**31**

votes

**14**answers

6k views

### Explicit computations using the Haar measure

This question is somewhat related to my previous one on Grassmanians. The few times I've encountered the Haar measure in the course of my mathematical education, it's always been used in a very ...

**26**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Correspondence between eigenvalue distributions of random unitary and random orthogonal matrices

In the course of a physics problem (arXiv:1206.6687), I stumbled on a curious correspondence between the eigenvalue distributions of the matrix product $U\bar{U}$, with $U$ a random unitary matrix and ...

**24**

votes

**4**answers

6k views

### When is $L^2(X)$ separable?

I have never studied any measure theory, so apologise in advance, if my question is easy:
Let $X$ be a measure space. How can I decide whether $L^2(X)$ is separable?
In reality, I am interested in ...

**22**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Is every probability space a factor space of the Haar Measure on some group?

Let P be an arbitrary probability space.
I would like to find a compact topological group $G$ so that the Haar probability measure on $G$ admits a measurable map to the probability space $P$.
By a ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

976 views

### In an inductive family of groups, does the probability that a particular word is satisfied converge?

We have some group word $w$ in $k$ letters. We say a $k$-tuple of group elements $\vec{g} = (g_1, g_2, \ldots , g_k) \in G^k$ satisfies the word $w$ if $w$ gives the identity at $\vec{g}$. More ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The Riemann zeta function and Haar measure on the profinite integers

In an answer to a question on MU about the Riemann zeta function, I sketched a proof that the probability distribution on $\mathbb{N}$ which assigns $n$ the probability
$$\frac{ \frac{1}{n^s} ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

756 views

### Haar measures in Solovay's model

Haar measure is a measure on locally compact abelian groups which is invariants to translations. For example, the Lebesgue measure on the reals is such measure.
It can be shown without the use of the ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Volume of fundamental domain and Haar measure

In my research, I do need to know the Haar measure. I have spent some time on this subject, understanding theoretical part of the Haar measure, i.e existence and uniqueness, Haar measure on quotient. ...

**13**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### Haar measure on a quotient, References for.

I remember reading Weil's "Basic Number Theory" and giving up after a while. Now I find myself thinking of it(thanks to some comments by Ben Linowitz).
Right from the very beginning, Weil uses the ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

696 views

### To what extent has the Haar measure been generalized?

It is known that all locally compact groups, and therefore compact groups, have a left-invariant Haar measure which is unique up to scalar constant, also a right-invariant one. Is there a strictly ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Compact Quantum Groups and the Existence of the Classical Haar Measure

Before I state my question, let me provide the definition of a compact quantum group.
Definition: An ordered pair $ \mathscr{G} = (\mathscr{A},\Phi) $ is called a compact quantum group if
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Status of the analog of the Haar measure on quantum groups

In (Masuda, Nakagami, Woronowicz)'s paper, in the introduction, the authors mentioned the deficiency common to both their and (Kusterman, Vaes)'s approach regarding the Haar state (or Haar measure ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

427 views

### Entropy for Haar measure on $O(n)$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. A measure $\mu$ is the right-Haar measure on $G$ if for every $g\in G$ and $E\subseteq G$ Borel set $\mu(Eg)=\mu(E)$. It is known that every locally compact group ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Haar measurable sets and quotient maps

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff group with a Haar measure $\mu$, let $H$ be a closed normal subgroup of $G$, and let $q: G \to G/H$ be the quotient homomorphism. Let $\nu$ be a Haar measure ...

**8**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Intuition for Haar measure of random matrix

What is an intuitive way to understand Haar measure as defined for random matrices, say, $N\times N$ orthogonal or unitary matrices?
My understanding for what Haar measure means for $U(1)$ is that it ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Statistics for Haar measure of random matrices?

Let's say I have $M$ samples of $N\times N$ real orthogonal matrices. What statistics can I calculate to test if they could have been drawn from a distribution consistent with Haar measure over ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

725 views

### Integration on the space of symmetric matrices

Let $\mu$ be a Lebesgue measure on the space $G$ of real symmetric $n \times n$ matrices (the Haar measure on the additive group of such matrices). For any $A \in G$ let $\chi_{A}(x)$ be its ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Haar measure for large locally compact groups

In this answer, Gerald Edgar mentions that Haar measure is naturally defined on the $\sigma$-algebra of Baire sets (the smallest $\sigma$-algebra that contains all the compact $G_\delta$ sets) of a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Measurable subgroups.

Let $G$ be a compact connected topological group and let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. Suppose that $H$ is measurable with respect to the normalised Haar measure $\mu$ on $G$. Do we necessarily have ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Can Haar measure fail to be bi-invariant without conjugation shrinking a set?

(This is a slightly reformatted and clarified version of my question from math.SE, since I believe
the answer there is wrong and its poster has not responded to my comment in over two weeks.)
Let ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Haar Measure on a Quotient [closed]

Suppose you have a locally compact group G with a discrete subgroup H. Of course G has a unique (up to scalar) Haar measure, but it seems that G/H has and induced Haar measure as well.
How does ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

485 views

### Some calculus in the orthogonal group $O(n)$

How can one compute each of the following matrices, explicitly:
$$\int_{O(n)} e^{g}dg$$ or
$$\int_{O(n)} g^{n}dg \;\;\;\;n\in \mathbb{N} \;\;n>1$$
What is the explicite entries of the resulting ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Haar measure on $O(n)$ reduced to simpler probability space

The background of this question is how a random variable $X$ on the orthogonal group $O(n)$ whose distribution is the normalized Haar measure $\mu$, i.e., $\mu( O(n) ) = 1$, can be realized on a ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Haar Measure Existence/A problem with Borel sets and regularity.

In Paul Halmos' Measure Theory book, section 53, he defines a content on a locally compact Hausdorff space to be a set function, $\lambda$ that is additive, subadditive, monotone, and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### explicit integrals over a Lie group

I am looking for families of invariant integrals $\int_G dg f(g)$ (where $dg$ is a Haar measure) over a semisimple Lie group that can be evaluated in closed form, together with references where I can ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Why is it possible to normalize the Haar measure on the quotient?

I just asked a question which is related to the one I'm about to ask, but I realized my question can be reduced to the following: let $G$ be a locally compact abelian group with Haar measure $\mu$, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How to define the quotient of a measure which is invariant under group action?

I am a physicist, and I have the following problem. Consider a locally compact group G acting over a measure space $(X, {\cal B}, \mu)$, and assume that $\mu$ is G-invariant. My problem is how to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

70 views

### On the eigenvalues' distribution of random unitary

Fix an integer $d$, let $\mathbb{U}_d$ be the $d\times d$ unitary group.
For any $U\in \mathbb{U}_d$, define $\Omega(U)$ be the length of the smallest arc containing all the eigenvalues of $U$ on the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### When does convolution preserve the `size' of a function?

For a positive function $f$ and positive measures $\mu, \nu$, does
$$\mu\ast f\leq \nu\ast f \Rightarrow \|\mu\|\leq \|\nu\|?$$
More details: Let $G$ be a locally compact group, $C(G)$ be the space ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Cartan integral formula for a p-adic group?

Let $G$ denote a reductive group over a local field $F$. Suppose that $G$ is split over $F$ and fix a maximal (split) torus $A$. Let $A^+$ denote a Weyl chamber in $A$ and let $K$ be a suitable ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{\infty}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?

Let $ (X,\Sigma,\mu) $ be a $ \sigma $-finite measure space and $ B $ a Banach space. A function $ f: X \to B $ is said to be strongly $ \mu $-measurable iff it is the almost-everywhere pointwise ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### Decomposition of Haar measure other than Hurwitz's

Hurwitz defined a decomposition of the Haar measure on $SO(n)$ based on Given's rotation. So by left multiplication of Givens rotation one can always bring an orthogonal matrix into the identity. The ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Concentration of measure for uniform distribution on Stiefel manifolds

This is my first post on MO, so I hope the question is suitable. I am looking at the uniform distribution on the Stiefel manifold, but more specifically, at the uniform distribution on the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### The Haar integral on uniform spaces

Does anybody know what the current research status is on the topic of Haar measures on uniform spaces? I'm specifically interested in compact uniform spaces and its corresponding Haar probability.
As ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

481 views

### Haar measure on strictly upper triangular matrices

Let F be a function field, and A its adele ring. I want to consider U(A)/U(F), where U(A) is the space of strictly upper triangular matrices with entries from A, and U(F) is the same with entries ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Measure on real Grassmannians

OK, so I'm reading about this nice measure you can define on a (real) Grassmannian on Wikipedia. Basically, and to save you the trip through the link, consider the Haar measure $\theta$ on $O(n)$, fix ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Is the sumset of two Haar positive closed subsets of a Polish group non-meager?

A famous Steinhaus theorem says that if measurable subsets $A,B$ of a locally compact topological group $G$ have positive Haar measure, then the difference $AA^{-1}$ is a neighborhood of the unit and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Characterization of $L^1(\text{SL}(3,\mathbb{R}))$ [closed]

Is there a characterisation of the integrable functions on SL($3,\mathbb{R}$) or an explicit expression for the Haar measure?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

414 views

### Haar measure on Galois groups

Galois groups are nice compact Hausdorff groups, and therefore possess a bounded Haar measure, unique if we insist that the total volume be $1$. What is the Haar measure on the absolute Galois group ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

981 views

### Haar measure of a subgroup

What is the connection between the normalized Haar measure of a compact group and the normalized Haar measure of one of its compact subgroups?
I am trying to solve the following problem:
Given $G$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### Is every subgroup of a connected unimodular (matrix) Lie group also unimodular?

My intuition is that the answer is yes:
Let $G$ be the original group, and let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$.
Let $\mu$ be a Haar measure on $G$ that is both right- and left-invariant.
I think that if we ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

292 views

### A question on Haar measure on local field.

Let $F$ be a local field of characteristic 0, and $f:F\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be an integrable function. Is the following formulation valid?
$
\int_{F^\times}f(x^2) d^\times x=\int_{F^{\times 2}}f(x) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Averages of vector inner products over the Haar measure

Consider arbitrary unit vectors $w,x,y,z \in \mathbb{C}^d$. Is there an explicit formula for what this average is?
$$
\int \mathrm{Tr}( \psi \psi^* \, \, w x^* \,\, \psi \psi^* \,\, y z^*) d\psi
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### An expectation of the product of random unitaries

I want to find the answer of
$$\int dU \ U^m X \ U^{\dagger m}$$
Where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $U(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. $X$ is a given self-adjoint ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

652 views

### How do these two Haar measures on SL(2,R) compare?

By using the Iwasawa decomposition, one obtains a (bi-invariant) Haar measure on $G:=\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{R})$ which can be symbolically written as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

546 views

### Must a locally compact group be Hausdorff in order to possess a Haar measure?

Does the existence of (left) Haar measure on a locally compact topological group require that the group be Hausdorff?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### Measures and structure on conjugacy classes

Given a locally compact group $G$, does there exist a measure $\nu$ on the conjugacy classes $conj(G)$ such that for $f \in C_c(G)$
$$ \int_G f(g) d \mu_G(g) = \int_{conj(H)} \int_{G / G_\gamma} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### The Tensor product of algebra group

Let G is a locally compact group. Is the following true?
The tensor product of $L^1(G)$ with $L^1(G)$ is $L^1(G \times G)$.

**2**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### Banach algebra for measures induced by Haar measures

It is classical that $L^1(G, m)$ is a Banach algebra when $G$ is a locally compact group with Haar measure $m$ by using the operation of convolution via the integral
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

257 views

### Justification of the convolution operation of $L^1(G)$ functions where $G$ is a LCA group (measurability)

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact abelian Hausdorff group (LCA), and $\lambda$ is the Haar measure on it. We all know the convolution of two $L^1(\lambda)$ functions $f$ and $g$ on $G$ is defined as
...