**8**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Software for computing Thurston's unit ball

Is there any software which can be used for computing Thurston's unit ball(for second homology of 3-manifolds) of link complements? In particular can I do that with SnapPy?
PS: even a table for ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Real laminations on a 4-punctured sphere

Fix a triangulation $T$ of the 4-punctured sphere. (Formally, an ideal triangulation, but taking a combinatorial viewpoint, we may as well just fix a triangulation of the sphere with 4 vertices and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Ends of Coxeter Groups

It is known after Stallings that a group can have 0, 1, 2 or infinitely many ends. Are there known results on the space of ends of a Coxeter group?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Definition of the dual spider number and the formula for the first chern class of the triangle

In the process of trying to understand various maps in Heegaard Floer homology I got stuck on the definition of the dual spider number, which, it seems to me, has a combinatorial definition directly ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### Proving that the Jones polynomial is q-holonomic

The Jones polynomial is known to have many different interpretations or definitions, by now. There are connections with QFT, quantum groups, Hilbert schemes, Cherednik algebras, etc.
My question is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Quandle colorings under Reidemeister moves

Let $D$ be a knot diagram and $Q$ a quandle. We use $c$ to denote a fixed coloring of $D$ with $Q$. If $D'$ is another knot diagram of the same knot, and $R_1$ is a sequence of Reidemeister moves ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

151 views

### Quasi-isometry and left invariant orderability for groups

Is the property of left invariant orderability for finitely generated groups preserved by quasi-isometrics? More precisely, if $G$ is a left orderable (finitely generated) group and $H$ is a ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Topological description of inverting a knot

The first figure shows an offset overhand knot. To tie it, you simply bring the two cords together and make an overhand knot in them. It's more secure than it looks, and several climbers have been ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

262 views

### Existence of orientation preserving, finite order self homeomorphism on a genus 2 surface without fixed point

Let $M$ be a compact 2-manifold of genus 2. Does there exist an orientation preserving homeomorphism $f:M\to M$, so that $f^n=id$ for some integer $n$, and $f$ doesn't have fixed points?
Using ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Disks in Flat Embeddings of Graphs in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Robertson, Seymour and Thomas proved that any linkless graph $G$ has a flat embedding in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (see for example A survey of linkless embeddings). An embedding of $G$ is flat if for any cycle ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### (Smooth) Borel Conjecture for 4-dimensional torus

Given an aspherical 4-dimensional closed manifold $M$ with fundamental group $\mathbb{Z}^4$, it is homotopy-equivalent to $T^4 = S^1 \times \ldots S^1$, the 4-dimensional torus.
Question 1: Since I ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

101 views

### Which criteria guarantee an orthogonal circuit in $\mathbb R^3$ to be rigid?

For $n\ge4$, define an orthogonal circuit or O-circuit as a closed circuit of $n$ unit segments in $\mathbb R^3$ such that any two neighboring segments form a right angle. (Physically this could be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Different definitions of linkless graphs

Robertson, Seymour and Thomas defined linkless embeddings of graphs as follows:
An embedding of $G$ is linkless if every pair of disjoint circuits of $G$ have zero linking number (see here). However ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

95 views

### Difference between straight and piecewise linear and continuous embeddings of graphs / complexes in d-dimensional space?

Here is my main question: what is the difference between "straight" and "piecewise linear" and "continuous" embeddings of graphs/complexes in d-dimensional space?
Moreover I would like to know if any ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Is a generic closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold Haken?

My question is as follows:
"Is a generic closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold Haken?"
Of course the word 'generic' can be interpreted in many ways, and the answer might depend on the way how one ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Second homology of mapping class group of genus 3

In a survey paper of Korkmaz it is stated that $H_2(\mathrm{Mod}_3)$ is either $\Bbb Z$ or $\Bbb Z \oplus \Bbb Z_2$, but I was not able to find out a precise computation of this group (resolving the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Any results on rayless simplicial complexes?

We define a closed ray in a topological space $X$ to be its closed subset homeomorphic to the real half-line $[0,\infty)\subseteq \mathbb{R}$. Call a topological space $X$ rayless if it does not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Criteria for abstract polytopes to be convex polytope

Suppose I have an abstract polytope defined by a poset. Are there any methods for determining whether the abstract polytope can be geometrically realized as convex-hull on its set of vertices?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Condensation points of orbits of roots of unity

For a fixed $n\in \mathbb{N}$ we consider the set of $n$-roots of unity $R(n)=\{z\in S^1; z^n=1\}$. It splits into mutually disjoint orbits. Let $R=\bigcup_{n=0}^{\infty} R(2^n-1)$. For each orbit in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Bott's Formula for Grassmannians

Bott's Formula gives the dimension of the cohomology $H^{q}(\mathbb{P}^{n}, \Omega_{\mathbb{P}^{n}}^{p}(k))$ of the $k$-twisted sheaf of $p$-differential forms on the projective space ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Classification of tangles?

Has anybody done any work on making a classification of low-complexity tangles, analogous to the work for knots and links? I expect most of the small ones to be rational, and those that aren't ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Singular leaf of Strebel differential

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface.Let $\gamma$ be a loop which is non-trivial in $H_{1}(R,\mathbb{Z})$. By the Jenkins–Strebel Theorem we know the following: there exists a holomorphic quadratic ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

290 views

### Heegaard genera of arithmetic 3-manifolds

UPDATE: Because I was hoping that state the question as concisely as
possible, the original post did not include a precise definition of
arithmetic 3-manifold only a reference to Maclachlan and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Characterization of the medial axis of a surface

I would like to know if the following "characterization" of the medial axis of a surface is correct, and if so, how to prove it.
Let $S$ be a continuous, piecewise smooth, compact surface embedded in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Pseudo-manifolds and homology

Is there a good reference for the proof that the cobordism group of pseudo-manifolds is isomorphic to the singular homology group?
I was looking for a more geometrical definition of homology and ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### What do tangles teach us about braids?

A braid is a smooth level-preserving embedding $f\colon\, \{1,2,\ldots,n\}\times[0,1]\hookrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 \times [0,1]$ such that $f(k,0)=(k,0)$ and $f(k,1) \in \{1,2,\ldots,n\} \times ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Map from homotopy sphere with lifting property induces surjections on homotopy groups. Is it weak equivalence?

Let $E$ be homotopy equivalent to a $k$-sphere. Let $q\colon E\to X$ be a map such that given any continuous $f\colon C\to X$ from a compact space $C$, there exists (a non-unique) $\tilde{f}\colon ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### laminations and branched surfaces

I am looking for a reference for this question: given a branched surface in a 3-manifold, how we can construct a lamination fully carried by that branched surface.
any comments would be appreciated.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

219 views

### Quotienting disk inside sphere result in sphere

Let $S^k$ be a topological $k$-dimensional sphere. Let $D^k$ be a $k$ dimensional disk that includes in $S^k$. Let
$q: D^k \to D^r$ be a map and $r \leq k$. Let
$$W = S^k \sqcup D^r/\sim$$
where ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Going Back-and-Forth Between Different Expressions/“Representations” for Open Books.

I am trying to have a better understanding of how one goes , "travels" between the different formats/layouts of open books for a fixed given 3-manifold M; between the abstract type and the "actual" ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Most Regularity of a Polygon

Conseider $n$ electrons in an empty sphere. What structure do they make?
This question have two cases: (i) if electrons should be sit on the boundry of sphere (one can suppose that the boundry of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Max flow, min cut on manifolds

If a graph has some half edges marked "input" and some half edges marked "output", it is well known that the smallest number of edges which must be cut to disconnect input from output is equal to the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### In the definition of the Heegard Floer surgery exact triangle, what exactly is the correspondence between Whitney triangles and periodic domains?

I'm reading Osváth-Szabó's notes on Heegard Floer homology, in particular about the surgery exact triangle.
On page 14 (numbered 42 on the document), they describe an isomorphism between the space of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Is the hypersurface satisfying $\langle x-x_0,\nu\rangle>0$ diffeomorphic to sphere?

Let $p:M\to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be the closed immersed hypersurface. Is the following thing right? If there exists a point $x_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ such that $\langle x(p)-x_0,\nu(p)\rangle>0$ ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Why are Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants expected to be integral?

A Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev (WRT) Invariant $\tau_{M,L}^G(\xi)\in\mathbb{C}$ is an invariant of closed oriented 3-manifold $M$ containing a framed link $L$, where $G$ is a simple Lie group, and $\xi$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### A question about Dehn surgery and Brieskorn homology 3-spheres

I have been learning about Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(a_1,...,a_n)$ and Seifert manifolds. My reference is the first few pages of Saveliev's "Invariants of Homology 3-spheres."
If I ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

88 views

### Is it known which links have Seifert fibered complements?

I believe many such links can be constructed by looking at a foliation similar to the hopf fibration, but the wrapping leaves replaced with $(p,q)$ torus knots. However, I'm interested in particular ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### What 3-manifolds can be obtained by gluing $ S^1 \times P $ and two copies of $S^1 \times D^2$

Let P denote the pair of pants e.g. a sphere minus three small discs $D_1$,$D_2$,$D_3$ about marked points $x_1,x_2,x_3$. I then consider $P \times S^1$. We have boundary components $T_1$,$T_2$,$T_3$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Simple connectedness of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ intersected with an affine subspace

The complex projective plane $\mathbb{C}P^2$ can be thought of as the set of rank one 3-by-3 Hermitian matrices with norm one, i.e., $\mathbb{C}P^2 = \{xx^* : x \in \mathbb{C}^3, x^*x=1 \}$. As such, ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

586 views

### Topological transversality

Warmup question:
Let us say that two continuous functions $f,g:[0,1]\to \mathbb R$ are topologically transverse if their difference $f-g$ has only finitely many zeros, and each zero separates an ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Does the following object has a name in algebraic geometry?

Suppose $X$ is a projective variety and $D$ is a smooth divisor and let $L = \mathcal{O}(D)$ be the line bundle corresponding to $D$. Consider $X \times \mathbb{P}^1$ with the line bundle ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### Ratner theorem and dense geodesic planes in hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose we have a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$. For any $x\in M$ and plane $\pi$ in $T_xM$ we consider $P$ the geodesic plane exp$(\pi)$ originating from $\pi$. For any $p\in \pi$ we consider ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

619 views

### solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where:
1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known.
2) The word problem is known to be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Knot invariants in 3-manifolds that are not $\mathbb{R}^3$ or $S^3$ or $B^3$?

This is just a reference request; I have no sharp mathematical question.
Inspired by the $(3+)$-year old MO question,
In knot theory: Benefits of working in $S^3$ instead of $\mathbb{R}^3$?,
I would ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Pure braid groups of the complement of a lattice in the complex plane: generators and relations

Where can I find a presentation (by `natural' generators and relations between them)
of the pure braid groups $PB_n(S)$ (for $n>0$) of $S=\mathbb C\setminus (\mathbb Z\oplus i \mathbb Z)$?
Thanks ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

347 views

### What is the determinant of Poincare duality?

For a complex $C^{\bullet}$ of finite dimensional vector spaces, one has a determinant
$$|C^\bullet|:= \bigotimes \left(\Lambda^{top} C^i\right)^{(-1)^i}$$
functorial with respect to ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Some questions about geodesic lamination

I'm learning geodesic laminations on surfaces. Here are some questions I thought a lot but could not understand well.
We consider a complete finite area hyperbolic surface $S$ w/o geodesic boundary. ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### The Jones polynomial at specific values of $t$.

I've been calculating some Jones polynomials lately and I was just curious if there was a physical meaning to evaluating the Jones polynomial at a particular value of $t$.
For example, if I take the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Manifolds such that every homeomorphism of a submanifold to itself extends to the full manifold

Let manifold $S$ (connected, without boundary) have next property: for every submanifold $D \subset S$ (connected, compact, without boundary), every homeomorphism $f:D \to D$ extends to a ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Representation varieties of 3-manifold groups in SL(n,C)

I am looking at the variety of representations of the fundamental group of a hyperbolic 3-manifold into $SL(n,C)$:
$$Hom(\pi_1M, SL(n,{\mathbb C}))$$
It is known that volume and Chern-Simons ...