Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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6
votes
0answers
178 views

Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom. The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes: Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Is the normalised Kauffman bracket more powerful than the Kauffman bracket?

The Kauffman bracket polynomial for a knot diagram $D$ is a Laurent polynomial $\langle D \rangle \in \mathbb{Z}[A, A^{-1}]$. Although it is invariant under Reidemeister moves of type II and III, ...
7
votes
2answers
162 views

How does Thurston's Orbifold Geometrization imply that knots with meridional rank 2 are 2-bridge?

Problem 1.11 of Kirby's list asks whether every knot that has a knot group which can be generated by n meridians, but not less than n, is an n-bridge knot. There is a one-sentence update, saying that ...
1
vote
0answers
356 views

What is a good algorithm to measure similarity between two dynamic graphs?

I am using graphs to represent structure present in a scene. The vertices represent the objects in the scene and the edges represent the relationship between two nodes(touching, overlapping, none). ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Stratification of a smooth map

So, this is an exercise. But from math.stackexchange I have been suggested to post this question here. To find the Thom-Boardman stratification of the smooth map ...
5
votes
2answers
263 views

Physical meaning of the integral cohomology condition in Souriau-Kostant pre-quantization?

The question is in the title. The form of the condition looks like the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization formula of angular momentum, is there a link between the two formulas?
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Two links with the same signatures but unknown if they are related by Kirby moves

I am wondering if there are links $L_1, L_2$ in the sphere $S^3$ such that: the signatures of $L_1, L_2$ are known. we do not know if they are related by Kirby moves. If so, could you specify the ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Complex continued fractions with given digits

For which sets of Gaussian integers $A\subseteq\mathbb{Z}[i]$ is the set of continued fractions with digits in $A$ $$ C(A)=\{a_0+\cfrac{1}{a_1+\cfrac{1}{a_2+\cdots}}\mid a_i\in A\} $$ totally ...
14
votes
1answer
586 views

A concrete realization of the nontrivial 2-sphere bundle over the 5-sphere?

Since $\pi_4 (PU(2)) = \pi_4 (SO(3)) = {\mathbb Z}_2$, the two-element group, we know that half of the two-sphere bundles over the 5-sphere $S^5$ are trivial and the other half are non-trivial and ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Geometrization & JSJ decomposition with boundary

Is there any paper where I can find a good explanation of the JSJ decomposition, the geometrization theorem and the relations between them when the manifold has nonempty (and non necessarily toroidal) ...
4
votes
1answer
234 views

Casson invariant and signature

In W. Neumann, J. Wahl, "Casson invariant of links of singularities", Comment. Math. Helv.,1990, Vol. 65, Issue 1, pp 58-78 some connection between the Casson invariant and the signature is ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

A question on Cayley graphs and hyperbolic 3-manifolds

There are two hyperbolic closed 3-manifolds, but I don't know whether they are homeomorphic or not. The only thing I know is that the Cayley graphs of their fundamental groups are quasi-isometric. ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Asymptotic translation length on the complex of curves and the forgetful map

Let $\phi$ be a pseudo-Anosov on a surface with punctures with asymptotic translation length $L(\phi)$. If under the forgetful map $\phi$ restricts to a pseudo-Anosov $\hat{\phi}$ on a connected ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

question about the developing map

I'm having some trouble finding literature on the developing map. All the sources I could find on it seem to refer to thurston's definition in either: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucahhjr/Notes/Essay.pdf or ...
7
votes
3answers
226 views

A version of Lusternik–Schnirelmann category for good open covers

Recall that the Lusternik–Schnirelmann category (or LS-category) of a space is the integer $n$ such that there is an open cover by $n+1$ open sets which have nullhomotopic inclusions, and no such ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Voronoi cells and the dual complexes in Riemannian manifolds

I would like to use some "intuitively clear" properties of Voronoi cells in general Riemannian manifolds, but I have trouble finding references. Let $(X,d)$ be a connected Riemannian manifold and ...
4
votes
0answers
194 views

Is there an “exponential law” for differentiable maps between smooth manifolds?

Although it seems like a textbook question, I was not able to find a textbook or even a research article answering the following question: Let $M$, $N$ and $P$ be finite-dimensional smooth manifolds ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Haken manifolds and characterising sutured manifold hierarchies

In Gabai's paper (Knot Theory and Manifolds Lecture Notes in Mathematics Volume 1144, 1985, pp 14-17 An internal hierarchy for 3-manifolds) he considers sutured manifold decompositions of Haken ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

space of simple loops in the plane

Consider the space $S$ of smooth free simple (non-self-intersecting) loops in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2.$ By Grayson's theorem, $S$ is connected, but is more known about its topology? Is it known to be ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Iterated Lefschetz numbers

Given a pseudo Anosov mapping class $f:S_{g,n}\rightarrow S_{g,n}$ is the Lefschetz number for $f^m$ negative for some $m$ depending only on $(g,n)$? The Lefschetz number of a mapping class $f$ can ...
8
votes
1answer
140 views

Counterexamples to analogue of Cannon conjecture in higher dimensions

It is known that a group $G$ acts geometrically on $\mathbb{H}^2$ if and only if $G$ is word-hyperbolic and its boundary $\partial G$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$. The analogous statement for ...
6
votes
3answers
299 views

Are non-isomorphic covers of riemann surfaces also generally nonisomorphic as riemann surfaces?

Suppose you've got a Riemann surface $E$, and two topological covers $X,Y\rightarrow E$. Suppose $X,Y$ are nonisomorphic topological covers of $E$, then would you expect $X,Y$ as Riemann surfaces ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Lipschitz Approximation to a PW Smooth Map

Suppose I have a triangulated smooth manifold, $\tau : |K| \rightarrow M$ (so that $\tau | _{\sigma}$ is smooth for each $\sigma \in K$), and a piecewise smooth map, $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$. ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

taut foliations and the existence of total transversals

A codimension one foliation $\cal F$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is taut if every leaf of $\cal F$ meets a closed transversal (i.e., a simple closed curve that is everywhere transversal to the leaves of ...
4
votes
0answers
202 views

Relationship between virtual cohomological dimension and tautological rings for moduli spaces of curves

Here's the short version of the question. For $M_{g,n}$, $M_{g,n}^{rt}$, $M_{g,n}^{ct}$ and $\overline M_{g,n}$ it seems that the virtual cohomological dimension is given by the complex dimension plus ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Minimum dilatation pseudo-anosovs on non-orientable surfaces

Is anything known about minimum dilatation pseudo-anosovs on non-orientable surfaces? More specifically it is known whether the asymptotic behavior for log(minimal dilatation) is 1/genus? (The lower ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Group actions on trees and translates under hyperbolic elements

I have the following question regarding group actions on trees to which I suspect the answer to be "yes", but it could very well be that extra conditions are required (it is certainly true for free ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

intersection of Whitney stratifications

Let $X$ be an oriented smooth manifold with dimension $n$. If $U$ and $V$ are two oriented closed submanifolds of $X$ and $U$ is transverse to $V$ in $X$. Then $U\cap V$ (suppose the intersection is ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

winding number for outer-pointing normal

While trying to characterize the complexity of a closed differentiable curve (for a path planning application), I've been using a notion which is similar in spirit to the winding number of a curve. ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Open Book Decompositions of M^3's : Finding the Projection Map (Hope in Coordinates) in an Abstract Open Book

all: I want to know how to find out , hopefully in coordinates, (but I'll take what's available) , the description of the projection map in an abstract open-book decomposition. Open book ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Andreev's Theorem and Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

I am attempting to get to grips with Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds. In particular I was looking at the section related to gluing up along hierarchy surfaces in Otal, ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Classification of fiber-preserving branched covers between Seifert fibered integer homology spheres

Is there an easy classification (and proof) of the possible branched covers between Seifert fibered integer homology spheres which are fiber-preserving and branched over fibers (or at least what the ...
3
votes
0answers
175 views

Are there CW structures on homotopy limits of CW maps?

Consider the diagram of finite CW complexes $X \stackrel{f}\leftarrow Y$ where $f$ is a cellular map and note that its homotopy colimit is precisely the mapping cylinder $$C_H = \frac{X \sqcup (Y ...
6
votes
0answers
112 views

Torsion in Whitehead group

Let $\pi$ be a finite group of odd order. What do we know about the torsion subgroup of $Wh(\pi)$? I am especially interested in the $2$-primary part. Is it always trivial?
4
votes
2answers
193 views

A question about trees and planar graphs

Let T be a tree which satisfies the following conditions. (A) The set of vertices of T is denumerably infinite. (B) Each vertex of T is an end-point of at most finitely many edges of T. Does there ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...
12
votes
2answers
785 views

Converse of Poincaré-Hopf theorem

Let $M$ be a connected, compact, oriented manifold of dimension $n<7$. If any two maps $M \to M$ having equal degrees are homotopic, must $M$ be diffeomorphic to the $n$-sphere?
8
votes
1answer
311 views

certain trigonometric homeomorphisms

Are there any simple characterizations of rational functions $f(x,y)$ with real coefficients such that $\theta\mapsto f(\cos\theta,\sin\theta)$ is a homeomorphism from $\mathbb R\bmod 2\pi$ to ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Distance at least $n$ geodesics on surface

everyone. Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-surface with genus at least 2. Let $\{C_{i}\mid i=1,...,3g-3\}$ be a pants decomposition of $S$. Suppose that $\{l_{C_{i}},\tau_{C_{i}}, for~ ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Surgery diagram for the Seifert-Weber space

In every reference I see, the Seifert-Weber space is presented as an identification space (specifically identify opposite faces of a dodecahedron by a 3/10ths twist). What I can't seem to find is a ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Criteria to decide whether a subset of the boundary complex of a polyhedron is a manifold?

Let $\mathcal{P} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$ be a convex polyhedron. Let $K$ be a subset of the boundary complex of $\mathcal{P}$. (Perhaps $K$ could be defined in terms of a system of linear ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Is a generic link diagram semi-adequate?

Each crossing in a link diagram of a link $L$ has an A-resolution and a B-resolution. Resolving all crossings gives a collection of circles in the plane, connected by dotted lines. A state of a ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Discrete Isoperimetric Problem in the Hyperbolic Plane

Let $S_{g}$ be the closed orientable genus $g$ surface. I'm interested in studying a certain class $\Gamma$ of graphs on $S_{g}$ which fill (the complementary regions are simply connected), and which ...
3
votes
1answer
304 views

On definition of surgery [closed]

I am a beginner in surgery theory. I have started learning with ALGEBRAIC AND GEOMETRIC SURGERY by Andrew Ranicki. On page 4 of the book he defines surgery : Denition 1.2 A surgery on an ...
2
votes
3answers
422 views

A simple and good reference on surgery theory

Can anyone help me to find a simple and good reference (a book, lecture notes or a website) for learning the surgery theory and its applications? I seek a reference together with many examples and ...
6
votes
1answer
509 views

How metric is Riemannian geometry

Let $(M, g)$ be a finite-dimensional Riemannian manifold. It is well-known, that the Riemannian metric induce a metric on the manifold by $$d(x, y) = \text{inf} \int_a^b \| \dot\gamma(t) \| \, ...
7
votes
1answer
253 views

Reference request: Spin structures on surfaces and the spin mapping class group

I am looking for references on the following: Spin structures on surfaces, and particularly the spin mapping class group. What is known about generating the spin mapping class group? Has anybody ...
4
votes
1answer
410 views

sufficient conditions on Non-Haken manifolds

Is there an algorithm to detect the Non-Haken Manifold? Or, is there a sufficient condition for a manifold to be a non-Haken manifold? (off course, I hope that condition is not the ones in its ...
5
votes
0answers
107 views

Is the dimension given by Klee trick ever sharp?

The Klee Trick allows one to find an $\mathbb{R}^m$ where two embeddings of same compact metric space have homeomorphic complements. More precisely, given two embeddings of a compact metric space $K$ ...
11
votes
1answer
272 views

Does a self map from the wedge sum of two spheres have either a fixed point or a point of period 2?

Let $X$ be the wedge sum of two $2$-dimensional spheres and $f$ a continuous function from $X$ into $X$. Does $f$ have either a fixed point or a periodic point of order 2? Thanks