Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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11
votes
1answer
178 views

Is a generic closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold Haken?

My question is as follows: "Is a generic closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold Haken?" Of course the word 'generic' can be interpreted in many ways, and the answer might depend on the way how one ...
8
votes
1answer
179 views

Second homology of mapping class group of genus 3

In a survey paper of Korkmaz it is stated that $H_2(\mathrm{Mod}_3)$ is either $\Bbb Z$ or $\Bbb Z \oplus \Bbb Z_2$, but I was not able to find out a precise computation of this group (resolving the ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

Fake versus Exotic

Without recourse to the Disc Theorem (or its progeny), is it true that all known examples of exotic differentiable structures on 4-manifolds would be fake rather than exotic? Terminology (perhaps ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Any results on rayless simplicial complexes?

We define a closed ray in a topological space $X$ to be its closed subset homeomorphic to the real half-line $[0,\infty)\subseteq \mathbb{R}$. Call a topological space $X$ rayless if it does not ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Criteria for abstract polytopes to be convex polytope

Suppose I have an abstract polytope defined by a poset. Are there any methods for determining whether the abstract polytope can be geometrically realized as convex-hull on its set of vertices?
8
votes
2answers
228 views

Heegaard genera of arithmetic 3-manifolds

UPDATE: Because I was hoping that state the question as concisely as possible, the original post did not include a precise definition of arithmetic 3-manifold only a reference to Maclachlan and ...
15
votes
2answers
272 views

Classification of tangles?

Has anybody done any work on making a classification of low-complexity tangles, analogous to the work for knots and links? I expect most of the small ones to be rational, and those that aren't ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Condensation points of orbits of roots of unity

For a fixed $n\in \mathbb{N}$ we consider the set of $n$-roots of unity $R(n)=\{z\in S^1; z^n=1\}$. It splits into mutually disjoint orbits. Let $R=\bigcup_{n=0}^{\infty} R(2^n-1)$. For each orbit in ...
2
votes
0answers
151 views

Bott's Formula for Grassmannians

Bott's Formula gives the dimension of the cohomology $H^{q}(\mathbb{P}^{n}, \Omega_{\mathbb{P}^{n}}^{p}(k))$ of the $k$-twisted sheaf of $p$-differential forms on the projective space ...
36
votes
1answer
4k views

Open map D⁴ → S²

Is it possible to construct an embedding $D^4\hookrightarrow S^2\times \mathbb R^2$ such that the projection $D^4\to S^2$ is an open map? Here $D^n$ denotes closed $n$-ball. An open map D⁴ → S². It ...
3
votes
2answers
771 views

What is parameterization of the trefoil knot surface in R³?

What is a parameterization, say (x(u,v),y(u,v),z(u,v)), of the trefoil knot surface in R³ whose cross-section can be circular or, in general, elliptic? Thanks!
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Singular leaf of Strebel differential

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface.Let $\gamma$ be a loop which is non-trivial in $H_{1}(R,\mathbb{Z})$. By the Jenkins–Strebel Theorem we know the following: there exists a holomorphic quadratic ...
11
votes
2answers
636 views

What is the homotopy type of the space of the homeomorphisms of the n-ball such that the homeomorphism restricted to the boundary is isotopic to the identity?

Consider the set of homeomorphisms of the topological n-ball to itself with the compact open topology. Sitting inside this space of homeomorphisms are particular subspaces. The first subspace is those ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

cell decomposition of real homogeneous hypersurfaces

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a homogeneous polynomial and consider the real hypersurface $H=\{(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}^n:f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)=1\}$. Assume to simplify ...
21
votes
1answer
955 views

Building a genus-$n$ torus from cubes

I wonder if this has been studied: What is the fewest number of unit cubes from which one can build an $n$-toroid? The cubes must be glued face-to-face, and the boundary of the resulting ...
11
votes
0answers
695 views

Hamiltonian cycles and fundamental groups

I'm interested in the interplay between the Hamiltonian cycles of graphs and the compact surfaces they embed in. I was doing some reading on the Lovász conjecture for Cayley graphs, I started noticing ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Parity of knot signatures

I recently came upon a recursive formula for the (ordinary) signatures of torus knots. The formula, which I found in Murasugi's book "Knot Theory and Applications" (Springer, 2007), originally ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Characterization of the medial axis of a surface

I would like to know if the following "characterization" of the medial axis of a surface is correct, and if so, how to prove it. Let $S$ be a continuous, piecewise smooth, compact surface embedded in ...
3
votes
2answers
216 views

Pseudo-manifolds and homology

Is there a good reference for the proof that the cobordism group of pseudo-manifolds is isomorphic to the singular homology group? I was looking for a more geometrical definition of homology and ...
0
votes
1answer
543 views

Is surface $x^2+z^2=2\cdot y^2$ something of a Möbius strip?

This question is naive. My association with Möbius strip comes from not being able to smoothly extract positive solutions of the diophantine equation $$x^2+z^2=2\cdot y^2$$ I got a parametrization ...
12
votes
0answers
152 views

What do tangles teach us about braids?

A braid is a smooth level-preserving embedding $f\colon\, \{1,2,\ldots,n\}\times[0,1]\hookrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 \times [0,1]$ such that $f(k,0)=(k,0)$ and $f(k,1) \in \{1,2,\ldots,n\} \times ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Map from homotopy sphere with lifting property induces surjections on homotopy groups. Is it weak equivalence?

Let $E$ be homotopy equivalent to a $k$-sphere. Let $q\colon E\to X$ be a map such that given any continuous $f\colon C\to X$ from a compact space $C$, there exists (a non-unique) $\tilde{f}\colon ...
4
votes
1answer
415 views

A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the reduced ...
0
votes
1answer
203 views

A problem related to connectivity of analytic functions

Let $f(z)\in A(\mathbb D)$, where $A(\mathbb D)$ is the space of analytic functions on the open unit disk $\mathbb D$ and continuous on $\overline{\mathbb D}$. Question: Is the connectivity of ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

laminations and branched surfaces

I am looking for a reference for this question: given a branched surface in a 3-manifold, how we can construct a lamination fully carried by that branched surface. any comments would be appreciated. ...
5
votes
0answers
209 views

Quotienting disk inside sphere result in sphere

Let $S^k$ be a topological $k$-dimensional sphere. Let $D^k$ be a $k$ dimensional disk that includes in $S^k$. Let $q: D^k \to D^r$ be a map and $r \leq k$. Let $$W = S^k \sqcup D^r/\sim$$ where ...
8
votes
3answers
294 views

Voronoi cells and the dual complexes in Riemannian manifolds

I would like to use some "intuitively clear" properties of Voronoi cells in general Riemannian manifolds, but I have trouble finding references. Let $(X,d)$ be a connected Riemannian manifold and ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Going Back-and-Forth Between Different Expressions/“Representations” for Open Books.

I am trying to have a better understanding of how one goes , "travels" between the different formats/layouts of open books for a fixed given 3-manifold M; between the abstract type and the "actual" ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Most Regularity of a Polygon

Conseider $n$ electrons in an empty sphere. What structure do they make? This question have two cases: (i) if electrons should be sit on the boundry of sphere (one can suppose that the boundry of ...
11
votes
1answer
148 views

Max flow, min cut on manifolds

If a graph has some half edges marked "input" and some half edges marked "output", it is well known that the smallest number of edges which must be cut to disconnect input from output is equal to the ...
6
votes
5answers
676 views

Symplectic structures from Lagrangians?

In Witten's paper 'Quantization of Chern-Simons Gauge Theory with Complex Gauge Group,' he makes the statement (p. 35) that the symplectic form on the moduli space of flat $G_\mathbb{C}$ connections ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

In the definition of the Heegard Floer surgery exact triangle, what exactly is the correspondence between Whitney triangles and periodic domains?

I'm reading Osváth-Szabó's notes on Heegard Floer homology, in particular about the surgery exact triangle. On page 14 (numbered 42 on the document), they describe an isomorphism between the space of ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Is the hypersurface satisfying $\langle x-x_0,\nu\rangle>0$ diffeomorphic to sphere?

Let $p:M\to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be the closed immersed hypersurface. Is the following thing right? If there exists a point $x_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ such that $\langle x(p)-x_0,\nu(p)\rangle>0$ ...
4
votes
6answers
409 views

A convex curve inside the unit circle

Has this theorem a specific name; and I need some references for general form. Suppose ${\gamma}$ is a convex polygon contained in the interior of the unit circle. then the length of $\gamma$ is not ...
12
votes
1answer
313 views

Why are Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants expected to be integral?

A Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev (WRT) Invariant $\tau_{M,L}^G(\xi)\in\mathbb{C}$ is an invariant of closed oriented 3-manifold $M$ containing a framed link $L$, where $G$ is a simple Lie group, and $\xi$ ...
20
votes
1answer
774 views

A function composed with itself produces the identity

Let $B$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb R^3$ and $f: B\to B$ continuous, such that $f\circ f$ is the identity (i.e., $f\circ f=\mathbb 1_B$) and $f$ restricted on $\partial B$ is also the identity ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

3-complexes not embeddable in 3-space

My question is about embeddability of 3-dimensional complexes in R^3. Do we have something like Kuratowski's theorem for complexes in 3-space which specifies a set of minors for non-embeddability?
16
votes
2answers
552 views

Topological transversality

Warmup question: Let us say that two continuous functions $f,g:[0,1]\to \mathbb R$ are topologically transverse if their difference $f-g$ has only finitely many zeros, and each zero separates an ...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

A question about Dehn surgery and Brieskorn homology 3-spheres

I have been learning about Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(a_1,...,a_n)$ and Seifert manifolds. My reference is the first few pages of Saveliev's "Invariants of Homology 3-spheres." If I ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

Is it known which links have Seifert fibered complements?

I believe many such links can be constructed by looking at a foliation similar to the hopf fibration, but the wrapping leaves replaced with $(p,q)$ torus knots. However, I'm interested in particular ...
5
votes
2answers
208 views

What 3-manifolds can be obtained by gluing $ S^1 \times P $ and two copies of $S^1 \times D^2$

Let P denote the pair of pants e.g. a sphere minus three small discs $D_1$,$D_2$,$D_3$ about marked points $x_1,x_2,x_3$. I then consider $P \times S^1$. We have boundary components $T_1$,$T_2$,$T_3$. ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Ratner theorem and dense geodesic planes in hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose we have a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$. For any $x\in M$ and plane $\pi$ in $T_xM$ we consider $P$ the geodesic plane exp$(\pi)$ originating from $\pi$. For any $p\in \pi$ we consider ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Simple connectedness of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ intersected with an affine subspace

The complex projective plane $\mathbb{C}P^2$ can be thought of as the set of rank one 3-by-3 Hermitian matrices with norm one, i.e., $\mathbb{C}P^2 = \{xx^* : x \in \mathbb{C}^3, x^*x=1 \}$. As such, ...
3
votes
0answers
211 views

Does the following object has a name in algebraic geometry?

Suppose $X$ is a projective variety and $D$ is a smooth divisor and let $L = \mathcal{O}(D)$ be the line bundle corresponding to $D$. Consider $X \times \mathbb{P}^1$ with the line bundle ...
12
votes
1answer
446 views

Handlebody decomposition of an open 4-manifold

Let $M$ be the fake $CP^2$ (namely the closed topological 4-manifold which is homotopy equivalent but not homeomorphic to the complex projective plan). It is well-known that $M$ admits no smooth ...
17
votes
1answer
476 views

Does there exist a surface bundle over a surface of genus at least 2 that fibers in three distinct ways?

Let $$ \Sigma_g \to E \to \Sigma_h $$ be a surface bundle over a surface. Unless otherwise stated, I'll assume $g, h \ge 2$. The theory of Thurston norm shows that surface bundles over $S^1$ often ...
2
votes
3answers
226 views

Heegaard Floer Homology of double branched cover

The question is the following: Let $K\subset S^{3}$ be a knot, consider the double branched cover $Y$ of $S^{3}$ over $K$. We know $Y$ has a unique spin structure $\mathfrak{s}$, now the question is: ...
4
votes
1answer
585 views

solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where: 1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known. 2) The word problem is known to be ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Knot invariants in 3-manifolds that are not $\mathbb{R}^3$ or $S^3$ or $B^3$?

This is just a reference request; I have no sharp mathematical question. Inspired by the $(3+)$-year old MO question, In knot theory: Benefits of working in $S^3$ instead of $\mathbb{R}^3$?, I would ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Pure braid groups of the complement of a lattice in the complex plane: generators and relations

Where can I find a presentation (by `natural' generators and relations between them) of the pure braid groups $PB_n(S)$ (for $n>0$) of $S=\mathbb C\setminus (\mathbb Z\oplus i \mathbb Z)$? Thanks ...