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1
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2answers
229 views

Approximating a function by fractional powers

Say I have a continuous function $f$ defined on a compact interval $I$ on the real line. As is well-known, I could approximate $f$ arbitrarily well by polynomials. Given $R>0$, how well can we ...
10
votes
1answer
330 views

Locally Compact Quantum Groups application

Recently Mathematicians in harmonic analysis become more and more interested in Locally compact quantum groups and try to transfer concepts from abstract harmonic analysis to the setting of locally ...
7
votes
1answer
679 views

Norm concentration of trigonometric polynomials - Uncertainty principle

Hi all, I am interested in the following question (which is quite similar to one I posed a long while ago): Let $P_{N}(t)=\underset{k=-N}{\overset{N}{\sum}}c_{k}e^{ikt}$ be a unit norm trigonometric ...
5
votes
1answer
268 views

What properties should a transform have to deserve the descriptor Fourier?

Two MO questions, "Heuristic behind the Fourier-Mukai transform" and "Explaining Mukai-Fourier transforms physically," compel me to ask these two related questions: 1) What properties do you feel are ...
7
votes
1answer
598 views

approximate uncertainty principle for finite abelian groups

Edit: we cannot find such an example. It would imply a negative solution to the KS${}_2$ conjecture which has now been proven by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava in this paper. In fact, their ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

On a limit at the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$ related to complex and harmonic analysis

Let $p(z,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi}.\frac{1-|z|^2}{|z-t|^2}$ be the Poisson kernel on the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}$, fix $0<\alpha<1$ . Let $a\in \partial\mathbb{D}=S^1$ be fixed. Then my question is : ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the limit of the derivative of the harmonic extension/Dirichlet solution in $C^{1,\alpha}$ cases ?

Let $f:\mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{S}^1$ be an oreintation-preserving homeomorphism. Denote by $H(f)$ the complex harmonic extension/solution in $\mathbb{D}$ to the Dirichlet problem with boundary data ...
1
vote
1answer
440 views

Is $\int_{t\in S^1} |t-\zeta|^{\alpha}p(z,t) |dt| \leq K|z-\zeta|^{\alpha}, 0< \alpha < 1$ for uniform $K$?

I asked the question before, but didn't get any reply, so I took the liberty to ask again. Let $\zeta\in S^1$(unit circle in the complex plane) and $z\in \mathbb{D}$. Fix $0< \alpha < 1$. Then, ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

References on hyperbolic harmonics

I am looking for good and elementary references on hyperbolic harmonics (which form an orthonormal basis spanning the space of functions on the unit pseudo-sphere).
1
vote
0answers
140 views

Bounds on norm of harmonic function on degenerating hyperbolic surface

Suppose I have a Riemann surface with a shrinking geodesic which is degenerating towards a surface with a cusp, and I consider a neighborhood of the shrinking geodesic, $C_[a,b] = [a,b]\times ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Stein inequality

Dear all, we have by Stein that for any sequence $0 \le r_k \le 1$, and any functions $f_1, \cdots, f_n$ which are holomorphic on a neighbourhood of the unit disk, $$\| (\sum_{k =1}^n |f_k(r_k e^{i ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

Structure of the unitary representation $L^2(N/M)$ when $N$ is a nilpotent Lie group

Hi All, I am new to this (though I seem to be a latecomer); so forgive me if this is not your most favorite question: I am trying to understand the structure (e.g., decomposition) of the unitary ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Convolution operators defined by compactly supported distribtion

Let $\mu_{n}$ be the unit measure over $S^{n-1}$,and consider the convolution operator$$Tf=\mu_{n}\ast f,\quad f\in \mathcal{S}$$ then,it's well-known that T can be extend to a bounded operator on ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

The dense subspace of Hardy Space $H^p$

A famous result is that $H^p\cap L^1$ is a dense subspace of $H^p$. We need the fact that $\displaystyle\sup_{0<s\leq M}|(P_s*P_t*f-P_s*f)(x)|$, where $P_t$ is the Poisson kernel on $R^n$ and $f\in ...
6
votes
0answers
175 views

what's the role of $H^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ in modern (harmonic) analysis?

The classical theory of $H^p$,due to it's heavy dependence on the complex function theory(such as Blaschke products), seemed to have an insurmountable obstacle barrying its extension to several ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

When is Prim(A) of an infinite discrete group hausdorff ?

Does anyone know, if the following result has been proved ? Let G be an infinite discrete group. A = L1(G) it's algebra and Prim(A) the set of prime ideals with spectral topology. The result is : ...
0
votes
1answer
488 views

Wave equation v.s.Schrödinger equation

The motivation of comparison of this two kind of operators is that,$$\partial_{tt}-\Delta=(\partial_{t}-i\sqrt{-\Delta})(\partial_{t}+i\sqrt{-\Delta})$$ From the above that a wave operator can be ...
6
votes
2answers
594 views

What is the simplest oscillatory integral for which sharp bounds are unknown?

I have either heard or read that sharp asymptotics and bounds for oscillatory integrals of the form $ \int e^{i \lambda \Phi(x)} \psi(x) dx \quad \lambda \to \infty $ are unknown when the critical ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Harmonic/conformal map composition between manifolds in either order?

Suppose $\mathcal{M}$, $\mathcal{N}$, and $\mathcal{P}$ are Riemannian manifolds (compact and of dimension 2, if it matters). It seems well-known that if $\phi:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow\mathcal{N}$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
245 views

Convergence of Fourier series for $C^p$ functions

Let $f \in C^p[0,2\pi]$ and periodic. Denote $\omega_p$ as the moduli of continuous of $f^{(p)}$. Then $ |f - S_Nf| \le K \frac{\log{N}}{N^p}\omega_p(2\pi/N), $ where $S_N$ is the Fourier partial sum ...
2
votes
0answers
344 views

L^1-convergence of convolution exponential

Consider a differential equation \begin{eqnarray*} \frac{d}{d\tau}q^{\tau}\left(x\right)=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+h\star q^{\tau}=Aq^{\tau}\left(x\right)+\int ...
0
votes
1answer
357 views

Pointwise limit at Lebesgue's point

Dear MOs, I am sorry if this problem is too elementary for someone. I just want to get confirmation. Suppose $f\in L^1(R^d)$. Since almost all points are Lebesgue points by the Lebesgue ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Ask for theory about the weighted L^2(R^d) space.

Dear MOs, I am now considering the following norm: $$ ||f||_{H}^2 := \iint f(x) H(x,y) f(y) d x d y\:. $$ where the integral is over the whole space $R^{2d}$ and $H(x,y)$ is some non-negative ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

Fourier analysis on crystallographic groups

It seems pretty clear a priori that Fourier analysis on a discrete cocompact group of motions of $\mathbb{E}^n$ should be quite tractable (since, by Bieberbach, such groups are almost $\mathbb{Z}^n,$ ...
3
votes
1answer
393 views

modules over group algebras

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Then we can define a modular action of $L^1(G)$ on $L^\infty(G)$ by $$ (f.u)(t)=\int f(s)u(st) ds $$ and $$ (u.f)(t)=\int f(s)u(ts) ds $$ for $f\in L^1(G)$ and ...
4
votes
0answers
213 views

Smoothness of the convolution of a singular measure with itself

Let $\gamma:I\subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2, s\mapsto \gamma(s)$, denote the arclength parametrization of a smooth, convex curve $\Gamma:=\gamma(I)\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Equip $\Gamma$ with ...
1
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0answers
156 views

Injective modules over Fourier algebra

Is there any article on injective modules over Fourier Algebras? Do we have anything about injectivity of $A(G)$ as a $A(G)$-bimodule?
51
votes
4answers
2k views

How Does My Radio Work?

Bear with me for a moment while I invoke the real world; the main question at the end is purely mathematical. I live in an area with $n$ AM radio stations and $m$ FM radio stations. AM station ...
5
votes
2answers
404 views

Is there any way to generalize the Laplacian to finite groups?

The group theoretic interpretation of harmonic analysis was born out of the observation that the discrete Fourier transform on a signal of length $n$ was precisely the Fourier transform of the finite ...
2
votes
2answers
430 views

Fourier Transform on Locally compact quantum groups

I Have read some articles on locally compact quantum groups and the Fourier transform on them. I wonder yet why we define the fourier transform as an operator valued functions from $L^1(\mathbb{G})$ ...
4
votes
1answer
502 views

Max of Fourier transform?

Let f be a real-valued function (or distribution) on $\mathbb{R}$. (You can assume it is nice in one way or another.) What would be some practical ways to bound $\max_{\alpha \in \mathbb{R}} ...
7
votes
2answers
784 views

Explaining Mukai-Fourier transforms physically

A core concept in mathematics, engineering, and physics is the Fourier Transform (FT) and its many variants (Generalized Fourier Series, Green's Function, Pontryagin duality). The basic algorithm is ...
4
votes
1answer
388 views

Can one understand the Kelvin transform conceptually?

Let $U = \mathbf{R}^n - \{ 0 \}$, $n > 2$ and consider for a function $f \in C^2(U)$ the Kelvin transform $$f^\star(x) = r^{2-n} f\left(\frac{x}{r^2}\right),$$ where $r = \lvert x \rvert$. One ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

Does there exists a necessary condition for Lp multiplier?

Let $1 \leq p \leq 2$. A measurable function $m(\xi)$ is called a $L^p(R^n)$ ($L^p$ for convenience) multiplier, if $$\|m(D)\varphi\|/\|\varphi\|_{L^p} \leq C , \varphi \in L^p $$ for some constant ...
3
votes
0answers
198 views

The Dunkl intertwining operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$

The Dunkl intertwinig operator $V_k$ on $C(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is defined by: $$V_k f(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^d}f(y)d\mu_x(y),$$ where $d\mu_x$ is a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with support in the ...
1
vote
0answers
376 views

Why groups that admit Folner Sequences are amenable

I've been looking at Folner's Condition recently, and I'm struggling to find a proof for why the existence of a Folner sequence on a locally compact group implies that it is amenable (and the converse ...
2
votes
1answer
321 views

A question about the Beurling-Selberg majorant

Beurling's majorant is defined as the unique entire function $B(z)$ such that the Fourier transform of $B(x)$ is compactly supported in the interval $[-1;1]$, $B(x) \geq \text{sgn}(x)$ and $B(x)$ ...
6
votes
0answers
89 views

Do the translates of integrable function approximate its radial part?

For an integrable function $f$ on $\mathbb R^n$ we consider its ``radial'' part $$R(f)(x)=\int_{\mathrm{SO}(n)} f(kx)dk.$$ What is the minimal condition on $f$ so that the span of translates of $f$ ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

A question about the quotient measure on the ideles and the adeles

Let $F$ be a local field, then the additive Haar measure is easy to relate to the multiplicative Haar measure: $$ \int_F f(x) d^+ x = \int_{F^\times} f(x) |x| d^+ x.$$ I know that the ideles have ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

spectrum of Banach algebras

Let $G$ is a locally compact group (non-Abelian) Why $sp(L^1(G))$ , i.e. the set of all nonzero bounded multiplicative functionals on $L^1(G)$ is a locally compact group. Even for any noncommutative ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

A nice overview (and maybe derivation) of the Poincaré transformations of the Vector Spherical Harmonics

With $Y_{lm}(\vartheta,\varphi)$ being the Spherical Harmonics and $z_l^{(j)}(r)$ being the Spherical Bessel functions ($j=1$), Neumann functions ($j=2$) or Hankel functions ($j=3,4$) defining ...
9
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0answers
452 views

Connections of results in Harmonic analysis in the theory of Transcendental Numbers

An entire function $f$ is said to be of exponential type if there exist constants $c$ and $k$ such that $|f(z)|\leq c e^{k |z|}$. A famous result of Polya says if $f$ is an entire function of ...
4
votes
0answers
366 views

Measure Theoretic view of Hardy Littlewood Circle Method

Is it possible to view the Hardy-Littlewood Circle method as the Fourier transform with respect to the Lebesgue measure on [0,1) for an appropriate generating function defined in terms of additive ...
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Generalized widths and reverse Urysohn inequalities

This question is inspired by the discussion in MO questions "Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies" and "Bodies of constant width?" about generalized notions of ...
3
votes
1answer
343 views

Estimating oscillatory integral

Say we are given an oscillatory integral of the form $\Psi(x)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{i\psi(x,t)} a(t)dt$. where $a(t)$ is a sufficiently nice function. When, for instance, $|\psi(x,t)_t| \gg ...
2
votes
3answers
864 views

Automorphic Forms on product of groups $G\times H$

Dear all, I have some difficulty in understanding the notion of automorphic forms on product of groups. Let $G$, $H$ be two reductive groups defined over a number field $F$. Let $\mathcal{A}(G)$ be ...
0
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0answers
203 views

is there a relation between the complex Hardy spaces and the Hardy spaces of harmonic analysis?

Maybe my question is just a matter of knowing the right equivalent definition. The question is whether there is some relation between $ H^p(D^2)$, defined as the space made of the analytic ...
4
votes
1answer
419 views

Hardy-Littlewood maximal function

We know that Hardy-Littlewood maximal function is $(p,p)$ for any $p>1$. But one proves first that it is weak type $(1,1)$ and then use interpolation. I am just curious to know: is there a way of ...
3
votes
2answers
281 views

Wiener Tauberian Theorem for nonunimodular group

Is there a nonunimodular group for which Wiener's Tauberian theorem is true? Is a locally compact topological group whose volume grows polynomially with radius always unimodular?
3
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0answers
369 views

Calderón's Complex Interpolation: what is the corresponding classical theorem?

This question is closely related to my answer to Dan's question, which contains the definitions of some terms I use here. In addition, the notion of exact interpolation functor of exponent $\theta$ is ...