Harmonic analysis is a generalisation of Fourier analysis that studies the properties of functions. Check out this tag for abstract harmonic analysis (on abelian locally compact groups), or Euclidean harmonic analysis (eg, Littlewood-Paley theory, singular integrals). It also covers harmonic ...

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Question on Littlewood-Paley trichotomy

In proving the product estimate, we need the Littlewood-Paley trichotomy. See http://www.math.ucla.edu/~tao/254a.1.01w/notes3.ps. In the decomposition $$P_k (fg)=\sum_{k',k''\in Z} P_k (P_{k'} f ...
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202 views

A question on Plancherel measure for $p$-adic group

Let $G$ be a reductive group over a $p$-adic field. My understanding is that the Plancherel measure on $G$ is a measure on the unitary dual $\hat{G}$. But at the same time, for example, in his famous ...
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The reproducing kernel for harmonics on compact manifolds

Page 39, proposition 1.1.3 here, http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~cis610/sharmonics.pdf clearly explains how for every ``level" (the parameter $k$ in the proposition) one can construct a function ("kernel") ...
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Definition of discrete spectrum and continuous and basic properties

I apologize if this is too basic for MO. I have an embarrassing admission to make: I don't know the actual definition of the discrete/continuous spectrum of a reductive group $G/\mathbb{Q}$ (in the ...
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199 views

Application of Factorization Theory to Oscillatory Integral Estimates

In the article "Some New Estimates on Oscillatory Integrals" by Bourgain in the book Essays in Honor of Elias M. Stein, Bourgain considers operators of the form ...
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Primitive ideal space and unitary dual of a [SIN] group - when are they Hausdorff?

Recall that a locally compact group $G$ is said to be an $[FC]^-$ group, if each conjugacy class in $G$ has a compact closure; an $[SIN]$ group, if each neighborhood of the identity includes a ...
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145 views

Johnson's Theorem - Proof (Runde) Clarification

I am reading Runde's Lectures on Amenability. In the proof of Johnson's theorem where he proves "$L^{1}(G)$ is amenable Banach algebra implies $G$ is amenable" : he defines a $L^1(G)$ bimodule action ...
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Have the explicit Poisson-type formulas of Guinand and Meyer been observed before?

In a recent paper of Meyer Measures with locally finite support and spectrum PNAS vol. 113 no. 12:3152–3158 (behind a paywall, but see also these seminar notes) some new explicit Poisson-type formulas ...
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Weil's Haar measure construction from below

Weil's construction of a Haar measure on a locally compact group rests on approximating a function from above by sums of translates of another function. I would need to know something similar for an ...
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The decay rate of the spectrum of the Gaussian kernel on compact manifolds

It seems that the $k^{th}$ largest eigenvalue of the intergral operator induced on $S^n$ by the Gaussian kernel, $e^{-\frac{\vert \vec{x} - \vec{y} \vert _2^2}{2\sigma^2}}$ decays as $k^{-k}$. This is ...
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Bounds on the the spherical harmonics on $S^{p-1}$

The only reference I could find in this regard is for upper bounding the n-homogeneous spherical harmonics on $S^{p-1}$ as in equation 4.29 here, ...
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Does Fourier Algebra of locally compact group separate compact sets of the group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Consider the left regular representation $\lambda$ over $L^2(G)$. Then according to Eymard, Fourier algebra of $G$, $A(G)$ is the set of all coefficients of ...
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Does Weil-Brezin transform provide Fourier basis in C^0 on Heisenberg manifold?

I know that $L^2$ functions of the Heisenberg nilmanifold are spanned by images of the Weil-Brezin transform. Is it true that they are also dense in C^0? Is there a reference for this?
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Relation between complex analysis and harmonic function theory [closed]

There are some theorems in harmonic function theory that resemble results in complex analysis, like: Holomorphic functions and complex functions are analytic; Cauchy's integral formula in complex ...
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Two questions on Elias Stein paper (1976)

I am working on some results related with a paper of Elias Stein (on the almost every where convergence of wavelet summation methods), and I have the following questions: The maximal function ...
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251 views

Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property. Given the problem \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} ...
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What does the unique mean on weakly almost periodic functions look like?

There is a unique invariant mean $m$ on WAP functions on any discrete group (see definitions below, theorem of ?). However, the proofs I found are fairly non-explicit on how to obtain this invariant ...
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condition for $f \in H^{1/2} \cap C^0$

I need to show that for $f \in H^{1/2}(S^1) \cap C^0(S^1)$ we have : $$ \iint\limits_{S^1 \times S^1}{ \frac{|f(x)-f(y)|^2}{\sin^2(\pi(x-y))}dx dy}< + \infty $$ and that, conversely, if $f$ is a ...
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Non-compact analogue of Peter-Weyl

I have the following situation: $G$ is a real unimodular locally compact semisimple Lie group. Then it is known that the regular representation $H:=L^2(G,\mu_H)$ decomposes as \begin{equation} ...
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603 views

Is the following integral nonzero?

Recently I met an integral as follow: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\cdots\int_0^{2\pi}\left(\prod\limits_{1\leq ...
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303 views

Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved). Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by ...
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Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...
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1answer
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A singular integral of several functions

While playing with some PDE I came across a singular integral that looks something like ...
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Restricted weak type bound at the endpoint

We know that if we have an operator that is (restricted) weak type $(p,p)$ and (strong) type $(\infty,\infty)$ with norm 1, then it's also of strong type $(q,q)$ for all $p<q<\infty$ by the real ...
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L^1 maximal inequalities for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup in infinite dimension

For an infinite-dimensional Gaussian random vector $X$ consider the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck maximal operator: $M f(X) := \sup_{\rho \in [0,1]} \mathsf{E} [f(\rho X + (1-\rho^2)^{1/2} X^\prime) \mid X]$ ...
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1answer
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harmonic balance method for a 2-mass 3-spring system [closed]

I am trying to solve a nonlinear 3spring-2mass system under harmonic loading by using Fourier series expansion of states of the differential equation. The system is just basically two masses, two ...
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315 views

Liouville property - a very basic question

Let $\mathbb{F}_2$ be the free group on two generators. By a result of Kaimanovich and Vershik, for each measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{F}_2$ such that the support of $\mu$ generates $\mathbb{F}_2$, we ...
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Why is this theorem equivalent to the informal explanation given by Tao? [migrated]

I will copy-paste the statement and the theorem from this paper by Tao about an uncertainty principle for groups of prime order. http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0308286.pdf Theorem 1.1: Let $p$ be a prime ...
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2answers
71 views

Sequence of subharmonic functions on shrinking domains

Set $G_\eta:=\{(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2|-\eta<x<\eta, 0<y<1\}$. If $u_\eta\geq 0$ is a sequence of subharmonic functions defined on $G_\eta$ such that $$ \int_{G_\eta}|u_\eta|^2dx\wedge ...
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Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality in Lorentz spaces

Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality states that if $1<p<q<\infty$, $1/r=1-1/p+1/q$, then we have $$\left\|\frac{1}{|x|^{n/r}}\ast f\right\|_{L^q(\mathbb R^n)}\le\|f\|_{L^p(\mathbb R^n).}$$ ...
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Harmonic/Subharmonic lifting of functions on an annulus

Suppose $\Omega_1, \Omega_2 \subset R^2$ are bounded open regions with $\Omega_1 \Subset \Omega_2$. Let $f_1\in C(\partial \Omega_1)$ and $f_2\in C(\partial \Omega_2)$. Is there a function $h\in ...
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When does a $C^*$-algebra have no nonzero projection?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $\hat{A}$ its spectrum of $A$,the set of classes of non-zero irreducible representation of $A$ endowed with hull-kernel topology. suppose $\hat{A}$ is a non-compact ...
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Differentiability criterion in the Zygmund class

Let $ f: \mathbf{R}^{m} \rightarrow \mathbf{R} $ be a continuous function, $ \omega $ be a modulus of continuity and assume $$ | f(x+h) +f(x-h) -2f(x) | \leq \omega(|h|)|h| $$ whenever $ x,h \in ...
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Bilinear Approach to Bochner-Riesz Conjecture in Two Dimensions

In some old lecture notes on the Restriction and Kakeya conjectures (Notes 5, specifically), Terence Tao gives a proof of the restriction conjecture (for the sphere) in two dimensions via a bilinear ...
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Matrix representation of the Heisenberg quaternionic group

Equiped with the law $(a,b,c)\circ (a',b',c') = (a + a', b + b', c + c' + ab'),$ the matrix representation of the Heisenberg group $H^3= \mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ is given by $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 ...
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A possible mistake in Walter Rudin, “Fourier analysis on groups”

I have the following lemma 4.2.4 on page 80 in the book (we have locally compact abelian topological groups $G_1, G_2$ and their duals $\Gamma_1, \Gamma_2$): Suppose $E$ is a coset in $\Gamma_2$ ...
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Eliminating Gibbs phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

This problem seems like a nightmare to me. I tried to expand $K_{\omega}^f(t)$, but I am clueless of getting some kind of a closed form or some kernel like structure. If I try to take ...
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Global Euclidean Carleman Estimate with a linear phase

I am interested in deriving the following global Carleman estimate which I think should hold : $ \| e^{\tau \phi} \triangle u \|_{L_{\delta}^2({\mathbb{R^3})}}> C \tau \| e^{\tau \phi} u ...
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The Fourier transform of a function supported on $B_1$ is essentially constant on $B_1$?

I'm going through the last steps of Bourgain and Demeter's proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture, but I'm unable to see how the first inequality in (43) goes through. I'll water down the question a ...
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2answers
168 views

Sampling Theorem for non-bandlimited Functions

The classical Shannon sampling theorem states that a bandlimited function with $\mbox{supp } \hat f\subset [-1/2,1/2]$ can be uniquely determined by its samples $(f(i))_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}$ (The symbol ...
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2answers
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$L^p$ estimates for elliptic equation of divergence form

Consider the scalar elliptic equation of divergence form $$div((1+a)\nabla\pi)=div F\ \ in\ \ R^3,$$ where $a$ is a Schwartz function with $1+a\geq c=const>0$, $F=(F_1,F_2,F_3)$ is a vector-valued ...
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1answer
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Multivariate analogue of Jackson's inequality's modulus of continuity form

According to Jackson's inequality, there is $c > 0$ s.t. for any continuous function $f: S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ (where $S^1 := \mathbb{R} / \mathbb{Z}$ is the circle) and integer $n$ there is ...
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Completeness of nonharmonic Fourier Series

I have the following question: The Exponential System $(\exp(2\pi i n \cdot ))_{n\in \mathbb{Z}}$ constitutes an orthonormal basis of $L^2([-1/2,1/2])$. Thus, certainly the oversampled system ...
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Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ such that $ \|f''\|_p \geq Cn^2 \| f \|_p$, where $1 \leq p\leq \infty$?

Let $f$ be a trigonometric polynomial on the circle $\mathbb{T}$ with $\hat{f}(j) = 0$ for all $j \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\lvert j \rvert < n$. Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ ...
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Sobolev spaces defined on non-compact Lie groups

In this post, a question was raised to discuss the generalization of Sobolev spaces on locally compact Lie groups. Now my question is whether there exists a generalization of Sobolev spaces and ...
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2answers
426 views

Pointwise convergence of Fourier series, Fefferman's article

This is the first time I ask a question here, so sorry if I make any mistake in the way I ask it. I'm studing Fefferman's article Pointwise Convergence of Fourier Series, and I have two questions: ...
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If $\mathcal{F}$ is the Fourier transform, what can be said about $\mathcal{F}(L^1(\mathbb{R})) \cap L^1(\mathbb{R})$?

The Fourier transform gives a map of the Schwartz space to itself which turns out to be a linear homeomorphism of period 4. However, when the domain is extended to $L^1(\mathbb{R})$, the situation is ...
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symbol $m\in L^{\infty}$ implies any boundedness of a bilinear operator?

For a linear multiplier operator $T(f)(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}} m(\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)e^{2\pi ix\xi}d\xi$, we know that $\|m\|_{\infty}$ gives the operator norm of $T$ from $L^2$ to itself immediately. What ...
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Real rank zero of group $C^*$-algebras

The concept of real rank zero of a $C^*$-algebra is introduced as non-commutative analogue of dimension ( topological dimension ). For example, it shown (by Brown-Pedersen) such that, if $X$ is a ...
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Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem

The question may be a bit vague. I noticed an analogy that both Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem has been proved in finite fields. Can somebody shed light on why finite field analogues are ...