Harmonic analysis is a generalisation of Fourier analysis that studies the properties of functions. Check out this tag for abstract harmonic analysis (on abelian locally compact groups), or Euclidean harmonic analysis (eg, Littlewood-Paley theory, singular integrals). It also covers harmonic ...

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68 views

Are spherical harmonics uniformly bounded?

The spherical harmonics are given by $$Y^m_l(\phi,\theta):=N^m_l e^{im\theta}P^m_l(\cos \phi) $$ where $P^m_l$ are the associated Legendre Polynomials and $N^m_l$ is the normalisation. From ...
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234 views

Can phase significantly concentrate a function's spectrum?

Let $F$ denote the Fourier transform over some group. What is known about the following quantity? $$\gamma:=\inf_{x\neq 0}\frac{\|Fx\|_1}{\|F|x|\|_1}$$ Here, $|x|$ denotes the pointwise absolute ...
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24 views

Reproducing Kernel of a RKHS of continuous functions may not be continuous in two variables together

Let $\mathcal{K}$ be a Hilbert Space of continuous functions on some topological space, where point evaluations are continuous linear functional on $\mathcal{K}$. That is $\mathcal{K}$ is RKHS, ...
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1answer
300 views

Monge–Ampère with drift

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be an interval. Let smooth $M(x,y):I\times(0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies PDE: $$ M_{xx}M_{yy}-M_{xy}^{2}+\frac{M_{y}M_{yy}}{y}=0. $$ My question is to ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Equivalent Norms on Sobolev Spaces

When $k$ is a positive integer and $1<p<\infty$, we know that there is some $C>0$ such that for all $u\in W^{k,p}\left(\mathbb{R}^{N}\right) :$ $$ \left\Vert \left( -I+\Delta\right) ...
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30 views

Relating the R-Transform in Free Probability to noncommutative group representations

In traditional (commutative) probability theory, sums of random variables correspond to convolution of distribution functions, which plays well with the Fourier Transform. In free (noncommutative) ...
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622 views

Eliminating Gibb's phenomenon, and approximating jumps with jumps in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

This problem seems like a nightmare to me. I tried to expand $K_{\omega}^f(t)$, but I am clueless of getting some kind of a closed form or some kernel like structure. If I try to take ...
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0answers
111 views

Complex sum of squares of vector fields (hypoelliptic operators)

Consider a compact $M$ of dimension $n$. Consider real smooth vector fields $X_0, X_1, X_2,..., X_n$ on $M$ and consider the differential operator $\mathcal{L}_1 = \sum_{i = 1}^n X_i^2 + X_0.$ Now, by ...
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150 views

Does there exist a smooth version of Cohen's factorization theorem?

A famous factorization theorem of Cohen states that for any locally compact group $G$, $$L^1(G)=L^1(G)*L^1(G).$$ I want to know if analogous results exist for the class of smooth functions when $G$ is ...
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1answer
151 views

Spherical harmonics and ellipticity of the Laplacian

Let us consider the sphere $S^n$ and the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on it. Let $L^2(S^n) = \bigoplus_k V_k$, where $V_k$ represents the eigenspace of the Laplacian with eigenvalue $k(k + n - 1)$. We know ...
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50 views

Fourier coefficients of positive polynomials

Let $p(x) \geq 0$ be a positive polynomial on the hypersphere ($x \in S^{n-1}$) satisfying $\int_{S^{n-1}} p(x) = 1$. Writing $p(x) = \sum_{j=0}^s p_j(x)$ where $p_j(x) = \sum_m p_{jm} s_{jm}(x)$ with ...
4
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211 views

Is $f(x,y)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}\backslash\{0\}}\frac{1}{n}e^{2\pi i(xn+yn^2)}$ essentially bounded?

Let $$f(x,y)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}\backslash\{0\}}\frac{1}{n}e^{2\pi i(xn+yn^2)} $$ Is it true that $\|f\|_{L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^2)}<\infty$? i.e. is $f$ essentially bounded?
2
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1answer
130 views

an analogue of Littlewood-Paley-Rubio de Francia theory

For any function $f$ defined on the set of integer $\mathbb{Z}$, we define its Fourier transform as the following periodic function: $$ \mathbb{F}f(\xi)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}f(n)e^{-2\pi i n\xi} $$ ...
2
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1answer
173 views

$BMO$-property via a John-Nirenberg type estimate?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d, d\ge 2$, be bounded and denote a ball in $\mathbb R^d$ by $B$. Denote also $$ f_B:= \frac1{|B|}\int_B f \, dx. $$ Suppose $f \in L_{\rm loc}^p(\Omega)$ for all ...
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0answers
108 views

the (2,2,1) boundedness of a “product” operator

Let $\{E_j\}_{j\in\mathbb{Z}}$ and $\{F_k\}_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be two collections of pairwise disjoint sets in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $C(j,k)$ be a bounded function (e.g. $|C(j,k)|<1$) defined on ...
5
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1answer
101 views

The (Hecke) double coset von Neumann algebra

It it well-known in the von Neumann algebra theory that for $\Gamma$ a non-trivial countable group, the von Neumann algebra $L(\Gamma)$ generating by $\Gamma$ acting by left multiplication on ...
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0answers
61 views

Does the Total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a bv function with jumps converge to TV of the function as $N\to\infty$

Does the total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a piecewise continuous bv function converge to the total variation of the function as $N\to\infty$. To explain briefly, Let $f$ be a periodic ...
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1answer
173 views

Poincaré inequality for curl-integrable functions

Let $B=B(r)$ denote a ball of radius $r$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ and $$ u_B := \frac1{|B|}\int_B u \, dx. $$ The standard Sobolev-Poincaré inequality states that if $u \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, ...
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0answers
104 views

Technical question about a Fourier transform

I would like to know if there is an explicit expression for the Fourier transform of the following function: $$f(x)=\mathbb{1}_{(0,\infty)}e^{-x-ix^2},$$ or to know where I can find some techniques to ...
5
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1answer
407 views

When does a matrix define a convolution operator on a hypergroup?

Let $H$ be a discrete hypergroup. Suppose I have a matrix $A=(A_{x,y})$ indexed over $H$ with nonnegative entries which defines a bounded operator on $\ell^2(H)$. When does there exist $f\in\ell^1(H)$ ...
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3answers
350 views

Derivatives of radial functions can be bounded by derivatives in terms of radial distance?

Suppose $f$ is a radial function, i.e., $f(x)=f(|x|)$, and $f \in C^\infty(\bar{B})$, where $\bar{B}$ is the closure of the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Prove or disprove the following. Given any ...
6
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1answer
469 views

Green's function of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator

The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator $L$ is given by $$ Lu = \Delta u- \frac{1}{2}x\cdot \nabla u. $$ Is there a known closed form expression of the Green's function of $L$ on $\mathbb R^d$ (for $d\geq 2$ ...
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55 views

Poisson Kernel and Triangles

The Poisson Kernel is an approximation to the identity, meaning $P_r(\theta) \approx \delta(\theta)$; here is the formula on $\mathbb{D}$: $$ P_r(\theta) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} r^{|n|} ...
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43 views

Non interacting complex unit

How to work with two non interacting complex units say i and j. These two imaginary complex unit represent different quantities. For example i is for periodicity in theta and j is for frequency or ...
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2answers
275 views

Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says $\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$ doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...
4
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1answer
128 views

application of factorization theorem

Young's inequlity tells us that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)\ast L^{p}(\mathbb R) \subset L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with norm inequality $$\|f\ast g\|_{L^{p}} \leq \|f\|_{L^1}\|g\|_{L^p};$$ and of course this ...
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1answer
52 views

Limiting absorption principle

I would like to know if there is a book (or a paper) which can give me an introduction to LAP. I tried to read some papers by myself, but I don't feel comfortable. I think that I need the basic ideas ...
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0answers
32 views

Is Wiener amalgam spaces $W^{2,1}(\mathbb R)\subset C_0(\mathbb R)$?

I have been learning Wiener amalgam spaces. In Wiener amalgam spaces $W(X, L^2)$, I am taking $X=\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}\},$ and $m(x)=1.$ Take $f(x)= ...
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68 views

mean value estimate $ \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T | \zeta( \tfrac{1}{2} + it)|^2 \, dt = \log \frac{T}{2\pi } + (2\gamma - 1) + O(T^{\delta})$

I was browsing through the recent paper of Bourgain and Watt on mean value estimates of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line. $$ \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T | \zeta( \tfrac{1}{2} + it)|^2 \, dt = ...
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2answers
49 views

extension of the projectivized gradient of a harmonic function

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold, $\Delta$ the associated Laplacian, and $\{ f_i \}$ the real-valued eigenfunctions of $\Delta$. Then, $\nabla f_i \in \Gamma ^{\infty } (\mathrm{T} M) $ is defined ...
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119 views

Is the isomorphism between $BMO/\mathbb{R}$ and $(H^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^{\star}$ isometric?

Let $BMO$ the space of bounded mean oscillation functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the Lebesgue measure. If $Q\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ a cube, let $m_Q f$ the average of a function $f\in ...
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25 views

Estimates for derivatives of a positive discrete harmonic function

There is the following estimation (Duffin, Discrete potential theory, Theorem 5): Let $f$ be a discrete harmonic function in a sphere of radius $R$ with the center $p$, all in $\mathbb Z^3$. Then, if ...
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0answers
45 views

Stationary averages of harmonic measures

Let $A$ be a countable subset of the open unit disk $\mathbb D$ centered at 0. For a point $x\in\mathbb D$ denote by $\nu_x$ the associated harmonic measure on the boundary circle $\partial\mathbb D$. ...
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43 views

Proof of the chain rule for fractional derivatives in F.M.Christ and M.I.Weinsten's paper

In the paper: Dispersion of small amplitude Solutions of the generalized Korteweg-de Vries equation, JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS 100,87-109 (1991). I find a mistake in the proof of proposition 3.1 ...
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83 views

The Lebesgue measure of the low level sets of the two-dimmension Fourier transform of a compactly supported function

Let $f\in {{L}^{1}}\left( {{\mathbb{R}}^{2}} \right)$ be a density function with the support $\operatorname{supp}\left( f \right)\subset \left[ a,b \right]\times \left[ c,d \right]$. Denoted by ...
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0answers
115 views

Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential $$ I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy. $$ The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...
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275 views

How is $ \sum_{x \in X(\mathbb{F}_q)} \dots $ a generalization of cardinality?

This quarter Maxim Kontsevich is offering a course on exponential integral. There is not much in the way of notes, but is one page with mysterious comments. Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over ...
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6answers
6k views

Learning roadmap for harmonic analysis

In short, I am interested to know of the various approaches one could take to learn modern harmonic analysis in depth. However, the question deserves additional details. Currently, I am reading Loukas ...
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81 views

Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël, http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf. The equations are $$ i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u $$ on ...
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1answer
155 views

Reference request: Riesz potential $I_\alpha : L^{d/\alpha} \to \rm{BMO}$?

Let us denote the Riesz potential in $\mathbb R^d$ by $$ I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.$$ By the classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem ...
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29 views

Gaussian gabor frame

It is widely known that $\phi(x)=e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$ does not define a Gabor frame if we consider translations by units of $1$ and multiplication by $e^{2 \pi inx}$for $n \in \mathbb{N}.$ A way to ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Generalisation of Lebesgue differentiation theorem to Orlicz spaces

If $f\in L_{p}^{\rm loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ and $1\leq p<\infty$, then a stronger version of Lebesgue differentiation theorem holds: $$\lim\limits_{r\rightarrow ...
7
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1answer
237 views

For discrete groups, does the Haagerup property imply the AP of Haagerup-Kraus?

I don't expect to find an explicit counterexample to my question, because any example which was known to have the Haagerup property yet not have AP would have given an exact group without AP, and the ...
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2answers
97 views

Reference request : Besov spaces on ubounded domains

As I am relatively new to these matters, I would like to know if you could provide me a reference for Besov spaces on unbounded domains, because when I checked the first tome of Triebel's Theory of ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Arveson spectrum for a unitary representation of a group on a Hilbert space

Although this is not research, I think the question is a little bit too specific for math.stackexchange Let $G = \mathbb{R}$. By Stone's theorem, $U(t)\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is generated by a ...
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1answer
118 views

Can the Cesaro limit of a positive definite function be negative?

Let $G$ be a countable amenable group and $\gamma:G\to\mathbb{C}$ a positive (semi)definite function (i.e. such that $\gamma(g^{-1})=\overline{\gamma(g)}$ and $$\sum_{g,h\in ...
9
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6answers
1k views

number theory which is close to analysis

I have basic training in Fourier and Harmonic analysis. And wanting to enter and work in area of number theory(and which is of some interest for current researcher) which is close to analysis. ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Commutator with Hilbert transform

Let $H$ be Hilbert transform on $L^p({R})$. It is well known that commutator of $H$ and function $b\in BMO$ is a bounded operator in $L^p({R})$: $$\|[H,b] u\|_p\leq c_p\|b\|_{BMO}\|u\|_p, ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Existence of doubling non-Polish metric measure spaces

Let $(X,d,\mu)$ be a metric measure space (i.e. $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $\mu$ is a Borel measure on $X$). Let's say that $X$ is doubling if there exists a constant $C \geq 1$ such that $0 < ...
9
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1answer
126 views

Nonconventional ergodic averages for commuting transformations

Let $S$ and $T$ be commuting measure-preserving transformations of a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$, so $S$ and $T$ define an action of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ on $(X,\mu)$. I am wondering about ...