13
votes
4answers
547 views

Is the sequence of Apéry numbers a Stieltjes moment sequence?

Consider the sequence of Apéry numbers $$ A_n = \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}\binom{n+k}{k}\sum_{j=0}^k \binom{k}{j}^3 = \sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2 . $$ In an email, physicist Alan Sokal ...
20
votes
1answer
927 views

A conjectured formula for Apéry numbers

A conjecture by the late Romanian mathematician Alexandru Lupas. Posted in sci.math in 2005, but no proof was found. Physicist Alan Sokal just reminded me of it, saying it was related to something he ...
0
votes
0answers
236 views

What is $p$-adic Fourier series?

Q1: Can we define Fourier series for a function $\mathbb{Z}_p\to \mathbb{Q}_p$? Q2: There are (in a real case) Bernoulli polynomials which have the most simple Fourier expansion: ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

sum of integral part of n/k

Is there any direct formula or algorithm better than the brute force (O(n) algorithm by iterating from 1 to n) way to calculate the sum \begin{equation} S = \sum\limits_{i=1}^n [{\frac{n}{i}}] ...
4
votes
1answer
721 views

Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem

The question may be a bit vague. I noticed an analogy that both Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem has been proved in finite fields. Can somebody shed light on why finite field analogues are ...
2
votes
3answers
203 views

Speed of convergence for Weyl's Equidistribution theorem

If $f$ is a continuous periodic fonction on $[0,1]$ and $a\not\in\mathbb{Q}$, the Weyl's equidistribution theorem states that $$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}f(ak)\rightarrow \int_0^1 f(x)dx.$$ Can we ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

The polynomial Freiman-Ruzsa conjecture for the special case when $f$ is a bijection

The polynomial Freiman-Ruzsa conjecture states that there exists $k > 0$, such that for all $\epsilon > 0$, and for all large $n$ and all functions $ f: \mathbb{F}_2^n \mapsto\mathbb{F}_2^n$, ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Dependence between $\langle f(x), g(y) \rangle$ and $\langle x, y \rangle$.

Let $p$ be a large prime and $n \geq 3$ be an integer. Let $f$ and $g$ be two arbitrary bijections from $\mathbb{F}_p^n$ to $\mathbb{F}_p^n$. I want to find a condition on $f$ and $g$ such that the ...
3
votes
1answer
406 views

Uncertainty principle (really for Mellin, but never mind that!)

Is there a smooth funtion $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{C}$ such that (a) $f(x)$ decreases faster than $e^{-e^x}$ when $x\to \infty$, (b) $\widehat{f}(t)$ decreases faster than $e^{-|t|}$ when $t\to ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

Fourier analysis on crystallographic groups

It seems pretty clear a priori that Fourier analysis on a discrete cocompact group of motions of $\mathbb{E}^n$ should be quite tractable (since, by Bieberbach, such groups are almost $\mathbb{Z}^n,$ ...
4
votes
1answer
514 views

Max of Fourier transform?

Let f be a real-valued function (or distribution) on $\mathbb{R}$. (You can assume it is nice in one way or another.) What would be some practical ways to bound $\max_{\alpha \in \mathbb{R}} ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

A question about the quotient measure on the ideles and the adeles

Let $F$ be a local field, then the additive Haar measure is easy to relate to the multiplicative Haar measure: $$ \int_F f(x) d^+ x = \int_{F^\times} f(x) |x| d^+ x.$$ I know that the ideles have ...
2
votes
3answers
864 views

Automorphic Forms on product of groups $G\times H$

Dear all, I have some difficulty in understanding the notion of automorphic forms on product of groups. Let $G$, $H$ be two reductive groups defined over a number field $F$. Let $\mathcal{A}(G)$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Local nonarchimedean Sobolev inequality

Let $B$ be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. A local version of the Sobolev inequality on $\mathbb{R}^n$ says that for any $p\in[1,\infty]$ there exist constants $C >0$ and $k \in \mathbb{N}$ such ...
6
votes
1answer
576 views

Does random matrix theory make any prediction for the eigenvalue distributions of compact Riemann surfaces?

Under RH, Montgomery has proven equidistribution results for the zeros of the Riemann Zeta function, which suggest a close connection of the distribution to certain results in Random matrix theory. ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Traceable representation of reductive group over a p-Adic field.

I have a question on how to define a trace of a unitary representation. If $G$ is a reductive group over a p-adic field it is known ( I do not know who prove it) that is of type I. Knowing this we ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Exponential sums for beginner.

What are the good books, online lecture notes or starting material on exponentials sums with applications in number theory for a beginner, apart from N. M. Korobov's book? The book or notes should ...
7
votes
3answers
924 views

A Question concerning the Fourier Transform of $\mathbb{R}$

Consider the classical Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ together with the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F} : \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathcal{S}( \mathbb{R})$. Consider the subspace ...