# Tagged Questions

**16**

votes

**1**answer

590 views

### A function composed with itself produces the identity

Let $B$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb R^3$ and $f: B\to B$ continuous, such that $f\circ f$ is the identity (i.e., $f\circ f=\mathbb 1_B$) and $f$ restricted on $\partial B$ is also the identity ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### topology on varieties

Let $X, Y$ be varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, and the topology I am talking about is the Eucliden topology.
I am not sure if the following two results are true, and where can I find the references:
(1) ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### List of cubical spaces

Suppose I have a three-dimensional cube (I tend to think of it as a regular ideal cube in $\mathbb{H}^3,$ but you don't have to). I glue up its sides in some way to obtain topological spaces. The ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Thurston-Cannon $S^2$-filling curves

I have been looking into equivariant space-filling curves $S^1\to S^2$ as discussed by Cannon & Thurston in these two papers:
Three-Dimensional Manifolds, Kleinian Groups and Hyperbolic Geometry
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Why is the dividing set nonempty when a convex surface has Legendrian boundary?

I am an undergrad and curious about the following question. Let $(Y,\xi)$ be a contact manifold, and $L\subset (Y,\xi)$ be a Legendrian knot which is the boundary of a convex surface $\Sigma$ embedded ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### What is known about maximal free subgroups of surface groups?

Let $\Gamma_g=< a_1,...,a_g,b_1,...,b_g | \prod_{i=1}^g [a_i,b_i]>$ (a surface group). What is known about maximal free subgroups of $\Gamma_g$ for $g>1.$ (I.e. free subgroups which are not ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Tverberg's theorem in CAT(0) spaces

Does Tverberg's theorem hold for CAT(0) spaces of covering dimension $d<\infty$:
Is it true that for any $d$-dimensional $CAT(0)$-space $X$ and a subset $E\subset X$ of cardinality $(d + 1)(r - ...

**23**

votes

**8**answers

2k views

### Are there some other notions of “curvature” which measure how space curves?

I am learning differential geometry and have a few questions on curvature. -- Background:
Gauss invented "Gauss curvature" to measure how surface curves.
Riemann gives an ingenious generalization ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Is there a relative Pachner theorem?

Consider an $n$-dimensional PL manifold $P$ together with a closed subpolyhedron $P_0$ such that there exists a finite combinatorial triangulation of $P$ that restricts to a triangulation of $P_0$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial.
If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups

Let $G_1,G_2$ be two delta-hyperbolic groups. If $G_1\times \Bbb{Z}$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2\times \Bbb{Z}$, must it be true that $G_1$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2$?
This is similar to the classic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Is there a combinatorial version of PL ambient isotopy in dimension $>3$?

The classical PL Reidemeister Theorem reads:
Reidemeister Theorem: Two knots in $S^3$ are PL ambient isotopic if and only if any diagram of one can be transformed into a diagram of the other by ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### What invariants are of great concern in the field of 3-manifolds and why? How much do we know about them? [closed]

I am curious about 3-manifolds though I know little.
Here I am trying to know what invariants people in this field are interested in.
The following are what I have known and what I particularly want ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

260 views

### Good books on Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems

I am looking for a good book on Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems . I found Geometric Theory of Dynamical Systems by Jr. Palis myself,but it's very old, anyway i would like to find a pure ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Is there an analogue of Mostow-Palais equivariant embedding theorem for noncompact groups

Let $M$ be a (Hausdorff) smooth compact manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting smoothly on $M$. If $G$ is compact then, by Mostow-Palais theorem, there exists an equivariant smooth embedding $M\to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Is there “nonorientable Heegaard Floer homology”?

I have a Heegaard diagram which produces a non-orientable 3-manifold. I want to know any 3-manifold invariant which can be calculated from Heegaard diagrams for non-orientable 3-manifold. (As far as I ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

436 views

### Distinct manifolds with the same configuration spaces?

For a space $X$, let $C_k X$ denote the space of configurations of $k$ distinct unordered points in $X$.
What is an example of a pair of smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ that are not homeomorphic but ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Link surgery on $S^2\times S^1$

Given $n$ points $p_1,\dots,p_n$ in $S^2$ one gets a product link $L_n=\{p_1,\dots,p_n\}\times S^1$ inside the closed 3-manifold $S^2\times S^1$, which can be looked at as a trivially framed link (by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### Natural isomorphism between locally finite homology and homology of one-point compactifcation of a forward tame ANR

Let $X,Y$ be a locally compact, separable, metric ANR that is forward tame, which means that for some closed subset $V\subseteq X$ such that $\overline{X\smallsetminus V}$ is compact a proper map ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### consequence of Novikov conjecture

Novikov conjeture is a famous open problem in Geometric topology.It predicts that higher signature is oriented-homotopy invariant.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novikov_conjecture
I am a student ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used:
Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Why do convex polytope options constrict with dimension, rather than expand?

There are an infinite number of regular polygons in the plane,
five regular polyhedra,
six regular polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^4$,
and then three regular polytopes in every dimension $d > 4$.
There ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds

Are computations of the mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds recorded in some convenient location?
For most Seifert manifolds working out the mapping class group is easy-enough ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Does Gromov's Waist Inequality imply Borsuk-Ulam?

I'm curious if anyone can see a route to get the Borsuk-Ulam theorem from Gromov's waist inequality. For the sake of notation, here's the inequality:
Let $S^n$ denote the round unit sphere in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Some questions on partial pseudo anosov maps

Let $S$ be an orientable closed 2-surface with genus at least 2 and $C$ be a non-separating essential simple closed curve in $S$. Denote $S_{C}=S-N(C)$. Let $f$ be a pseudo anosov map of $S_{C}$. ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

144 views

### Getting surgery link from Heegaard splitting

From Lickorish-Wallace theorem, every 3-manifold is an integral surgery on a link in $S^3$. From its proof from Saveliev's book, it seems obvious that if I know the Heegaard splitting of a closed ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element

What is the centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element in the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface? Is it cyclic? If so, where can I find a proof?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague.
Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ?
Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

132 views

### The image of homomorphism of fundamental group of closed surface [closed]

$\phi: \pi_1(S)\to \pi_1(S)$ is a homomorphism of fundamental group of closed orientable surface $S$ of genus >=2. If $\phi$ is not an epimorphism, can we find a non-surjective self map $f: S\to S$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Can an open manifold with positive Ricci curvature be non simply connected at infinity?

The question is in the title, I haven't been able to locate a discussion of these kind of properties.

**7**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### How do I efficiently find a sequence of Reidemeister moves between equivalent link diagrams?

In knot theory, two link diagrams are equivalent if and only if they can be related by performing a finite number of Reidemeister moves. But sometimes it is so confusing that I don't know which type ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

241 views

### Are there quanitative versions of Thurston's geometrization for manifolds which fiber over $S^1$?

The geometrization theorem tells us:
Theorem (Thurston) The mapping torus $M_\phi$ of a pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphism $\phi: S_g \rightarrow S_g$ from a genus $g$ surface to itself admits a ...

**6**

votes

**7**answers

862 views

### Homotopy groups other than $\pi_1$ : what are they good for? [duplicate]

Homotopy groups $\pi_k$ were introduced before the homology groups $H_k$ in the 1st topology book I read and the 1st topology course I took. Later on $\pi_1$, $H_k$, and $H^k$ appeared in numerous ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

175 views

### Sufficient condition for coverings between non-orientable surfaces

Let $X_k$ be the connected sum of $k$ projective planes. I am interested in necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a covering $\pi: X_{k'} \to X_k$, where $k$
and $k'$ are integers.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Looking for a necessary and sufficient condition for the polarization $\mathbb{P}$ being positive

My question is about positivity of polarization in Geometric quantization theory. Let $\mathbb{P}$, be a complex polarization on symplectic manifold $(M,\Omega)$. For every $m\in M$, we can define a ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

776 views

### Is the list of “known” 3D compact manifolds complete?

"it is an open question if the known compact manifolds in 3-D are complete."
This is a quote from Eric Weisstein's
CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Second Edition. 2010, p.480.
(Google ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### looking for an identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$?

We know this fact that the first jet Bundle $J^1M$ is diffeomorphic with $T^*M×\mathbb{R}$.i.e,
($J^1M=T^*M×\mathbb{R}$)
Is there something like this identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$?
I editted ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Heegaard genus of the hyperbolic dodecahedral space (is it 3 or 4?)

I have a question on the hyperbolic dodecahedral space, first described by C.Weber and H. Seifert in 1933 [Die beiden Dodekaederr\"aume, Math Z. 37 (1933), 237-253]. Is it known whether it admits a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Mapping One Curve to another using Dehn Twists

Let $M$ be an orientable surface with genus $g>1$. Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ represent two different isotopy classes of essential curves on the surface. Is anyone aware of a technique or algorithm ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Space of embeddings of an $n$-ball into an $n$-manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-manifold without boundary, and let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am trying to understand the space $\text{Emb}(B,M)$ of smooth embeddings of $B$ into $M$. ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

497 views

### moduli spaces are kahler?

I often heard from experts that "moduli spaces are Kahler". This sounds as a meta-theorem asserting that every time one defines reasonable moduli spaces, then there is a standard strategy to see ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Why is it hard to obtain improved $L^6$ bound of eigenfunction of Laplacian on 2-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold?

Consider the $L^p$ estimate of the Laplacian on a compact boundaryless Riemannian manifold, suppose that $-\Delta_ge_{\lambda}=\lambda^2e_\lambda(x), x\in M$.
C.D. Sogge proved that we have the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

194 views

### Mechanisms generating free subgroups of Artin braid groups

Within my limited experience, I have only known free groups to occur through two mechanisms: as fundamental groups of trees (graphs) and ping-pong. And sometimes only through one way: the fact that ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

176 views

### pseudo-Anosovs with given action on homology

It is well-known that the Mapping Class Group of a closed surface of genus $g$ surjects onto $Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z})$ (see, for example the Farb-Margalit book). However, I was wondering if there is a ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### The homeomorphism problem for hyperbolic 3-manifolds and the virtual Haken theorem

If $N$ and $N'$ are two closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds, then one would like to have an algorithm which determines whether or not $N$ and $N'$ are homeomorphic.
If $N$ and $N'$ are Haken, then such an ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Is there a reasonable definition of TQFTs for n-cobordisms with connected inputs/outputs?

A question that's been on my mind for a while is whether any precise statement to the effect of "Heegaard Floer homology is a TQFT," for some reasonable definition of TQFT, can be made.
Of course, a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Are harmonic maps quasiconformal at the boundary of hyperbolic spaces?

Let $M$ be a hyperbolic $3$-manifold and $X$ a negatively curved, simply connected space with geometric boundary $\partial X$.
If $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow Isom(X)$ does not fix a point in $\partial ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

217 views

### Domination of length functions of trees with equal covolume

(This is a reformulation of an earlier unanswered question. I would like to thank Ian Agol for pointing out to me Walter Parry's characterization of hyperbolic translation length functions.)
Let $G$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Simplicial replacements in smoothing theory

As far as I can tell, ever since Milnor's Microbundles and differentiable structures (1961) paper, whenever people talk about $Diff(\mathbb R^n)$ or $PL(\mathbb R^n)$ or $Homeo(\mathbb R^n)$, they ...