**5**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups

It's known that subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups are not necessarily hyperbolic.
Is there any counter-example when the quotient is Abelian. More precisely, let $G$ be a Gromov's hyperbolic ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Cylinder isotopy relative to its bases

Is n-times twisted cylinder isotopic to 0-times twisted cylinder relative to its bases? (I hope I got the terms right)
That is, is it possible to twist (stretching, bending etc. is allowed) a cylinder ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### References to proofs of a theorem by Van Kampen-Flores

Theorem (Van Kampen-Flores 1930s) From any 7 points in four-dimensional space one can choose two disjoint triples such that the triangles with vertices at the triples intersect each other.
This ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

430 views

### Are there geometrically formal manifolds, which are not rationally elliptic?

Formality of a space is meant in the sense of Sullivan, i.e. a space $X$ is called formal, if it's commutative differential graded algebra of piecewise linear differential forms $(A_{PL}(X),d)$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Help understanding a proof in Stallings' Triangle of Groups paper

I'm trying to understand the proof of theorem 1 in Stalling's Non-positively Curved Triangle of Groups. I have specific questions, but is there anywhere someone has written out the proof in more ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### moduli space of equivariant holomorphic embeddings into the quintic

I'd like to understand better the following problem, whether it is mathematically well-posed, trivial, etc.
Fix a non-negative integer $g$ and consider
the space
...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

310 views

### undergraduate handle decomposition. Reference

As the title says, I'm searching for a nice textbook for introducing the theory of handle decomposition of manifolds to undergraduate students.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Lie Group Isomorphisms

I'm not sure of the difficulty of the question I'm about to ask. If it does not fit the criteria for this site then I apologize in advance, I'm rather new here.
So here it goes: Let $G$ be a Lie ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Transfinite sequence of contiguous simplicial maps

Recall that two simplicial maps of (abstract) simplicial complexes $f,g\colon K\to L$ are contiguous if $f(\sigma)\cup g(\sigma)$ is a simplex of $L$ for every simplex $\sigma\in K$. Contiguous ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Does every null-homologous surface bound, part deux

This is a follow-up to this question, and Mark Grant's excellent answer. The answer shows that the answer is yes, but what if one were under a strange compunction to actually construct the submanifold ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### 0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Wanted: a nontrivial weakly inadmissible Heegaard diagram

This is a question asked by a student in my lecture. After drawing pictures for awhile, I thought it was a good one. I seek a nontrivial example of a pointed Heegaard diagram ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Finding the lift of a curve under some assumptions

Let $f:\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a Lipschitz function and $h$ be a vector in $\Omega$. Assume that $0\in\Omega$ and $f(0) = 0$. Also, let $\sigma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Immersed Seifert surfaces of minimal genus

Let $K\subset S^3$ be a knot. We denote by $X=S^3\setminus \nu K$ the knot exterior, i.e. the complement of an open tubular neighborhood of $K$. An immersed Seifert surface for a knot $K$
is an ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

416 views

### Does a small-area sphere in a 3-manifold bound a small ball?

Let $M$ be a closed riemannian 3-manifold. I think that the following fact should be true and should have a relatively simple proof, but I cannot figure it out.
For every $\varepsilon>0$ there ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### from Dehn twists to surgery diagram [closed]

Assume the relation $(ab)^6=1$, for $a$ and $b$ Dehn twists about the meridian and the longitude of a torus. Now if we glue the two ends of $T\times I$ together by either the diffeomorphism $(ab)^6$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$.
I am ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

149 views

### Graph embedding in 3D grid minimizing edge length

I know that arbitrary graphs can be embedded trivially in $\mathbb{R^3}$ and that planar graphs can be drawn on a plane using Schnyder's grid embedding algorithm after triangulation. And then there is ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

265 views

### The boundary of a domain whose interior is diffeomorphic to the ball

We know that there are compact manifolds with diffeomorphic interiors but their boundaries are not homeomorphic (see the question Manifolds with homeomorphic interiors).
My question is about a very ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Fox re-imbedding theorem in dimension four

Fox re-imbedding theorem states the following:
A compact 3-manifold $M$ with boundary that embeds in the three-sphere $S^3$, can be re-imbedded in $S^3$ so that its complement is a union of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### Clarification of Gabai's exposition of Murasugi Sums in 'the Murasugi sum is a natural geometric operation'

Gabai states that the Murasugi sum of two hopf bands yields a spanning surface of either the figure eight knot, the trefoil knot or a link of three components. Figure one shows two oppositely twisted ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Ray-Singer torsion of compact 3-manifolds with finite abelian fundamental group

Is the Ray-Singer analytic torsion for an arbitrary compact 3-manifold with finite Abelian fundamental group equivalent to the Ray-Singer analytic torsion of S^3 mod some direct product of Z_N's? It ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Does the shortest path between two braids pass through string links?

One of the fundamental facts underlying the application of braid theory to knot theory is that braids inject into string links.
This means that braids $B_1$ and $B_2$, considered inside a cube $I^3$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### PL or projective PL map on the links of a PL manifold

Let $M$ be a PL manifold and $f: M\rightarrow M$ be a PL homeomorphism. Suppose that $f(x)=x$ for some vertex $x$. Is the restriction map of $f$ on the links of $x$ also PL? Someone claims that this ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Virtual fibering conjecture for cusped hyperbolic manifolds

I am interested in understanding if the Virtual Fibering Theorem holds in the non-compact case.
Agol proved that every closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold has a finite index cover which fibers over the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Is this knot invariant already treated somewhere in the literature?

Fix a knot type $K \subset S^3$, and consider the set $$Y_K = \{ \mbox{Diagrams of }K \} / \mbox{planar isotopy}.$$
We can turn $Y_K$ into a metric space by considering the distance induced by ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Torelli group of a punctured elliptic curve

Let $T_{g,n}$ be the Torelli group of a $n$-punctured surface $S=\overline{S}\setminus\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\}$, with $\overline S$ orientable, closed and of genus $g$. By definition, $T_{g,n}$ is the ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Let be $f \in Diff(M)$. What we can say about the subgroup $span{f}< Diff(M)$? What are implications in the structure of $f$ and $M$? [closed]

Let be $f \in Diff(M)$. When is finite the subgroup $span\{f\}< Diff(M)$? What are implications in the structure of $f$ and $M$?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Convex subsets of infinite dimensional spaces up homeomorphism

Let $C$ be a convex, infinite-dimensional, non-locally-compact subset of a separable Frechet space.
If $C$ is a closed subset (or more generally, if $C$ is completely metrizable), then it is known ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

706 views

### Kenji Fukaya's Lecture series at Simons center

In the past decade, theory of Kuranishi structures on moduli space of pseudo-holomorphic curves has been in the center of debates between some mathematicians in the field of symplectic geometry.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Relation between Milnor ring and middle dimensional homology of hypersurface

I have suspected that the following is well-known:
If $P$ is a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ in $n$ variables (for example, Fermat quintic $x_1^5 + \cdots + x_5^5$). The Milnor ring is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### Handlebody decomposition of a 3-manifold adapted to a link

Given a compact connected 3-manifold $M$ with non-empty boundary, and a link $L \subset M$, is there a handlebody decomposition of $M = H^0 \cup (\cup_i H^1_i) \cup \{\text{2-handles}\}$ such that:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### How many distinct homeomorphism classes of lens spaces are there with a fixed p?

This question is about the topological classification of lens spaces. Fix $p$ a positive integer, not necessarily a prime. From Brody, The topological classification of lens spaces, Annals of Math.
...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

557 views

### Space of embeddings of circle in a surface

Let $S$ be a compact oriented surface of genus at least $2$ (possibly with boundary). Let $X$ be a connected component of the space of embeddings of $S^1$ into $S$.
Question : what is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Is any smooth homeomorphism isotopic to a smooth embedding?

Let $f:D^m\to \mathbb{R}^m$ be a smooth map ($D^m$ is the unit ball).
We call $f$ embedding if it is a homeomorphism on the image and the
derivative $D_xf$ is nonsingular at each point $x\in D^m$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Ribbon knot presentations

Suppose $K$ is a $n$-knot, $n\geq 2$, which bounds two different ribbon disks $D_1, D_2$. These ribbon disks induce unique ribbon $(n+1)$-knots $K_1, K_2$ respectively. Is it known whether $K_1$ and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure

I am looking for a proof or counterexample for following assertion
Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits
a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure (In sense of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Rank and hyperbolic volume

Suppose $M$ is a hyperbolic $3$-manifold whose fundamental group has rank $r.$ What is the best (lower) bound on the volume of $M?$ Similar question for rank of $H_1.$ There is a bunch of papers of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Determining Tightness/Overtwistedness of Contact Structure using Lift of Structure to the Universal Cover

All:
I would appreciate any ideas, refs., etc. on the following:
Let $M^3$ be a contact 3-manifold, and let $X$ be its universal cover. Then the
contact structure, say $\eta$ on $M^3$ lifts to a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Mapping class group vs automorphism group in cobordism category

Let $3Cob$ be the category whose objects are closed surfaces and whose morphisms are diffeomorphism classes of cobordisms.
By sending a diffeomorphism $\phi$ of a surface $X$ to its associated ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### compact centralisers in maximal Kac-Moody groups over finite fields

Suppose that I want to choose an element of a maximal Kac-Moody group over a finite field which has a compact centraliser. Is there anything known at all about how I can go about choosing such an ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Automorphisms of Surfaces, Open Books and Contact Structures

Let $S$ be a surface with non-empty boundary $\partial S$ and let $f$ be an element of MCG(S), the Mapping Class Group of S, i.e., the group of self-diffeomorphisms of S up to isotopy, but with $f$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Foliation of surface all of whose leaves are circles

I'm having trouble locating a reference for the following basic fact. Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface with boundary. Assume that $\mathcal{F}$ is a foliation of $S$ all of whose leaves are ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Origin of the name “Torelli group”

The genus $g$ Torelli group $I_g$ is the kernel of the action of the mapping class group of a genus $g$ surface on the first homology group of the surface.
The first paper I am aware of that uses the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Construction of the Casson invariant

What is the easiest construction of the Casson invariant? The original construction using representation spaces (as found, for instance, in Akbulut-McCarthy) is very technical since you have to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

101 views

### Module structure of the abelianization of the commutator subgroup

Let $G$ be a (non-abelian) group, and let $G_2$ denote its commutator subgroup. Then the abelianization $G_2^{ab} = H_1(G_2,\mathbb{Z})$ is a module over the group ring $\mathbb{Z}[G^{ab}]$. The ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Rigidity vs Super-rigidity of representations (of Kähler/surface groups)

In the literature there are several definitions of "rigidity" (or "super-rigidity") of representations, adapted to the circumastances. I wonder what are the relations between them; I excuse in advance ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### When the leaves of a distribution are compact

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Existence of a sequence of (almost) Moore irregular graphs embedded on closed surfaces

Let $S_{g}$ denote the genus $g$ closed orientable surface. I'm interested in disproving the existence of a certain configuration of simple closed curves on $S_{g}$. I'd be happy to go into more ...