The harmonic-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

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### How Does My Radio Work?

Bear with me for a moment while I invoke the real world; the main question at the end is purely mathematical.
I live in an area with $n$ AM radio stations and $m$ FM radio stations.
AM station ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When are the eigenspaces of the Laplacian on a compact homogeneous space irreducible representations?

I was writing up some notes on harmonic analysis and I thought of a question that
I felt I should know the answer to but didn't, and I hope someone here can help me.
Suppose I have a compact ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

851 views

### A conjectured formula for Apéry numbers

A conjecture by the late Romanian mathematician Alexandru Lupas.
Posted in sci.math in 2005, but no proof was found.
Physicist Alan Sokal just reminded me of it, saying it was related to something he ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

**17**

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**4**answers

4k views

### Learning roadmap for harmonic analysis

In short, I am interested to know of the various approaches one could take to learn modern harmonic analysis in depth. However, the question deserves additional details. Currently, I am reading Loukas ...

**17**

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**2**answers

601 views

### Image of L^1 under the Fourier Transform

The Fourier Transform $\mathcal{F}:L^1(\mathbb{R})\to C_0(\mathbb{R})$ is an injective, bounded linear map that isn't onto. It is known (if I remember correctly) that the range isn't closed, but is ...

**16**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Applications of Hardy's inequality

Every so often I would encounter Hardy's inequality:
Theorem 1 (Hardy's inequality). If $p>1$, $a_n \geq 0$, and $A_n=a_1+a_2+\cdots+a_n$, then
$$\sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

777 views

### Borel set plus a closed set = Borel

Hi,
Let $R$ be equipped with the usual Borel structure. Let $F$ be a Borel subset and $E$ be a closed subset of $R$. Then $F+E=(f+e: f\in F, e \in E \)$ is Borel? If yes, is it true for any locally ...

**15**

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**0**answers

738 views

### The Fourier Transform of taking Eigenvalues

The purpose of this question is to ask about the Fourier transform of the map which associate to an $n$ by $n$ matrix its $n$ eigenvalues, or some function of the $n$ eigenvalues. The main motivation ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

533 views

### Is the sequence of Apéry numbers a Stieltjes moment sequence?

Consider the sequence of Apéry numbers
$$
A_n = \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}\binom{n+k}{k}\sum_{j=0}^k \binom{k}{j}^3
= \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2 .
$$
In an email, physicist Alan Sokal ...

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votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Intuition for the Hardy space $H^1$ on $R^n$

the standard intuition for Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R^n)$ for $p \in [1,\infty]$ are measurable functions with certain decay properties at infinity or at the singularities.
In particular, a ...

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**2**answers

253 views

### Can a continuous function on a compact group $G$ be interpreted as the sum in $C(G)$ of its Fourier series?

I asked this in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared from the "main list" almost immediately, so I hope it will be appropriate as a separate question in MO.
For a given function $f\in C(G)$ on a ...

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votes

**1**answer

691 views

### Hearing the 17 planar symmetry groups

Though I'm sure it's really hard to work out for myself, does anyone know a reference for the spectra of the Laplacian on the 17 flat compact orbifolds that underlie the 17 planar symmetry groups.
...

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**3**answers

1k views

### Positive definite function zoo

I've asked the following question on math.stackexchange but there has been no response so I'll ask it again here:
A positive definite function $\varphi: G \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ on a group $G$ is a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula
$$
\int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...

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**3**answers

1k views

### Fourier transforms of functions not in $L^2.$

This is probably something five-year-old physicists know, but here goes: Is there a standard methodology for computing Fourier transforms of things like $\log |x|$? Wolfram Alpha will happily give an ...

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**4**answers

1k views

### Where do the real analytic Eisenstein series live?

In obtaining the spectral decomposition of $L^2(\Gamma \backslash G)$ where $G=SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and $\Gamma$ is an arithmetic subgroup (I am satisfied with $\Gamma = SL (2,\mathbb{Z})$) we have a ...

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**3**answers

2k views

### Harmonic analysis on semisimple groups - modern treatment

For my finals, I am digging through the book by Varadarajan An introduction to harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups. I find it a rather hard read and I feel it's a bit outdated now. Any ...

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**2**answers

208 views

### Heuristic interpretation of the 'third index' for Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

For $p,q \in (0,\infty)$ and $s \in \mathbb{R}$, one can define certain function spaces, $B_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $F_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, the Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces respectively. ...

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1k views

### Is there a Plancherel Theorem for Gowers norms?

In the process of counting arithmetic sequences in sets, the Gowers norms
$$ ||f||\_{U^s[N]}^{2^s} = \frac{1}{N^s} \sum_{\vec{h} ,\\, n } \Delta_{h_1}\dots\Delta_{h_s}f(n) $$
where the sum is $ ...

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votes

**5**answers

506 views

### What are the best settings for the large scale geometry of locally compact groups?

My current research involves locally compact groups and from time to time I am tempted to check whether certain notions and statements of geometric group theory of finitely generated groups are still ...

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**3**answers

358 views

### Topology on the Unitary Dual

Suppose I have a locally compact topological group G. The unitary dual of G is the set of equivalence classes of irreducible unitary representations of G. Now, it seems to me that the sensible way of ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Do circular pipes maximize flow rate?

Suppose that $U \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is nonempty, open, connected and bounded. Consider a Poisseuille flow in the pipe $U \times \mathbb{R}$. That is: a time-independent incompressible flow of the ...

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**1**answer

330 views

### Locally Compact Quantum Groups application

Recently Mathematicians in harmonic analysis become more and more interested in Locally compact quantum groups and try to transfer concepts from abstract harmonic analysis to the setting of locally ...

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**3**answers

928 views

### Why is the dual of a torus the same as its fundamental group?

The set of continuous homomorphisms from a torus ${\mathbb T}^n = ({\mathbb R}/{\mathbb Z})^n \to {\mathbb R}/{\mathbb Z}$ can be identified with ${\mathbb Z}^n$ if we assign to each $k = (k_1, \ldots ...

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**2**answers

292 views

### Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...

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**0**answers

452 views

### Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$.
A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...

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**2**answers

706 views

### the convolution of integrable functions is continuous?

The question is simple but I still can't prove it or contradict it. Here it goes:
Suppose $f$ and $g$ are defined on the circle
(or, equivalently, $2\pi$ periodic functions) and Lebesgue ...

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**1**answer

570 views

### How differentiable is the convolution of two continuous functions?

The question is really simple:
Given
$$
f, g\in C^\alpha_c(\mathcal{R}^d)
$$
is
$$
f*g\in C^d_c?
$$
I came up with a formal argument using the decay of the Fourier transform of continuous functions, ...

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votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Removable sets for harmonic functions and hardy spaces of general domains

Hi,
Let $\Omega$ be a domain of the complex plane. The Hardy space $H^p(\Omega)$ is defined, for $1 \leq p<\infty$, as the class of functions $f$ that are holomorphic on $\Omega$ such that $|f|^p$ ...

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766 views

### Is there a “right” proof of Riemann's Theta Relation?

Let $\theta$ denote the usual Jacobi Theta function (with auxiliary parameter $\tau = i$, for simplicity), i.e.
$$
\theta(z) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} \exp(-\pi (a + n)^2 + 2 \pi i n z) \ .
$$
I'm ...

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194 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the Fourier transform and decompose $L^1$ ...

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233 views

### Carleson's Theorem on Manifolds

Let $M$ be an oriented, compact, differentiable manifold with some Riemmanian metric $g$, so that $(M,g)$ has a nice volume form and one can define $L^2(M,g)$ as the completion of $C^\infty(M)$ under ...

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179 views

### when do norm-continuous unitary representations separate points of a group?

Recently I found in the web a discussion on the following question:
...

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**2**answers

1k views

### The dual group of $\mathbb Q$

What is the dual group of the additive group of rational numbers equipped with the standard topology inherited from $\mathbb R$? As a group, this dual group is isomorphic to $\mathbb R$ (see the ...

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votes

**3**answers

922 views

### A Question concerning the Fourier Transform of $\mathbb{R}$

Consider the classical Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ together with the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F} : \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathcal{S}( \mathbb{R})$.
Consider the subspace ...

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votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Kakeya and Nikodym maximal functions

I've been working through part of Terry Tao's 1999 article "The Bochner-Riesz Conjecture Implies the Restriction Conjecture." (It appeared in the Duke Mathematical Journal.) A little more ...

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votes

**1**answer

598 views

### approximate uncertainty principle for finite abelian groups

Edit: we cannot find such an example. It would imply a negative solution to the KS${}_2$ conjecture which has now been proven by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava in this paper.
In fact, their ...

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votes

**2**answers

784 views

### Explaining Mukai-Fourier transforms physically

A core concept in mathematics, engineering, and physics is the Fourier Transform (FT) and its many variants (Generalized Fourier Series, Green's Function, Pontryagin duality).
The basic algorithm is ...

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**2**answers

569 views

### Decomposing an arbitrary unitary representation of a connected nilpotent Lie group in terms of its irreps

For a locally compact (Hausdorff) abelian group $G$ we have following theorem (see e.g. Folland):
"For every (strongly continuous) unitary representation $(\pi,\mathcal{H_{\pi}})$ of $G$, there ...

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votes

**1**answer

679 views

### Norm concentration of trigonometric polynomials - Uncertainty principle

Hi all,
I am interested in the following question (which is quite similar to one I posed a long while ago): Let $P_{N}(t)=\underset{k=-N}{\overset{N}{\sum}}c_{k}e^{ikt}$ be a unit norm trigonometric ...

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votes

**1**answer

794 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...

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**1**answer

209 views

### C* algebras of Almost Periodic Functions

Suppose we take, for example, the $C^*$-algebra which is the sup norm closure of the exponentials $e^{2 \pi i ax}$ where $a \in \mathbb{Z} + \theta \mathbb{Z}$ for $\theta$ an irrational number. This ...

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**0**answers

149 views

### Why is it hard to obtain improved $L^6$ bound of eigenfunction of Laplacian on 2-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold?

Consider the $L^p$ estimate of the Laplacian on a compact boundaryless Riemannian manifold, suppose that $-\Delta_ge_{\lambda}=\lambda^2e_\lambda(x), x\in M$.
C.D. Sogge proved that we have the ...

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153 views

### Inferring asymptotic behaviour from the dominant pole of the Laplace transform

Hi,
I am reposting the following question with the hope that a more detailed description will lead to a more descriptive response:
dominant pole in the laplace transform
I have a vector function ...

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250 views

### Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...

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562 views

### Hardy spaces: analysis <---> martingales

Let $H^p$ be the Hardy space of analytic functions on the open unit disk $D$: $f \in H^p$ if $f$ is analytic on $D$ and $\sup_{r < 1} \int_0^{2\pi} |f(re^{i\theta})|^p d\theta < \infty$.
...

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719 views

### Background for Hejhal's "The Selberg Trace Formula for $PSL(2, \mathbb{R})$

Reposted from math.stackexchange where my question received only five views and no answers...
I'm trying to learn the Selberg trace formula, but have very little background in harmonic analysis. I ...

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votes

**1**answer

575 views

### Does random matrix theory make any prediction for the eigenvalue distributions of compact Riemann surfaces?

Under RH, Montgomery has proven equidistribution results for the zeros of the Riemann Zeta function, which suggest a close connection of the distribution to certain results in Random matrix theory. ...

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votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Structure of the unitary representation $L^2(N/M)$ when $N$ is a nilpotent Lie group

Hi All,
I am new to this (though I seem to be a latecomer); so forgive me if this is not your most favorite question:
I am trying to understand the structure (e.g., decomposition) of the unitary ...