**18**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### The Fourier Transform of taking Eigenvalues

The purpose of this question is to ask about the Fourier transform of the map which associate to an $n$ by $n$ matrix its $n$ eigenvalues, or some function of the $n$ eigenvalues. The main motivation ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### A kaleidoscopic coloring of the plane

Is there a partition $\mathbb R^2=A\sqcup B$ of the Euclidean plane into two Lebesgue measurable sets such that for any disk $D$ of the unit radius we get $\lambda(A\cap D)=\lambda(B\cap ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

431 views

### A possible mistake in Walter Rudin, “Fourier analysis on groups”

I have the following lemma 4.2.4 on page 80 in the book (we have locally compact abelian topological groups $G_1, G_2$ and their duals $\Gamma_1, \Gamma_2$):
Suppose $E$ is a coset in $\Gamma_2$ ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### A functional inequality about log-concave functions

Let $f,g$ be smooth even log-concave functions on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e.,$f=e^{-F(x)}, g=e^{-G(x)}$ for some even convex functions $F(x),G(x)$. Is it true that:
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}} \langle ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

414 views

### Laplace Transform in the context of Gelfand/Pontryagin

Question: Do quasi-characters or some other semi-group properly generalize the Laplace transform or decompose functions in some setting in a way similar to how characters generalize the classical ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

283 views

### Reciprocal polynomials with roots off the unit circle

A polynomial is called reciprocal if its coefficients read forwards are the same as those read backward - there is an obvious translation of reciprocal polynomials into cosine polynomials (since a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

500 views

### Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$.
A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ is free iff $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G \otimes \text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, G) \to k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ isomorphism?

For any subgroup $G \subset \text{GL}_n(\mathbb{R})$ the set $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G$, of $G$-invariant polynomials, is a graded subalgebra of $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]$, resp. the set ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Carleson's Theorem on Manifolds

Let $M$ be an oriented, compact, differentiable manifold with some Riemmanian metric $g$, so that $(M,g)$ has a nice volume form and one can define $L^2(M,g)$ as the completion of $C^\infty(M)$ under ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Why is it hard to obtain improved $L^6$ bound of eigenfunction of Laplacian on 2-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold?

Consider the $L^p$ estimate of the Laplacian on a compact boundaryless Riemannian manifold, suppose that $-\Delta_ge_{\lambda}=\lambda^2e_\lambda(x), x\in M$.
C.D. Sogge proved that we have the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### when do norm-continuous unitary representations separate points of a group?

Recently I found in the web a discussion on the following question:
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Wavelet-like Schauder basis for standard spaces of test functions?

The Schwartz space of test functions $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ is isomorphic to $\mathfrak{s}$ the space of sequences of real numbers with faster than power-like decay. Likewise, the space ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that
$||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Inferring asymptotic behaviour from the dominant pole of the Laplace transform

Hi,
I am reposting the following question with the hope that a more detailed description will lead to a more descriptive response:
dominant pole in the laplace transform
I have a vector function ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Do the translates of integrable function approximate its radial part?

For an integrable function $f$ on $\mathbb R^n$ we consider its ``radial'' part
$$R(f)(x)=\int_{\mathrm{SO}(n)} f(kx)dk.$$ What is the minimal condition on $f$ so that the span of translates of $f$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Ring of SO(n)-invariant differential operators on M_n,m

I'm reading through Stephen Gelbart's paper "A Theory of Stiefel Harmonics." (http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/1974-192-00/S0002-9947-1974-0425519-8/).
There comes a point in the paper (Lemma 2.8) ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Does there exist a smooth version of Cohen's factorization theorem?

A famous factorization theorem of Cohen states that for any locally compact group $G$, $$L^1(G)=L^1(G)*L^1(G).$$
I want to know if analogous results exist for the class of smooth functions when $G$ is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential
$$
I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.
$$
The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on compact manifolds with boundary

I have heard that the square root of the Dirichlet (or the Neumann) Laplacian is not a pseudodifferential operator on compact manifolds with boundary. The context in which this was said was that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Special elements in $L^{\infty}(G)^*$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $M(G)$ denote the measure algebra and $L^1(G)$ denote the group algebra on $G$. Then $M(G)$ acts on $L^1(G)$ by convolution. So by duality $M(G)$ acts on ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Which cocompact subgroups of $G$ do contain a cocompact normal subgroup of $G$?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $H$ be a cocompact (or more generally, a cofinite) subgroup of $G$.
Is there any criterion to determine whether $H$ contains a cocompact normal subgroup of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### variant of Haar measure

I found a certain trig identity in a discussion on Lie groups
\[ \frac{\prod_{i < j} 2 \sin (\mu_i - \mu_j)
\prod_{i< j} 2 \sin (\nu_i - \nu_j) }{\prod_{i, j} 2 \cos (\mu_i - \nu_j) }
= ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### L^1 maximal inequalities for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup in infinite dimension

For an infinite-dimensional Gaussian random vector $X$ consider the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck maximal operator:
$M f(X) := \sup_{\rho \in [0,1]} \mathsf{E} [f(\rho X + (1-\rho^2)^{1/2} X^\prime) \mid X]$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Sobolev spaces defined on non-compact Lie groups

In this post, a question was raised to discuss the generalization of Sobolev spaces on locally compact Lie groups. Now my question is whether there exists a generalization of Sobolev spaces and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### A generalized ellipse

We know that an ellipse is the locus of all point $z$ in the plane with $$|z-a|+|z-b|=\lambda$$
where $a,b$ are two given points in the plane and $\lambda$ is a constant.
Now we consider the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Local factors of Tamagawa measure

This is a reference request to some computations which I hope can be found in the literature somewhere.
Let $G\subset GL_n$ be a semisimple linear algebraic group over $\mathbb Q$. The Tamagawa ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### Localization arguments in the paper 'the proof of $l^2$ decoupling conjecture'

I am currently reading Jean Bourgain and Ciprian Demeter's 2015 paper The proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture and would appreciate some help in understanding localization argument used in that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

3k views

### Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

This problem seems like a nightmare to me. I tried to expand
$K_{\omega}^f(t)$, but I am clueless of getting some kind of a closed
form or some kernel like structure. If I try to take ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

305 views

### How is $ \sum_{x \in X(\mathbb{F}_q)} \dots $ a generalization of cardinality?

This quarter Maxim Kontsevich is offering a course on exponential integral. There is not much in the way of notes, but is one page with mysterious comments.
Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Is Wiener's Tauberian theorem true in Wiener space?

Let $\gamma$ be the standard product Gaussian measure in $\mathbb{R}^\infty$, and let $\mu$ be a finite variation measure, not necessarily positive, such that $\mu \ll \gamma$.
Is the following true?
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions
of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property.
Given the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}{rl}
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

263 views

### What information about a locally compact group $G$ is encoded in $C_r^\ast(G)$ which is not in $L^1(G)$?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $ C_r^\ast(G) $ denote its reduced group $C^\ast$-algebra. Many features of a $G$ can be realized from $L^1(G)$ or $C_r^\ast(G)$. For example, $G$ is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Fourier analysis on crystallographic groups

It seems pretty clear a priori that Fourier analysis on a discrete cocompact group of motions of $\mathbb{E}^n$ should be quite tractable (since, by Bieberbach, such groups are almost $\mathbb{Z}^n,$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Smoothness of the convolution of a singular measure with itself

Let $\gamma:I\subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2, s\mapsto \gamma(s)$, denote the arclength parametrization of a smooth, convex curve $\Gamma:=\gamma(I)\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Equip $\Gamma$ with ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

392 views

### Measure Theoretic view of Hardy Littlewood Circle Method

Is it possible to view the Hardy-Littlewood Circle method as the Fourier transform with respect to the Lebesgue measure on [0,1) for an appropriate generating function defined in terms of additive ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Definition of discrete spectrum and continuous and basic properties

I apologize if this is too basic for MO.
I have an embarrassing admission to make: I don't know the actual definition of the discrete/continuous spectrum of a reductive group $G/\mathbb{Q}$ (in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Non-compact analogue of Peter-Weyl

I have the following situation: $G$ is a real unimodular locally compact semisimple Lie group. Then it is known that the regular representation $H:=L^2(G,\mu_H)$ decomposes as
\begin{equation}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Almost sure convergence of double nonconventional ergodic averages with respect to $L^p$ function

A famous result of J. Bourgain says that for a probability measure preserving system $(X,\beta,\mu,T)$, with $T_1$ and $T_2$ powers of $T$, we have that for $f_1$, $f_2\in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Why a cone/parabolic set for the nontangential maximal function?

Suppose $f\in L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$. Then the Dirichlet BVP for the Laplace equation $\Delta u = 0$ in the upper-half plane $\mathbb{R}^d\times\mathbb{R}_{>0}$ with boundary value $f$ can be solved by ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël,
http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf.
The equations are
$$
i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u
$$
on ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Is the isomorphism between $BMO/\mathbb{R}$ and $(H^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^{\star}$ isometric?

Let $BMO$ the space of bounded mean oscillation functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the Lebesgue measure. If $Q\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ a cube, let $m_Q f$ the average of a function $f\in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it.
Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with
$ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### A topological space extracting from a group action

Let $G$ be a compact abelian topological group with invariant measure $\mu$ which acts on a compact Hausdorff space $X$. A $G$-odd function is a continuous function $f:X\to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that
$e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$
but couldn't find a proper reference.