**5**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Are all transversely oriented, transversely measured foliations given by closed forms?

This paper, "AF-algebras and topology of 3-manifolds" seems to claim on page 5 that a [transversely] oriented measured foliation on a compact surface is given by a closed form. On the other hand, the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Is there a nonabelian free group inside a group of positive rank gradient?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually finite group with positive
rank gradient, and let $F_2$ be the free group on $2$ elements. Must
there be an embedding $i \colon F_2 \to G$ ?
A group ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

155 views

### Probability of random geodesics on the half-sphere intersecting

4 end points (a,b,c,d say) are chosen uniformly randomly and connected a to b and c to d by two geodesics on the 2-dim half-sphere. Here, uniform means that, probability that a point lies on a surface ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Anosov representations and boundaries of (harmonic) maps

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a closed hyperbolic surface and $\rho\colon\pi_1\Sigma_g\to G$ an Anosov representation into a suitable Lie group. By definition of Anosovness, one has a $\rho$-equivariant ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?
An obvious case is when $Y$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### When do positively invariant subset contain a given set?

Non-triviality of the Conley index for an isolating neighborhood $N$ and a flow $\varphi$ can be used to prove non-emptyness of the related isolated invariant set. In particular, if $N$ doesn't ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Why almost every geodesic arc is generic？

In his paper "Geodesic laminations on surfaces", Bonahon gave the definition of generic arc and a property as following.
An arc $k$ is generic (with respect to simple geodesics) if it is transverse ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms.
Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Fibered example of topologically slice knots

Is there any known example of fibered knot which is topologically slice but not (expected to be) smoothly slice?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Isometry Group of real Hilbert space?

Does the isometry group of a real separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space have two connected components? Or, conversely, is the there even a Kuiper's theorem in the real case?
How does the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

233 views

### Parameterizing rotations of a cube [closed]

For $g\in\mathrm{SO}(3),S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3,$ define $g\cdot S:=\{g\cdot p : p\in S\}.$ In words, if $g$ is a rotation of $\mathbb{R}^3$, $g\cdot S$ is the set of elements of $S$ rotated by $g$. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Calculating Homology of the Boundary of a Handlebody

Given a manifold $M$ with boundary $W = \partial M$, I know that having a handle decomposition of $M$ allows one to compute its homology, at least in nice cases, by - for example - using the Morse ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Gluing two diffeomorphisms and then smoothing

This question did not get an adequate answer on math.stackexchange.
Let $M_1,M_2$ be two $n$-dimensional closed manifolds and suppose that $M_i=\bar{U}_i^+\cup \bar{U}_i^-$ where $\bar{U}_i^\pm$ are ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### Why, in terms of quantum groups, does the knot determinant appear as an evaluation of both the Jones and Alexander polynomials?

The Jones polynomial can be computed from the representation theory of $\mathcal{U}_q(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$. The Alexander polynomial has an analogous description in terms of the representation theory of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Questions on poincare homology spheres and branched covers

I have two questions:
Question 1. Suppose that $K$ is a knot in $S^3$. Let $\Sigma(K)$ be the double branched cover of $S^3$ branched along $K$. If $\Sigma(K)=\#_{i=1}^n\Sigma(2,3,5)$, then ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Immersed quasi-Fuchsian surfaces surviving Dehn fillings

In papers like, Cooper - Long - Some surface subgroups survive surgery or Li - Immersed essential surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds the game is to find some quasi-Fuchsian immersed surface $Q ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

374 views

### Concordance and homology cobordism

If two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ in $S^3$ are smoothly concordant, then for any rational number $r$, the $r$-surgeries $S^3_r(K_1)$ and $S^3_r(K_2)$ are homology cobordant. Is the converse true? What if ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Mapping the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex into $GL_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $\Delta^{n!-1}$ be the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex whose vertices are indexed by the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$, that is
\begin{equation}
\Delta^{n!-1} = \left\{ (t_\sigma)_{\sigma\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Automorphism group of closed projective surface of negative Euler characteristic

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and $[\nabla]$ a projective structure on $M$, that is, an equivalence class of torsion-free connections on $TM$, where two such connections are called projectively ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### A questions related to the Markus conjecture for special affine manifolds

An affine manifold $M$ is called special if there is a parallel volume form $\omega$ on $M$,
and a nowhere vanishing vector field $\mathcal{V}.$
Here we need to point out that any affine manifold of ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

726 views

### Simply-connected rational homology spheres

Every simply-connected rational homology sphere is, in fact, the usual sphere in dimensions $2, 3.$ Is this true in dimension 4? Where are the first counterexamples? (I know there are some in ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### $p$-Adic or arithmetic variants of Khovanskii's “low complexity $\Rightarrow$ tame topology” theory

This question is prompted by a remark I made in a comment to Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?, which was that Descartes's observation (cf. his rule of signs, etc.), that the number of real ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Determine if an $n$-dimensional mesh of simplices is a non-manifold

In an $n$-dimensional space I have a set of simplices where each simplex consists of facets. Some of the simplices are 'connected' by sharing facets. Each facet is made up on edges, each consisting ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Four-dimensional vector bundles over $S^4$, intuition?

I know that $\pi_3(SO(4)) = \mathbb{Z} \oplus \mathbb{Z}$. We can choose an explicit identification as follows: given $(i, j) \in \mathbb{Z}$, we have a map $\phi: S^3 \to SO(4)$ which sends a unit ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Is Rasmussen's s-invariant of a knot an invariant of a 4-manifold?

Let $K$ be a knot in the 3-sphere $S^3$.
Here we denote by $s(K)$ Rasmussen's s-invariant for $K$,
and by $X_{K}(n)$ the 4-manifold obtained from the standard 4-ball $B^4$
by attaching a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### Example of a triangulable topological manifold which does not admit a PL structure

I know there are some examples of manifolds which don't admit a PL structure (combinatorial triangulation), and that it has been recently proven that in dimension $n\geq5$ there are manifold which are ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### coproduct of the homology of iterated loop space on spheres

Let $\Omega^{n+1}S^{n+1}$ be the base-pointed $(n+1)$-iterated loop space on the $(n+1)$-sphere. In the paper The homology of $\mathcal{C}_{n+1}$-spaces, $n\geq 0$, F. Cohen, Lecture notes in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Constructing a homology class of degree $d(d-1)/2$ in $H_3(S^3)$

There is a nice construction of a class of degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^3)$. Take a class $h$ of degree $d$ in $H_1(S^1)$, and then take its join with itself: $h*h$ is degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^1*S^1)$, and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Shrinkable decompositions with uncountably many non-degenerate elements?

Let $\mathcal D$ be an upper semicontinuous decomposition of $\mathbb S^n$ and let $\mathcal D'\subset\mathcal D$ be the set of non-singletons. The decomposition space $^{\mathbb S^n}/_{\mathcal D}$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

117 views

### the homology of configuration spaces [closed]

In the paper ON THE HOMOLOGY OF CONFIGURATION SPACES, Section 5.4,
Why $C(M\times \mathbb{R};X)\simeq \Omega C(M; SX)$? Does this hold for $X$ not connected?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### When Max(R) is Hausdorff space? [duplicate]

Let $R$ be reduce commutative ring with identity (a commutative ring such that $a^n$=0 ($a\in R$) implise $a=0$) and $Max(R)$ be the set of all maximal ideals of $R$. The hull-kernel (or Zariski ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Hausdorff Dimensions of Limit set of subgroups of SL(2,Z)

In a recent paper by Bourgain, Sarnak, Gamburd [1] talks about subgroups of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$.
Let $\Lambda$ be a finitely generated non-elementary subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ with Hausdorff ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

199 views

### Surgery along an arc connecting the components of a $2$-component link gives the unknot

Math Overflow seems to have a dearth of low dimensional topology, but this seems like an interesting question. Let $L$ be a $2$-component link in $S^3$. Suppose that there is a framed arc joining the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### cross-sections of a sphere bundle

Let $M$ be a $m$-manifold and $M_0$ a submanifold of $M$. Let $X$ be a pointed topological space. In the paper On the homology of configuration spaces, Bodigheimer-Cohen-Taylor, Topology 1989, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Is every nonabelian finite simple group a quotient of a triangle group $(a,b,c)$ with $a,b,c$ coprime?

Here by triangle group $(a,b,c)$ I mean the group with presentation
$$\langle x,y \;|\; x^a = y^b = (xy)^c = 1\rangle$$
In other words, for every finite simple nonabelian group $G$, do there exist ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

357 views

### Relation between moduli spaces and classifying spaces

I hope this question is suitable to be posted here on MO.
I wonder if there is a systematic relation between the notation of a classifying space, and the notion of a moduli space. I don't consider ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### How close (Homology-wise) can we approximate a topological manifold with a PL or smooth one?

Sorry if this question is to naive or badly phrased. I am curious about the following problem, given a manifold $M$, how "close" can we find a smooth or PL manifold, $N$, with a map $f:N\to M$. The ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Counterexample to high dimensional Nielsen realization problem

Can someone give me an example of a closed smooth oriented manifold $M$ and an orientation preserving diffeomorphism $f:M\rightarrow M$ such that $f^k$ is isotopic to the identity for some $k\geq 1$, ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Metrics on the 3-sphere with knotted geodesics

According to answers to this question every metrics on $S^3$ admits a simple closed geodesic. Given a knot (or link) $K$, it's also quite simple to build a metric on $S^3$ such that $K$ is a geodesic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### Homeomorphism of closed manifold

Suppose that we have two closed n-manifold $M$ and $N$ such that
the topological group of homeomorphisms $Homeo(M)$ is homotopy equivalent to $Homeo(N)$ (maybe as topological groups if needed), can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### section spaces related to configuration spaces

In the paper Configuration spaces of positive and negative particles, Dusa McDuff, a section space $\Gamma(M)$ is constructed:
And in the paper ON THE HOMOLOGY OF CONFIGURATION SPACES. C.-F. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Determinant twist and $Pin _{\pm}$ structure on $4k$-dimensional bundles [Reference request]

Consider the automorphism $\varphi$ of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$. The induced map in cohomology $H^*(BO(2n))$ sends $w_2$ to $w_2+(n+1)w_1^2$ (a proof is given at the end of the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Brieskorn homology spheres

We know that a Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(p,q,r)$ admit a free $S^1$-action, which makes it a Seifert fibered spaces with three singular fibers: $M(b;r_1,r_2,r_3)$. How should one get from ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### homotopy equivalence between configuration spaces on non-homeomorphic spaces

(1). Let $D^m$ be the closed $m$-disc in $\mathbb{R}^m$. For each $k$, does the $k$-th configuration space on $D^m$ homotopy equivalent to the $k$-th configuration space on $\mathbb{R}^m$
$$
...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Why should we regard $PL(M)$ as a simplicial group?

Let $M$ be a manifold. If $M$ is smooth, it is clear what $\text{Diff}(M)$ should be, namely it should be the set of diffeomorphisms of $M$ equipped with the topology in which a sequence of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Homology spheres and fundamental group

I have a curiosity about homology spheres: I was wondering if they were uniquely characterized by their fundamental group. I.e. given two $n-$dimensional (integral) homology spheres with isomorphic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Complements of unknotted tori (higher dimensions)

It is well-known that an unknotted 2-torus in $S^3$ provides the standard Heegaard splitting, in particular its complement consists of two solid tori.
It is also known that an unknotted 3-torus in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Hyperbolic knot complement groups and relative dimension

Let $G$ be a the fundamental group of a hyperbolic knot complement.
Then $G$ is hyperbolic relative to a subgroup $P\cong \mathbb Z \oplus \mathbb Z$.
The knot complement has a $2$-dimensional spine ...