Harmonic analysis is a generalisation of Fourier analysis that studies the properties of functions. Check out this tag for abstract harmonic analysis (on abelian locally compact groups), or Euclidean harmonic analysis (eg, Littlewood-Paley theory, singular integrals). It also covers harmonic ...

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1answer
213 views

Poincaré inequality for curl-integrable functions

Let $B=B(r)$ denote a ball of radius $r$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ and $$ u_B := \frac1{|B|}\int_B u \, dx. $$ The standard Sobolev-Poincaré inequality states that if $u \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

application of factorization theorem

Young's inequlity tells us that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)\ast L^{p}(\mathbb R) \subset L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with norm inequality $$\|f\ast g\|_{L^{p}} \leq \|f\|_{L^1}\|g\|_{L^p};$$ and of course this ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Limiting absorption principle

I would like to know if there is a book (or a paper) which can give me an introduction to LAP. I tried to read some papers by myself, but I don't feel comfortable. I think that I need the basic ideas ...
7
votes
2answers
306 views

Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says $\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$ doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...
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0answers
38 views

Is Wiener amalgam spaces $W^{2,1}(\mathbb R)\subset C_0(\mathbb R)$?

I have been learning Wiener amalgam spaces. In Wiener amalgam spaces $W(X, L^2)$, I am taking $X=\mathcal{F}L^{1}=\{f\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb R):\hat{f}\in L^{1}\},$ and $m(x)=1.$ Take $f(x)= \chi_{\...
7
votes
3answers
500 views

Derivatives of radial functions can be bounded by derivatives in terms of radial distance?

Suppose $f$ is a radial function, i.e., $f(x)=f(|x|)$, and $f \in C^\infty(\bar{B})$, where $\bar{B}$ is the closure of the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Prove or disprove the following. Given any ...
1
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0answers
44 views

Estimates for derivatives of a positive discrete harmonic function

There is the following estimation (Duffin, Discrete potential theory, Theorem 5): Let $f$ be a discrete harmonic function in a sphere of radius $R$ with the center $p$, all in $\mathbb Z^3$. Then, if ...
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0answers
68 views

Proof of the chain rule for fractional derivatives in F.M.Christ and M.I.Weinsten's paper

In the paper: Dispersion of small amplitude Solutions of the generalized Korteweg-de Vries equation, JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS 100,87-109 (1991). I find a mistake in the proof of proposition 3.1 ...
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0answers
60 views

Stationary averages of harmonic measures

Let $A$ be a countable subset of the open unit disk $\mathbb D$ centered at 0. For a point $x\in\mathbb D$ denote by $\nu_x$ the associated harmonic measure on the boundary circle $\partial\mathbb D$. ...
2
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2answers
54 views

extension of the projectivized gradient of a harmonic function

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold, $\Delta$ the associated Laplacian, and $\{ f_i \}$ the real-valued eigenfunctions of $\Delta$. Then, $\nabla f_i \in \Gamma ^{\infty } (\mathrm{T} M) $ is defined ...
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0answers
91 views

The Lebesgue measure of the low level sets of the two-dimmension Fourier transform of a compactly supported function

Let $f\in {{L}^{1}}\left( {{\mathbb{R}}^{2}} \right)$ be a density function with the support $\operatorname{supp}\left( f \right)\subset \left[ a,b \right]\times \left[ c,d \right]$. Denoted by $\hat{...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential $$ I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy. $$ The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...
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0answers
314 views

How is $ \sum_{x \in X(\mathbb{F}_q)} \dots $ a generalization of cardinality?

This quarter Maxim Kontsevich is offering a course on exponential integral. There is not much in the way of notes, but is one page with mysterious comments. Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over $\...
9
votes
1answer
228 views

Reference request: Riesz potential $I_\alpha : L^{d/\alpha} \to \rm{BMO}$?

Let us denote the Riesz potential in $\mathbb R^d$ by $$ I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.$$ By the classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem ...
3
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0answers
103 views

Nonlinear Schrödinger blow-up for non radial solutions

I am studying a paper of Frank Merle and Pierre Raphaël, http://math.unice.fr/~praphael/Publications/blow-up-norme-critique.pdf. The equations are $$ i\partial_tu+\Delta u=-|u|^{p-1}u $$ on $\mathbb{R}...
5
votes
3answers
159 views

Reference request : Besov spaces on ubounded domains

As I am relatively new to these matters, I would like to know if you could provide me a reference for Besov spaces on unbounded domains, because when I checked the first tome of Triebel's Theory of ...
8
votes
1answer
343 views

For discrete groups, does the Haagerup property imply the AP of Haagerup-Kraus?

I don't expect to find an explicit counterexample to my question, because any example which was known to have the Haagerup property yet not have AP would have given an exact group without AP, and the ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Arveson spectrum for a unitary representation of a group on a Hilbert space

Although this is not research, I think the question is a little bit too specific for math.stackexchange Let $G = \mathbb{R}$. By Stone's theorem, $U(t)\in\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ is generated by a ...
8
votes
1answer
153 views

Can the Cesaro limit of a positive definite function be negative?

Let $G$ be a countable amenable group and $\gamma:G\to\mathbb{C}$ a positive (semi)definite function (i.e. such that $\gamma(g^{-1})=\overline{\gamma(g)}$ and $$\sum_{g,h\in G}f(g)\overline{f(h)}\...
9
votes
1answer
143 views

Nonconventional ergodic averages for commuting transformations

Let $S$ and $T$ be commuting measure-preserving transformations of a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$, so $S$ and $T$ define an action of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ on $(X,\mu)$. I am wondering about ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

How to prove that the convolution operator associated to a discrete measure on a LCA group has natural spectrum?

Let $\mu$ be a Borel measure with finite variation on a locally compact abelian group $G$, let $\Gamma$ denote the dual group of $G$, and let $\hat \mu: \Gamma \to \mathbb{C}$ be the Fourier-Stieltjes ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

Existence of doubling non-Polish metric measure spaces

Let $(X,d,\mu)$ be a metric measure space (i.e. $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $\mu$ is a Borel measure on $X$). Let's say that $X$ is doubling if there exists a constant $C \geq 1$ such that $0 < \...
2
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0answers
94 views

Find $U \in H^1(\Omega \times (0,\infty))$ such that $\nabla E(u-\bar u)\nabla U \geq 0?$ (PDE harmonic extension)

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain. Given $u \in H^{\frac 12}(\Omega)$ with mean value $\bar u = 0$, let $Eu = v \in H^1(\Omega \times (0,\infty))$ solve $$\int_0^\infty\int_\Omega \nabla v\nabla ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

A $C^{*}$ algebra associated to a group [closed]

Let $G$ be a compact group which act on a Hilbert space $H$. We define a linear map $T$ on the dual space $H^{*}$ with $$T(\phi)(x)=\int_{G} \phi(g.x)$$ The integration is based on the Haar ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

number theory which is close to analysis

I have basic training in Fourier and Harmonic analysis. And wanting to enter and work in area of number theory(and which is of some interest for current researcher) which is close to analysis. ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Generalisation of Lebesgue differentiation theorem to Orlicz spaces

If $f\in L_{p}^{\rm loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ and $1\leq p<\infty$, then a stronger version of Lebesgue differentiation theorem holds: $$\lim\limits_{r\rightarrow 0}\dfrac{\|f\chi_{B(x,r)}\|_{L_{p}(\...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Growth of a harmonic function on the disc

Here is my question : I have a harmonic function $h$ on the open unit disc in $D \subset \mathbb{C}$, such that $\iint_D e^{2h} d\lambda(z) \leq A < \infty$ ($d\lambda$ is the Lebesgue measure on $\...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Is Wiener's Tauberian theorem true in Wiener space?

Let $\gamma$ be the standard product Gaussian measure in $\mathbb{R}^\infty$, and let $\mu$ be a finite variation measure, not necessarily positive, such that $\mu \ll \gamma$. Is the following true? ...
6
votes
1answer
855 views

Cricket and the Hardy-Littlewod maximal function

I'v read somewhere that one motivation for Hardy to define his maximal function is the game of cricket. But I can't see how they are related. Could anyone provide some more information on their ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Commutator with Hilbert transform

Let $H$ be Hilbert transform on $L^p({R})$. It is well known that commutator of $H$ and function $b\in BMO$ is a bounded operator in $L^p({R})$: $$\|[H,b] u\|_p\leq c_p\|b\|_{BMO}\|u\|_p, 1<p<\...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$. Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Boundedness of a singular integral operator on $L^p(\mathbb{R})$, $1<p<\infty$

My singular integral operator is defined by \begin{align} Sf(x)=-\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(t-x) \frac{dt}{2\sinh\frac{\pi}{2}t}, \end{align} that is, a convolution $-\frac{1 }{2\sinh\frac{\pi}2x}\ast f....
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147 views

Explicit formula for Bergman kernel on the unit ball

On page 173 in Krantz's book "Explorations in Harmonic analysis" in the proof of Lemma 7.1.21 there is a part that I really don't understand. What I don't understand is why is $$\sum_{\alpha}\frac{z^{\...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Condition for boundedness in stationary phase theorem

I am trying to understand theorem 7.7.1 in Hormander's Analysis of linear partial differential operators, vol.1. Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact set, $X$ an open neighborhood of $K$ and ...
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0answers
92 views

How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$ By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that, "Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if $F(f)...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Approximation of subharmonic functions

Let $u$ be an (upper semi-continuous) locally bounded subharmonic function in a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\chi_\epsilon$ be a standard smoothing kernel, namely $$\chi_\epsilon(x)=\frac{c_n}{\...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Which group algebras in analysis are “true group algebras”?

Let $G$ be a group, $A$ a unital associative algebra over ${\mathbb C}$, and let us call a representation of $G$ in $A$ an arbitrary map $\pi:G\to A$ such that $$ \pi(1)=1,\qquad \pi(a\cdot b)=\pi(a)\...
4
votes
2answers
777 views

Fourier transform of compactly supported distribution is smooth

My advisor made the comment that if $u\in \mathcal{E}'$ is a compactly supported distribution, then $\hat{u}(\xi)\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is actually a smooth function (not merely a distribution ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Does Trudinger inequality implies this critical Sobolev embedding?

Let $1<p<\infty$, $\mathrm{L}^p_s(\mathbb{R}^n)=J_s(\mathrm{L}^p(\mathbb{R}^n))$, where $J_s=(I-\Delta)^{-\frac{s}{2}}$, or $\mathscr{F}(J_sf)(\xi)=(1+|\xi|^2)^{-\frac{s}{2}}\hat{f}(\xi)$. And ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Uniform $L^p-L^{p'}$ bound of a Fourier multiplier

Let $(\tau,\xi)\in\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^n$, and consider the function $$ m_{\epsilon}(\tau,\xi)=\frac{1}{\tau+|\xi|^4+\epsilon|\xi|^2+i} $$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. My first question is that does ...
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0answers
93 views

Is each multiplicative linear functional on $L^1(SL(2,R):SO(2,R))$ is triviall?

We know that if $G=SL(2,R)$ and $H=SO(2,R)$ as a compact subgroup of $G$, then $\{\xi \in \hat{G}; \xi|_H=1\}$is triviall. Can we conclude that each multiplicative linear functional on $\{f\in L^1(G);...
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0answers
188 views

What is the spectrum of $L^1(G:H)$?

Let $H$ be a compact subgroup of a locally compact topological group $G$ and $$ L^1(G:H)=\{f\in L^1(G): R_h f=f\;\text{ a.e. }\; \forall h \in H\}$$ and $\widehat{(G:H)}=\{\xi\in \hat{G}:\xi|_H=1\}$($\...
7
votes
1answer
251 views

Can we extend a multiplicative linear functional of a closed left ideal on whole of the algebra?

Let B be a closed left ideal of a Banach algebra A. Also, B has a right approximate identity (in B). If g is a nonzero multiplicative linear functional on B, can we always extend g to a ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Is a matrix element of a norm continuous representation always a trigonometric polynomial?

I asked a similar question for the case of compact groups not long ago in math.stackexchange. Now I understand that the answer was "yes", and I want to modify that question. This is also related to my ...
7
votes
1answer
181 views

Trigonometric polynomials on non-compact and non-abelian groups

I asked this initially in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared almost immediately, so I hope it will be proper to aks this here. Hewitt and Ross define trigonometric polynomial on a locally compact ...
13
votes
2answers
607 views

Does the Legendre-Hadamard condition imply a generalized Gårding inequality?

For simplicity, we restrict to constant coefficients. Let $A^{ij}_{ab} \in \mathbb{R}$, $1 \le i, j \le n$ and $1 \le a, b\le m$, satisfy the Legendre-Hadamard condition: $$ A^{ij}_{ab}\xi_i\xi_jv^av^...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

separating two parameters in an oscillatory integral

Consider the following oscillatory integral with two parameters: $$I(a,b)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}e^{i(ax^2+bx)}\psi(x)\,dx$$ where $\psi$ is smooth and supported in $\{x:|x|\in[1/2,2]\}$. Can we write $I(a,...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Conditions for positivity of Fourier transform

Assume you are given a non-negative, continuous, radial function $f\in L^q(\mathbb{R}^3)$ (for any $q\geq 1$). Are there any conditions which would guarantee that the Fourier transform of $f$, that ...
1
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0answers
104 views

variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in (...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

symbol $m\in L^{\infty}$ implies any boundedness of a bilinear operator?

For a linear multiplier operator $T(f)(x)=\int_{\mathbb{R}} m(\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)e^{2\pi ix\xi}d\xi$, we know that $\|m\|_{\infty}$ gives the operator norm of $T$ from $L^2$ to itself immediately. What ...