# Tagged Questions

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votes

**1**answer

189 views

### The behaviour of holomorphic mapping of curves

Given a polynomial, (or rational function, transcendental entire (meromorphic) function) $f$, and a smooth closed Jordan curve $\gamma$, can we give a complete description of the image of $f(\gamma)$ ...

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**0**answers

49 views

### Groups of equi-quasi-isometric diffeomorphisms of a Riemannian surface of bounded geometry

Let $M$ be an open Riemannian surface of bounded geometry. Let $\Gamma$ be a group of diffeomorphisms of $M$. Suppose that $\Gamma$ is equi-quasi-isometric; i.e., its elements are (differentiable) ...

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99 views

### Combinatorial Pin structure

David Cimasoni and Nicolai Reshetikhin have a paper on the combinatorial description of spin structure http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070, where it shows the equivalence of spin structure to the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Rationality of translation lengths in hyperbolic groups

Recall that the translation length $\tau(g)$ of an element $g \in G$ is the limit $d(1, g^n)/n$, where $d$ is the word metric on $G$ with resepct to some generating set.
It is a theorem of Gromov ...

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**1**answer

249 views

### Casson invariant

Part of the definition of the Casson invariant is that if you have an integer homology sphere $\Sigma$ and a knot $k,$ then $$\lambda(\Sigma + \frac{1}{m} k) - \lambda(\Sigma + \frac{1}{m+1} k)$$ does ...

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**2**answers

218 views

### Are there infinitely many commensurable classes of finite-covolume hyperbolic Coxeter groups?

Allcock(2006) proved that
there are infinitely many finite-covolume (resp. cocompact) Coxeter groups acting on hyperbolic space $H^n$ for every $n\le 19$ (resp. $n\le 6$).
His main technique of ...

**9**

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**2**answers

378 views

### Vector bundle for prescribed Stiefel-Whitney classes

I hope this is not trivial.
Let $B$ be a nice topological space (paracompact, CW-complex or whatever you think is nice)
For $i=1,\ldots,n$ let $x_i \in H^i(B,\mathbb{Z}_2)$ be certain cohomology ...

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115 views

### Manifolds supporting finite order diffeomorphisms (a local construction?)

The following question is mainly inspired by this previous one Which manifolds admit a diffeomorphism of order $n$? and some answers given there.
For $d\geq 2$, let $\mathbb{B}^d$ denote the closed ...

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**1**answer

217 views

### Meaning of “ Open Book cannot be Stabilized Further”?

I'm going over some old notes on Giroux's theorem on the equivalence ( bijection, actually) between open books ( up to positive stabilization) for 3-manifolds and contact structures ( up to isotopy.) ...

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121 views

### The relations between some 3-components links and trefoil knots [closed]

It is intuitive to see that the 3-components links (under Alexander–Briggs notations) $6^3_1, 6^3_2, 6^3_3$ are closely related to each other; in a sense by doing a cut-gluing or sew-gluing surgery, ...

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124 views

### When were bordered Heegaard Floer homology's DA bimodules invented?

This is less of a strictly mathematical question and more of a reference request.
In their paper "Bordered Heegaard Floer Homology (http://arxiv.org/pdf/0810.0687.pdf)," Lipshitz-Ozsvath-Thurston ...

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102 views

### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...

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**1**answer

243 views

### Immersions of $n$-manifolds in $\mathbb{R}^n$ versus embeddings in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$

Let $M$ be a connected noncompact parallelisable smooth $n$-manifold. (By Hirsch-Smale theory, $M$ can be immersed into $\mathbb{R}^n$.) I am interested in the following two properties:
P1: $M$ can ...

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**1**answer

294 views

### What are the low-degree group cohomology of the mapping class group of a surface

Let $MCG_g$ be the mapping class group of genus $g$ closed surface.
(Say $MCG_1=SL(2,Z)$).
I would like to know what is the group cohomology of $MCG_g$ with coefficients in Z, such as ...

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**1**answer

277 views

### Finite group acting on sphere

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group (of odd order if it's significant) acting on sphere $S^2\subset\mathbb{R}^3$. So my question: is it true that $G$ has a fixed point?

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125 views

### In H_2 of Sp(2g,Z), why does Meyer's signature cocycle give 4 times a generator?

Fix some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the mapping class group of a genus $g$ surface, and let $\pi : \Gamma_g \rightarrow Sp(2g,\mathbb{Z})$ be the projection. In
Meyer, Werner
Die Signatur von ...

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**2**answers

121 views

### On trivalent spines of surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a surface with non-empty boundary labelled by finitely many points $x_i$.
For our purposes a spine $s$ for $\Sigma$ is a uni-trivalent graph embedded in $\Sigma$ whose 1-vertices are ...

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161 views

### Does there exist any subspace of R^n, homeomorhic to a manifold but not a C^0 submanifold of R^n?

At first I thought that if a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is homeomorphic to a manifold, then it is a $C^0$ submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$. But I found an asterisked exercise in the book Differential ...

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438 views

### Covering the space by disjoint unit circles

Sierpinski has proved the following two interesting theorems.
Theorem 1. The Euclidean plane $\mathbb{R}^2$ is not a union of nondegenerate disjoint circles.
Theorem 2. The Euclidean space ...

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**1**answer

283 views

### Are the mapping class groups of manifolds finitely presentable?

The mapping class group of a manifold is the group $\pi_0 Diff(M)$ of components of the diffeomorphism group. There are several variations: oriented manifolds and orientation preserving ...

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579 views

### Low dimensional topological manifolds [duplicate]

There is a well known result that every one dimensional topological manifold without boundary is homeomorphic either to the circle or to the whole real line. However there is one detail hidden: ...

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148 views

### Comparing Contact Structures: What do we Mean when we Say that two Contact Structures are Homotopic/Eliashbergs Class. of OT structures

Please forgive me if this is too simple for MO; most of my posts on anything contact-structure-related in Math Stack, other sites, have barely received answers (maybe because I'm not an expert in the ...

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**1**answer

148 views

### Hakenness of Heegard splitting

This is somewhat related to this previous quesiton. Suppose I give you a Heegard splitting of $M^3$ of genus $g$ with a gluing map $\phi.$ Is there some condition on $\phi$ which would guarantee that ...

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165 views

### Linked circles in R3

Two circles in 3-D are linked iff each one passes through the interior of the other.
There are $N$ points in 3-D in general position (no four lie on a plane). Each triple of points defines a unique ...

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**1**answer

297 views

### Must a closed totally path-disconnected subset of the sphere have connected complement?

This question (which is more a curiosity than a research problem) originates from these two:
...

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209 views

### Transversality in Bourgeois Oancea's non-equivariant contact homology

In their paper, "AN EXACT SEQUENCE FOR CONTACT- AND SYMPLECTIC HOMOLOGY", Bourgeois and Oancea defined, whenever there is sufficient transversality, a "non-equivariant contact homology". Essentially, ...

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585 views

### How can gauge theory techniques be useful to study when topological manifolds can be triangulated?

I was reading a review article arXiv:1310.7644 and it was explained there that in the last few years it was proven that there are topological manifolds of dimension greater than four that cannot be ...

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178 views

### Surface curves equidistant from a simple closed geodesic

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
let's say (to keep it simple) of genus zero.
Let $\gamma$ be a simple, closed, oriented geodesic on $S$.
Because $\gamma$ is ...

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60 views

### Suitable references for Zappa-Szep products of groups

Can anyone provide references for the following: isoperimetric (Dehn) functions of semi-direct products of groups and, more generally, of Zappa-Szep products of groups?

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29 views

### definition of an avatar of a tree-automorphism group

Would anyone be able to show me where I can read about what the avatar of a tree-automorphism group is? This is so that I can understand Pierre-Emmanuel Caprace's article "Simple locally compact ...

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155 views

### Do we get a instanton $S^{3}$ if we do $1/n$ surgery on a knot in $S^{3}$?

Consider the following question:
If $K\subset S^{3}$ is a nontrivial knot. Let $Y$ be the manifold obtained by doing $1/n$-surgery ($n\geq1$). Is it possible that the instanton Floer homology of $Y$ ...

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144 views

### Canonical trivialization of Stiefel-Whitney classes on the frame bundle

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold, perhaps oriented if necessary. The frame bundle $\pi:P \to X$ carries a canonical trivialization of the pullback of the tangent bundle of $X$ and thus a canonical ...

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119 views

### when is an irreducible SL_2(C) representation of a cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold scheme reduced or smooth

Let $M$ be an orientable cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let $\rho \in hom(\pi_1(M),SL_2(\mathbb{C}))$ be an irreducible representation.
Is $\rho$ scheme reduced ?
What can prevent $\rho$ from being ...

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233 views

### Subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups

It's known that subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups are not necessarily hyperbolic.
Is there any counter-example when the quotient is Abelian. More precisely, let $G$ be a Gromov's hyperbolic ...

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110 views

### Cylinder isotopy relative to its bases

Is n-times twisted cylinder isotopic to 0-times twisted cylinder relative to its bases? (I hope I got the terms right)
That is, is it possible to twist (stretching, bending etc. is allowed) a cylinder ...

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**1**answer

124 views

### References to proofs of a theorem by Van Kampen-Flores

Theorem (Van Kampen-Flores 1930s) From any 7 points in four-dimensional space one can choose two disjoint triples such that the triangles with vertices at the triples intersect each other.
This ...

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426 views

### Are there geometrically formal manifolds, which are not rationally elliptic?

Formality of a space is meant in the sense of Sullivan, i.e. a space $X$ is called formal, if it's commutative differential graded algebra of piecewise linear differential forms $(A_{PL}(X),d)$ is ...

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95 views

### Help understanding a proof in Stallings' Triangle of Groups paper

I'm trying to understand the proof of theorem 1 in Stalling's Non-positively Curved Triangle of Groups. I have specific questions, but is there anywhere someone has written out the proof in more ...

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73 views

### moduli space of equivariant holomorphic embeddings into the quintic

I'd like to understand better the following problem, whether it is mathematically well-posed, trivial, etc.
Fix a non-negative integer $g$ and consider
the space
...

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**3**answers

305 views

### undergraduate handle decomposition. Reference

As the title says, I'm searching for a nice textbook for introducing the theory of handle decomposition of manifolds to undergraduate students.

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123 views

### Lie Group Isomorphisms

I'm not sure of the difficulty of the question I'm about to ask. If it does not fit the criteria for this site then I apologize in advance, I'm rather new here.
So here it goes: Let $G$ be a Lie ...

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**1**answer

78 views

### Transfinite sequence of contiguous simplicial maps

Recall that two simplicial maps of (abstract) simplicial complexes $f,g\colon K\to L$ are contiguous if $f(\sigma)\cup g(\sigma)$ is a simplex of $L$ for every simplex $\sigma\in K$. Contiguous ...

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106 views

### Does every null-homologous surface bound, part deux

This is a follow-up to this question, and Mark Grant's excellent answer. The answer shows that the answer is yes, but what if one were under a strange compunction to actually construct the submanifold ...

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**1**answer

117 views

### 0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented ...

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192 views

### Wanted: a nontrivial weakly inadmissible Heegaard diagram

This is a question asked by a student in my lecture. After drawing pictures for awhile, I thought it was a good one. I seek a nontrivial example of a pointed Heegaard diagram ...

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33 views

### Finding the lift of a curve under some assumptions

Let $f:\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a Lipschitz function and $h$ be a vector in $\Omega$. Assume that $0\in\Omega$ and $f(0) = 0$. Also, let $\sigma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be the ...

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185 views

### Immersed Seifert surfaces of minimal genus

Let $K\subset S^3$ be a knot. We denote by $X=S^3\setminus \nu K$ the knot exterior, i.e. the complement of an open tubular neighborhood of $K$. An immersed Seifert surface for a knot $K$
is an ...

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416 views

### Does a small-area sphere in a 3-manifold bound a small ball?

Let $M$ be a closed riemannian 3-manifold. I think that the following fact should be true and should have a relatively simple proof, but I cannot figure it out.
For every $\varepsilon>0$ there ...

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**1**answer

154 views

### from Dehn twists to surgery diagram [closed]

Assume the relation $(ab)^6=1$, for $a$ and $b$ Dehn twists about the meridian and the longitude of a torus. Now if we glue the two ends of $T\times I$ together by either the diffeomorphism $(ab)^6$ ...

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203 views

### What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$.
I am ...