# Tagged Questions

**5**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Does $\#_n S^2×S^1$ really admit a map of non-zero degree from $B×S^1$?

In Proposition 4 on page 6 of this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors claim to produce a degree 2 $\pi_1$-surjective map $f$ between $M=S^1 \times \Sigma_2$ and $N=\#_2 S^2 \times S^1$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Is the number of intervals you get by slicing the closed region under a nice graph continuous from below?

Let $I$ be a closed interval in $\mathbb{R}$, and let $f:I \to \mathbb{R}$ be a bounded function, smooth except at finitely many points (piece-wise smooth). There are also only finitely many critical ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Can a surface group act on a finite-valence simplicial tree?

Question. Let $S$ be a closed surface of genus $> 1$. Can $\pi_1(S)$ act faithfully and minimally on a simplicial tree of finite valence? Here "minimal" means that there is no invariant sub-tree.
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Are there non-smoothable homotopy/homology spheres?

A homotopy sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ which is homotopy equivalent to $S^n$.
A homology sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ such that $H_i(M) \cong H_i(S^n)$ for all $i$.
Note, by ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

701 views

### Why is it true that if two 4-manifolds are homeomorphic then their squares are diffeomorphic?

Near the top of the second page of this paper, it is claimed that if two 4-manifolds $X$ and $Y$ are homeomorphic, then their squares $X \times X$ and $Y \times Y$ are diffeomorphic. Why is this true? ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Laplace eigenvalue and floer theory

I'm trying to study the spectrum operator via Floer Theory. The idea is to consider the Rayleigh quotient as an operator on the Hilbert space $W^{1,2}$ and to study it's negative gradient flow.
Any ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Extending a symplectomorphism of a surface with boundary, properly embedded in a 4-disk, to the ambient space

Let $S$ be a surface with boundary that is properly embedded, via a map $f$
say, inside a $4$-disk. When is the embedding isotopic to the identity? --
All embeddings and isotopes are in the symplectic ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Elements of infinite order in the topological mapping class group

Let $M$ be a closed topological manifold, and let $\operatorname{MCG}(M):=\operatorname{Homeo}(M)/\operatorname{Homeo}_0(M)$ denote the topological mapping class group of $M$ ($\operatorname{Homeo}_0(...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Are knots determined by their complements within a homotopy class?

Suppose $M$ is a closed 3-manifold and $K_1,K_2$ are two homotopic knots in $M$. That is, they are two embeddings $f_1,f_2\colon S^1 \to M$ such that there exists a homotopy $h\colon S^1 \times [0,1] ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$).
Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$,
the open ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Biholomorphic neighborhoods of the boundary of Stein domains

Let $(X_1,J_1)$ and $(X_2,J_2)$ be Stein domains with the same contact boundary $(Y,\xi)$. Under what conditions does there exist a biholomorphism between a neighborhood of their respective boundaries ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### $H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the real-...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Images of the $3$-dimensional solvable geometry

This is more of a mathematical art question. Most people are familiar with the mathematical movie "Not Knot", which explores a hyperbolic $3$-manifold. My question is: are there any images along the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Locally nilpotent algebraic section of tangent bundle is complete?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V$ be an algebraic vector field (i.e. an algebraic section of the tangent bundle). If $V$ is locally nilpotent, meaning that ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question:
Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial?
What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the $...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

252 views

### Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring
of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$
is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that $h_0=\operatorname{id}...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Groups with infinitely many finite conjugacy classes

I've been coming across the condition "IMFCC: having infinitely many finite conjugacy classes" often in recent times and I was wondering if there is any serious difference between having "IMFCC" and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### Just how close can two manifolds be in the Gromov-Hausdorff distance?

Suppose that we have two compact Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(N,h)$. Define the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between them in your favorite way, I'll use the infimum of all $\epsilon$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Primitive log-divergent graphs and convergence of Feynman amplitudes

To a connected graph $G$, quantum field theory attaches the integral
$$
I_G=\int_{\sigma} \frac{\Omega_G}{\Psi_G^2}
$$ where $N_G$ is the number of edges of the graph, $\sigma$ is the simplex of ...

**30**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why do people study representations of 3-manifold groups into $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$?

Varieties of representations and characters of $3$-manifold groups in $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ have been intensively studied. They have provided tools to identify geometric structures on manifolds, and are ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Detecting a module for the free group algebra on a finite quotient

Let $F_2$ be the free group on two generators $x,y$ and let $R$ be the group algebra $\mathbf{Q}[F_2]$. Let $a,b,c$ be integers. Then define a right $R$-module
$M = R / (ax + by + c) R$.
I am ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### relation between representations of homology class

Let X be a topological space, for its homology class [f], we can alway construct a simplicial complex K_f by gluing "cancelling boundary pairs" of f and an induced continuous map f' from K_f to X. ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Compatibility of spherical and hyperbolic geometry for fibred knots

Hyperbolic knots and links have a lovely peculiarity that you can always find a position for them in $S^3$ making two groups the same, one defined using the spherical geometry of $S^3$, and the other ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Fibered knots vs Heegaard genus

We call a knot $K$ in a 3-manifold $M$ fibered if $M\backslash K$ fibers over $S^1$ with fibers $\Sigma$ and such that $K$ is ambient isotopic to the boundary of the compactified fiber $\overline{\...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### A “direct” proof that hyperbolic groups are not amenable

I am looking for a proof that a finitely generated hyperbolic groups is non-amenable [unless it is virtually cyclic] which is as "metric/combinatoric" as possible.
Here are the two proofs I am aware ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

129 views

### obtaining circle bundle over torus by trefoil surgery

Does any integer surgery on a right or left trefoil knot give the $S^1$-bundle over $T^2$ with Euler number $1$?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Mapping class groups acting on simple closed curves

Let $S_{g,d}$ be a genus $g$ compact Riemann surface with $d$ punctures. Let $\mathcal{M}_{g,d}$ be the moduli space of all such surfaces, i.e. genus $g$ compact Riemann surfaces with $d$ marked ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Singularities of Families of Differential Equations

Suppose you are given a family of differential equations with rational coefficients: $\partial_x^ny+a_1(x,x_1,\dots,x_m)\partial_x^{n-1}y+\dots+a_n(x,x_1,\dots, x_m)y=0$. At each point $X=(x_1,\dots, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Homotopy type of diffeomorphism which are the identity on and near the boundary

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with boundary. Denote by $Diff(M), Diff_\partial(M)$ and $Diff_{U\partial}(M)$ the groups of diffeomorphisms of $M$ and the subgroups of the ones that are the identity on ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Questions on Thurston's metric on Teichmüller space

I'm reading the famous "Minimal stretch maps between hyperbolic surfaces" by William Thurston and I'm trying to understand the key theorem 8.1. I have many unclear points so I hope someone can help me ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

266 views

### For an arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifold group, when is its trace field not its invariant trace field?

Edit: In my original post I failed to require the group to be a manifold group. The answer below from @BenLinowitz works in that case. I am really interested though in when the group is torsion-free, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Who first considered constructibility of simplicial complexes?

A simplicial complex of dimension $d$ is called constructible if it is a simplex, or if it is the union of two constructible dimension-$d$ simplicial complexes along a dimension-$(d-1)$ intersection. ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Example where Calabi invariant is nontrivial?

Let $D^2$ denote the closed unit disk in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let $\omega := dx \wedge dy$ denote the standard area form on $\mathbb{R}^2$ (and on $D^2$ by restriction). Let $\phi$ be a diffeomorphism of $...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### kernel of the mod $2$ Bockstein on the first cohomology group

Let $M$ be a path-connected finite $CW$-complex. Suppose the first integral homology group is $H_1(M;\mathbb{Z})= \mathbb{Z}_2^{\oplus r}\oplus A$ where $r\geq 1$ and $A$ is a finite abelian group of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### vector bundles induced by an action of a finite subgroup of $O(n)$

Let $M$ be a path-connected manifold. Let $G$ be a finite subgroup in $O(n)$ and suppose $G$ acts freely on $M$. Then we have an associated vector bundle
$$
\xi(M,G): \mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow M\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Connecting homomorphism in generalized cohomology theory

I have some compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$, and there is a long exact sequence
$$\cdots\to KO^{-1}(\partial M)\xrightarrow{\partial} KO^{0}(M,\partial M)\to KO^0(M)\to KO^0(\partial ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

51 views

### Existence of a continuous map of a disk with a given boundary image on a surface to its complement in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I am considering the following problem:
given an embedded closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (unknotted) and a non-trivial simple closed curve on it, does there exist a continuous map of a disk to the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### cohomology ring of configuration spaces on $S^2$ and the projective plane

For a manifold $M$ and a positive integer $n$, the unordered configuration space $B(M,n)$ is the space consisting of all unordered collections of $n$ distinct points on $M$. Precisely,
$$
B(M,n)=\{(...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### non-orientability of vector bundles induced from a symmetric group action

Let $\Sigma_k$ be the symmetric group on $k$-letters. Let $M$ be a manifold with a free $\Sigma_k$-action. Then we can form a $k$-dimensional vector bundle
$$
\xi:\mathbb{R}^k\longrightarrow M\times_{\...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

789 views

### What is an example of an orbifold which is not a topological manifold?

In Thurston's book The Geometry and Topology of Three-Manifolds it is proven that the underlying space of a two-dimensional orbifold is always a topological surface.
Are there any easy examples of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Mal'cev completions of finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups

There is some question from geometric group theory:
One wonders if the following conditions are equivalent for finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups $\Gamma$ and $\Lambda$:
$\Gamma$ and $\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Triangulation of S^2xS^2

Could someone tell me or give a reference for the minimal triangulation of $S^2\times S^2$ and $S^2\times S^1\times S^1$ ?
Thanks,

**3**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Euler Class constant on Fibered Face of Unit Thurston Norm Ball?

I am reading about the Thurston norm out of Candel and Conlon's "Foliations 2" and Calegari's "Foliations and the Geometry of 3-Manifolds".
I'm trying to work through the proof of the "Fibered Faces"...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Is every triangulation of a Euclidean ball by convex tetrahedra shellable?

Suppose you are given a 3-ball $B$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that is bounded by a PL sphere, a triangulation $T$ of $B$ by Euclidean tetrahedra. Is that triangulation necessarily shellable?
I know that if $...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Closed $3$-manifold, $2$-dimensional subbundle of this manifold, is this form exact or not?

Let $M$ be a closed $3$-manifold, and let $\xi$ be a $2$-dimensional subbundle of $TM$. I know the following.
There is a nowhere zero $1$-form $\alpha$ on $M$ with $\alpha(X) = 0$ for any vector ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### mapping class group of a two-holed torus

It is well-known that in the picture below we have $t_d=(t_at_b)^6$ as elements in the mapping class group of a two-holed torus, ($t_\gamma$ represents positive Dehn twist about the curve $\gamma$). ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Smooth closed simply-connected $4$-manifold with $w_1 = w_2 = 0$ without a point admits symplectic structure?

See my previous question here.
Let $M$ be a smooth closed simply-connected $4$-manifold with $w_1 = w_2 = 0$. Can $TM$ be trivialized in the complement of a point?
This was answered in the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

148 views

### Tangent bundle of smooth closed simply-connected $4$-manifold $w_1 = w_2 = 0$ can be trivialized in complement of point?

Let $M$ be a smooth closed simply-connected $4$-manifold with $w_1 = w_2 = 0$. Can $TM$ be trivialized in the complement of a point?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Is the action of $G$ on $H_1(T^n, \mathbb{Z}) = \mathbb{Z}^n$ faithful?

Let $G$ be a finite group of diffeomorphisms of the torus $T^n$ fixing some point $p$, i.e. $p$ is fixed by every element of $G$. I have two questions.
Is the action of $G$ on $H_1(T^n, \mathbb{Z}) =...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Is there a Riemannian metric on the $2$-ball $B^2$ which has negative sectional curvature everywhere, and such that the boundary is concave?

Is there a Riemannian metric on the $2$-ball $B^2$ which has negative sectional curvature everywhere, and such that the boundary is concave; i.e. the geodesic curvature along the boundary points ...