Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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10
votes
0answers
199 views

Mapping class groups in high dimension

Let $M$ be a $1$-connected, closed, smooth manifold with $dim(M)>4$ and let us set $MCG(M)=\pi_0(Diff(M))$. Dennis Sullivan proved that $MCG(M)$ is commensurable to an arithmetic group. I was ...
11
votes
1answer
253 views

Reference request: sheaves on the site of d-manifolds

I believe I know how to prove the following results. I also know to whom to cite fancy-shmancy results that have these as a very special case. My question is: what are the correct citations for ...
9
votes
1answer
193 views

Inducing up the group homomorphism between mapping class groups

There are many ways to embed the braid group into the mapping class group of a surface. To describe one of them, let ${C}_{2g+2}(\mathbb{D}^2)$ be the configuration of unordered $2g+2$ points in the ...
12
votes
0answers
128 views

Which spherical space forms embed in $S^4$?

Is there any hope of getting a classification of which 3-dimensional spherical space forms are smoothly embeddable in $S^4$? I read that lens spaces cannot embed in $S^4$, but some other spherical ...
8
votes
1answer
173 views

Essential Klein bottle in simply connected symplectic 4 manifolds

Consider the following question: Let $X$ be a simply connected, symplectic 4-manifold. Does there exists a smoothly embedded Klein bottle $K\subset X$ such that the following conditions are both ...
8
votes
1answer
267 views

Stiefel-Whitney class of fibre bundles

Let $F,E,B$ be manifolds (we may assume them to be compact, without boundary if necessary) and $$F\to E\to B$$ be a fibre bundle. Suppose $$w(F), w(B),$$ the Stiefel-Whitney class of $F$ and $B$, are ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

configuration space of Riemannian manifolds with a parameter on the distance of distinct points

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. For any $\epsilon\geq 0$, we define the $k$-th ($k=1,2,\cdots$) "$\epsilon$-configuration space" as $$ F(M,k,\epsilon)=\{(x_1,\cdots,x_k)\in M^k\mid d(x_i, ...
7
votes
0answers
160 views

Translation of Haken's paper “Theorie der Normalflächen”

Haken's paper "Theorie der Normalflächen" is one of the formative papers in the development of normal surface theory and provides an algorithm for detecting the unknot. While there are now a variety ...
8
votes
0answers
168 views

Geometric argument for “easy” part of Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem without local flatness

Let $M^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact connected topological submanifold. The Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem says that $\mathbb{R}^{n+1} \setminus M^n$ contains two ...
22
votes
2answers
663 views

SnapPea for the uninitiated

SnapPea (http://www.math.uic.edu/~t3m/SnapPy/) is a program with extensive facilities for doing various kinds of calculations with hyperbolic 3-manifolds. The official documentation assumes that the ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Symmetry of a distance metric for a generating set of Topology

I was trying to prove that $\epsilon$-balls defined based on the shortest travel-time distance in a transportation network is a valid generating set for a topology of points on a transportation ...
3
votes
1answer
265 views

Connections to physics, geometry, geometric probability theory of Euler's beta integral (function)

Euler"s integral for the beta function $B(s,\alpha) = $ (with $x = 1$) $$ \frac{(s-1)!(\alpha-1)!}{(s+\alpha-1)!} x^{s+\alpha-1} = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1}\; H(x-t) \; (x-t)^{\alpha-1} dt = \int_0^x ...
15
votes
2answers
549 views

formula for Eta invariant

Hirzebruch's signature formula is not valid for manifolds with boundary. An error term is introduced by Atiyah-Patodi-Singer to fix it.More precisely: $$sign (M)=L(M)[M]+\eta(\partial M)$$ Yet ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Sharp isoperimetry in the discrete Heisenberg group

The exact shape of the set which has the best isoperimetry in the continuous Heisenberg is (from what I know) a difficult open problem. This brought to wonder what is known in the discrete case? More ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

distinct multiple points in a space with at least one point lying in a subspace

Let $X$ be a topological space and $A$ a subspace of $X$. Given $k\geq 2$, let the unordered configuration space be $$ B(X,k)=\{(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_k)\in X^k\mid x_i\neq x_j \text{ for any } i\neq j\} ...
6
votes
1answer
204 views

Can one twist fibred knots and still get fibred knots?

Suppose we have a fibred knot $K$ with a fiber surface $F$ and let $c$ be an unknot disjoint from $F$ (but not homotopically trivial in the complement of $F$). Is it possible that every twist along ...
6
votes
0answers
378 views

Prerequisites for reading Gregory Perelman's work

What are the prerequisites for understanding the work of Perelman concerning the Poincaré conjecture? I am referring to the last three papers here.
5
votes
0answers
93 views

Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...
9
votes
1answer
217 views

Diameter of hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Is there a good method to estimate the diameter of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold? I am particularly interested in know the diameter of the Weeks manifold.
13
votes
1answer
307 views

Fundamental group of the space of immersions of the 2-sphere in 3-space modulo diffeomorphisms of the first

In a previous Mathoverflow question, we saw that the fundamental group of the space $Imm(S^2,\mathbb{R}^3)$ of immersions the 2-sphere in ordinary 3-space is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/2 \times ...
11
votes
1answer
221 views

Homotopies with prescribed regular values

Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ be connected smooth manifolds and let $f_0,f_1:M_1 \rightarrow M_2$ be homotopic smooth maps such that some fixed point $p \in M_2$ is a regular value for both $f_0$ and $f_1$. ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

cohomology ring of the fundamental group of unordered configuration space

From the lecture notes INTRODUCTION TO CONFIGURATION SPACES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS, p. 18, I find: Os it possible to derive the cohomology ring $H^*(Conf(S,k)/\Sigma_k;\mathbb{Z}_2)$ from the above ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Stiefel manifolds and “simplicial complex chromated Sitefel manifolds”

Let $K$ be a simplicial complex whose vertices are labelled by $1,2,\cdots,k$. I want to define a variant concept of the open Stiefel manifolds $$ ...
29
votes
1answer
584 views

Classifiying sphere eversions

For a year I have been giving lectures on a (probalby) new way to present an explicit sphere eversion. These lectures include a review of many other explicit eversions that have been described, as ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

A question of braid words

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group, let $B(W,S)$ be the corresponding braid or Artin-Tits group. Set $S=\{s_1,\dots, s_n\}$ and denote by $\bf{S}=\{\sigma_1,\dots, \sigma_n\}$ the corresponding generators ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Thomsen Blaschke condition

I am reading a paper (Paper 1: https://ideas.repec.org/p/cwl/cwldpp/76.html, that cites another paper ( Paper 2) for its proof. Paper 1, page 1, line 10 says : Consider the topological image G of a ...
3
votes
1answer
480 views

characteristic classes of homotopy equivalent manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two manifolds of different dimensions. Suppose $M\simeq N$, i.e. $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$. Do the Stiefel-Whitney classes of the tangent bundles of $M$ and $N$ equal $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

cohomology ring of infinite iterated loop space

What is the cohomology ring $$ H^*(\Omega^\infty \Sigma^\infty (S^m\vee S^n);\mathbb{Z}_2)? $$ I already write out the graded-vector-space basis using Dyer-Lashof operations, but I do not know how to ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Current status of the linearity of mapping class group

In the paper A faithful linear-categorical action of the mapping class group of a surface with boundary it is claimed that it was (as of 2014) still unknown that mapping class group is linear, but the ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

unordered configuration space over spheres and Euclidean spaces

For a topological space $X$, let $B(X,k)$ be the $k$-th unordered configuration space. Then $$ B(\mathbb{R}^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^{n-1}, $$ $$ B(S^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^n. $$ Hence $ (*) $ $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Are all transversely oriented, transversely measured foliations given by closed forms?

This paper, "AF-algebras and topology of 3-manifolds" seems to claim on page 5 that a [transversely] oriented measured foliation on a compact surface is given by a closed form. On the other hand, the ...
5
votes
2answers
335 views

Is there a nonabelian free group inside a group of positive rank gradient?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually finite group with positive rank gradient, and let $F_2$ be the free group on $2$ elements. Must there be an embedding $i \colon F_2 \to G$ ? A group ...
6
votes
3answers
173 views

Probability of random geodesics on the half-sphere intersecting

4 end points (a,b,c,d say) are chosen uniformly randomly and connected a to b and c to d by two geodesics on the 2-dim half-sphere. Here, uniform means that, probability that a point lies on a surface ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Anosov representations and boundaries of (harmonic) maps

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface and $\rho\colon\pi_1\Sigma_g\to G$ an Anosov representation into a suitable Lie group. By definition of Anosovness, one has a $\rho$-equivariant ...
9
votes
2answers
343 views

For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

When do positively invariant subset contain a given set?

Non-triviality of the Conley index for an isolating neighborhood $N$ and a flow $\varphi$ can be used to prove non-emptyness of the related isolated invariant set. In particular, if $N$ doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Why almost every geodesic arc is generic?

In his paper "Geodesic laminations on surfaces", Bonahon gave the definition of generic arc and a property as following. An arc $k$ is generic (with respect to simple geodesics) if it is transverse ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...
10
votes
0answers
183 views

Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms. Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...
6
votes
2answers
261 views

Fibered example of topologically slice knots

Is there any known example of fibered knot which is topologically slice but not (expected to be) smoothly slice?
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case? How does the ...
7
votes
3answers
441 views

Parameterizing rotations of a cube

For $g\in\mathrm{SO}(3),S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3,$ define $g\cdot S:=\{g\cdot p : p\in S\}.$ In words, if $g$ is a rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$, $g\cdot S$ is the set of elements of $S$ rotated by $g$. ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Calculating Homology of the Boundary of a Handlebody

Given a manifold $M$ with boundary $W = \partial M$, I know that having a handle decomposition of $M$ allows one to compute its homology, at least in nice cases, by - for example - using the Morse ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Gluing two diffeomorphisms and then smoothing

This question did not get an adequate answer on math.stackexchange. Let $M_1,M_2$ be two $n$-dimensional closed manifolds and suppose that $M_i=\bar{U}_i^+\cup \bar{U}_i^-$ where $\bar{U}_i^\pm$ are ...
21
votes
1answer
416 views

Why, in terms of quantum groups, does the knot determinant appear as an evaluation of both the Jones and Alexander polynomials?

The Jones polynomial can be computed from the representation theory of $\mathcal{U}_q(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$. The Alexander polynomial has an analogous description in terms of the representation theory of ...
8
votes
1answer
213 views

Questions on poincare homology spheres and branched covers

I have two questions: Question 1. Suppose that $K$ is a knot in $S^3$. Let $\Sigma(K)$ be the double branched cover of $S^3$ branched along $K$. If $\Sigma(K)=\#_{i=1}^n\Sigma(2,3,5)$, then ...
5
votes
2answers
117 views

Immersed quasi-Fuchsian surfaces surviving Dehn fillings

In papers like, Cooper - Long - Some surface subgroups survive surgery or Li - Immersed essential surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds the game is to find some quasi-Fuchsian immersed surface $Q ...
18
votes
0answers
531 views

Concordance and homology cobordism

If two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ in $S^3$ are smoothly concordant, then for any rational number $r$, the $r$-surgeries $S^3_r(K_1)$ and $S^3_r(K_2)$ are homology cobordant. Is the converse true? What if ...
5
votes
0answers
144 views

Mapping the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex into $GL_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $\Delta^{n!-1}$ be the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex whose vertices are indexed by the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$, that is \begin{equation} \Delta^{n!-1} = \left\{ (t_\sigma)_{\sigma\in ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Automorphism group of closed projective surface of negative Euler characteristic

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and $[\nabla]$ a projective structure on $M$, that is, an equivalence class of torsion-free connections on $TM$, where two such connections are called projectively ...