**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Mathematical Definition of $n$-Brouillin Zone [duplicate]

I am having trouble finding a mathematical definition of the Brouillin zone beyond the first, which are basically the Voronoi cells or Wigner-Seitz cells. We could imagine the set of point closer to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Does $\mathbb{CP}^2$ admit a Riemann surface lamination structure?

Does $\mathbb{CP}^2$ admit a Riemann surface lamination structure? Every paper or article I looked at, talk only about singular laminations on $\mathbb{CP}^2$. I was wondering why. If you know ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Can a Morse function define a unique structure on a closed manifold?

I was thinking about the doubt that if $M$ and $N$ are closed manifold and if there exists two Morse function $f$ and $g$ respectively on $M$ and $N$ with the following property that they both have ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### Generalizations of the handle trading techniques

As Theorem 8.1 in "Lectures on the h-cobordism theorem (written by J.Milnor)" show, we can choose a handle decomposition of cobordism (satisfying some connectivity and dimensional assumptions) with no ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Are homology spheres stably trivial?

A homology sphere is a closed smooth $n$-dimensional manifold with the same homology groups as $S^n$. Igor Belegradek's answer to a previous question of mine shows that the smoothness hypothesis is ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

293 views

### What is known about the Yang-Mills stratification over 3-manifolds?

Rade proved in his thesis (Crelle's Journal, 1992, available here: digizeitschriften.de/dms/toc/?PPN=PPN243919689) that if $E\rightarrow M$ is a $U(n)$-bundle over a 3-manifold, then the gradient flow ...

**45**

votes

**14**answers

7k views

### What are some of the big open problems in 3-manifold theory?

From what I understand, the geometrization theorem and its proof helped to settle a lot of outstanding questions about the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds, but there still seems to be quite a lot ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

186 views

### free group actions on a contractible topological space [closed]

Let $\Sigma_k$ be the symmetric group on $k$-letters. Let $W$ be a contractible topological space with a free $\Sigma_k$-action (from the left). Let $X$ be a $CW$-complex and let $X^k$ be the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

223 views

### Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

706 views

### Do all combinatorially distinct fundamental polygons correspond to surfaces?

The topology of a closed surface can be constructed
by identifying edges of a fundamental polygon of an
even number $2n$ of edges.
Labeling the edges and using $\pm 1$ exponents to indicate
direction,
...

**39**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello,
I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient
property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ :
For example :
1) Are all ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Homeomorphic but Non-Conjugate Mapping Tori

Suppose we fix a genus $g$ closed surface $S$. Let $f, g \in Map(S)$ be conjugate, for $Map(S)$ the mapping class group of $S$. Then I know that $M_f$ (the mapping torus of $M$ with monodromy $f$) is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

70 views

### Sequence of translation surfaces and length of saddle connections

A sequence of translation surfaces $(X_n,\omega_n)$ is said to "go to infinity" if it leaves every compact set in the space of translation surfaces as $n$ goes to infinity. I know that this is ...

**134**

votes

**28**answers

57k views

### Intuitive crutches for higher dimensional thinking

I once heard a joke (not a great one I'll admit...) about higher dimensional thinking that went as follows-
An engineer, a physicist, and a mathematician are discussing how to visualise four ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Generating Set for $O(V)$ over $\mathbb Z_2$

I am reading a claim that $O(V)$ — the orthogonal group associated with a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ over $\mathbb Z_2$ and a quadratic form $q$, i.e. the group of linear ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Essential surfaces in knot complements

Given any knot $K \subset \mathbb{S}^3$, one can find a closed oriented embedded surface $S$ such that $K \subset S \subset \mathbb{S}^3$. Moreover, pick such an $S$ that has minimal genus.
One can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### induced group actions and covering maps on Eilenberg-Maclane space

Let $M$ be a finite $CW$-complex. Let $\Sigma_k$ be the symmetric group acting on $k$-letters. Suppose there is a free action of $\Sigma_k$ on $M$. Then we have a covering map
$$
f:M\to M/\Sigma_k.
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### mod $p$ homology module of unordered configuration spaces of the projective plane

Let $M$ be a manifold and $k$ be a positive integer. Let $F(M,k)$ be the $k$-th ordered configuration space over $M$, consisting of all ordered $k$-tuples of distinct points in $M$. Let $\Sigma_k$ be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

300 views

### Meaning of Regular Neighborhood for Homology Basis Curves in $S_{g,2}$

I have been trying to understand the meaning of the expression "regular neighborhood" in the context described below, but I'm stuck:
We have a collection of curves $c_i$ for $i=1,2,..,n$ embedded in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

639 views

### Folner sets and balls

Several related questions were asked before on MO, but it is not clear to me if the following was settled.
Given a finitely generated amenable group, is it always possible to find some finite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Gaussian Integrals and Pseudo-Anosov Maps

The hep-th section of arXiv if often filled with beautiful semi-rigorous computations on Mathematics. However sometimes it is very difficult to understand what is being stated.
Here I take from: ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

170 views

### Interior periodic points of area preserving homeomorphisms of a pair of pants

A celebrated result of Franks shows that any area preserving homeomorphism of the closed annulus $A$ with at least one periodic point (possibly along the boundary) has infinitely many interior ...

**12**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Orbifold fundamental group in terms of loops?

In chapter 13 in his notes on 3-manifolds, Thurston defines the orbifold fundamental group to be the group of deck transformations of the universal cover of the orbifold. He also makes a statement "...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

449 views

### Representation varieties of 3-manifold groups in $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$

I am looking at the variety of representations of the fundamental group of a hyperbolic 3-manifold into $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$:
$$\mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(M), \mathrm{SL}(n,{\mathbb C}))$$
It is known ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### When is an irreducible $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{C})$ representation of a cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold scheme reduced or smooth?

Let $M$ be an orientable cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let $\rho \in \mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(M),\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{C}))$ be an irreducible representation.
Is $\rho$ scheme reduced ?
What can ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### asymptotic behavior of minimum dilatations on punctured surfaces

Let $l_{g,n}$ be the logarithm of minimum dilatation for pseudo-Anosov homeomorphisms on surface of genus $g$ with $n$ punctures. Let $n$ be fixed and $g$ varies. Is the asymptotic behavior of $l_{g,n}...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### homeomorphism type of punctured real projective spaces

Let $\mathbb{R}P^m$ be the $m$-dimensional real projective space and let $\mathbb{R}P^m\setminus\{*\}$ be the punctured space. I observe:
$\mathbb{R}P^2\setminus\{*\}$ is homeomorphic to a (open) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

287 views

### Is it true that all sphere bundles are some double of disk bundle?

Let's consider a smooth sphere bundle over a smooth manifold with structure group is equal to the diffeomorphism group of sphere. Then, can we say that this is a double of some disk bundle? Thank you ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

834 views

### What is the “right” definition of the homology(cohomology) of an orbifold?

What is the "right" analog in the orbifold case of a singular homology of a topological space?
We can not just take the homology of the underlying space, because it does not contain much information.
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Does every dimension $n\geq4$ admit a manifold with an exotic smooth structure?

It is known that $\mathbb{R}^4$ has exotic smooth structures, and there are many such examples in higher dimensions, such as the famous 7-sphere. My (probably very naive) question is, for every $n\...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### First Chern class of a flat line bundle

A referee asked me to include a reference or proof for the following classical fact. It's not hard to prove, but I'd prefer to just give a reference -- does anyone know one?
Let $X$ be a nice space (...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Are two equivariant maps between aspherical topological spaces homotopic?

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be continuous, X,Y pathwise connected and aspherical (i.e. trivial higher homotopy groups). Then $\pi_1(X)$ acts on the universal cover of $X$ via deck transformations, and on ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Complements of unknotted tori (higher dimensions)

It is well-known that an unknotted 2-torus in $S^3$ provides the standard Heegaard splitting, in particular its complement consists of two solid tori.
It is also known that an unknotted 3-torus in $S^...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### Classification of fake (quaternionic, octonionic) projective spaces

If $X$ is a closed $n$-manifold, a fake $X$ is another closed manifold homotopy equivalent to $X$. There is some interest in classifying manifolds (up to, say, homeomorphism) homotopy equivalent to a ...

**29**

votes

**1**answer

725 views

### Open immersions of open manifolds

For concreteness, I will work in the category of smooth manifolds, but my question makes sense in topological and PL category as well. Recall that a manifold $M$ is called open if every connected ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Symmetry conjecture for minimal dilatation pseudo Anosov mapping classes

The conjecture is something like the following:
The minimal dilatation among pseudo-Anosov mapping classes on a surface $S_{g,n}$ is realized by $\rho\circ\omega$ where $\omega$ is supported on a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

570 views

### Geometric or topological results from group theory

Do you know interesting examples of purely geometric or topological results which can be proved using group theory? To make precise what I have in mind, let us consider the two following examples:
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$).
Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$,
the open ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

426 views

### Topological characterization of injective metric spaces

Let $\ (X\ d)\ \,(Y\ \delta)\ $ be arbitrary metric spaces. A function $\ f:X\rightarrow Y\ $ is called a metric map (with respect to the given metrics $\ d\ \delta$) $\ \Leftarrow:\Rightarrow\ \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Change of length of curve when Fenchel-Nielsen length coordinate increase

Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type. Suppose $\alpha$ is a simple closed geodesic and $\beta$ is any closed geodesic intersecting $\alpha$. Consider a Fenchel-Nielsen coordinate of the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Looking for examples of large hyperbolic two-generator knots or 3-manifolds

We say a knot $K$ in $S^3$ is small if its exterior contains no closed properly embedded incompressible surfaces and we say $K$ is large otherwise.
Does anyone know of an example of a large ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Prove that a metric space is intrinsic

Let $(X,d)$ be a general locally compact metric space (in particular not a Riemannian manifold). Suppose we don't know if $(X,d)$ is complete. To prove $(X,d)$ is intrinsic. I have to compute the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### TQFT and Mapping Class Groups

It is well known how could we get a representation of the mapping class group of a surface S (which I assume compact, connected and orientable), given a TQFT. My question is: is there any reference ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Points of failure in definition of X- and A-moduli spaces for arbitrary G

In their work [0] on defining notions of higher Teichmüller space for local systems on surfaces, Fock and Goncharov require split reductive Lie groups, and sometimes also require simple-connectedness. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

206 views

### Addition of two homology classes is zero in construction of Poincare Sphere

I ask here the question since it hasn't been answered in
Math Stack Exchange.
I am working through Greenberg and Harper, Lecture notes on Algebraic Topology, and I am having trouble with one ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Relation between the Character variety of a knot $K\subset M$ and that of $M$

Suppose there is a knot $K\subset M$, where $M$ is a closed 3-manifold. What's the relation between $\chi(\pi_{1}(M-K))$ and $\chi(\pi_{1}(M))$?
Note: $\chi(G)$ means the $\text{SL}_{2}(C)$-...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Does the link of a hypersurface singularity determine its analytic type?

Consider a hypersurface $V(f) \subseteq \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ with an isolated singularity at the origin. If $L := V(f) \cap S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ is the link of $V(f)$ (with $S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### What is (explicitly) known about the SL(n,C) character varieties of 3-manifolds?

The $SL(2,{\bf C})$ character variety of a 3-manifold with 1-cusp $M$ (like a knot complement in the 3-sphere) essentially coincide with the variety defined by the A-polynomial. Those polynomials are ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Heegard genus of hyperbolic Haken 3-manifolds

Is there an example of a closed Haken hyperbolic 3-manifold of Heegaard genus 2?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Morse function on slicing disk complement determines ribbon?

It is well-known that given a ribbon knot and the corresponding slicing disk in the 4-ball, the distance function (maybe squared) to the origin defines a Morse function in the complement of the ...