Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube manifolds,...

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5
votes
1answer
180 views

Classifying map for a surface bundle

Let $E\longrightarrow X$ be a surface (with holes) bundle. The structure group is then $M_{g, s}$, the mapping class group of the fiber. It follows from the famous work of Penner that the classifying ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

continuous injective extension of a map defined on a hemisphere

Let $S^2 = \{x\in \mathbf R^3\colon |x|=1\}$ be the unit sphere, $S^2_+ = S^2 \cap \{x_3 \ge 0\}$ be the upper hemisphere and $S^1 = S^2 \cap \{x_3 = 0\}$ be the unit circle. Let $u\colon S^2_+\to \...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Right inverse of the Seiberg-Witten functional

For closed 4 manifold X, we consider the derivative of the Seiberg-Witten functional, i.e. $$\Omega^1_2(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\oplus\Gamma_2(S^+)\overset{D}{\to}\Omega^2_{+,1}(X;\sqrt{-1}\mathbb R)\...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Gauge Fixing Problem on Cylindrical

For Cylindrical $Y\times\mathbb R$, where $Y$ is a closed oriented 3-manifold. If it is necessary, we could consider the $b_1(Y)=0$ case. Fix a Line bundle $L\to Y\times \mathbb R$ and a Hermitian ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views
+50

Intuition behind the definition of the Siegel-Eichler transformation

Recently I am reading Wall's paper "On the Orthogonal Groups of Unimodular Quadratic Forms II". In this paper, I encountered with the map $E^1_\omega$, which now I am interested in. Let $X$ be an ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Relation between conjugacy class, quotient isomorphism class, and signature of Fuchsian groups

Let $\Gamma\le SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ be a finite index subgroup, not necessarily "congruence". Let $c_4,c_6$ be the number of conjugacy classes of elements of order 4 and 6 respectively, let $c_{-1}$ be ...
44
votes
10answers
9k views

Nice proof of the Jordan curve theorem?

As a student, I was taught that the Jordan curve theorem is a great example of an intuitively clear statement which has no simple proof. What is the simplest known proof today? Is there an intuitive ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Does every smooth manifold admit a metric with bounded geometry and uniform growth?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $g_M$ a Riemannian metric, and consider for $x\in M$ the volume growth function, $gr_x$ that maps $r>0$ to the volume $vol_{g_M}(B(x,r))$. My interest is to see ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Ideals in the ring of single-variable Laurent polynomials with integer coefficients

I'm writing some software to automatically compute things like Alexander modules, Alexander ideals, Milnor signatures and Farber-Levine pairings for 1 and 2-knot complements. So among other things I'...
10
votes
2answers
560 views

Are there nonlinear projective spaces?

This is actually a series of questions posed by Guram Berishvili about the structure he calls marao. Everything I am going to write here I took (and messed up) from his home page which is all in ...
10
votes
2answers
415 views

Can we determine which monodromy of surface gives a fibered knot?

A fibered knot is a knot with a homeomorhism on compact surface with one boundary component. On the contrary, for a given homeomorohism on a compact surface with one boundary component, is there any ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How many unique distances are there between pairs of points in a n cross n grid? Is there any formula?

When n = 1, there are four points. However, If we take any pair of points we have only two distinct lengths 1 and root 2. When n = 2, we have five distinct lengths, viz., 1,root 2, 2, 2 root 2, and ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

How to increase the injectivity radius function of a hyperbolic 3 manifold of finite volume?

Let $N$ be an oriented hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume and let $\Delta \subset N$ be a smooth connected compact subdomain such that the restriction of the injectivity radius function of $N$ to $...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

A proof of Theorem 9.2.12. in the Gompf-Stipsicz

I'm seeking for a proof of Theorem 9.2.12. in the Gompf-Stipsicz "4-Manifolds and Kirby Calculus" (for the statement, see the following image). But the textbook omits any proofs and only gives a ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

Fundamental group of the space of maps into a classifying space

Let $P : E \to X$ be a principal $G$-bundle, where $G$ is a connected topological group. $P$ is classified by a map $f: X \to BG$. The group of gauge transformations $\mathcal{G}$ of $P$ is defined to ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Sequence of translation surfaces and length of saddle connections

A sequence of translation surfaces $(X_n,\omega_n)$ is said to "go to infinity" if it leaves every compact set in the space of translation surfaces as $n$ goes to infinity. I know that this is ...
10
votes
3answers
706 views

Folner sets and balls

Several related questions were asked before on MO, but it is not clear to me if the following was settled. Given a finitely generated amenable group, is it always possible to find some finite ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Homotopy type of an oriented, closed, simply connected manifold

It is well known that every closed, oriented, simply-connected four-manifold $M$ is homotopy equivalent to a CW-complex consisting on a 0-cell, a wedge of two spheres and a 4-cell. I was wondering ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

explicitly embedding a simplicial $d$-complex into $\mathbb{R}^{2d+1}$, or algorithms for doing so

A classical result in topology for which I can't find a reference for is that a simplicial complex $K$ of dimension $d$ with $n$ vertices can be linearly embedded into $\mathbb{R}^{k}$ when $k=2d+1$. ...
6
votes
4answers
262 views

Examples of discrete subgroups of $PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ with finite covolume and which are not co-compact

Is there a natural example of a discrete subgroup $\Gamma\leq PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ such that (1) $\Gamma$ has finite covolume (2) $\mathfrak{h}/\Gamma$ is not compact ($\mathfrak{h}$ being the upper ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Subsets of the boundary of a surface group

Consider the surface group $\Gamma=\langle a,b,c,d\mid [a,b][c,d]=1\rangle$: it is a Gromov hyperbolic group; its Gromov boundary $\partial\Gamma$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$ (the unit circle). I would ...
6
votes
1answer
311 views

Status of Zeeman's collapsability Conjecture

Zeeman's conjecture in topological combinatorics states that if $K$ is a contractible polyhedron of dimension 2, then $K\times I$ has a collapsible subdivision. What is the status of this ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Mathematical Definition of $n$-Brouillin Zone [duplicate]

I am having trouble finding a mathematical definition of the Brouillin zone beyond the first, which are basically the Voronoi cells or Wigner-Seitz cells. We could imagine the set of point closer to ...
9
votes
1answer
231 views

Does $\mathbb{CP}^2$ admit a Riemann surface lamination structure?

Does $\mathbb{CP}^2$ admit a Riemann surface lamination structure? Every paper or article I looked at, talk only about singular laminations on $\mathbb{CP}^2$. I was wondering why. If you know ...
5
votes
2answers
551 views

Can a Morse function define a unique structure on a closed manifold?

I was thinking about the doubt that if $M$ and $N$ are closed manifold and if there exists two Morse function $f$ and $g$ respectively on $M$ and $N$ with the following property that they both have ...
5
votes
2answers
263 views

Generalizations of the handle trading techniques

As Theorem 8.1 in "Lectures on the h-cobordism theorem (written by J.Milnor)" show, we can choose a handle decomposition of cobordism (satisfying some connectivity and dimensional assumptions) with no ...
15
votes
1answer
339 views

Are homology spheres stably trivial?

A homology sphere is a closed smooth $n$-dimensional manifold with the same homology groups as $S^n$. Igor Belegradek's answer to a previous question of mine shows that the smoothness hypothesis is ...
10
votes
0answers
299 views

What is known about the Yang-Mills stratification over 3-manifolds?

Rade proved in his thesis (Crelle's Journal, 1992, available here: digizeitschriften.de/dms/toc/?PPN=PPN243919689) that if $E\rightarrow M$ is a $U(n)$-bundle over a 3-manifold, then the gradient flow ...
45
votes
14answers
7k views

What are some of the big open problems in 3-manifold theory?

From what I understand, the geometrization theorem and its proof helped to settle a lot of outstanding questions about the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds, but there still seems to be quite a lot ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

free group actions on a contractible topological space [closed]

Let $\Sigma_k$ be the symmetric group on $k$-letters. Let $W$ be a contractible topological space with a free $\Sigma_k$-action (from the left). Let $X$ be a $CW$-complex and let $X^k$ be the ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...
9
votes
2answers
717 views

Do all combinatorially distinct fundamental polygons correspond to surfaces?

The topology of a closed surface can be constructed by identifying edges of a fundamental polygon of an even number $2n$ of edges. Labeling the edges and using $\pm 1$ exponents to indicate direction, ...
39
votes
7answers
4k views

What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello, I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ : For example : 1) Are all ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Homeomorphic but Non-Conjugate Mapping Tori

Suppose we fix a genus $g$ closed surface $S$. Let $f, g \in Map(S)$ be conjugate, for $Map(S)$ the mapping class group of $S$. Then I know that $M_f$ (the mapping torus of $M$ with monodromy $f$) is ...
136
votes
28answers
58k views

Intuitive crutches for higher dimensional thinking

I once heard a joke (not a great one I'll admit...) about higher dimensional thinking that went as follows- An engineer, a physicist, and a mathematician are discussing how to visualise four ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Generating Set for $O(V)$ over $\mathbb Z_2$

I am reading a claim that $O(V)$ — the orthogonal group associated with a finite-dimensional vector space $V$ over $\mathbb Z_2$ and a quadratic form $q$, i.e. the group of linear ...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

Essential surfaces in knot complements

Given any knot $K \subset \mathbb{S}^3$, one can find a closed oriented embedded surface $S$ such that $K \subset S \subset \mathbb{S}^3$. Moreover, pick such an $S$ that has minimal genus. One can ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

induced group actions and covering maps on Eilenberg-Maclane space

Let $M$ be a finite $CW$-complex. Let $\Sigma_k$ be the symmetric group acting on $k$-letters. Suppose there is a free action of $\Sigma_k$ on $M$. Then we have a covering map $$ f:M\to M/\Sigma_k. ...
6
votes
0answers
97 views

mod $p$ homology module of unordered configuration spaces of the projective plane

Let $M$ be a manifold and $k$ be a positive integer. Let $F(M,k)$ be the $k$-th ordered configuration space over $M$, consisting of all ordered $k$-tuples of distinct points in $M$. Let $\Sigma_k$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
302 views

Meaning of Regular Neighborhood for Homology Basis Curves in $S_{g,2}$

I have been trying to understand the meaning of the expression "regular neighborhood" in the context described below, but I'm stuck: We have a collection of curves $c_i$ for $i=1,2,..,n$ embedded in ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

Gaussian Integrals and Pseudo-Anosov Maps

The hep-th section of arXiv if often filled with beautiful semi-rigorous computations on Mathematics. However sometimes it is very difficult to understand what is being stated. Here I take from: ...
8
votes
2answers
172 views

Interior periodic points of area preserving homeomorphisms of a pair of pants

A celebrated result of Franks shows that any area preserving homeomorphism of the closed annulus $A$ with at least one periodic point (possibly along the boundary) has infinitely many interior ...
13
votes
10answers
2k views

Orbifold fundamental group in terms of loops?

In chapter 13 in his notes on 3-manifolds, Thurston defines the orbifold fundamental group to be the group of deck transformations of the universal cover of the orbifold. He also makes a statement "...
11
votes
1answer
460 views

Representation varieties of 3-manifold groups in $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$

I am looking at the variety of representations of the fundamental group of a hyperbolic 3-manifold into $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$: $$\mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(M), \mathrm{SL}(n,{\mathbb C}))$$ It is known ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

When is an irreducible $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{C})$ representation of a cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold scheme reduced or smooth?

Let $M$ be an orientable cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let $\rho \in \mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(M),\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{C}))$ be an irreducible representation. Is $\rho$ scheme reduced ? What can ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

asymptotic behavior of minimum dilatations on punctured surfaces

Let $l_{g,n}$ be the logarithm of minimum dilatation for pseudo-Anosov homeomorphisms on surface of genus $g$ with $n$ punctures. Let $n$ be fixed and $g$ varies. Is the asymptotic behavior of $l_{g,n}...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

homeomorphism type of punctured real projective spaces

Let $\mathbb{R}P^m$ be the $m$-dimensional real projective space and let $\mathbb{R}P^m\setminus\{*\}$ be the punctured space. I observe: $\mathbb{R}P^2\setminus\{*\}$ is homeomorphic to a (open) ...
2
votes
2answers
295 views

Is it true that all sphere bundles are some double of disk bundle?

Let's consider a smooth sphere bundle over a smooth manifold with structure group is equal to the diffeomorphism group of sphere. Then, can we say that this is a double of some disk bundle? Thank you ...
7
votes
4answers
839 views

What is the “right” definition of the homology(cohomology) of an orbifold?

What is the "right" analog in the orbifold case of a singular homology of a topological space? We can not just take the homology of the underlying space, because it does not contain much information. ...
11
votes
1answer
267 views

Does every dimension $n\geq4$ admit a manifold with an exotic smooth structure?

It is known that $\mathbb{R}^4$ has exotic smooth structures, and there are many such examples in higher dimensions, such as the famous 7-sphere. My (probably very naive) question is, for every $n\...