Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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6
votes
1answer
203 views

Can one twist fibred knots and still get fibred knots?

Suppose we have a fibred knot $K$ with a fiber surface $F$ and let $c$ be an unknot disjoint from $F$ (but not homotopically trivial in the complement of $F$). Is it possible that every twist along ...
6
votes
0answers
375 views

Prerequisites for reading Gregory Perelman's work

What are the prerequisites for understanding the work of Perelman concerning the Poincaré conjecture? I am referring to the last three papers here.
5
votes
0answers
92 views

Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...
9
votes
1answer
211 views

Diameter of hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Is there a good method to estimate the diameter of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold? I am particularly interested in know the diameter of the Weeks manifold.
13
votes
1answer
279 views

Fundamental group of the space of immersions of the 2-sphere in 3-space modulo diffeomorphisms of the first

In a previous Mathoverflow question, we saw that the fundamental group of the space $Imm(S^2,\mathbb{R}^3)$ of immersions the 2-sphere in ordinary 3-space is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/2 \times ...
11
votes
1answer
220 views

Homotopies with prescribed regular values

Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ be connected smooth manifolds and let $f_0,f_1:M_1 \rightarrow M_2$ be homotopic smooth maps such that some fixed point $p \in M_2$ is a regular value for both $f_0$ and $f_1$. ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

cohomology ring of the fundamental group of unordered configuration space

From the lecture notes INTRODUCTION TO CONFIGURATION SPACES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS, p. 18, I find: Os it possible to derive the cohomology ring $H^*(Conf(S,k)/\Sigma_k;\mathbb{Z}_2)$ from the above ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Stiefel manifolds and “simplicial complex chromated Sitefel manifolds”

Let $K$ be a simplicial complex whose vertices are labelled by $1,2,\cdots,k$. I want to define a variant concept of the open Stiefel manifolds $$ ...
28
votes
1answer
577 views

Classifiying sphere eversions

For a year I have been giving lectures on a (probalby) new way to present an explicit sphere eversion. These lectures include a review of many other explicit eversions that have been described, as ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

A question of braid words

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group, let $B(W,S)$ be the corresponding braid or Artin-Tits group. Set $S=\{s_1,\dots, s_n\}$ and denote by $\bf{S}=\{\sigma_1,\dots, \sigma_n\}$ the corresponding generators ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Thomsen Blaschke condition

I am reading a paper (Paper 1: https://ideas.repec.org/p/cwl/cwldpp/76.html, that cites another paper ( Paper 2) for its proof. Paper 1, page 1, line 10 says : Consider the topological image G of a ...
3
votes
1answer
444 views

characteristic classes of homotopy equivalent manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two manifolds of different dimensions. Suppose $M\simeq N$, i.e. $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$. Do the Stiefel-Whitney classes of the tangent bundles of $M$ and $N$ equal $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

cohomology ring of infinite iterated loop space

What is the cohomology ring $$ H^*(\Omega^\infty \Sigma^\infty (S^m\vee S^n);\mathbb{Z}_2)? $$ I already write out the graded-vector-space basis using Dyer-Lashof operations, but I do not know how to ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Current status of the linearity of mapping class group

In the paper A faithful linear-categorical action of the mapping class group of a surface with boundary it is claimed that it was (as of 2014) still unknown that mapping class group is linear, but the ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

unordered configuration space over spheres and Euclidean spaces

For a topological space $X$, let $B(X,k)$ be the $k$-th unordered configuration space. Then $$ B(\mathbb{R}^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^{n-1}, $$ $$ B(S^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^n. $$ Hence $ (*) $ $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Are all transversely oriented, transversely measured foliations given by closed forms?

This paper, "AF-algebras and topology of 3-manifolds" seems to claim on page 5 that a [transversely] oriented measured foliation on a compact surface is given by a closed form. On the other hand, the ...
5
votes
2answers
334 views

Is there a nonabelian free group inside a group of positive rank gradient?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually finite group with positive rank gradient, and let $F_2$ be the free group on $2$ elements. Must there be an embedding $i \colon F_2 \to G$ ? A group ...
6
votes
3answers
170 views

Probability of random geodesics on the half-sphere intersecting

4 end points (a,b,c,d say) are chosen uniformly randomly and connected a to b and c to d by two geodesics on the 2-dim half-sphere. Here, uniform means that, probability that a point lies on a surface ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Anosov representations and boundaries of (harmonic) maps

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface and $\rho\colon\pi_1\Sigma_g\to G$ an Anosov representation into a suitable Lie group. By definition of Anosovness, one has a $\rho$-equivariant ...
9
votes
2answers
342 views

For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

When do positively invariant subset contain a given set?

Non-triviality of the Conley index for an isolating neighborhood $N$ and a flow $\varphi$ can be used to prove non-emptyness of the related isolated invariant set. In particular, if $N$ doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Why almost every geodesic arc is generic?

In his paper "Geodesic laminations on surfaces", Bonahon gave the definition of generic arc and a property as following. An arc $k$ is generic (with respect to simple geodesics) if it is transverse ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...
10
votes
0answers
181 views

Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms. Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...
6
votes
2answers
256 views

Fibered example of topologically slice knots

Is there any known example of fibered knot which is topologically slice but not (expected to be) smoothly slice?
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case? How does the ...
7
votes
3answers
439 views

Parameterizing rotations of a cube

For $g\in\mathrm{SO}(3),S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3,$ define $g\cdot S:=\{g\cdot p : p\in S\}.$ In words, if $g$ is a rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$, $g\cdot S$ is the set of elements of $S$ rotated by $g$. ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Calculating Homology of the Boundary of a Handlebody

Given a manifold $M$ with boundary $W = \partial M$, I know that having a handle decomposition of $M$ allows one to compute its homology, at least in nice cases, by - for example - using the Morse ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Gluing two diffeomorphisms and then smoothing

This question did not get an adequate answer on math.stackexchange. Let $M_1,M_2$ be two $n$-dimensional closed manifolds and suppose that $M_i=\bar{U}_i^+\cup \bar{U}_i^-$ where $\bar{U}_i^\pm$ are ...
21
votes
1answer
410 views

Why, in terms of quantum groups, does the knot determinant appear as an evaluation of both the Jones and Alexander polynomials?

The Jones polynomial can be computed from the representation theory of $\mathcal{U}_q(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$. The Alexander polynomial has an analogous description in terms of the representation theory of ...
8
votes
1answer
202 views

Questions on poincare homology spheres and branched covers

I have two questions: Question 1. Suppose that $K$ is a knot in $S^3$. Let $\Sigma(K)$ be the double branched cover of $S^3$ branched along $K$. If $\Sigma(K)=\#_{i=1}^n\Sigma(2,3,5)$, then ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

Immersed quasi-Fuchsian surfaces surviving Dehn fillings

In papers like, Cooper - Long - Some surface subgroups survive surgery or Li - Immersed essential surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds the game is to find some quasi-Fuchsian immersed surface $Q ...
18
votes
0answers
503 views

Concordance and homology cobordism

If two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ in $S^3$ are smoothly concordant, then for any rational number $r$, the $r$-surgeries $S^3_r(K_1)$ and $S^3_r(K_2)$ are homology cobordant. Is the converse true? What if ...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

Mapping the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex into $GL_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $\Delta^{n!-1}$ be the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex whose vertices are indexed by the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$, that is \begin{equation} \Delta^{n!-1} = \left\{ (t_\sigma)_{\sigma\in ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Automorphism group of closed projective surface of negative Euler characteristic

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and $[\nabla]$ a projective structure on $M$, that is, an equivalence class of torsion-free connections on $TM$, where two such connections are called projectively ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

A questions related to the Markus conjecture for special affine manifolds

An affine manifold $M$ is called special if there is a parallel volume form $\omega$ on $M$, and a nowhere vanishing vector field $\mathcal{V}.$ Here we need to point out that any affine manifold of ...
13
votes
3answers
826 views

Simply-connected rational homology spheres

Every simply-connected rational homology sphere is, in fact, the usual sphere in dimensions $2, 3.$ Is this true in dimension 4? Where are the first counterexamples? (I know there are some in ...
12
votes
0answers
192 views

$p$-Adic or arithmetic variants of Khovanskii's “low complexity $\Rightarrow$ tame topology” theory

This question is prompted by a remark I made in a comment to Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?, which was that Descartes's observation (cf. his rule of signs, etc.), that the number of real ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

Determine if an $n$-dimensional mesh of simplices is a non-manifold

In an $n$-dimensional space I have a set of simplices where each simplex consists of facets. Some of the simplices are 'connected' by sharing facets. Each facet is made up on edges, each consisting ...
6
votes
1answer
289 views

Four-dimensional vector bundles over $S^4$, intuition?

I know that $\pi_3(SO(4)) = \mathbb{Z} \oplus \mathbb{Z}$. We can choose an explicit identification as follows: given $(i, j) \in \mathbb{Z}$, we have a map $\phi: S^3 \to SO(4)$ which sends a unit ...
12
votes
0answers
367 views

Is Rasmussen's s-invariant of a knot an invariant of a 4-manifold?

Let $K$ be a knot in the 3-sphere $S^3$. Here we denote by $s(K)$ Rasmussen's s-invariant for $K$, and by $X_{K}(n)$ the 4-manifold obtained from the standard 4-ball $B^4$ by attaching a ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

Example of a triangulable topological manifold which does not admit a PL structure

I know there are some examples of manifolds which don't admit a PL structure (combinatorial triangulation), and that it has been recently proven that in dimension $n\geq5$ there are manifold which are ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

coproduct of the homology of iterated loop space on spheres

Let $\Omega^{n+1}S^{n+1}$ be the base-pointed $(n+1)$-iterated loop space on the $(n+1)$-sphere. In the paper The homology of $\mathcal{C}_{n+1}$-spaces, $n\geq 0$, F. Cohen, Lecture notes in ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Constructing a homology class of degree $d(d-1)/2$ in $H_3(S^3)$

There is a nice construction of a class of degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^3)$. Take a class $h$ of degree $d$ in $H_1(S^1)$, and then take its join with itself: $h*h$ is degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^1*S^1)$, and ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Shrinkable decompositions with uncountably many non-degenerate elements?

Let $\mathcal D$ be an upper semicontinuous decomposition of $\mathbb S^n$ and let $\mathcal D'\subset\mathcal D$ be the set of non-singletons. The decomposition space $^{\mathbb S^n}/_{\mathcal D}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

When Max(R) is Hausdorff space? [duplicate]

Let $R$ be reduce commutative ring with identity (a commutative ring such that $a^n$=0 ($a\in R$) implise $a=0$) and $Max(R)$ be the set of all maximal ideals of $R$. The hull-kernel (or Zariski ...
2
votes
2answers
268 views

Hausdorff Dimensions of Limit set of subgroups of SL(2,Z)

In a recent paper by Bourgain, Sarnak, Gamburd [1] talks about subgroups of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Lambda$ be a finitely generated non-elementary subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ with Hausdorff ...
6
votes
3answers
227 views

Surgery along an arc connecting the components of a $2$-component link gives the unknot

Math Overflow seems to have a dearth of low dimensional topology, but this seems like an interesting question. Let $L$ be a $2$-component link in $S^3$. Suppose that there is a framed arc joining the ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

cross-sections of a sphere bundle

Let $M$ be a $m$-manifold and $M_0$ a submanifold of $M$. Let $X$ be a pointed topological space. In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

Is every nonabelian finite simple group a quotient of a triangle group $(a,b,c)$ with $a,b,c$ coprime?

Here by triangle group $(a,b,c)$ I mean the group with presentation $$\langle x,y \;|\; x^a = y^b = (xy)^c = 1\rangle$$ In other words, for every finite simple nonabelian group $G$, do there exist ...