Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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21
votes
1answer
955 views

Homeomorphism historically: When did it reach its modern formulation?

Q. When did the notion of homeomorphism reach its modern formulation as a bicontinuous bijection, i.e., a continuous bijection between topological spaces whose inverse is also continuous? ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Chern-Simons invariants of 2-bridge knots

2-bridge links $L(p/q)$ are described by the continuous fraction expansion $\frac{p}{q}=\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\right]$, where the $a_i$ are the numbers of twists in the boxes below: Looking at ...
10
votes
1answer
366 views

Pseudomanifolds and Poincaré duality

1) A $n$-dimensional homology manifold is a topological space $X$ such that for any $x\in X$, the homology groups $$H_p(X,X-x,\mathbb{Z})$$ are trivial unless $p=n$ where $$H_n(X,X-x,\mathbb{Z})\cong ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

cohomology ring of configuration spaces

In the paper configuration spaces: applications to Gelfand-Fuks cohomology, by F. Cohen and L. Taylor, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., 1978, theorem 1, I did not find the proof. What method did the author use ...
8
votes
2answers
669 views

Morgan Shalen compactification of $\mathbb C^2$

I'm reading the Otal's survey on the compactification of Morgan Shalen. (available here) He claims in an example (page 8) that the compactification of $\mathbb C^2$ is $S^4$, which sounds completely ...
12
votes
1answer
348 views

Geometric intersection with incompressible surfaces

Let $M$ be a oriented compact $3$-manifold, closed or with boundary. For any incompressible surface $F$, define a function $i_F$ on the set of homotopy classes of closed curves in $M$ by $$i_F ...
7
votes
2answers
190 views

What are known examples of a 3-manifold $Y$ embedded into $Y'\times I$ where $Y'$ is another 3-manifold?

The question I have is the following: Let $Y,Y'$ be two integer homology 3-spheres. Can we embed $Y'$ into $Y\times I$ such that $Y'$ separates the two boundary components apart? Do we know any ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

Quotient of principal congruence subgroups

This is a direct follow-up to this question. What is the quotient $\Gamma(2)/\Gamma(2^n)?$ (the principal congruence subgroups are in $SL(2, \mathbb{Z}).$ It is a 2-group, but what else?
0
votes
2answers
133 views

Are there CAT(-1) spaces which are not trees whose Gromov boundary is disconnected?

Are there some examples of CAT(-1) spaces which are not trees which have disconnected Gromov boundary?
5
votes
2answers
176 views

2-bridge knots in the Rolfsen's table

2-bridge knots (aka rational knots) $K(p,q)$ are described by a rational number $\frac{p}{q}$ or likewise its continued fraction expansion $\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_k\right]$. Has somebody worked out a ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Dimension of Birman-Murakami-Wenzl Algebra

I was reading the paper Braids, Link Polynomials and A New Algebra by J. S. Birman and H. Wenzl, and I was wondering is there a combinatorial way to compute the dimension of the algebras ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why does the Gluck twist on a spun knot give the standard $S^4$?

Given a knotted arc $A \subset D^3$ (whose endpoints are, say, at $(\pm 1,0,0)$), the spun knot on this arc is $$\partial\left((D^3, A) \times D^2\right), = (\partial(D^3,A) \times D^2) \cup ((D^3,A) ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Geometric representatives of homology classes of manifolds

Is it true that for even dimensional differentiable manifold $M^{2n}$ all singular homology classes in dimension less than $n$ can be represented by a submanifold?
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Discontinuity of Radon-Nikodym derivative for Patterson-Sullivan measures for word metrics on Gromov hyperbolic groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group coming endowed with a word metric coming from some finite generating set. Let $\nu$ be an associated Patterson-Sullivan measure (quasi-conformal density). I ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Boundary components of a subsurface

Consider the following situation. Suppose we have a closed oriented Riemannian surface $ \Sigma $ and a connected open subset $ \Omega \subseteq \Sigma $ with a boundary, consisting of finitely many ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

permutation action on cohomology of configuration space

Let $F(M,n)$ be the $n$-th configuration (ordered) of manifold $M$. In the paper The Integral Cohomology Algebras of Ordered Configuration Spaces of Spheres, ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

permutation action on cohomology of Stiefel manifolds

Let $V_k(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be Stiefel manifolds. In the paper The cohomology rings of real Stiefel manifolds with integer coefficients, Martin Čadek, Mamoru Mimura, and Jiří Vanžura, J. Math. Kyoto ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

Limits at infinity of fellow-travelling sequences in Teichmuller space,

I have a question concerning limits of sequences of points in Teichmuller space, and how this notion is preserved under fellow-travelling. Suppose that we have closed surface of genus $g\geq 2$, and ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

contractible configuration spaces

Let $F(M,k)=\{(x_1,\cdots,x_k)\mid x_1\cdots,x_k\in M,x_i\neq x_j, \text{ for } i\neq j \}$. It is known that $F(\mathbb{R}^\infty,k)$ is contractible for each $k$. My question: is $F(S^\infty,k)$ ...
6
votes
0answers
183 views

When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

boundary homomorphism in the homotopy exact seqeunce of principal $SO(9)$ bundle over $S^8$

Consider principal $SO(9)$ bundles over $S^8$.They are in 1-1 correspondence with $$[S^8,BSO(9)]\cong \pi_7(SO(9))\cong \mathbb{Z}$$ Now pick up one such bundle $\xi$,we have the long exact sequence ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

How to minimize this sparse quadratic function?

There is a problem when I'm reading a paper. Equation: $min_p|p-p^*|^2+\alpha |R(p)|^2 + \beta |D(p)-\delta|^2$, where $p, p^*, R(p), D(p), \delta$ are all $M\times N$ matrices, and $p^*, R(), D(), ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

configuration spaces of real projective space

Let $F(\mathbb{R}P^n,k)$ be the $k$-th ordered configuration space on $\mathbb{R}P^n$. In http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.04258, the cohomology ring $$ H^*(F(\mathbb{R}P^n,k);R)$$ is obtained for any ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Some general properties of arithmetic groups of simplest type

I'm working in the area of arithmetic Kleinian groups (as discrete groups of motions of hyperbolic 3-space). For the more general case of hyperbolic $n$-space, there is a particular class of ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Torsion elements in the mapping class group

Let $S$ be an orientable surface of genus $g$ with $b>0$ boundary components, and let $\mathrm{Mod}(S)$ be its mapping class group, that is, the group of isotopy classes of its homeomorphisms ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Maps of balls with fixed value along boundary

Suppose I wish to find the homotopy classes of maps of $B^3 \rightarrow M$ which along the boundary are fixed by a (particular) map $f: S^2 \rightarrow M$. Take $M$ to be a closed orientable ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

The fundamental group of the complement of codimension 2 submanifold

Suppose that $M^n$, $V^{n+2}$ are connected, compact smooth manifolds. Let $f\colon M^n\to V^{n+2}$ is a smooth embedding. Let $K_f$ be the kernel of the inclusion induced homomorphism ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

Fixed points of self maps

Given $m$ points on $S^n$, is there an explicit polynomial self $1-1$ map of minimum degree $f:S^n\rightarrow S^n$ that fixes only these $m$ points? Can we say something about symmetry group of $f$ if ...
31
votes
1answer
854 views

Are there only countably many compact topological manifolds?

Up to homeomorphism, there are 2 one-dimensional topological manifolds and countably many 2- and 3-dimensional compact manifolds, respectively, since each manifold in these dimensions can be ...
9
votes
1answer
198 views

regular tiling of a surface of genus 2 by heptagons

Let $S$ be a Riemann Surface of genus 2. Is there a picture in the literature for a regular tiling of $S$ by 12 heptagons (where three heptagons meet at each vertex). Also, apart from the obvious ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

Is this a $C^0$ foliation of $\mathbb{R}^2$?

Let $f(x)=\frac{1}{\sin(\pi x)}$ for $x\in (0, 1)$ and let $\Gamma=\left\{(x,f(x)): x\in (0, 1)\subset \mathbb{R}^2\right\}$ be its graph. For any set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and $\lambda>0$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

discrete group action on Stiefel manifold

Let $S_3$ be the permutation group of order $3$. Let $V_2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the stiefel manifold of $2$-frames in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $S_3$ act on $V_2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ by $$ (1,2)(u,v)=(-u,v-u), $$ $$ ...
22
votes
2answers
872 views

fake $S^{2k}\times S^{2k}$

Let $X$ be a fixed closed manifold,$S(X)$ the structure set and $Aut(X)$ the group of self homotopy equivalence of $X$. surgery theory tells us that $\mathcal{M}(X):=S(X)/Aut(X)$ is in bijection ...
5
votes
1answer
180 views

Symmetric L-groups of integral group ring of finite cyclic groups

Where can i find the results about $L^{\ast}(\mathbb{Z}\pi)$ for $\pi$ a finite cyclic group?
11
votes
1answer
258 views

What is obstructing two stably-isomorphic vector bundles from being isomorphic?

The specific situation is the following: Let $n>0$ be a natural number, let $X$ be a finite CW complex of dimension $n$, and let $\xi_0,\xi_1$ be oriented real vector bundles of rank $n$ over $X$ ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Local section of Lie Groupoids

Suppose we have the pair groupoid $G:\mathbb{R}^2\rightrightarrows \mathbb{R}$ which is a Lie groupoid with source $s$ and target $t$ maps given by the first and second projection, respectively. ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Minimal genus of Seifert surface of torus knot

Let $(p,q)$ be a pair of coprime (positive) integers. Consider the torus knot $T_{p,q}$. What is the minimal genus of an (embedded) oriented Seifert surface for this knot? It is not had to convince ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Oriented knot complement conjecture for fibered knots

Suppose I have two inequivalent fibered knots in a homology sphere. When I say 'inequivalent', I mean that there is no orientation-preserving homeomorphism of the space that takes one to the other. ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Piecewise smooth boundary version of Schoenflies Theorem

It is known that given any smooth ($C^\infty$) simple closed curve $\gamma$ in the 2-sphere, there is a smooth diffeomorphism of $\mathbb{S}^2$ taking $\gamma$ to the standard equator $x^2+y^2=1$. ...
7
votes
1answer
211 views

Can two fibered knots have the same exterior?

Suppose I have two distinct fibered knots in a homology sphere. Is it possible for them to have (orientation-preservingly) homeomorphic exteriors? See Oriented knot complement conjecture for ...
0
votes
0answers
140 views

Pontryagin class of quaternionic line bundle

Let $\xi^{\mathbb{C}}$ be a complex line bundle over a CW complex $B$. Then $$ VB_{\mathbb{C}^1}(B)\cong [B,BU(1)]=[B,\mathbb{C}P^\infty]=[B,K(\mathbb{Z},2)]\cong H^2(B;\mathbb{Z}). $$ Hence if ...
9
votes
3answers
325 views

Which polygons have *simple* periodic billiard paths?

I know (or, rather, believe) that it remains unknown whether every polygon has a periodic billiard path. But Masur proved in the 1980's that every rational polygon (vertex angles rational multiples ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

When does a manifold 'deformation retract' into a small neighborhood of some k-dimensional subpolyhedron?

Under which conditions does a m-manifold $M^m$ admit a deformation retraction to a small neighborhood of some k-dimensional subpolyhedron? Or, under which conditions is the identity map $id_M$ of a ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

obstructions of Chern class and Pontryagin class

Let $\xi$ be a real $n$ dimensional vector bundle over a CW-complex $B$. Then the Stiefel-Whitney class (coefficient in $Z/2$) $$ w_i(\xi)=0$$ if and only if $\xi|_{sk^i(B)}$ has $n-i+1$ linearly ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Regularity of the taut foliation

In Eliashberg-Thurston's famous paper "Confoliations" Corollary 3.2.11, they proved that Irreducible three manifold with $b_{1}>0$ admits semi-fillable contact structure using Gabai's theorem in ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

Making spheres shellable

This is equivalent to my earlier question A question about something like "shelling" in a PL manifold, but maybe more comprehensible and to the point. Given a triangulation of the PL sphere ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Geometrisation of inclusion-like epimorphisms to free groups

Let $H_g$ be the standard $3$-dimensional handle-body, whose boundary is denoted $S_g$, the oriented closed surface of genus $g\geq 1$. Call $F_g$ be the free group of rank $g$. Denote by $i:S_g \to ...
9
votes
1answer
198 views

Asymptotic dimension of $C'(1/6)$ small cancellation groups

Do there exist finitely presented $C'(1/6)$ small cancellation groups with arbitrarily high asymptotic dimension? To offer a little more motivation, Roe proves that all hyperbolic groups have finite ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Ambient isotopy of the diagonal submanifold in product space

Given a closed manifold $M^n$ and its $k$-fold product space $M^n\times\cdots\times M^n$,Can the diagonal submanifold $\Delta:=\{(m,\cdots,m)\in (M^n)^k\mid m\in M\}$ be isotopied to the submanifold ...