**0**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Matrix representation of the Heisenberg quaternionic group

Equiped with the law $(a,b,c)\circ (a',b',c') = (a + a', b + b', c + c' + ab'),$ the matrix representation of the Heisenberg group $H^3= \mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ is given by
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
1 &...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Sampling Theorem for non-bandlimited Functions

The classical Shannon sampling theorem states that
a bandlimited function with $\mbox{supp } \hat f\subset [-1/2,1/2]$ can be uniquely determined by its samples $(f(i))_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}$ (The symbol $...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### The Fourier transform of a function supported on $B_1$ is essentially constant on $B_1$?

I'm going through the last steps of Bourgain and Demeter's proof of the $l^2$ decoupling conjecture, but I'm unable to see how the first inequality in (43) goes through. I'll water down the question a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### What does the unique mean on weakly almost periodic functions look like?

There is a unique invariant mean $m$ on WAP functions on any discrete group (see definitions below, theorem of ?). However, the proofs I found are fairly non-explicit on how to obtain this invariant ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Global Euclidean Carleman Estimate with a linear phase

I am interested in deriving the following global Carleman estimate which I think should hold :
$ \| e^{\tau \phi} \triangle u \|_{L_{\delta}^2({\mathbb{R^3})}}> C \tau \| e^{\tau \phi} u \|_{L^2_{\...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

445 views

### A possible mistake in Walter Rudin, “Fourier analysis on groups”

I have the following lemma 4.2.4 on page 80 in the book (we have locally compact abelian topological groups $G_1, G_2$ and their duals $\Gamma_1, \Gamma_2$):
Suppose $E$ is a coset in $\Gamma_2$ ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

102 views

### $L^p$ estimates for elliptic equation of divergence form

Consider the scalar elliptic equation of divergence form
$$div((1+a)\nabla\pi)=div F\ \ in\ \ R^3,$$
where $a$ is a Schwartz function with $1+a\geq c=const>0$, $F=(F_1,F_2,F_3)$ is a vector-valued ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Sobolev spaces defined on non-compact Lie groups

In this post, a question was raised to discuss the generalization of Sobolev spaces on locally compact Lie groups. Now my question is whether there exists a generalization of Sobolev spaces and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### If $\mathcal{F}$ is the Fourier transform, what can be said about $\mathcal{F}(L^1(\mathbb{R})) \cap L^1(\mathbb{R})$?

The Fourier transform gives a map of the Schwartz space to itself which turns out to be a linear homeomorphism of period 4.
However, when the domain is extended to $L^1(\mathbb{R})$, the situation is ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ such that $ \|f''\|_p \geq Cn^2 \| f \|_p$, where $1 \leq p\leq \infty$?

Let $f$ be a trigonometric polynomial on the circle $\mathbb{T}$ with $\hat{f}(j) = 0$ for all $j \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\lvert j \rvert < n$. Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Real rank zero of group $C^*$-algebras

The concept of real rank zero of a $C^*$-algebra is introduced as non-commutative analogue of dimension ( topological dimension ). For example, it shown (by Brown-Pedersen) such that, if $X$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

57 views

### Multivariate analogue of Jackson's inequality's modulus of continuity form

According to Jackson's inequality, there is $c > 0$ s.t. for any continuous function $f: S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ (where $S^1 := \mathbb{R} / \mathbb{Z}$ is the circle) and integer $n$ there is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### A generalized ellipse

We know that an ellipse is the locus of all point $z$ in the plane with $$|z-a|+|z-b|=\lambda$$
where $a,b$ are two given points in the plane and $\lambda$ is a constant.
Now we consider the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Rational valued functions on the Cantor set with $\int_{C} f^{3}d\mu=1 $

Let $C$ be the Cantor set as a compact Abelian topological group, isomorphic to countable product of $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$.
Its normalized Haar measure is denoted by $\mu$.
Is there a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Multiplier operators on anisotropic weighted $L^2$ spaces

Suppose $\mathcal{M}$ is a multiplier operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$, in the sense that, for any $u(x)\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$,
$\widehat{\mathcal{M}u}(k)=m(k)\hat{u}(k),$
where the scalar complex function ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Subgroups of finite non-zero Haar measure of abelian locally compact groups

Is it true that every subgroup of finite non-zero Haar measure of an abelian locally compact group should be open and compact? This is obviously true for the case of discrete abelian groups. Thanks.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Decoupling in mixed norm spaces

Bourgain and Demeter's proof of the $L^2$ decoupling conjecture decouples $\|f\|_{L^p}$ into an $L^2$ sum of $\|f_\theta\|_{L^p}$, where $\hat f$ is supported on a curved hypersurface $S$, where $\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Necessary condition for decouplings for surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^4$

I'm currently studying the paper Decouplings for surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^4$ written by Bourgain and Demeter. This paper is available in here.
As an example of nondegenerate $2$-dimensional surfaces ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Kernel for projection operators onto the spaces of piecewise linear loops

For every $m\in\mathbb{N}_+$, $k=0,\dots,m-1$, denote $I_{m,k}:=(\frac{k}{m},\frac{k+1}{m})$.
Denote $W = H^1(S^1,\mathbb R^{2n})$ = The Hilbert space of $C^1$ maps maps $v(t)$ from the circle to $\...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

454 views

### Pointwise convergence of Fourier series, Fefferman's article

This is the first time I ask a question here, so sorry if I make any mistake in the way I ask it. I'm studing Fefferman's article Pointwise Convergence of Fourier Series, and I have two questions:
1)...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Interpret Fourier transform as limit of Fourier series

Let $V=\mathbb{R}^n$, $\Lambda_r=2\pi r \mathbb{Z}^n \subset V (r>0)$ a lattice; $V^*\cong\mathbb{R}^n$ the dual vector space of $V$, and $\Lambda_r^*=\frac{1}{2\pi r} \mathbb{Z}^n =\text{Hom}(\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Definiteness and infinite divisibility of kernels including heat semigroup

Let $P_{t}$ be the usual heat semigroup. Can one show (preferably) or disprove that for arbitrary $k \in \mathbb{R}_{>0}$ and $n \in \mathbb{N}$
we have
\begin{equation}
\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}a_{i}a_{j}\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Groups with probability measures

Are there algebraic structures that integrate groups with probability measures? For instance, can the closure operation on a group be assigned a probability that says "how much" a member belongs to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

337 views

### Are the zeroes of the Fourier Transform of compactly supported functions isolated?

I have a continuous function $f$ on a locally compact Abelian group $G$ with compact support, and I would like to say that the zeroes of $f$ are sparse in some sense (isolated would be good, uniformly ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### harmonic balance method for a 2-mass 3-spring system [closed]

I am trying to solve a nonlinear 3spring-2mass system under harmonic loading by using Fourier series expansion of states of the differential equation. The system is just basically two masses, two ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

60 views

### Seeking a specific proof of endpoint boundedness of Riesz potential

The Riesz potential is defined by
$$I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}}
\, dy.$$
Once $f\in L^{d/\alpha}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, then $I_\alpha f(x)\in BMO$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### The decay rate of Hormander lemma is optimal or not?

The Hormander lemma about oscillatory integral operators states that
$T_\lambda f(x)=\int e^{i\lambda S(x,y)}a(x,y)f(y)dy$, while the Hessian of $S(x,y)$ is nondegenerate, then
$||T_\lambda||_2 \leq C\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### $\int_{R^2}\varphi(x)d\mu(x)=0$ $\Leftrightarrow$ $\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z^2} d\mu(x-2\pi n)=0$

Let $\mu$ be a finite measure supported by $\Gamma $ (a smoth finite curve) and absolutely continuous with respect to the length measure on $\Gamma$ such that $\Gamma \cap (\Gamma+x)$ is a finite ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra of a locally compact group semi-simple?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$ semi-simple?

**4**

votes

**3**answers

192 views

### Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The Bourgain-Demeter-Guth breakthrough and the Riemann zeta function?

Yesterday Bourgain, Demeter and Guth released a preprint proving (up to endpoints) the so-called main conjecture of the Vinogradov's Mean Value Theorem for all degrees. This had previously been only ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Local factors of Tamagawa measure

This is a reference request to some computations which I hope can be found in the literature somewhere.
Let $G\subset GL_n$ be a semisimple linear algebraic group over $\mathbb Q$. The Tamagawa ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

550 views

### Fourier transform of the critical line of zeta?

This was asked on MSE and got a lot of upvotes but no answers, so I'm posting it here.
Is there a known expression for the (distributional) Fourier transform of the Riemann zeta function, taken along ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Almost sure convergence of double nonconventional ergodic averages with respect to $L^p$ function

A famous result of J. Bourgain says that for a probability measure preserving system $(X,\beta,\mu,T)$, with $T_1$ and $T_2$ powers of $T$, we have that for $f_1$, $f_2\in L^{\infty}(\mu)$,$$\frac{1}{...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

127 views

### Linear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{H}^{d}$

Consider the linear Schrödinger equation $i\partial_t u = -\Delta u$, where $\Delta$ is the Laplacian on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^d$. What are the admissible pairs $(p, q)$ such that we have ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan.
In his lecture, he uses the following results:
Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in $\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### On a theorem by Mooney and Khavin on the weak sequential completeness of the predual of $H^\infty(\mathbb{D})$

There is a theorem by Mooney http://msp.org/pjm/1972/43-2/pjm-v43-n2-p.pdf#page=185 and independently proved by Havin which says that the predual of $H^{\infty}(\mathbb{D}),$
$L^{1}/H^{1}_{0}$ is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ is free iff $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G \otimes \text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, G) \to k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ isomorphism?

For any subgroup $G \subset \text{GL}_n(\mathbb{R})$ the set $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G$, of $G$-invariant polynomials, is a graded subalgebra of $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]$, resp. the set $\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### $G$-harmonic polynomials, dimension of $\text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, S_n)$? [closed]

Definition. Let $\text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, G)$ be the space of $G$-harmonic polynomials on $\mathbb{R}^n$.
My question is, what is the dimension of $\text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, S_n)$?

**13**

votes

**3**answers

432 views

### Completeness of nonharmonic Fourier Series

I have the following question:
The Exponential System $(\exp(2\pi i n \cdot ))_{n\in \mathbb{Z}}$ constitutes an orthonormal basis of $L^2([-1/2,1/2])$.
Thus, certainly the oversampled system $\Phi:...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

817 views

### Where did the term “additive energy” originate?

A fundamental object in modern additive combinatorics and harmonic analysis is additive energy. Given a subset $A$ of (say) an abelian group $G$ the additive energy of $A$ is defined to be the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### A metric on the set of BV functions, is it mentioned/studied in literature?

I'd like to propose the following metric which operates on the set $M$ of all square integrable functions that are also of bounded variation, of the form $f : (0,1) \to \mathbb{R}$.
Given any $x,y \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Left introversion operators associated to function spaces on semigroups

I am stuck on the following question for quite sometime now. Please help, any comment is welcome.
Let $S$ be a topological semigroup and $\mathcal{F}$ be a translation invariant, conjugate closed ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Inverse limit of $\Bbb Q/q\Bbb Z$ isomorphic to finite adeles?

Let $\Bbb Q/q\Bbb Z$, for some positive rational $q$, denote the quotient group of the discrete rationals by the subgroup of integers times $q$.
For any $q_1, q_2 \in \Bbb Q^+$ and $n \in \Bbb N^+$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Combining oscillatory integrals of the first and second kind

Consider an oscillatory integral of the first kind
$$
I_\lambda(x)=\intop_{\mathbb{R}^{n}}e^{i\lambda\Phi(x,y)}a(x,y)\,d y,\quad \lambda\geq 0,\; a\in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R}^{k+n}),\; \Phi\in C^\infty(\...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

272 views

### A functional inequality about log-concave functions

Let $f,g$ be smooth even log-concave functions on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e.,$f=e^{-F(x)}, g=e^{-G(x)}$ for some even convex functions $F(x),G(x)$. Is it true that:
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}} \langle \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Error term for a Fourier integral

There is a well-known theorem that states that for $f$ continuous and $f,\hat f$ integrable,
$$f(0)=\frac{1}{\pi}\lim_{T\to\infty}\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\frac{\sin(Tx)}{x}dx.$$
So it should be that
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Expectation equation, harmonic functions, do not understand why equation is true

Let $u: \mathbb{R}_+ \times \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded $C^2$ function whose first and second partial derivatives are uniformly bounded (or, more generally, have at most polynomial growth as $|x| \to \...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Weak continuity of the Hilbert transform

Is there a simple direct way to prove that the Hilbert transform sends $L^1(\mathbb R)$ into $L^1_w(\mathbb R)$? The Hilbert transform is the convolution by $pv(1/x)$ which is the (distribution) ...