**6**

votes

**2**answers

157 views

### Are there some list of the finite subgroups of the mapping class groups of low genus surfaces?

We already know the bound of the order of the finite subgroups of the $Mod(S_g)$. If we take a further step, to find all the finite subgroups, then what is the result for low genus cases? For example, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### What groups of symmetry are most suited for filling uniformely a spherical 3D space, whilst possessing the lowest possible surface-to-volume ratio?

I am looking for the closest known approximate solution to Kelvin foams problem that would obey a spherical symmetry.
One alternative way of formulating it: I am looking for an equivalent of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### Entangled helical knots

Consider a pair of disjoint, congruent helices $H_1$ and $H_2$
passing through one another in the following sense.
(Caveat lector: This question is not of general interest! It is also long.)
$H_1$ is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### are smooth homotopic open embedding of Hilbert manifolds smoothly isotopic?

A theorem of Chapman (Chapman, T. A. Homotopic homeomorphisms of infinite-dimensional manifolds. Compositio Math. 27 (1973), 135–140) states that every two open embeddings $f,g:M\to N$ of Hilbert ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

314 views

### What constant ensures hyperbolicity of Dehn surgery?

I am interested in showing that certain knots having a surgery description are hyperbolic. Unfortunately I have not had time yet to read Thurston's work, so my understanding of this is vague. But from ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Frohman & Fine's proof about Bianchi groups as HNN extensions (or anyone else's)

Specifically, I am looking for a proof that for squarefree $d\in\mathbb{N}\setminus\{ 1,3\}$, there exists some Kleinian $\Gamma$ and some $\alpha\in$Aut$(PSL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$, such that the Bianchi ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Reference Request: Topological h-cobordism theorem in higher dimensions

I think this question on math.stackexchange is more appropriate on mathoverflow. Correct me, if you don't think so.
The h-cobordism theorem is true in the topological and in the smooth category in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Action of Mapping Class Group on Arc complex

Suppose $S$ is a surface of finite type with nonempty boundary. Now consider the arc complex $\mathcal{A}$. The action of Mod(S)(mapping class group) on the set of all vertices has finitely many ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### $S^n$ admit a real polarization $D\subset TS^n$?

When the $n$-sphere, $S^n$,admit a real polarization $D\subset TS^n$

**6**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### All mapping space between CW complexes is a CW complex?

Let $\mathrm{Map}(X,Y)$ denote the (unbased) cellular mapping space from $X$ to $Y$.
If $X$ and $Y$ are finite CW complexes, is $\mathrm{Map}(X,Y)$ a CW complex?
Can we know the cell structure of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### A problem related to connectivity of analytic functions

Let $f(z)\in A(\mathbb D)$, where $A(\mathbb D)$ is the space of analytic functions on the open unit disk $\mathbb D$ and continuous on $\overline{\mathbb D}$.
Question: Is the connectivity of ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Homeomorphism of the punctured sphere which fixes an essential Jordan curve

$\phi$ is a homeomorphism from the 2-sphere to itself which represents an element of $PMCG(S^2,A)$ (we also denote it by $\phi$), where $A$ is a finite set of $S^2$. $\gamma$ is an essential Jordan ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### High dimensional generalized Poincare hypothesis without the h-cobordism theorem?

The generalized PL Poincare hypothesis states that in dimension $n$ there is a unique PL manifold that has the homotopy-type of $S^n$. It's known to be true in all dimensions except perhaps $n=4$.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Equivariant smoothing of PL structures on $S^3$

Suppose $S^3$ is PL sphere on which a finite group $G$ acts by PL homeomorphisms. Is it always possible to find a compatible smooth structure such that $G$ acts by diffeomorphisms?
I am not quite ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Codimension zero embeddings and diffeomorphism groups

Let $V$ be a smooth manifold obtained by attaching the ``open collar'' $[0,1)\times \partial N$ to a compact smooth manifold $N$ along the boundary. Let $\mathrm{Emb}(N, V)$ be the space of embeddings ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Minimal set of 2-2 Pachner move null sequences on a (nonplanar) trivalent graph?

A "null sequence" is of course a sequence of Pachner moves (inside a closed
area) that doesn't change the trivalent graph. E.g. doing the same Pachner move
twice (leads to orthogonality of 6j symbols) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

274 views

### Who first used the cross-ratio to describe shapes in hyperbolic geometry?

I was reading this Wikipedia article today:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape#Similarity_classes
and I realized that it strongly resembles the use of coss-ratios as "shape parameters" in hyperbolic ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Hyperbolic 3-manifolds fibering over the circle

Suppose you have the mapping torus $M_\phi$ of some pseudo-Anosov map $\phi.$ Is there some sufficient or necessary condition on $\phi$ to assure that $M_\phi$ has large injectivity radius? I am aware ...

**9**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Is there a good notion of morphism between orbifolds?

Following Thurston, an orbifold is a topological space which looks locally like a finite quotient of $\mathbb R^n$ by a finite group of $O(n)$: this is expressed using charts as for differentiable ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

516 views

### The mathematics of tavern puzzles

I remember seeing a paper on the arxiv this year (which I cannot now find Edit: This paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.6545, found by j.c.) proposing to study the linkage of rigid bodies such as tavern ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### The cyclic branched covers of “simple” knots in $S^3$

Is there a convenient place in the literature where the geometric decompositions of cyclic branched covers of $S^3$ branched over "small" knots is recorded?
By small knots, I'm referring to things ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Can a tree cover a finite graph with arbitrary large girth?

Let $G$ be some discrete finitely generated group acting cocompactly on a leafless tree $T$. Is it true that for any natural number $n$ there is a finite graph $\Gamma$ such that: $T$ is the universal ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

746 views

### A function composed with itself produces the identity

Let $B$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb R^3$ and $f: B\to B$ continuous, such that $f\circ f$ is the identity (i.e., $f\circ f=\mathbb 1_B$) and $f$ restricted on $\partial B$ is also the identity ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

227 views

### topology on varieties

Let $X, Y$ be varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, and the topology I am talking about is the Eucliden topology.
I am not sure if the following two results are true, and where can I find the references:
(1) ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### List of cubical spaces

Suppose I have a three-dimensional cube (I tend to think of it as a regular ideal cube in $\mathbb{H}^3,$ but you don't have to). I glue up its sides in some way to obtain topological spaces. The ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

283 views

### Thurston-Cannon $S^2$-filling curves

I have been looking into equivariant space-filling curves $S^1\to S^2$ as discussed by Cannon & Thurston in these two papers:
Three-Dimensional Manifolds, Kleinian Groups and Hyperbolic Geometry
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Why is the dividing set nonempty when a convex surface has Legendrian boundary?

I am an undergrad and curious about the following question. Let $(Y,\xi)$ be a contact manifold, and $L\subset (Y,\xi)$ be a Legendrian knot which is the boundary of a convex surface $\Sigma$ embedded ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### What is known about maximal free subgroups of surface groups?

Let $\Gamma_g=< a_1,...,a_g,b_1,...,b_g | \prod_{i=1}^g [a_i,b_i]>$ (a surface group). What is known about maximal free subgroups of $\Gamma_g$ for $g>1.$ (I.e. free subgroups which are not ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Tverberg's theorem in CAT(0) spaces

Does Tverberg's theorem hold for CAT(0) spaces of covering dimension $d<\infty$:
Is it true that for any $d$-dimensional $CAT(0)$-space $X$ and a subset $E\subset X$ of cardinality $(d + 1)(r - ...

**23**

votes

**8**answers

2k views

### Are there some other notions of “curvature” which measure how space curves?

I am learning differential geometry and have a few questions on curvature. -- Background:
Gauss invented "Gauss curvature" to measure how surface curves.
Riemann gives an ingenious generalization ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

108 views

### Is there a relative Pachner theorem?

Consider an $n$-dimensional PL manifold $P$ together with a closed subpolyhedron $P_0$ such that there exists a finite combinatorial triangulation of $P$ that restricts to a triangulation of $P_0$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial.
If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups

Let $G_1,G_2$ be two delta-hyperbolic groups. If $G_1\times \Bbb{Z}$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2\times \Bbb{Z}$, must it be true that $G_1$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2$?
This is similar to the classic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Is there a combinatorial version of PL ambient isotopy in dimension $>3$?

The classical PL Reidemeister Theorem reads:
Reidemeister Theorem: Two knots in $S^3$ are PL ambient isotopic if and only if any diagram of one can be transformed into a diagram of the other by ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### What invariants are of great concern in the field of 3-manifolds and why? How much do we know about them? [closed]

I am curious about 3-manifolds though I know little.
Here I am trying to know what invariants people in this field are interested in.
The following are what I have known and what I particularly want ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

299 views

### Good books on Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems

I am looking for a good book on Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems . I found Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems by Jr. Palis myself,but it's very old, anyway i would like to find a pure ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Is there an analogue of Mostow-Palais equivariant embedding theorem for noncompact groups

Let $M$ be a (Hausdorff) smooth compact manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting smoothly on $M$. If $G$ is compact then, by Mostow-Palais theorem, there exists an equivariant smooth embedding $M\to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Is there “nonorientable Heegaard Floer homology”?

I have a Heegaard diagram which produces a non-orientable 3-manifold. I want to know any 3-manifold invariant which can be calculated from Heegaard diagrams for non-orientable 3-manifold. (As far as I ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

458 views

### Distinct manifolds with the same configuration spaces?

For a space $X$, let $C_k X$ denote the space of configurations of $k$ distinct unordered points in $X$.
What is an example of a pair of smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ that are not homeomorphic but ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Link surgery on $S^2\times S^1$

Given $n$ points $p_1,\dots,p_n$ in $S^2$ one gets a product link $L_n=\{p_1,\dots,p_n\}\times S^1$ inside the closed 3-manifold $S^2\times S^1$, which can be looked at as a trivially framed link (by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Natural isomorphism between locally finite homology and homology of one-point compactifcation of a forward tame ANR

Let $X,Y$ be a locally compact, separable, metric ANR that is forward tame, which means that for some closed subset $V\subseteq X$ such that $\overline{X\smallsetminus V}$ is compact a proper map ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### consequence of Novikov conjecture

Novikov conjeture is a famous open problem in Geometric topology.It predicts that higher signature is oriented-homotopy invariant.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novikov_conjecture
I am a student ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used:
Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Why do convex polytope options constrict with dimension, rather than expand?

There are an infinite number of regular polygons in the plane,
five regular polyhedra,
six regular polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^4$,
and then three regular polytopes in every dimension $d > 4$.
There ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds

Are computations of the mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds recorded in some convenient location?
For most Seifert manifolds working out the mapping class group is easy-enough ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Does Gromov's Waist Inequality imply Borsuk-Ulam?

I'm curious if anyone can see a route to get the Borsuk-Ulam theorem from Gromov's waist inequality. For the sake of notation, here's the inequality:
Let $S^n$ denote the round unit sphere in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Some questions on partial pseudo anosov maps

Let $S$ be an orientable closed 2-surface with genus at least 2 and $C$ be a non-separating essential simple closed curve in $S$. Denote $S_{C}=S-N(C)$. Let $f$ be a pseudo anosov map of $S_{C}$. ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### Getting surgery link from Heegaard splitting

From Lickorish-Wallace theorem, every 3-manifold is an integral surgery on a link in $S^3$. From its proof from Saveliev's book, it seems obvious that if I know the Heegaard splitting of a closed ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

78 views

### Centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element

What is the centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element in the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface? Is it cyclic? If so, where can I find a proof?