The hilbert-schemes tag has no usage guidance.

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### Hilbert polynomial of $X\times P^1$

Let $X$ be a canonically polarized smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ with Hilbert polynomial $h$.
What is the Hilbert polynomial of $X\times_k \mathbf{P}^1_k$? How does it ...

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### Upper bound on the dimension of linear series on a smooth hypersurface

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $d \ge 5$. Let $C \subset X$ be a reduced curve such that $C$ is not a complete intersection curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Is it true that ...

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### Branch locus of a 6:1 cover of the grassmannian G(1,3)

Given a general quartic surface $S$ in $\mathbf{P}^3$, there is a natural 6:1 surjective map
$\phi: Hilb^2(S) \to G(1,3)$ sending $\{P,Q\}$ to the line through them in $\mathbf{P}^3$.
Can you ...

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### Disconnectedness of Hilbert schemes of projective schemes

Let $Y$ be a projective scheme. The naive definition of a Hilbert scheme of subschemes $X$ of $Y$ would require us to projectively embed $Y$, then ask that $X$ have a fixed Hilbert polynomial $p$.
...

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### Normal sheaf of non-reduced locally complete intersection space curves

Let $C$ be a non-reduced locally complete intersection curve on a smooth degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (for example a non-reduced Cartier divisor). For simplicity we can assume that ...

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### Can any local complete intersection subvariety be an intersection of smooth hypersurfaces

Let $Z$ be a local complete intersection subscheme of dimension $m$ in $\mathbb{P}^{2m+1}$. Let $P$ be the Hilbert polynomial of $Z$. Denote by $Hilb_P$ the Hilbert scheme of local complete ...

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### Upper bound on the number of generators of a local complete intersection curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $C$ be a local complete intersection curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (not irreducible or smooth) of degree $e$. Suppose $f_1, f_2$ (and $e_i=\deg(f_i)$) are two of the lowest degree generators of $I(C)$. ...

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### Surjective and injective criteria via Hilbert polynomials

Let $X$ be a projective complex manifold. Is it true that any coherent sheaf $\mathcal{E}$ on $X$ whose Hilbert polynomial is a constant has a surjective morphsim $\mathcal{O}_X\rightarrow ...

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### Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve

The Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve $C$, $Hilb^2(C)$, has a natural structure of ruled surface, given by the map $f:Hilb^2(C) \to C$ such that $f(P,Q)=P+Q$.
What can we say about the ...

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### Upper bound on the dimension of the Hilbert scheme of space cuves

Denote by $H_{P,Q}$ the flag Hilbert scheme parametrizing a pair $(C,X)$ such that $X$ is a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with Hilbert polynomial $Q$ and $C \subset X$ is a curve with Hilbert ...

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### linear system of non-reduced divisor and associated reduced divisors

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ $(d \ge 5)$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor (hence locally of complete intersection) on $X$ and $D_{red}$ the associated reduced ...

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### Parameter space for complete intersections and their discriminant

Consider globally complete intersections in $\mathbb{P}^n$, of codimension $k$, of some fixed multi-degree $(d_1,\dots,d_k)$.
Is there some nice (i.e. "explicit") parameter space for them?
(even if ...

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### Hilbert function of a Hilbert scheme

Given a Hilbert scheme $H$ of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ satisfying certain Hilbert polynomial, is there any way of understanding the degree or arithmetic genus of an irreducible component of the ...

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### base-point free linear system

Let $C$ be a reduced curve in a smooth degree $d$ ($d \ge 5$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Suppose $C=C_1 \cup ... \cup C_r$ with $C_i$ irreducible and $C_i^2<0$ for all $i$. Then is the linear ...

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### Hilbert scheme of curves in a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Fix a Hilbert polynomial $P$ of a non-plane curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. By a curve we mean a reduced scheme of pure dimension $1$ i.e., it can be reducible but is reduced. Suppose that the degree of ...

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### Families of ideal sheaves: What's the correct definition?

I'm looking at Bridgeland's paper "Flops and Derived categories" and I got confused on what he meant by a family of ideal sheaves.
Let $Y$ be a scheme, and let $S$ be another scheme. A family of ...

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### Deformation of space curves to union of lines

Does every irreducible component of a Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ contain a curve that is a union of lines (not necessarily reduced)? Furthermore, given a curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ ...

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### Maximum number of generators of a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d,g}$ denote the Hilbert scheme of curves of degree $d$ and genus $g$ locally of complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Given a curve $C \in H_{d,g}$, denote by $S(C)$ a minimal set of ...

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### When is the natural projection of the HIlbert flag scheme a flat morphism

Let ${Hilb_{P,Q}}_{red}$ be the reduced scheme associated to the Hilbert flag scheme parametrizing all pairs $(C,X)$ with
$C \subset X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$, where $C$ is a curve and $X$ a degree $d$ ...

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### General degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d_1,g_1}, H_{d_2,g_2}$ be two Hilbert schemes of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with degrees $d_1, d_2$ and genus $g_1, g_2$. Denote by $H:=H_{d_1,g_1}\times H_{d_2,g_2}$
where an element in $H$ is ...

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### Irreducible “family” of relative effective divisors of a smooth morphism

Let $\pi:X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth proper (assume projective if needed) morphism of schemes with $Y$ locally noetherian, and let $Z\subset X$ be an irreducible integral closed subscheme containing ...

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### Any irreducible component of the HIlbert scheme contains an irreducible element

Consider $Hilb_{d,g}$ the Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ of degree $d$ and genus $g$. Is it true that if $L$ is an irreducible component of $Hilb_{d,g}$
then there exists a curve $C \in L$ ...

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### Examples of nice reduced singularities on Hilbert schemes--Edited

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil showed that every "singularity type" (with a precise meaning) occurs on certain Hilbert schemes; for instance, the Hilbert scheme of nonsingular curves in projective ...

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### Existence of the universal family for the Hilbert scheme of plane curves

Given a finitely generated $k$-algebra $A$ over alg. closed $k$, a family of curves of degree $d$ is defined to be a subscheme $X\subset \mathbb P^2_A$ flat over $A$ whose fibers over closed points of ...

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### Irreducible components of the Hilbert scheme

Let $P_1, P_2, Q$ denote the Hilbert scheme of a plane conic in $\mathbb{P}^3$, a quartic and a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then there is a natural inclusion map $i$ from Hilbert flag scheme ...

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### Carving out subsheaves of local hom-sheaves of stacks of categories

Recall from my previous question the definition of a local hom-sheaf of a stack of categories. I am interested in stacks of categories such that the underlying stack of groupoids is a moduli stack.
...

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### Smooth curve in the Hilbert flag scheme

Let $d$ be an integer greater than $0$. Let $P_2$ be the Hilbert polynomial of a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Recall, the Hilbert flag scheme $\mathrm{Hilb}_{P_1,P_2}$ parametrizes curves $C$ ...

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### Space of sections

If S is a noetherian scheme and π : Z → X a morphism of S-schemes,
where X is proper over S and Z is quasi-projective over S, then the set-valued
contravariant functor $\Pi_{Z/X/S}$ on locally ...

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### $Hilb_{lines}^{x}(X)$ and $Hilb_{lines}^{x}(X_{red})$

Let $X$ be a irreducible closed subscheme of $\mathbb{P}^N_{\mathbb{C}}$,
and $U$ is a nonempty open where $X$ is smooth and moreover for every $x\in U$ and for every line $l\subseteq X$ with $x\in l$ ...

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### On the place where $\mathrm{Hilb}_{lines}^{x}(X)$ is smooth.

Let $X\subset \mathbb{P}_{\mathbb{C}}^N$ be irreducible generically smooth closed subscheme and
let $\mathrm{Hilb}_{lines}^{x}(X)$ denote
the Hilbert scheme of lines contained in $X$
and passing ...

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### nth symmetric power of a Riemann surface and its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g$, $Sym^{n}C$ be the nth symmetric power of $C$ with $n\geq 2g$, and $JC$ denote the Jacobian of $C$.
Question: Is it generally true that $Sym^{n}C\cong ...

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### Relationship between Hilbert schemes and deformation spaces

Hi, I'm just starting to learn about deformation theory (via Hartshorne's Deformation theory, as well as Fantechi's section of FGA explained), and I feel like I'm confused about fundamental concepts. ...

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### Polarizations on $M_{0,n}$ from Kapranov's quotient constructions

In Kapranov's marvelous paper Chow quotients of Grassmannian I, he proves that $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ is isomorphic to both the Hilbert quotient and Chow quotient $(\mathbb{P}^1)^n//\text{SL}_2$. These ...

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### Equivariant homology of Hilb and torus stable curves

The torus equivariant homology of a compact homogeneous variety $G/B$ may be described by using the "skeleton" consisting of torus fixed points and the torus invariant curves that connect them. ...

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### Reference for combinatorics of cell decomposition of the Hilbert scheme of points in the plane

It is known from either Morse theory or Bialynicki-Birula decomposition that the fixed points of a ${\mathbb{C}}^*$ action on a smooth algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ determine a cell ...

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### Regularity and limits of smooth rational curves.

Fix integers $2 < d \leq n$.
Suppose that $T$ is a smooth complex curve with marked point $0 \in T$, and $X$ is a closed subscheme of $\mathbb{P}^n_T$, flat over $T$ such that each fiber has ...

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### Boundedness of Hilbert polynomials of hypersurfaces

Let $(X,H)$ be a smooth polarized projective variety of dimension $n$.
If $Y \subset X$ is an irreducible hypersurface then its degree is $H^{n-1} \cdot Y$,
and its Hilbert polynomial is $p_Y(t) = ...

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### Why is Maps(X,Y) an open subfunctor of Hilb(X x Y)?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be projective schemes. Then we can define the mapping scheme between them, $\rm{Maps}(X,Y)$ as follows:
To any map $f:X\rightarrow Y$ we consider the graph $\Gamma_f$ as a closed ...

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### What is the family derived from the absolute Frobenius on the Hilbert scheme?

Let $f$ be a Hilbert polynomial, and $X := Hilb_h(P^d_{F_p})$ a Hilbert scheme defined over $F_p$. Then there is an absolute Frobenius map $F: X \to X$. I'm even interested in the case $f \equiv 1$, ...

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### Are spaces of holomorphic maps manifolds?

Hello,
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two smooth (probably projective) algebraic varieties defined over $\mathbf{C}$.
What is known in general about the (topological) space of holomorphic maps ...

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### Reference request: is the punctual Hilbert scheme irreducible?

The punctual Hilbert scheme in dimension $d$ parameterizes ideals $I$ of codimension $n$ in $k[x_1,\dots, x_d]$ which are contained in some power of the ideal $(x_1,\dots, x_d)$. In other words, it is ...

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### Why do flag manifolds, in the P(V_rho) embedding, look like products of P^1s?

Bert Kostant mentioned an odd fact to me some time ago. As usual (with such statements), fix a
complex, connected, reductive) Lie group $G$, with maximal torus $T$, and Weyl vector $\rho$ equal to ...

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### Is there a way to check if a relative Hilbert Scheme is reduced?

More specifically, suppose I have a rational curve on a complete intersection, and I know that the relative Hilbert Scheme is not smooth at the point corresponding to my rational curve. Is there any ...

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### What are the “special” strata of Sym^n(C^2)?

The affine variety $Sym^n(\mathbb{C}^2)$ has a natural quantization as a spherical rational Cherednik algebra. Thus, any primitive ideal of the rational Cherednik algebra has an corresponding ideal ...

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### Request for info on the space of commuting matrices preserving a flag.

Fix a flag of subspaces V1 in V2 in V3, etc. all in Cn.
Consider the space of pairs of commuting linear transformations A and B such that:
A preserves the flag (i.e. A(Vi) is in Vi), and
B strictly ...

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### When are Hilbert schemes smooth?

I know that Hilbert schemes can be very singular. But are there any interesting and nontrivial Hilbert schemes that are smooth? Are there any necessary conditions or sufficient conditions for a ...