Harmonic analysis is a generalisation of Fourier analysis that studies the properties of functions. Check out this tag for abstract harmonic analysis (on abelian locally compact groups), or Euclidean harmonic analysis (eg, Littlewood-Paley theory, singular integrals). It also covers harmonic ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
0answers
86 views

A question on Plancherel measure for $p$-adic group

Let $G$ be a reductive group over a $p$-adic field. My understanding is that the Plancherel measure on $G$ is a measure on the unitary dual $\hat{G}$. But at the same time, for example, in his famous ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

computational question concerning singular integral theory

Let $m\in C^\infty(\mathbb{R}^d-\{0\})$ be homogeneous of degree zero and has mean zero on the sphere$(S^{d-1})$. Then $m$ defines a tempered distribution and $\partial_j^dm\in S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Tangent space of the Fourier algebra $A(G)$

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra. Let us call a linear continuous functional $f:A(G)\to{\mathbb C}$ a tangent vector of $A(G)$ in the point $a\in G$, if it satisfies the ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

When is the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ enough close to the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$?

I am reading P.Eymard's paper on the Fourier algebras of locally compact groups, and I have several questions about his constructions. I asked one of them in math.stackexchange, so far without ...
4
votes
2answers
294 views

Generalized Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev Inequality

The Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev Inequality says that $$\text{for $p,q,r\in (1,+\infty)$ such that }\quad 1-\frac1p+1-\frac1q=1-\frac1r,\tag {$\sharp$} $$ $$ \exists C, \forall u\in L^p(\mathbb ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

When is the induced representation factored through the initial one?

Let $H$ be an open subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\iota:H\to G$ the embedding of $H$ into $G$, $\pi:H\to B(X)$ a unitary representation of $H$ in a Hilbert space $X$, and $\rho:G\to B(Y)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
329 views

Are Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$ invariant under Fourier transform?

(This may be very easy question for MO; as I am just trying to understand Besov spaces) Let $\phi \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that $e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$ but couldn't find a proper reference.
7
votes
0answers
153 views

Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that $||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

“Direct” proof (without hypercontractivity) of equivalence of moments?

Let $(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a family of independent $\pm 1$ centered Bernoulli random variables, and let $p, q > 1$. There exists a constant C such that for every (finite) linear combination ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

$S^{3}$-valued harmonic analysis

Edit: Note that $S^{3}$ with the quaternion operation is a group. For a locally compact Abelian group $\Gamma$ we consider $$\tilde{\tilde{\Gamma}}=\{\phi:\Gamma \to S^{3} \mid ...
13
votes
4answers
606 views

Is the sequence of Apéry numbers a Stieltjes moment sequence?

Consider the sequence of Apéry numbers $$ A_n = \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}\binom{n+k}{k}\sum_{j=0}^k \binom{k}{j}^3 = \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2 . $$ In an email, physicist Alan Sokal ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Inverse Fourier of $\omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha} u(\omega-1)$

Let $\alpha$ be an arbitrary real number and define \begin{align} \widehat{f}(\omega)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll} \omega^{-1+{\rm i}\alpha}, & \omega>1,\\ 0, & \textrm{otherwise}. \end{array} ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

A conjectured formula for Apéry numbers

A conjecture by the late Romanian mathematician Alexandru Lupas. Posted in sci.math in 2005, but no proof was found. Physicist Alan Sokal just reminded me of it, saying it was related to something he ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Smallest left bounded approximate identity in $L_1(G)\ast\mu$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and $\mu\in M(G)$ be an idempotent measure. If $(e_\alpha)$ is a standard approximate identity of $L_1(G)$, then $(e_\alpha\ast\mu)$ is a left approximate identity ...
1
vote
0answers
188 views

Is there an asymptotic bound for this oscillatory integral?

I have an oscillatory integral: $$ \int u(x,y) e^{i\lambda f(x,y)} dx $$ with $f(x,y)\in \mathbb{C}^{\infty}$ a complex-valued function in a neighborhood of $(0,0)$ satisfying: $$ \text{Im} f \geq ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Do $r$-th root Harmonic numbers ever sum to integers?

None of the Harmonic numbers $H_n = \sum_{k=1}^n 1/k$ are integers for $n>1$ (e.g., this MSE question and answer). Q. Define the $r$-th root Harmonic number $H_n^{1/r} = \sum_{k=1}^n ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Wiener algebra for nonabelian locally compact groups

By the Wiener algebra I mean the algebra of functions on the circle group having absolutely convergent Fourier series. Is there an analogue of Wiener algebra for nonabelian locally compact groups? I ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Bochner's theorem for measures of positive type

Is there a version of Bochner's theorem characterizing measures of positive type on a locally compact group? By a measure of positive type on the group $\Gamma$, I mean a measure $\mu$ satisfying ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

$\widehat{f\ast g}= \hat{f} \cdot \hat{g}$ for $f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}(\mathbb R)\cap C(\mathbb R) (1<p<\infty, p\neq 2), g\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R)$? [closed]

(This may be very simple question for MO; I had post it to math stack exchange few days back but I could not get any answer(or comment) to it) It is well-known that, for $f,g \in L^{1}(\mathbb R).$ ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

On sequence of functions $(h_n)$ satisfying $\Vert\sum_{n=1}^\infty f * h_n\Vert=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\Vert f*h_n\Vert$ for all $f\in L_1(G)$

Let $(h_n)$ be a sequence of non-zero functions in $L_1(G)$ (where $G$ is a locally compact group) with the property $$ \left\Vert\sum_{n=1}^\infty f * h_n\right\Vert=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\Vert f*h_n\Vert ...
11
votes
2answers
249 views

Heuristic interpretation of the 'third index' for Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

For $p,q \in (0,\infty)$ and $s \in \mathbb{R}$, one can define certain function spaces, $B_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $F_s^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, the Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces respectively. ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

$L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group. In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Reference: Hardy space regularity of the Jacobian determinant

I'm looking for a reference, expository in nature, for the proof of the following theorem of Coifman, Lions, Meyer and Semmes. Theorem: For all $u\in W^{1,n}(\mathbb{R}^n;\mathbb{R}^n)$, ...
3
votes
1answer
251 views

An integral estimate over rotations of the dyadic grid

I'm currently reading the paper Rectifiable Sets and the Traveling Salesman Problem (link) by Peter Jones (Invent. math. 102, 1-15 (1990)), and am having trouble understanding an integral estimate ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Do the irreducible unitary representations of a locally compact group form a separating set for the Radon measures on the group?

Let $\mu$ and $\nu$ be two Radon measures on a locally compact group $G$. For every irreducible unitary representation $\pi$ of $G$ and vectors $u$ and $v$ from the corresponding Hilbert space $H_\pi$ ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

C* algebras of Almost Periodic Functions

Suppose we take, for example, the $C^*$-algebra which is the sup norm closure of the exponentials $e^{2 \pi i ax}$ where $a \in \mathbb{Z} + \theta \mathbb{Z}$ for $\theta$ an irrational number. This ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Justification of the convolution operation of $L^1(G)$ functions where $G$ is a LCA group (measurability)

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact abelian Hausdorff group (LCA), and $\lambda$ is the Haar measure on it. We all know the convolution of two $L^1(\lambda)$ functions $f$ and $g$ on $G$ is defined as ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

What is the source of this simple lemma in harmonic analysis over compact groups?

I recently needed this simple fact of harmonic analysis: Let $G$ be a discrete abelian group and $X\subset G$ be a finite subset. Then for any $\epsilon>0$ the set $\Gamma_\epsilon=\{ ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

A decomposition of a representation via characters of a normal compact subgroup

This is connected to my question here. Let $K$ be a normal compact subgroup in a locally compact group $G$, $\widehat{K}$ the dual object for $K$, and $\mu_K$ the normed Haar measure on $K$ ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ semisimple?

Let $G$ be locally compact group. Define group algebra as $$L^1(G)=\{f\colon G\to\Bbb{C}\mid\int\lvert f(x)\rvert\, dx<\infty\}$$ with convolution product. When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ ...
6
votes
2answers
165 views

Spherical functions for sl(2,Q_p)

I kindly would like to ask you the following- I am refering to page 175 in the Book by Gelfand, Graev, Shapiro, etc, on "Automorphic forms ..." My question to which I would kindly ask you to answer ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Is the annihilator of the intersection of two subgroups of a (countable) discrete abelian group generated by the annihilators of the two subgroups?

Let $G$ be a (countable) discrete abelian group and denote by $\hat{G}$ its Pontryagin dual, i.e. the compact abelian group of group homomorphisms $\chi:G \longrightarrow \mathbb{T}$. Recall that, for ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

Estimates of a bilinear oscillatory integral

Consider the operator $T_\lambda f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}{\frac{\sin\lambda|x-y|}{|x-y|}\phi(x-y) f(y) dy}$, where $\phi\in C_0^{\infty}$, $\phi(x)=1$, when $|x|<1$ . My question is that do we ...
13
votes
2answers
300 views

Can a continuous function on a compact group $G$ be interpreted as the sum in $C(G)$ of its Fourier series?

I asked this in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared from the "main list" almost immediately, so I hope it will be appropriate as a separate question in MO. For a given function $f\in C(G)$ on a ...
5
votes
3answers
369 views

Decomposition of $L^2(\Gamma \backslash G)$

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group, and $\Gamma$ be an lattice (arithmetic) - typical examples I am thinking about would be $(SL_2(\mathbb{R}), SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$, or $(SL_2(\mathbb{C}), PGL_2(O_F))$ ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

To understand integral :$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$

I wants to understand the integrals of the form $$\lambda (x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2} \alpha x}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu(\alpha), (\mu(0)=0)$$ where $\mu(\alpha)$ is a non decreasing function ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

Sum of Squares and Harmonic Functions

Let $a_0, a_1, \dots a_k$ be non-negative reals. Any homogeneous polynomial $p$ of degree $2k$ in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ can be decomposed as $$ p(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{k}c_i|x|^{2(k-i)}p_{2i}(x) $$ for some ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$ Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Can the Fourier series of a continuous function diverge on an uncountable set of measure zero?

I know that there exist continuous function $f: [0,2\pi]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ whose Fourier series diverges at all rational points of $[0,2\pi]$(c.f. Katznelson).We also know that the set of ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Special case of Forced Harmonic Oscillator

$$ \frac{d^2l}{dt^2} + c \frac{dl}{dt} +k= F_0\sqrt{1-l^2}$$ Either a closed form or something like given initial conditions, the max value of $l$. For small $l$, this boils down to simple step ...
9
votes
2answers
353 views

Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

$f, \hat{f} \in L^{p}\cap L^{\infty} \implies f\in B(\mathbb R)$ (algebra of Fourier- Stieltjes transforms )?

For a bounded complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$, we define, its Fourier-Stieltjes transform, $\hat{\mu}(y)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-2\pi ix\cdot y} d\mu(x); (y\in \mathbb R).$ Let $1\leq p \leq ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

$L^p$ estimate for (powers of) a Laplacian with inverse square potential

I need an estimate of the form $$ \|v\|_{L^p} \le C \|(K-\Delta- c|x|^{-2})^s v\|_{L^p} $$ where $K>0$ can be large if necessary, $c$ is positive but below the Hardy constant $(n-2)^2/4$, where $n$ ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Tauberian theorem from generalized Gelfand transform

Wiener's theorem gives the necessary and sufficient conditions for the set of translates of a set of functions to be dense in $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, which translates algebraically into a statement about ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Special elements in $L^{\infty}(G)^*$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $M(G)$ denote the measure algebra and $L^1(G)$ denote the group algebra on $G$. Then $M(G)$ acts on $L^1(G)$ by convolution. So by duality $M(G)$ acts on ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...