**2**

votes

**1**answer

25 views

### Random links and $3$-manifolds

In Jeffrey Weeks book "The Shape of Space" he explaines at the end of Chapter 18 (on page 255) the following about the geometrization conjecture:
A non-trivial connected sum $M_1\# M_2$ admits a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Connected sum of two “same” Kleins bottles [migrated]

If I have two surfaces of Klein's bottle, K, given by edge words [a b- a- b-] and [a- b a b] what space do I get when I identify same edges. In other words, i have two same Klein's bottles that are ...

**12**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### Orbifold fundamental group in terms of loops?

In chapter 13 in his notes on 3-manifolds, Thurston defines the orbifold fundamental group to be the group of deck transformations of the universal cover of the orbifold. He also makes a statement ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Translation of Haken's paper “Theorie der Normalflächen”

Haken's paper "Theorie der Normalflächen" is one of the formative papers in the development of normal surface theory and provides an algorithm for detecting the unknot.
While there are now a variety ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

**12**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Hyperbolic 3-manifold groups acting on the plane

Can the fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold act freely on the plane by homeomorphisms? Freely and cocompactly? Freely, cocompactly, and preserving orientation?

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Homeomorphism between (-1,1)×[-1,1) and [-1,1]×[-1,1) [closed]

Can one construct homeomorphism between (-1,1)×[-1,1) and [-1,1]×[-1,1)?
If so, please show me how to construct it.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

82 views

### Existence of non-negative extensions of smooth functions on axes

I am struggling to solve an extension problem of smooth functions, and I would like someone to help me.
The setting is as follows:
Let $X_1$, $X_2$, and $T$ be either the real lines $\mathbb R$ or ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### contact surgery diagram on Brieskorn manifolds

For the Brieskorn manifold $\Sigma(p,q,r)=\{z_1^p+z_2^q+z_3^r=0\} \cap S^5 \subset C^3$, replacing zero with $\epsilon$ in the above, realizes $\Sigma$ as boundary of a Stein domain which induces a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

58 views

### stabilization of Legendrian knots

There are two ways to stabilize a Legendrian knot $k$ in standard contact sphere $(S^3,\xi_{st})$ i.e. adding right cusps or left cusps, let's call these two stabilized Legendrian knots $k_R$ and ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

299 views

### pizza lemma (topology)

given six real-analytic arcs in the unit disk $D$, each of which
connects the origin to a boundary point, and no two arcs meet anywhere except
at the origin, and the arcs meet at equal (60 degree) ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### Braids with an infinite number of strings

Has anyone developed a theory for braids with an infinite number of strings?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Construction of invariants of 4-manifolds with the Kirby calculus

I'm an undergraduate student, interested in the low dimensional topology, in particular, the 4-manifold theory.
I have a question.
In the knot theory, the Reidemeister moves play fundamental roles.
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

188 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of Nil

Let $Nil$ be the unique simply connected non-abelian three-dimensional nilpotent Lie group, i.e. the group of upper triangular matrices with all the eigenvalues equal to 1 (this group is also known as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Fixed points of self maps

Given $m$ points on $S^n$, is there an explicit polynomial self $1-1$ map of minimum degree $f:S^n\rightarrow S^n$ that fixes only these $m$ points? Can we say something about symmetry group of $f$ if ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Extra large spherical joins

If $X$ and $Y$ are piecewise spherical complexes, then their spherical join $X * Y$ is CAT(1) if and only of $X$ and $Y$ are CAT(1) (see the appendix of the first Charney-Davis paper below). One of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### group actions on fibre bundles

Suppose that we have a group $G$ acting on the spaces $E$ and $B$. Suppose moreover that we have fibre bundles $\xi$ and $\eta$ in the following commutative diagram
If $\xi$ is a trivial bundle, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Uniform continuity of length function on geodesic currents

I'm starting to study geodesic currents and I have a question concerning uniform continuity.
Let's take $S$ a closed surface of genus $g$ and $GC(S)$ the space of geodesic currents on $S$ (as it is ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Wild half-line in a Euclidean space

Is there an $m$-dimensional simplicial complex $S$ with the following properties:
The cone over $S$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{E}^{m+1}$. Here $\mathbb{E}^{m+1}$ denoes the $(m+1)$-dimensional ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### A conjecture of Cheeger about intersection cohomology and $L^2$- cohomology

Let $X$ be a projective variety and let $D$ be a simple normal
crossings divisor on $X$
Does $$IH^*(X;\mathbb C)\cong H_{(2)}^*(X\setminus D;\mathbb C)$$ hold
true for each Kähler metric ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Are all finitely generated subgroups of SL2 LERF? [closed]

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a finitely generated
subgroup. Must $H$ be LERF?
A group $H$ is said to be LERF (locally extended residually finite), or subgroup separable, if its ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Subgroups of the mapping class group of a surface generated by Dehn twists

Let $G$ be the mapping class group of a surface of genus $g > 1$. Is it known for which positive integer $k$ one can find a subgroup $H$ of $G$ generated by a finite number of Dehn twists and a ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

359 views

### When a compact topological manifold with boundary is a ball?

Let $X$ be a compact topological manifold with boundary. Suppose its interior is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$. Is $X$ homeomorphic to a (closed) ball?
Context: I want to show that a certain ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### contact structure on double branched covers of $S^3$

We can assign a natural contact structure to double branched cover of a transverse knot $k$ in the $3$-sphere with its standard contact structure $(S^3,\xi_{st})$, as described ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### lower bound for Perron-Frobenius degree of a Perron number

A Perron number is an algebraic number which is greater than one in absolute value and is greater than all of its Galois conjugates in absolute value as well. Lind's theorem states that any Perron ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

581 views

### Classification of knots by geometrization theorem

I read this interview with Ian Agol, where he says:
"...I learned that Thurston’s geometrization theorem allowed a complete and practical classification of knots."
My question is:
How does ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra. Then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J \colon M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### cohomology module of unit tangent vector bundles over spheres

Let $S^m$ be the $m$-sphere and $\tau (S^m)$ the sphere bundle consisting of unit tangent vectors in the tangent bundle $TS^m$. Then we have a fibration
$$
S^{m-1}\longrightarrow ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Survey of known results on equivariant transversality

Most basic differential topology theorems carry over to the equivariant case with mild modifications; see for instance Wasserman's paper. One thing that fails (more or less obviously) is equivariant ...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### Math and Wormholes

Hopefully, MathOverflow is the correct place for this.
I had a student approach me and ask me what kinds of mathematics goes into the study of wormholes. She specifically asked whether there is any ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### quotient space of Eilenberg-MacLane space

Let $\pi$ be a group and $K(\pi,1)$ the Eilenberg-MacLane space. Let $G$ be a finite group acting on $K(\pi,1)$ such that the following is a covering map
$$
K(\pi,1)\longrightarrow K(\pi,1)/G.
$$
...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

488 views

### Algorithm for detecting ribbon or slice links?

A link in $S^3$ is said to be slice if it bounds a collection of flat disks into the $4$-ball. Here "flat," means that there is a (locally) trivial normal bundle. This condition can be strengthened to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Inducing up the group homomorphism between mapping class groups

There are many ways to embed the braid group into the mapping class group of a surface. To describe one of them, let ${C}_{2g+2}(\mathbb{D}^2)$ be the configuration of unordered $2g+2$ points in the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### isotopy equivalence (topological meaning) between $CW$-complexes

Let $M$ and $N$ be $CW$-complexes.
Definition. (different from the isotopy notion in geometry of submanifolds). A (topological) isotopy is a fibre-wise continuous map
$$
F: M\times ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### homotopy equivalence between configuration spaces

Let $M$ be a $m$-dimensional compact manifold without boundary and $W(M)$ the non-compact $CW$-complex obtained by glueing $[0,1)\times (0,1)^{m-1}$ to $M$, identifying the boundary ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### homological 2 dimensional groups

In a Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici paper by Benno Eckman and Heinz Müller in 1980 (volume 50, pages 510-520) proved that poincaré Duality Groups of dimension 2 with positive first ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### embedding of quaternionic projective spaces

Let $\mathbb{H}P^m$ be the $m$-th quaternionic projective space. What is the smallest integer $N$ such that there exists an embedding
$$
\mathbb{H}P^2\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^N?
$$
Are there any ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### A forked plane continuum

I came up with this question while trying to solve the following MO one:
Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?
Suppose $C$ is a plane continuum (i.e. a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Ascending surfaces in the 4-ball

Let the standard symplectic structure on $B^4$ (viewed in $\mathbb{R}^4$ or $\mathbb{C}^2$) be given by $\omega=(1/2) d \eta$, for
\begin{align*}
\eta &:=
x_1 \, dy_1 - y_1 \, dx_1 + x_2 \, ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Which compact 3-manifolds with boundary embed in $\mathbb{S}^3.$

This is a more sensible (IMHO) restatement of this question:
Which Compact $3$-manifolds with boundaries embed in $\mathbb{S}^3?$ Is there any hope of a characterization?

**112**

votes

**27**answers

46k views

### Intuitive crutches for higher dimensional thinking

I once heard a joke (not a great one I'll admit...) about higher dimensional thinking that went as follows-
An engineer, a physicist, and a mathematician are discussing how to visualise four ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### cohomology ring of compact submanifolds of Euclidean spaces

Suppose we have a compact $m$-dimensional submanifold $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^N$ and we want to know the cohomology ring $H^*(M;\mathbb{Z})$.
Let $\epsilon>0$ and a $m$-dimensional finite simplicial ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Can an oriented closed $n(\geq 2)$-dimensional manifold be embedded in $\mathbb{R^{2n-1}}$

Can anyone provide me an example of an orientable closed manifold $M$ of dimension $n\geq 2$, which cannot be embedded in $\mathbb R^{2n-1}$?
I know this is certainly not true when $n=1$, i.e. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### torsion part of the cohomology module of configuration spaces of manifolds

Let $M$ be a manifold and $C_n(M)$ the $n$-th unordered configuration space consisting of unordered $n$-tuples of distinct points in $M$. The mod $p$ homology module, $p$ prime, and the rational ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Does this approach for the Poincaré conjecture work?

Several months ago a paper was posted at
http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.4164
called "Another way of answering Henri Poincaré's fundamental question." The author gave a talk on it today at my institution. ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Growth of Poincaré duality groups

Can one prove that Poincaré duality groups cannot have intermediate growth?

**16**

votes

**0**answers

445 views

### What is the determinant of Poincaré duality?

For a complex $C^{\bullet}$ of finite dimensional vector spaces, one has a determinant
$$|C^\bullet|:= \bigotimes \left(\Lambda^{top} C^i\right)^{(-1)^i}$$
functorial with respect to ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Poincaré dodecahedron space

The Poincaré homology sphere $X$ is constructed by identifying opposite faces of a dodecahedron by a (clockwise) twist of 36 degree.
Many books say its fundamental group $\pi_1(X)$ is the binary ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Poincare duality

I am reading the proof of Theorem Poincaré duality in "principles in AG" of Griffith.
They constructed "dual cell decomposition" of a polyhedra decomposition of manifold $M$ and the cochain complex ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

908 views

### Thom's result and Poincaré duality

I am interested in singularity theory by topology.
I want to understand following results.
$f$ is a smooth map of a closed surface $M$ which has only
fold points and cusps as its singularities.
...