**3**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Is $C^\infty(M,\mathbb{R})$ an ind-(smooth manifold)?

Let $\mathrm{Man}$ be the category of smooth manifolds (2nd countable, Hausdorff, no boundary, not necessarily compact) and smooth maps, and let $M$ be an object thereof. Is the presheaf $S \mapsto C^...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Is the signature of inverse images of diffeomorphic submanifolds (along a homotopy equivalence) the same?

Suppose it is given an orientation preserving homotopy equivalence $h:N→M$ between closed oriented connected manifolds. Let $X,Y\subset M$ be diffeomorphic submanifolds, and assume $h$ to be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### vector bundles associated to a covering space

Let $M$ be a $m$-dimensional manifold whose cohomology ring and cell structure are well-understood, such that there is a free action of the symmetric group $S_n$ on $M$. Then we have a $n!$-sheeted ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Fundamental class in $KO[1/2]$

Let $M^m$ be an oriented Riemannian manifold.
The signature operator associates to $M$ a class $\Delta_M\in KO_m(M)[1/2]$.
I have two questions about this class $\Delta_M$:
Rationally, $\Delta_M$ is ...

**23**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### How to get convinced that there are a lot of 3-manifolds?

My question is rather philosophical : without using advanced tools as Perlman-Thurston's geometrisation, how can we get convinced that the class of closed oriented $3$-manifolds is large and that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### characteristic classes of a covering space with symmetric group action

Let $S_n$ be the $n$-th symmetric group. Suppose we have a $n!$-sheeted covering space
$$
S_n\to M\to M/S_n
$$
where $M$ is a manifold. Let $\mathbb{K}$ be the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$, complex ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Heegard genus of hyperbolic Haken 3-manifolds

Is there an example of a closed Haken hyperbolic 3-manifold of Heegaard genus 2?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

486 views

### What is the Euler characteristic of a mapping space?

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are topological spaces homotopy equivalent to finite cell complexes, and let $B^A = \mathrm{maps}(A,B)$ denote the space of maps from $A$ to $B$. Is it there a formula for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### A question about simple closed curves in 3-dimensional Euclidean space

Let E(3) be 3-dimensional Euclidean space. I have submitted the following question to Mathstackexchange and other mathematical websites, but have never received any responses-not even rejections on ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

489 views

### positions of a methane molecule with carbon atom at the origin

Let $\text{CH}_4$ be the molecule of Methane:
The four hydrogen atoms form vertices of a regular tetrahedron with the carbon atom in the center of the regular tetrahedron.
Here we regard all atoms ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### Mapping class groups in high dimension

Let $M$ be a $1$-connected, closed, smooth manifold with $dim(M)>4$ and let us set $MCG(M)=\pi_0(Diff(M))$. Dennis Sullivan proved that $MCG(M)$ is commensurable to an arithmetic group.
I was ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Reference request: sheaves on the site of d-manifolds

I believe I know how to prove the following results. I also know to whom to cite fancy-shmancy results that have these as a very special case. My question is: what are the correct citations for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Inducing up the group homomorphism between mapping class groups

There are many ways to embed the braid group into the mapping class group of a surface. To describe one of them, let ${C}_{2g+2}(\mathbb{D}^2)$ be the configuration of unordered $2g+2$ points in the ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Which spherical space forms embed in $S^4$?

Is there any hope of getting a classification of which 3-dimensional spherical space forms are smoothly embeddable in $S^4$? I read that lens spaces cannot embed in $S^4$, but some other spherical ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Essential Klein bottle in simply connected symplectic 4 manifolds

Consider the following question:
Let $X$ be a simply connected, symplectic 4-manifold. Does there exists a smoothly embedded Klein bottle $K\subset X$ such that the following conditions are both ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Stiefel-Whitney class of fibre bundles

Let $F,E,B$ be manifolds (we may assume them to be compact, without boundary if necessary) and $$F\to E\to B$$ be a fibre bundle. Suppose $$w(F), w(B),$$ the Stiefel-Whitney class of $F$ and $B$, are ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### configuration space of Riemannian manifolds with a parameter on the distance of distinct points

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. For any $\epsilon\geq 0$, we define the $k$-th ($k=1,2,\cdots$) "$\epsilon$-configuration space" as
$$
F(M,k,\epsilon)=\{(x_1,\cdots,x_k)\in M^k\mid d(x_i, x_j)>\...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Translation of Haken's paper “Theorie der Normalflächen”

Haken's paper "Theorie der Normalflächen" is one of the formative papers in the development of normal surface theory and provides an algorithm for detecting the unknot.
While there are now a variety ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Geometric argument for “easy” part of Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem without local flatness

Let $M^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact connected topological submanifold. The Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem says that $\mathbb{R}^{n+1} \setminus M^n$ contains two ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

666 views

### SnapPea for the uninitiated

SnapPea (http://www.math.uic.edu/~t3m/SnapPy/) is a program with extensive facilities for doing various kinds of calculations with hyperbolic 3-manifolds. The official documentation assumes that the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Symmetry of a distance metric for a generating set of Topology

I was trying to prove that $\epsilon$-balls defined based on the shortest travel-time distance in a transportation network is a valid generating set for a topology of points on a transportation ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Connections to physics, geometry, geometric probability theory of Euler's beta integral (function)

Euler"s integral for the beta function $B(s,\alpha) = $ (with $x = 1$)
$$ \frac{(s-1)!(\alpha-1)!}{(s+\alpha-1)!} x^{s+\alpha-1} = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1}\; H(x-t) \; (x-t)^{\alpha-1} dt = \int_0^x t^{...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

558 views

### formula for Eta invariant

Hirzebruch's signature formula is not valid for manifolds with boundary.
An error term is introduced by Atiyah-Patodi-Singer to fix it.More precisely:
$$sign (M)=L(M)[M]+\eta(\partial M)$$
Yet ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Sharp isoperimetry in the discrete Heisenberg group

The exact shape of the set which has the best isoperimetry in the continuous Heisenberg is (from what I know) a difficult open problem. This brought to wonder what is known in the discrete case?
More ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### distinct multiple points in a space with at least one point lying in a subspace

Let $X$ be a topological space and $A$ a subspace of $X$. Given $k\geq 2$, let the unordered configuration space be
$$
B(X,k)=\{(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_k)\in X^k\mid x_i\neq x_j \text{ for any } i\neq j\}
$$...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Can one twist fibred knots and still get fibred knots?

Suppose we have a fibred knot $K$ with a fiber surface $F$ and let $c$ be an unknot disjoint from $F$ (but not homotopically trivial in the complement of $F$). Is it possible that every twist along $c$...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

388 views

### Prerequisites for reading Gregory Perelman's work

What are the prerequisites for understanding the work of Perelman concerning the Poincaré conjecture?
I am referring to the last three papers here.

**5**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Diameter of hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Is there a good method to estimate the diameter of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold?
I am particularly interested in know the diameter of the Weeks manifold.

**13**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Fundamental group of the space of immersions of the 2-sphere in 3-space modulo diffeomorphisms of the first

In a previous Mathoverflow question, we saw that the fundamental group of the space $Imm(S^2,\mathbb{R}^3)$ of immersions the 2-sphere in ordinary 3-space is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/2 \times \mathbb{...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Homotopies with prescribed regular values

Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ be connected smooth manifolds and let $f_0,f_1:M_1 \rightarrow M_2$ be homotopic smooth maps such that some fixed point $p \in M_2$ is a regular value for both $f_0$ and $f_1$. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### cohomology ring of the fundamental group of unordered configuration space

From the lecture notes INTRODUCTION TO CONFIGURATION SPACES AND THEIR
APPLICATIONS, p. 18, I find:
Os it possible to derive the cohomology ring $H^*(Conf(S,k)/\Sigma_k;\mathbb{Z}_2)$ from the above ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Stiefel manifolds and “simplicial complex chromated Sitefel manifolds”

Let $K$ be a simplicial complex whose vertices are labelled by $1,2,\cdots,k$. I want to define a variant concept of the open Stiefel manifolds
$$
V_K(\mathbb{R}^n):=\{(v_1,v_2,\cdots,v_k)\in\prod_k\...

**29**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### Classifiying sphere eversions

For a year I have been giving lectures on a (probalby) new way to present an explicit sphere eversion. These lectures include a review of many other explicit eversions that have been described, as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### A question of braid words

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group, let $B(W,S)$ be the corresponding braid or Artin-Tits group. Set $S=\{s_1,\dots, s_n\}$ and denote by $\bf{S}=\{\sigma_1,\dots, \sigma_n\}$ the corresponding generators ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Thomsen Blaschke condition

I am reading a paper (Paper 1: https://ideas.repec.org/p/cwl/cwldpp/76.html, that cites another paper ( Paper 2) for its proof.
Paper 1, page 1, line 10 says : Consider the topological image G of a 2-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### characteristic classes of homotopy equivalent manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two manifolds of different dimensions. Suppose $M\simeq N$, i.e. $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$. Do the Stiefel-Whitney classes of the tangent bundles of $M$ and $N$ equal
$$
w(TM)=w(...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### cohomology ring of infinite iterated loop space

What is the cohomology ring
$$
H^*(\Omega^\infty \Sigma^\infty (S^m\vee S^n);\mathbb{Z}_2)?
$$
I already write out the graded-vector-space basis using Dyer-Lashof operations, but I do not know how to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Current status of the linearity of mapping class group

In the paper A faithful linear-categorical action of the mapping class group of a surface with boundary it is claimed that it was (as of 2014) still unknown that mapping class group is linear, but the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### unordered configuration space over spheres and Euclidean spaces

For a topological space $X$, let $B(X,k)$ be the $k$-th unordered configuration space. Then
$$
B(\mathbb{R}^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^{n-1},
$$
$$
B(S^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^n.
$$
Hence
$
(*)
$
$$
B(\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Are all transversely oriented, transversely measured foliations given by closed forms?

This paper, "AF-algebras and topology of 3-manifolds" seems to claim on page 5 that a [transversely] oriented measured foliation on a compact surface is given by a closed form. On the other hand, the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### Is there a nonabelian free group inside a group of positive rank gradient?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually finite group with positive
rank gradient, and let $F_2$ be the free group on $2$ elements. Must
there be an embedding $i \colon F_2 \to G$ ?
A group $G$...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

184 views

### Probability of random geodesics on the half-sphere intersecting

4 end points (a,b,c,d say) are chosen uniformly randomly and connected a to b and c to d by two geodesics on the 2-dim half-sphere. Here, uniform means that, probability that a point lies on a surface ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Anosov representations and boundaries of (harmonic) maps

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface and $\rho\colon\pi_1\Sigma_g\to G$ an Anosov representation into a suitable Lie group. By definition of Anosovness, one has a $\rho$-equivariant ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

345 views

### For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?
An obvious case is when $Y$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### When do positively invariant subset contain a given set?

Non-triviality of the Conley index for an isolating neighborhood $N$ and a flow $\varphi$ can be used to prove non-emptyness of the related isolated invariant set. In particular, if $N$ doesn't ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Why almost every geodesic arc is generic？

In his paper "Geodesic laminations on surfaces", Bonahon gave the definition of generic arc and a property as following.
An arc $k$ is generic (with respect to simple geodesics) if it is transverse ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms.
Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Fibered example of topologically slice knots

Is there any known example of fibered knot which is topologically slice but not (expected to be) smoothly slice?