$ is compact too? If not, could you please show a counterexample?
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1answer
213 views

Besicovitch Almost Periodic Functions a subspace of what?

The common example of a nonseparable Hilbert space comes from the collection of Besicovitch almost periodic function spaces. Starting with $L^p_{\text{loc}}(\mathbb{R})$ we look at those elements ...
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2answers
211 views

Characterisation of compact operators

It is known (and easy) to prove that if $T: H\longrightarrow H $ is compact, where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then for any orthonormal basis $ e_n $ we have $||Te_n||\longrightarrow 0$. My question is ...